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sKLsLIaqF - jnvrI, PrvrI, mfrc, aprYl,
meI 2010 'crcf pMjfb'
sMpfdk - drsLn isMG iZloN murfdvflf

to contact: D.S. Dhillon Muradwala
(0044) 07878228283
e.mail: d.darshan@btinternet.com
 

mOlf bKÈ kuÈqf
muhMmd
aÌËl KF,
aYzItr
pMj dira
f
nfm mIaF mOKf bKÈ kuÈq, qÉlwÈ ‘kuÈqf`. ipE df nF mIaF sulqfn bKsL. kMm rfjpUq BwtI. julfeI, 1876 ivwc aMimRqsr ivwc jnm ilaf. sq awT vrHy dI Aumr ivwc kurafn mjId piVHaf. qy gOrimMt hfeI skUl aMimRqsr dy pRfiemrI sYkÈn qk iqMn jmfqF pVHIaF. ienHF idnF ivwc iek vfr ipE nfl nfnky ipMz kfhƒvfl jf rhy sn. rsqy ivwc iewk iKËr sUrq drvyÈ imilaf. Aus afp dy ipE ƒ ikhf, ‘‘qyrf ieh muMzf iksy idn cMgf nF pYdf krygf``
ienHF idlF ivwc eIsfeIaq df pRcfr Zyr sI. gOrimMt hfeI skUl dy aMgryË hYz mfstr ny afp dy ipE ƒ bulfieaf qy afiKaf: qyrf muMzf bVf huiÈafr qy lfiek ey. aYs ƒ cOQI jmfq ivwc dfKl krf dy. Aus ƒ ÌkIr dI gl cyqy af geI. Pyr eIsfeIaq df pRcfr nËrF sfhmxy iPiraf. Auh zr igaf ik muMzf mqF kuJ pVH ilK ky hwQoN inkl jfey qy eIsfeI ho jfey. afp ny ipE ƒ bqyhrf smJfieaf, bqyhrf itwK lfieaf. pr Auh purfxI vjf df Blf lok afpxI gwl `qy kfiem irhf qy sgoN aMimRqsr Cz ky lfhOr af igaf.
lfhOr af ky ienHF kfqbI qy sMg-qrfÈI iswKI. qy skUlI qflIm df KihVf Cwz ky rotI kmfx vwl iDafn idwqf.
ieh `qy AunHF dy hor iek sMgI mIaF jIvn bÉÈ ibsml pMjfbI muÈfieiraF ivwc jFdy sn. AuQoN ienHF ƒ Éud vI ÈfierI df ÈOk hoieaf. swXd ÌËl Èfh Aus vyly POq ho cuwky sn. ieh hkIm afgf alI KF dy
aKfVy dy iek Ausqfd ÉlIPf kmr dy Èfigrd hoey. ieh koeI 1891-92 eIsvI dI gwl ey.
ÈfierI df nvF nvF ÈOk afpxy iek sMgI mIaF dIn muhMmd dfd uvfh dy nfl rojL sLfm dI nmfjL dy bfad bYT jFdy qy ieÈf (afQx dI nmf) qk alP qoN Xy qoVI 30 bYNqF dI iek CI-hrPI ilK lYNdy jo agly idn iksy cfhvfn dy hwQ 4 afny jF 8 afny ƒ vyc dyNdy. afp ies gwl vwl ieÈfrf krdy hoey ilKdy hn:
    kuÈqf asF rfey bqyry Éudf gvfh
    vrqfey bhuq ilK ky ieÈar lFB cFB
qy kdy ieMj hoieaf ik ieh muÈfiery ivwc jfx leI GroN inkly. rsqy ivwc iksy loVvMd ny ikhf mYƒ Èyar ilK idE qy ienHF muÈfiery phuMcx qwk rfh ivwc eI 30 bYNq ilK idwqy. ies qrHF ienF ƒ CyqI qoN CyqI qy suhxy qoN suhxy Èyar ilKx dI mhfrq ho geI.
1898 eIsvIN ivwc muV aMimRqsr af gey. PrvrI, 1902 ivwc ienHF iewk ieÈiqhfr Cfipaf. ‘‘mYN pMjfbI ivwc sB qoN CyqI qy cMgy qoN cMgy Èyar ilKx df dfavf krdf hF. jy koeI mukfblf krnf cfhvy qy iek sfl qk KuwlH ey.`` ies qy kuJ ÈfierF ny mukfbly df iÉafl kIqf pr rih gey. afKr sfl Éqm hox qoN kuJ idn pihlF mIaF muhMmddIn ÈoKqf aMimRqsrI ny mukfbly df aYlfn kIqf. ZMzorf Pyiraf. aMimRqsr ivwc Piqh Èfh buKfrI dy mËfr dy nyVy iklHy dI pryz grfAUNz ivwc ipV biJaf. 20-25 hËfr df mjmf. brdf ipÈfvrI dy jfnsIn mIaF rfj qfj buKfrI mulqfnI ny imsrf idwqf.

Éy-Ébr nfhI kuJ mYƒ ikhVI QF dI myrVI imTVI ey.
dovyN kfÊË qy pYnsl lY ky bYT gey. ieh iekwly sn. soÉqf jI nfl Cy sq hor Èfier mdd kr rhy sn qy imsry ilK ky dyK rhy sn. iksy AuWT ky ikhf. ieh iensfÌ nhIN ik ieh iekwly hI ilK rhy sn qy AuDr Cy sq Èfier mdd kr rhy hn. ieMny ivwc ieh AuT KlOqy qy afiKaf. mYN do Èyar ilK gey hn. AuDr muKqilÌ Èfier muKqilÌ imsry dy rhy sn. jo afps ivwc tkrf nf sky. qy soKqf jI ipV Cz ky AuT qury. AunHF pihloN hkIm afÊf alI KF dy, Pyr ÉlIPf kmr dy, Pyr afpxy kuJ Èyar pVH ky Auhdy Èyar pVHy, ijnHF ivwcoN iek ieh sI.
    Éy-Ébr nfeIN kuJ iksy qFeIN,
iks jgHf dI Aus dI imTVI ey,
pYdfvfr Éudf dI hY sfrI,
koeI kflVI ey ik ictVI ey.
hovy iksy `qy rb df ÌËl jykr,
koeI lUs dI ikAuN qy ivtVI ey,
iek dm nhIN ivsfh kuÈqf,
qbf iks dI kfs qy iPtVI ey.
ies sfl 1903 eIsvI ivwc, AunHF dy Ausqfd ÉlIPf kmr ÌOq ho gFey qy AunHF dy cflIsvyN (cyhlm) `qy mocI drvfËf lfhOr dy bfÊ ivwc iek bVf Bfrf iekwT qy muÈfierf hoihaf. 15-20 hËfr df mjmf sI. jlsy dy sdr hkIm afÊf ÉF ny afp ƒ ÉlIPf kmr df jfnÈIn imQ ky pg sMBflI qy mIaF hdfieq AuWlf dy jfnÈIn BfeI lfhOrf isMG jI ny ieh Èyar piVHaf:

aj afÊf Ausqfd ny pg dy ky,
kIqy kuÈqf Ausqfd kmr dI QF.
hY AumId pVHn suxn vfilaF
kuqf dyxgy dfd kmr dI QF.
    hr Qf muÈfierIaF mjlsF ivwc,
    kuÈqf afAuxgy Xfd kmr dI QF.
lfhOrI kho ik kuÈqf Ausqdfd qfeIN,
rb rKy afbfd kmr dI QF.
    ies sfl AunHF pMjfbI Ëbfn ivwc afpxf iek dIvfn Cpvfieaf. jo pMjfbI adb ivwc cI sI. afp ilKdy hn-
koeI ilKy qfrIK qy Xfd rKy,
bKÈI rwb ny iewËq ieh Éfs mY
sLyarF ivwc pMjfbI dy sB koloN,
pihly pihl Cpfieaf dIvfn myrf.
1904 ivwc ienHF ƒ AurdU ÈfierI qy aÉbfr nvIsI df vI ÈOk hoieaf. ienF pihloN AurdU mfsk pwqr (mfhnfmf) ‘PsIAulmulk` Pyr msIhf kwiZaf. AurdU ÈfierI ivwc ieh hkIm ÌIroË AuldIn aihmd qgrfhI aMimRqsrI koloN ÈyarF dI suDfeI krfAuNdy rhy. 1913 eIsvI ivwc ienHF ‘hIr rFJf` df ikwsf iliKaf jo bVf slfieaf igaf. ienHF idnF ivwc hYdrfbfd (dwKx) dy vjIr afËm nvfb sr ikÈn pRÈfd aMimRqsr afey. ienHF ikwsf ‘hIr rFJf` pyÈ kIqf. Auh pVH sux ky bVy KuÈ hoey qy do pONz ienfm idwqy. ijnHF dI rfs pf ky AunHF aMimRqsr ivwc ikqfbF dI hwtI KolHI. rwb dI myhrbfnI nfl ies kMm ivwc cMgI brkq pfeI.
afp ny ikwsf hIr rFJf (kuÈqf) dy nfl ienHF cÈmf hXfq dy nfm nfl pMjfbI ÈfierI qy pMjfbI ÈfierF bfbq iewk Koj qy vfkPI Biraf mËmUn Cfipaf jo bVf slfieaf igaf. qy BfeI sfihb BfeI joD isMG jI sfbkf ipRMsIpl Éflsf kflj aMimRqsr ny afp ƒ myrT qoN shulqf df pwqr (Éq) iliKaf qy ies kMm ƒ mukMml krn leI ikhf. pr ieh kuJ hor ruJyivaF df sbb ieDr CyqI iDafn nf dy sky.
1924-25 eIsvI ivwc pMjfbI ipafr dI lihr AuWTI qy ‘sYNtrl pMjfbI sBf`` dI nINh rKI geI. afp ies dy moZIaF ivwcoN sn. ies pMjfbI sBf dy ieh pihloN skwqr Pyr Aup pRDfn (nfieb sdr) cuxy gey. ies sBf ivMc aYs[aYs[crn isMG ÈhId, lflf DnI rfm cfiqRk, igafnI hIrf isMG drd, cODrI sr ÈhfbudIn, igafnI gurmuK isMG musfÌr, kvI kflI dfs, ikrpf sfgr aYm[ey[, srdfr ivDfqf isMG qIr, zf: dyvIdfs ihMdI, munÈI muhMmd iesmfeIl muÈqfk, munÈI muhMmd husYn, KuÈnUd, krnl Bolf nfQ vfrs, joÈvf ÌËl dIn qy Ausqfd hmdm vrgy AuWGy kvI ilKfrI Èfml sn.
ies juMzlI ny pMjfbI dy vfDy leI Eho kMm kIqf jo krnl hflrfiez, muhmMd husYn afËfd qy mOlfnf hflI ny AurdU leI kIqf sI. ienHF mulk ivwc ‘pMjfbI bolI` df ÈOk pYdf krn leI nvyN rMg dIaF nËmF qy bYNq ilKy. qy QF QF kvI drbfr krky lokF ƒ pMjfbI dI nvIN cytk lf idwqI.

1932 eIsvI ivwc ienHF afpxI ilKq ‘pMjfb hIry` gurmuKI ivwc CpvfeI. ijs ivc 1200 eIsvI qoN 1800 eIsvI qwk dI pMjfbI ÈfierI qy pMjfbI ÈfierF dy hflfq pyÈ kIqy. qy ies leI krVI imhnq kridaF hoieaF ies sfl ieh afpxy nyrF df cfnx dy bYTy.
ieh muwK qoN eI bVy imlxsfr qy muhwbqI rhy. hr kOm dy lokF nfl ienHF df myl imlfp qy sFJ ipafr iewko ijhf irhf. dyÈ dI afËfdI qy afdr iewËq dy sdf cfhvfn rhy. pMjfb ivwc JuT qy mËhbI pwK dIaF keI lihrF AuWTIaF, vwzy vwzy dyÈ Bgq AunHF dIaF iCwtF qoN dfmn nf bcf sky. pr kuÈqf jI df pwlf pf hI irhf.
ienHF nËmF vI ilKIaF qy ÊËlF vI, bYNq vI ilKy qy cOpfeIaF vI. ienHF dy klfm ivwc pikafeI, imTfs, loc, rs, ÈoKI qy rvfnI Zyr ey. Èyar ieMj rvF dvF afKy hn ijvyN iek cMgy Ìnkfr mswvr ny hwQ ivwc burÈ ilaf hovy, qy awKF mItI qsvIrF lkIrdf qy rMg Brdf jf irhf hovy.
ienHF afpxIaF ÊËlF qy nËmF ivwc jIvn dIaF keI guMJlF ƒ aijhy suhxy rMg ivwc KoilHaf ey ik pVHn vfly ƒ Aus dy afpxy hI jËibaF qy iÉaflF df JOlf pYNdf ey.
idl dIaF pIVHF, sDrF, AumMgF, afsF qy jËibaF ƒ lkIridaF hoieaf klfm ivwc ieÉlfk, ÌlsÌf, qswvr, qÉeIal qy dyÈ ipafr ƒ Zyr Aujfgr kIqf ey.
pRoPYsr dIvfn isMG sfdk aYm[ey[ afpxy iek lyK ivwc ilKdy hn. mOlfbKÈ kuÈqf pMjfbI dy nvyN dOr df pihlf ÊËlgo Èfier mMinaf jFdf ey. qy ieh pMjfbI df iekwlf sfihb dIvfn Èfier ey. aYs leI pMjfbI ÊjÜ ivwc kuÈqf df mfnXog nfm bVI ieËq (vukq) dy kfbl ey.
kuÈqf jI koeI amIr jF iËMdgI qy Gr gRihsq dIaF loVF QoVF QoN byinafj nhIN sn. pr AunHF afpxy rsqy dI iksy aOkV qy rok ƒ nf prvfihaf qy pUrI byinafjI, joÈ qy jËby nfl pMjfbI dI by-los syvf kIqI. awj qoN TIk qrvMjf vrHy pihlF AunHF ÊËl df dIvf bfilaf. Pyr 1925 eIsvI ivwc pMjfbI sBf leI afpxf jIvn arpn kIqf. qy 1932 eIsvI ivwc mfq bolI dI syvf kridaF qy Kyj dI joq jgfAuNidaF hoieaF nyqrF df cfnx ByNt kr idwqf qy afpxy mksd dI sÌlqf leI iksy gwl df rvF Br Ém nf kIqf.
pfiksqfn bxn dy bfad lfhOr af ky ‘pMjfb dy hIry` qoN bfad ‘pMjfbI ÈfierF df qËkrf` qrqIb idwqf. ijs ivwc 400 dy lgBg ihMdU, muslmfn, iswK qy eIsfeI Èfierf ilKfrIaF dIaF jIvxIaF qy klfm dI vMngI ey.

ieh qËkrf pMjfbI adb ivwc iewk cMgI vzmuwlI qy lfjvfb ÈY ey. ies ny pMjfbI adb dI iek bhuq bVI Gft ƒ pUrf kr idwqf ey. ies qËkry qoN isvf ienHF hÌq pYkr (sq sI hrPIaf) qy pihlvfn ikwkr isMG df jIvn iliKaf. ienHF 1929 eIsvI ivwc iewk nËm ilKI. ‘sohxI df aMqm smF` jo ies dIvfn ivwc Èfml ey. Aus df afÉrI Èyar sI-
aMbr qoN bUMdF brsIaF kuÈqf jI TMzy ho gey.
byksI dy jfxoN lf`qy bwdl BI af ky ro pey.
kudrq dy Kyl jF Èfier dy vihbI Ëjby df pRBfv smJo ik ieh iqMn cfr idn buKfr nfl bImfr rih ky aYqvfr 19 jUn 1955 eIsvI rfq dy sfZy ds vjy PfnI dunIaF qoN mUMh moV ky hmyÈF dI nINdry soN gey qy svyry 9 vjy dy krIb ijs vyly kbr kwZI jf rhI sI, kÌl sIqf jf irhf sI, acfnk bwdl afieaf qy Cm Cm vrH ipaf. koeI awDf GMtf coKI bfrÈ hoeI qy ieMË kudrq vwloN ies Èfier dy alhfmI hox dI qfeId ho geI.
ienHF dy dOr ivwc afm kvI drbfr huMdy rhy. ienHF kvI drbfrF ivwc ÈfierF ƒ ienfm idwqy jFdy rhy. qy ieh ienHF kvI drbfrF ivMc afm qOr qy jwj imwQy jFdy rhy hn. qy afp ienfm lYx dI QF ienfm vMz ky KuÈ huMdy rhy.
afpxy ieÉlfk, ieÉlfs, rvfdfrI, sIqlqf qy imwTy suBf sbbo hr kOm qy hr jmfq ivwc sFJI iewËq rKdy sn. rfjpUq brfdrI ivwc vI ienHF ƒ AuWcf mkfm hfsl sI. 1923 eIsvI ivwc jdoN aMjumn rfjpUqF pMjfb ny afpxf jmfieqI aÉbfr muslm rfjpUq kwZx df PYslf kIqf qy afp Aus dy aYzItr mukwrr hoey.
1925 eIsvI ivwc algVH muslm XUnIvristI dI islvr jublI dy mOky `qy afl ieMzIaf rfjpUq kfnPrMs bVy jl jlo nfl hoeI. ies kfnPrMs dy iek jlsy dI sdfr ienHF kIqI qy ienHF dI sdfrq ivwc XU[pI[ dy gvrnr nvfb hfPË sr aihmd swXd Éfn afÌ CqfrI ny qkrIr kIqI qy kfnPrMs ivwc Éfs mqy pfs kIqy gey.
awj ijsmfnI qOr qy Auh sfzy ivwc nhIN pr AunHF dy kMm sfzI rihbrI leI mÈfl vFgU roÈn hn.
Éudf bÉsy sfzy gux ÉUbIaF sn mrn vfly ivwc
-0-

‘‘mYN qyrf bMdf hF`
amrjIq kOr


jMmU-kÈmIr dI Auh husIn vfdI jo Aus smyN puxC nfm nfl jfxI jFdI sI. ies irafsq ivwc qihsIl rfjOrI dy nËdIk pYNdy ipMz ‘jory kf gVH` ivc sMn 16 akqUbr 1670 ƒ ijmIdfr BfrdvfË rfjpUq ÈRI rfmdyv jI dy gRih ivKy mfqf eIÈr dyeI dI sulwKxI kuwKoN iewk aiq suMdr, suzOl koml bfl ny jnm ilaf. KuÈIaF-KyiVaF dy afgmn ivc lfzly puwqr df nfm lCmx dyv rwiKaf igaf.

srIr ivc qkVy juwsy vflf hox krky Auh CotI Aumr ivc hI afpxy ipqf nfl KyqIbfVI dy DMidaF ivc hwQ vtfAux lwg ipaf. vfhI-joqI vflf ipCokV hox krky hI Auh KuwlHy-zuwlHy dlyr idl-ijgr df mflk sI. kuÈqI aqy GoV-svfrI ivc vI Ausny jldI muhfrq hfsl kr leI. ividaf qF AudoN qwk afm jn-jIvn dy ihwsy afeI hI nhIN sI. iesy leI Auh qF kyvl pMzqF-bRfhmxF dI hI dfsI sI. ies leI hI bfbf jI ƒ vI pVHn df mOkf nhIN sI imilaF. afs-pfs df jMglI eyrIaf hox kfrn AuhnF ƒ iÈkfr Kyzx df vI bhuq ÈONk sI. qIr-aMdfËI ivc vI mfhr sn. cOdF-pMdrF sfl dI awlHV ijhI Aumr ivc hI iÈkfr Kyzdy smyN iek aijhf hfdsf vfpiraf ijs ny bfbf bMdf isMG ƒ Dur aMdr qwk ihlf ky rwK idwqf. iek idn AujfV-bIafbfn ivc iÈkfr KyzidaF sfhmxy phfVI qy cuMGIaF BrdI jFdI ihrnI qy inÈfnf syD ky qIr mfiraf jo iswDf Ausdy pyt ivc jf vwijaf. BuaftxIaF KFdI ihrnI phfVI qoN Qwly DrqI qy af izwgI. pfs jf ky jdoN bMdy ny dyiKaf qF grBvqI ihrnI ny qVÌ-qVÌ ky Ausdy sfhmxy pRfx iqafg idwqy. Ausdy pyt ivcoN do bwcy bfhr inkly Auh vI Ausdy sfhmxy hI qVp ky mr gey. ies drdnfk Gtnf df bflk ihrdy qy eynf gihrf asr hoieaf ik afqm-iglfnI mihsUs krdy hoey guwsy ivc Ausny afpxy qIr-kmfn qoV ky suwt idwqy. Aus jgHf hux ihrnI nfm df ipMz abfd ho cuwkf hY.

ies Gtnf qoN bfad bfbf jI df mn Gr-pRvfr aqy gRihsQI qoN Aucft ho igaf. AuhnF ƒ afpxy nfm nfloN vI awiq dI nÌrq ho cuwkI sI. AuhnF dI rucI moV Kf cuwkI sI. afAuNdy-jFdy sfDU-sMqF dI sMgq krn lwg pey. iek idn Auh cuwp-cfp jMgl vwl ƒ inkl gey aqy BuwKy-ipafsy BtkidaF iek idn 1686 ƒ AuhnF df myl iek vYrfgI sfDU nfl ho igaf. jdoN Aus sfDU jfnkI pRsfd ny bfbf jI ƒ AuhnF df nfm puwiCaf qF AuhnF dy mUMhoN sihj-suBf hI inkilaf ‘‘mYN bMdf hF`` qF sfDU ny hYrfn ho ky ikhf ik qUM bMdf hox df arQ jfxdf hYN. ‘‘arQ hI qF lwBx quiraf hF,  afpy dI pihcfx leI afpxI pihcfx qoN dUr``. ‘‘qyry afpy dI pihcfx qYƒ mYN krfvFgf``. jfnkI dfs ny Ausdf nfm mfDo dfs vYrfgI rwK idwqf qy afpxy zyry ivc lY afieaf.

BFvyN ik jfnkI dfs ny bMdy ƒ aduwqI ÈkqI df mflk jfx ky afpxIaF bhuq sfrIaF irDIaF-isDIaF dy gur bMdy dI JolI pf idwqy sn. pr AuhnF dy qVÌdy hoey ihrdy ƒ pqf nhIN iks dI qlfÈ sI Auh hmyÈF leI AuWQoN dy nf ho sky. AuWQoN KihVf Cuzvf ky cuwp-cupIqy hI inkl gey. AusqoN bfad ksbf ksUr nyVy rfm Qwmx dy zyry ivc cly gey. ies smyN durfn bfbf jI df myl AuWQy afAux-jfx vfly keI sfDU-sMqF, mhfqmF aqy pIrF-PkIrF nfl hoieaf. keI qrHF dy jp-qp sfDn kIqy. ÈRI ikRÈn Bgvfn dI bMdgI vI kIqI pr AuhnF dy aÈFq mn ƒ koeI ielm-klfm ÈFq nf kr sikaf. ies sfry kuJ ivwcoN ivcridaF Auh vwzy qpwsvI aqy dfrÈink ivcfrF vfly qF bx hI cuwky sn. Auh afpxI mnoN-Bfvnf anusfr keI vrHy GHor qp krdy rhy iPr vI aMdr dI iqRÈnf dI agnI ny AuhnF ƒ aByd nf hox idwqf qy Auh iewQy afey sfDUaF ivwcoN iek vYrfgI rfm dfs dI mMzlI nfl Brmx krn leI inkl gey.

rfm Qwmx dy zyry ƒ Cwzx AuprMq bfbf jI ny GuMmdy-GumFdy nfsk, pMcvtI dI iekFq jgHf qy kfÌI dyr invfs rwiKaf. kudrqI nËfiraF nfl ZkI hoeI suhfvxI ies jgHf dI KfsIaq ÈRI rfm cMdr aqy sIqf mfqf df asQfn hox kfrn jogIaF sinafsIaF leI iKwc df kyNdr sI. iewQy iPr bfbf jI df myl aOgV dfs jogI nfl vI hoieaf qF AuhnF ny AusdI vI pUry jIa-jfn nfl syvf kIqI. jogI aogV nfQ kfÌI ibrD ho cuwkf sI. Ausdy aMqly idnF ivc AusdI dyK-Bfl kridaF dyK aOgV nfQ KuÈ ho ky Xog-ivwidaf dy sfry ZMg-qrIky aqy jfdU dy guwJy Byq, afpxf bhu-muwlf gRMQ aqy zyrf bfbf jI ƒ sOp ky 1691 eI[ ƒ ies dunIaF qoN kUc kr igaf.

ies jgHf vI bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr df mn bhuqI dyr nf itikaf qy Auh cVHdy ƒ godfvrI dy kMZy-kMZy cldy hoey nFdyV ivwc phuMc gey. jo awjkwlH qwKq ÈRI hËUr sfihb dy nF nfl mÈhUr hY. iewQoN df suhfvxf mOsm aqy hiraf-Biraf vfqfvrx Bfa jfx kfrx ndI iknfry kutIaf bxf ky qpwsvI df jIvn ijExf ÈurU kr idwqf. bfbf jI dIaF qFqirk ÈkqIaF aqy irDIaF-isDIaF dy crcy dUr-dUr qwk phuMcy. duKI, loVvMd qy afsvMd lokF dI BIV iekwTI hox lwgI. lokF dIaF iewCfvF pUrIaF hox lwgIaF. qp-sfDnf aqy BgqI-ÈkqI dy krmF ËrIey koeI cmqkfr kr ivKfAuxf AuhnF leI muÈikl nhIN sI. syvk aqy keI cyly-bflky hr vkq syvf ivc lwgy rihMdy. Dn-Dfn dy BMzfiraF dI koeI kmI nf rhI. QoVHy ijhy smyN ivc hI CotI ijhI kutIaf mwT ivc qbdIl ho geI. idnoN-idn pUjf-pRiqÈTf  vwD geI. ieh swB kuwJ hox dy bfvjUd vI mn aÈFq, Audfs rihMdf. dUr-durfizEN afAux vfilaF kfrn AuhnF dI smfDI ivc BMgxF pYNdI  qF Auh aksr hI zyry qoN dUr inkl jfieaf krdy qy jMgl ivwc iekFq QF qy qp-sfDnf ivc lIn ho jFdy. iesy Xog-sfDnf ivc bfbf jI dI iËMdgI dy pMdrF-solF sfl hor guËr cuwky sn. AuhnF dI aMdrlI qVpxf ƒ iksy aduwqI mhFpurK dI AuzIk sI. iesy hI mn dI pRbl aiBlfÈf qihq Auh afAux vfly sMqF aqy PkIrF dI prK kiraf krdy sn.

DMn ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG jI kuJ smF sfboN kI qlvMzI guËfrn qoN bfad afpxy imÈn anusfr bhfdr Èfh jo Aus vkq aOrMgËyb dI mOq qoN bfad gwdI qy bYTx leI guru sfihb ny AusdI mwdd kIqI sI. bhfdr Èfh vwloN drÈnF dI iewCf Ëfihr krn qy gurU sfihb Ausƒ sMDI krn dy mnÈy ihq idwlI imldy hoey afgry aqy bihrfmpur rihMdIaF sMgqF ƒ inhfl krdy hoey nfrfiexf ngr irafsq jYpur phuMcy. ijwQy AuhnF ƒ dfdU pMQI, mhMq jYq rfm pfsoN gurU jI ƒ mfDo dfs vYrfgI bfry BrpUr jfxkfrI pRfpq hoeI. mhMq jI ny dwisaf ik Auh pihlF qF afey mihmfn sfDU-sMq df bVy ipafr-Bfv nfl afdr-siqkfr idMdf hY aqy aMdrUnI Bfvukqf nfl syvf vI krdf hY. iksy iksm dI koeI qot nhIN afAux idMdf. pr, bfad ivc zyry ivc rwKy hoey afpxy plMG qy ibTfAuNdf hY. jdoN mihmfn Aus AuWpr ibrfËmfn ho jFdf hY qF aYsI krfmfq krdf hY ik plMG Ault jFdf hY aqy mihmfn dy BuMjy izwg pYx qoN bfad iPr iswDf ho jFdf hY. pIr-PkIr ÈrimMdf ho ky vfps prqdf hY. qusIN AuWQy jfx df iblkul kÈt nf krnf, ikAuNik Auh vYrfgI aËb klfvF aqy irDIaF-isDIaF df mfilk hY. Éud jfxIjfx klÊIDr pfiqÈfh sux ky guwJf muskrfey aqy ikhf ik ‘‘asIN qF AuWqr qoN dwKx gfhuMdy Ausy dI hI qlfÈ ivc kohF lMmy pYNzy nfpdy afey hF, Ausƒ imlxf sfzf leI bhuq ËrUrI hY``. iqMnF jhfnF dy vflI swcy pfiqÈfh dIaF muskrfhtF dIaF krfmfqF dy Byd ivcfrf mhMq jYq rfm kI jfxy ik Aus vYrfgI dy ihrdy dI qVp hI AuhnF ƒ iewQoN qwk iKwc ky ilafeI hY awgy jfxf qF AuhnF df inÈicq hI hY.

gurU sfihb pwqJV ruwqy abclngr (nFdyV sfihb) ivKy afx phuMcy.AuhnF dI jIvnI anusfr ndIaF-dirafvF dy iknfry hI AuhnF dI mnpsMd jgHf rhIaF hn. ies leI AuhnF df aMqlf smF vI iesy rmxIk sQfn qy guËiraf. bfbf jI dI idlI qFG aqy qmMnf pUrI krn Kfqr gurU jI ny 3 dsMbr 1708 ƒ mfDo dfs dy Ausy plMG qy jf zyry lfey. zyry dy afly-duafly iek bÊIcf lwigaf hoieaf sI. drvfËy dy bfhr kuJ sMK pey sn. iek iqRÈUl vI gwzI hoeI sI Aus AuWqy rudrfÉ dIaF mflf ltk rhIaF sn qy nfl hI KoprI ltk rhI sI. DuÉ rhI DUxI ivc iek icmtf gwizaf ipaf sI. ivhVy dy ivcfly gAU dI mUrqI rwKI peI sI. kMD dy nfl ikRÈn Bgvfn dI aqy gxyÈ dIaF mUrqIaF jVIaF hoeIaF sn. kutIaf dy sfhmxy dIvfr AuWqy qIr clf rhy rfm jI df icqr bixaf hoieaf sI. gurU jI bVI bysbrI nfl afpxy Bgq df ieMqËfr kr rhy sn. bfbf jI dy cyly-bflky hYrfn qy pRyÈfn sn ik awj kOx aYnI ihMmq vflf pIr-aOlIaf af bhuiVaf hY ijs ny ies alOikk plMG qy bYTx dI ihmfkq kr idwqI hY. gurU jI dy nfl kuwJ isMG vI sn. AuhnF swB ƒ dyK ky kuwJ sfDU sihmy hoey ieDr-AuDr iKsk gey. kuwJ byvws hoey sfhmxy isr JukfeI KVHy rhy. gurU jI ny isMGF ƒ pRÈfdf-pfxI iqafr krn dy hukm idwqy. isMGF ny bwkry Jtkfey aqy KuwlHf lMgr iqafr krky swB ƒ Ckfieaf. iewk qpwsvI dy zyry qy mhFpRÈfd bxdf vyK cyly kRoD ivwc af gey. gurU jI df ieh aduwqI kOqk vyK ky kuwJ sfDU cukMny hoey aqy sfrf ibRqFq dwsx leI bfbf jI dy ipwCy jMgl vwl ƒ dOVy aqy sfrI iviQaf jf dwsI. Ausdy zyry ivc vrijq mhFpRÈfd bnfAux kfrn mfDo dfs vYrfgI guwsy ivc awg-bbUlf ho ky aqy AuWQoN hI afpxIaF ÈkqIaF nfl gurU jI ƒ plMG qoN Qwly suwt ky ÈrimMdf krnf cfihaf. zyry qwk phuMcidaF Aus afpxI sfrI lwgdI vfh lf leI pr koeI pyÈ nf geI. afÈrm puwj ky jdoN Ausny gurU jI dy nUrI dIdfry kIqy qF QFey avfk KVoiqaF suMn ho ky rih igaf. sfrf kRoD pfxI bx igaf. AuhnF gurU jI ƒ sihj-Bfa nfl puwiCaf ik qusIN kOx ho? AusdI mfnisk hflq ƒ BFpdy hoey jfxI-jfx pfiqÈfh ny ikhf ik qUM sfƒ jfxdf hYN. afpxy aMdr JfqI mfr ky dyK. sfƒ AzIkidaF Aumr lMGf idwqI. iPr gurU jI ny bVy hI apxwq Bry lihjy ivc puwiCaf ik ‘‘qusIN kOx ho`` qF Aus AumrF dI ipafsI qpwsvI rUh dy aMdroN, rUhfnI nYxF dy drÈn kridaF hI Bfvukqf AumV peI. sdIaF qoN ivwCVI hoeI AusdI qVpdI rUh ÈFq ho geI. sfrIaF iqRÈnfvF imt geIaF. jfgI afqmf ƒ pUrn ivÈvfs ho igaf ik ijsdI qlfÈ ivc sfrI Aumr qVpdI ƒ cYn nhIN afieaf Auh mhFblI siqpurK iehI hY. mfDo dfs ny crnF qy Zih ky gurU jI dy crn-kml pCqfvy dy hMJUaF nfl Do suwty aqy bVI hlImI nfl AuWqr idwqf ik ‘‘mYN qyrf bMdf``  eyny kihx dI dyr sI ik gurU jI ny AuhnF ƒ crnF qoN cuwk glvwkVI ivc lYidaF ikhf ik ‘‘jy qUM myrf bMdf qF mYN iPr qYƒ kIqf bulMdf`` iek swcy Bgq XoDy-blkfrI dI mhFpurK dsm pfiqÈfh nfl hoeI imlxI df idRÈ qwk ky kol KVoqy isMG aqy sfDU dMg rih gey. gurU pfrs nfl sprÈ kridaF hI lohf ijvyN Dur aMdr qwk kMcn ho cuwkf sI. bMdy leI hux afpxy gurU dy sMg qoN mihrUm rihxf mumikn nhIN sI. bfbf jI ny bVI afËËI nfl gurU pfiqÈfh dI hËUrI ivc rih ky hI pRymf-BgqI df rs mfnx leI syvf-sfDnf dI qqprqf jqfeI. bfbf jI dI BtkxF df Byd hux jwg-jfhrf ho cuwkf sI. AusdI afqmf ƒ imlI iqRpqI dI KuÈbo vI sfry pfsy PYlx lwgI.
bfbf jI gurU jI dy nfl hI AuhnF dy zyry ivc af gey aqy AuWQy hI rih ky dUjy isMGF nfl rÜ ky inÈkfm syvf krn lwg pey. AuhnF afpxI ibrqI qF pihlF hI gurU jI dy arpx kr idwqI sI. pRMqU, isMGF-sfQIaF dI sfrI dunIaF nfloN vwKrI AuWcI-suwcI rihxI-bihxI qy rihq-mirafdf vyK ky idl ivc aYsf hI rUp bxf lYx df Aumfh jfigaf. sMgq ivc rihMidaF bfbf jI jldI hI ihMdusqfn dy hlfqF qoN vI jfxU ho gey sn ik iks qrHF kwtVpMQI muÊl sfmrfj vwloN sfrI jnqf ƒ muslmfn bxn leI dbfa pfieaf jf irhf hY. iswKF vwloN eIn nf mMnx kfrn AuhnF ƒ koh-koh ky ÈhId kIqf jf irhf hY. mfqf gujrI aqy sfihbËfidaF dIaF ÈhIdIaF sux ky qF Aus df KUn Aubfly Kfx lwgf. Auh gurU jI dy hukm dI AuzIk krn lwgy ik gurU sfihb AuhnF jfbrF dy mUMh BMnx leI jMg df aYlfn krn. bMdy ny pihlF qF afpxy-afp ƒ pUrI qrHF iswKI jIvn ivc Zflx leI gurU jI awgy iewCf Ëfihr kIqI qF gurU jI ny pMjF ipafiraF koloN aMimRq iqafr krvf ky bfbf jI ƒ Ckfieaf. rIq anusfr AuhnF df nfm bdl ky gurbKÈ isMG rwK idwqf igaf. pr, ieh nfm ies krky pRcwlq nf ho sikaf ikAuNik bfbf jI sMgq ivc rihMidaF ivcridaF bMdy dy nfm nfl hI mkbUl ho cuwky sn qy Auh isMGF dy hrmn ipafry bx gey aqy hOlI-hOlI AuhnF dI bhfdrI dy ikwsy AuhnF dy nfm nfl juVn kfrn bhfdr Èbd dI pihcfx AuhnF dy nfm ƒ bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr df ruqbf pRdfn kr geI. ijs qrHF nOvyN pfiqÈfh DMn ÈRI gurU qyg bhfdr jI ƒ qyg df DnI hox kfrn bhfdr Èbd df ruqbf snmfn vjoN imilaf ievyN hI gurU Gr dI inÈkfm syvf Bfvnf bfbf jI dy nfm ƒ ieiqhfs dy pMinaF qy sunihrI awKrF ivc cmkf geI. bfbf Èbd AuhnF dI mhfnqf kfrn isMGF vwloN snmfn vjoN AuhnF dy nfm nfl juV igaf.ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG jI qoN bfad bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr df nfm iewk mhfn iswK-sKÈIaq vjoN iswK ieiqhfs dy pMinaF qy afp-muhfry AuWBr ky sfhmxy afAuNdf hY. ijsƒ ik awKoN-proKy kIqf hI nhIN jf skdf. AuhnF dy nfm dy iËkr kIqy ibnF iswK ieiqhfs df awgy qurnf hI JUT jfpdf hY. Aus KflI aqy aDUry-pn ƒ pUr swkx leI koeI vI hor iswK sKÈIaq ijkrXog nhIN hY jo AuhnF df sQfn gRihx kr sky. gurU dy bMdy df nfm qF lhU-iBwjI iswK qvfrIÉ ivwc cVHdy sUrj vFg cmkdf pRqIq huMdf hY. ‘ien ÊrIb iswKn ko dUM pfiqÈfhI` gurU sfihb df ieh kQn bfbf jI dy kfl ivwc AuhnF dI hI bdOlq swc sfibq huMdf hY.

BfvyN hux bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr afpxy quwTy gurU qoN alwg ho ky nhIN sn rihxf cfhuMdy pr, guwsy aqy roh df lfvf bMdy dy aMdr AuWbldf rihMdf. pr dsm pfiqÈfh qF Éud ÈFqI dy pujfrI sn. AuhnF ny afpxy jIvn kfl durfn ijMnIaF vI jMgF lVIaF Auh isrP qy isrP afpxy bcfE leI hI lVIaF. afpxy inmr suBfE anusfr AuhnF bfdÈfhF-rfijaF nfl sMDI krn df koeI vI mOkf hwQoN nhIN jfx idwqf. AunHF sMbMDI keI Brm-BulyKy PYlfey gey ik AuhnF afpxy ipqf DMn ÈRI gurU qyg bhfdr jI dy kql df bdlf lYx leI hiQafrbMd iqafrI kIqI jo ik iblkul hI shI nhIN hY. ÊYr-iswK ieiqhfskfrF vwloN ieh vI pRcfiraf igaf ik gurU sfihb ny bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr ƒ sfihbËfidaF df bdlf lYx leI hI pMjfb Byijaf igaf. jdoN ik aslIaq ieh hY ik jykr AuhnF dy mn ivc guwsy jF bdlf lYx dI Bfvnf huMdI qF aOrMgËyb jF Ausdy puwqr dy bulfAux qy Éud imlx ikAuN jFdy.bdly lYxy iswKI dy Gr dI rIq iblkuwl hI nhIN hY. AuhnF df hr kfrË mnuwKqf dy Bly aqy Dfrimk aËfdI leI sI. qlvfr AuTfAuxf qF Aus jMgl-rfj dy smyN dI loV sI. ieiqhfskfrF vwloN gurU sfihb dI juJfrU ienklfbI soc ƒ bdlfÉorI df rUp dyx kfrn pUrf smfj ivc bdlf lYx dI Bfvnf hfvI rihMdI hY.

iehnIN idnIN bhfdr Èfh nfl cwl rhI sMDI dI gwlbfq srhMd dy sUbydfr vËIr Kfn qoN jrI nf geI Ausny gurU jI qy hmlf krvf idwqf. bfdÈfh dy afpxy BrfvF nfl jMgF ivc AulJx kfrx gwlbfq vI ivcfly tuwt geI. slfh-mÈviraF dy sfDn nf-kfmXfb ho inwbVy. Aultf iehnF koiÈÈF ivc AuhnF ƒ afpxI jfn qwk dyxI peI. afKrkfr muÊlF df qÉqf pltx leI isvfey qlvfr AuTfAux qoN hor koeI cfrf nf idKdf hox kfrx aqy Éud bhuq ijafdf ËÉmI hox kfrn AuhnF bMdy ƒ Ëulm aqy ainafey ivruwD lfmbwD krky pMjfb Byjx df ÌYslf kr ilaf. bfbf jI dI bhfdrI aqy Xogqf ƒ prKdy hoey hI dUr-aMdyÈI dsm gurU pfiqÈfh ny ihMdusqfn dI suqMqrqf ƒ bhfl krfAux df bIVf isrP qy isrP bfbf bMdf isMG ƒ hI sONipaf sI. bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr df jy kyvl bdlf lYxf hI AudyÈ huMdf qF sUby dI mOq aqy srhMd ƒ Qyh kr lYx qoN bfad Ausdy ijMmy lfieaf kfrj sMpUrn ho igaf huMdf. bfbf jI df imÈn qF DMn ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG jI vwloN iswK rfj dy idRV kIqy sMklp ƒ sfkfr krnf sI.

AuDr gurU jI qy ivsfh-GfqI hmlf hox kfrn bMdf isMG df KUn Aubfly Kfx lwgf aqy ËflmF ƒ soDf lfAux leI Ausdy zOly Prkx lwgy. gurU jI ny 1708 eI[ ivc hI bfbf jI ƒ vIh isMG jwQy ivc aqy pMj cuiNnMdf isMG sfihbfn BfeI ibnod isMG, BfeI kfhn isMG, BfeI dieaf isMG, BfeI rx isMG bfbf jI dy slfhkfr vjoN Qfp ky iehnF dI sihmqI nfl PYsly lYx df hukm krky pwcI isMGF df jrnYl Qfp ky pMjfb vwl kUc krn df hukm idwqf. afpxy BwQy ivcoN pMj qIr, iek inÈfn sfihb ngfrf sMsfrk swqf dIaF bfhrmuwKI iNnÈfnIaF, pMj mUl AudyÈ dy ky aYsf aÈIrvfdI QfpVf idwqf. Auh pMj AudyÈ sn pMj isMGF dI sihmqI ivc ivcrnf. mfieaf dy jfl ivc nhIN Psxf. inÈkfm syvf-Bfvnf ivc hI jIvn bsr krnf. nfm jpxf, vMz Ckxf, mnuwKqf dy Bly leI mr imtxf, ablf qy vfr nhIN krnf. Kflsy df gurU nhIN aKvfAuxf. swc df iqafg nhIN krnf. iehnF hukmF dI pflxF kIiqaF Pqih qyry crnF ivc rhygI. Auh ies qrHF gurU dIaF bKÈIaF hoeIaF ÈkqIaF pRfpq krky qUÌfn vFg pMjfb ƒ vDy ik muÊl sfÈkF ƒ sMBlx qwk df mOkf nf idwqf. jn-ÈkqI ƒ nfl lY ky QoVHy ijhy smyN ivc hI aYsf gfh pfieaf ik muÊl rfj dIaF nINhF ihlf ky mihl-munfiraF ƒ Qyh bxf idwqf. srihMd ƒ ijwq lYx df Bfv sI Aus smyN dy bhuq vwzy ielfky smyq phfVI irafsqF ƒ iswK pRwBuswqf dy aDIn lY afAuxf. Auh afpxy smyN dy AuWqm XoDy, pihly iswK hukmrfn hoey ijnHF ny gurU jI dy afdyÈ anusfr pUry ielfky ivc smfijk ienklfb dI hnHyrI Julf idwqI. pMjfb vfsIaF ny AuhnF ƒ afpxy dsm pfiqÈfh jI df pRqIinDI mMn ky AuhnF ƒ isr-awKF qy jfixaF aqy AuhnF dy hr hukm dI pflxf kIqI. Ëulm dI ieMqhf dyK ky bgfvq dI icMgfrI qF iswK ihridaF ivc pihlF hI sulg cuwkI sI. AuzIk sI qF afpxy gurU dy hukmF dI.

ihMdusqfn dy ieiqhfs ivc koeI ies qrHF df XoDf nhIN hoieaf ijs ny afpxI kmfn hyT ijwqF pRfpq kIqIaF hox aqy rfj  Ausy ielfky dI hI dwby-kucly lokF ivwcoN hI koeI isr-kwZ bhfdr cux ky AuhnF ƒ hI AuWQoN dI irafieaf aqy irafsq df mflk bxf idwqf igaf hovy. ieiqhfs ivc pihlI vfr iËmIdfrf isstm Kqm krky dilq inmfxy iksfnF muËfiraF ƒ jwt Bfv ËmInF dy mflk bxf idwqf. srhMd AuWqy ijwq pRfpq kridaF hI Kflsy df nvF sMmq, iswkf aqy mohr vI ËfrI kIqy gey. iehI iswkf 140 vrHy qwk cldf irhf. AuhnF afpxI hr kfmXfbI ƒ gurU crnF ivc hI arpx kIqf. Auh afpxy-afp ƒ hmyÈF ‘‘gurU df bMdf`` hI ikhf krdy sn.

AuhnF dI POË ivwc ihMdU muslmfn, iswK swB kOmF dI BrqI dI KuwlH sI. AunF ƒ roËy rwKx dI vI ieËfjq sI. kI ieh ÌrfÉidlI AunHF dy DfVvI hox df sbUq idMdI hY? srhMd dy pUry ielfky ivc awj vI msiËdF ijAuN dIaF iqAuN KVHIaF hn. ieh awj vI ies gwl dI ÈfadI BrdIaF hn ik bfbf jI ieslfm dy ivroDI nhIN sn. Auh qF awTy pihr afpxy gurU dy hukmF dI pflxf krdy ivcrdy sn. aMq smyN qwk vI gurU dy Bfxy ivc azol, ÈrDf aqy ivÈvfs nfl Bry rhy aqy hws ky hr iek Ëulm ƒ afpxy qn aqy mn AuWqy jiraf pr iksy vI qrHF dI aDIngI nhIN mMnI. AuhnF df ËmUMrF nfl mfs noicaf igaf, AuhnF dy puwqr df klyjf AuhnF dy sfhmxy hI kwZ ky AuhnF dy mUMh ivc quMinaF iga. ieh swB kuJ dyKdy hoey ieh mMnxf pvygf ik Auh koeI afm iensfn nf ho ky swcy siqgurU dsm pfiqÈfh jI dI vrosfeI hoeI pivwqr afqmf sI jo ik gurU jI dI myhr sdkf afpxy aMdr aqy bfhr dy duÈmxF qy ijwq pRfpq kr cuwky sn.

ihMd qvfrIÉ ivc ieh pihlf suinhrI mOkf sI jdoN pMjfb dy lokF ny aËfdI df afnMd iswK rfj dI kmfn hyT mfixaF. bfbf jI dy pfey hoey pUrny aqy AuhnF dI bhfdrI afAux vfly smyN ivc vI iswK kOm leI cfnx-munfrf bxI. iswK imslF hoNd ivwc afeIaF. Aus aËfdI dy icrfg ny iswK kOm ƒ sMGrÈ dy rfh pf ky iswK rfj df sUrj jgfieaf.


sLbdF df jfdUgr - BUsLn iDafnpurI
- mohn BMzfrI

BUÈn iDafnpurI dy Èbd - afpxy bfry

          jdoN myrI pihlI ikqfb ‘iek msIhf hor` Cfpx jfx lwgI qF iÈv kumfr ny BUimkf ilKx dy nfl-nfl ieh slfh vI idwqI ik pihlI ikqfb AuWqy ‘iDafnpurI` dI loV hY. ipwCoN BfvyN lfh dyeIN. afpxy vloN kdoN df lfh idwqf hoieaf hY. pr kI ieh lwQ skdf hY?
          pihlF puwCdy sn: ikhVf iDafnpurI?
          kihxf pYNdf sI: BUÈn
          hux puwCdy ny:     ikhVf BUÈn?
          kihxf pYNdf hY:  iDafnpurI.
------------------------------------

            ieh afpxy afp ivwc hI ivaMg hY ik mYN iewk ivaMg lyKk bfry ilK irhF. ivaMg lyKk vI Auh jo sfrI Aumr mlMgI dfavy ivwc irhf, ivciraf hwQ ivwc iqwKI nsLqr vrgI klm lY ky, ijs nUM Cfpx leI pricaF dy aYzItr qwqpr rihMdy, pMjfbI tI vI cYnlF vfly Aucycy Aus kol phuMcdy  ny ik koeI ivsLysL pRogrfm AulIky qy hfjLrI Bry. ijs df gwl kihx df aMdfjL afhlf qy inrflf huMdf hY. jo styj `qy kivqf bolidaF sroiqaF nUM hsf hsf AuhnF dIaF vwKIaF duKx lf idMdf hY. ijs qoN vwzy vwzy KLwbI KLfn lyKk qRihMdy rhy qy nfl nfl ieh vI kihMdy rhy ik AuhnF bfry Auh kuwJ ilKy jrUr, pr sihMdf sihMdf.
            Auhdf mwq hY ik ivaMg iksy dI jfq-kujLfq nhIN puwCdf, mulfhjLydfrIaF nhIN pflLdf, hwQ afieaf vkq nhIN tfldf qy byikrk ho mnuwK dI kuK dI rgL AuWqy cwldf rihMdf hY. BfvyN grmjosLI `c twk rqf zUMGf hI lwg jfey. sLfied AuhnUM ieh aihsfs hovy ik mnuwKI mrm dIaF jVHF pqflL `c huMdIaF ny qy smyN df pfxI jKLmF nUM inrMqr DoNdf rihMMdf hY. aMgUr afAx qoN pihlF df drd qF bMdy nUM Jwlxf eI pYNdY. drd vI Auh ijs ivwc mwTI mwTI qyjL jln huMdI aY. ies jln ivwcoN suafd vI afAuNdY qy iKJ vI. Auhdy ivaMg dI kft sMvydnsLIl bMidaF AuWqy jdoN asr krdI hY qF Auh gulfm alI vFg pukfr AUWTdy ny:
            'kuC qo nfjLk imjfjL Qy hm BI,
            kuC cot BI neI sI hY!'
            koeI AuhnUM ZuwcrI kihMdf hY, koeI itwcrI qy koeI nGocI. ieho ijhy vI lyKk hYgy ny jo AuhnUM gjLb df ipafkV, hwd drjy df DwkV qy awKV smJdy ny. jo Auh ieh kihxoN vI nhIN tldy ik Auh mjLmybfjL, lqIPLybfjL, cutkilaF df isrqfj aqy hor pqf nhIN kI kI bfjL hY. Auh qurdf iPrdf msKLrf hY. ieh sB AuhdI gLYr hfjLrI ivwc huMdf hY. Auh afp hfjLr hovy qF iksy nUM gwl krn nhIN idMdf. aglf Auhdy mUMh vwl Jfkdf rihMdf hY ik Auh aglI gwl ikhVI afKygf. Llok Auhdy suxfey lqIPLy nUM Gwt Auhdy suxfAux dy aMdfjL nUM vwD mfxdy ny. iehI AuhdI KUbI hY.
            Auh mry muwky bMdy nUM gwlF nfl ijAuNdf krky quhfzIaF awKF sfhmxy KVHf kr skdf hY. sfkfr. Auh cfhy hovy sUbf isMG, cfhy isLv kumfr. AuhdI suxfeI sUbf isMG pRQfeI gwl qF sux hI lvo myry sLbdF `c: "pMjfb srkfr ny pusqk swiBafcfr nUM TuMmxf dyx leI iewk skIm iqafr krvfeI. muwK mMqrI sn igafnI jLYl isMG qy sUbf isMG Auhdf pRYWs skwqr. drasl ieh afeIzIaf sUbf isMG df sI.  pMjfb isvl skwqryq dy smUh krmcfrI aqy kuwJ ilKfrI bulfey gey. bhu mMjLlI iemfrq dy ipCvfVy ivsLfl mYdfn ivwc, ivsLfl iekwT dyKx vflf sI. igafnI jI ny sMboDn kridaF pusqk dy jIvn ivwc mhwqv bfry bolidaF aKLIr `qy afiKaf, 'pMjfb srkfr iewk pusqk bYNk sQfpq krygI. qusIN pusqkF dfn kro. idl KolHky. ijMnIaF mrjLI. dfnIaF nUM srkfr vwloN pRsMsf pwqr idwqy jfxgy.' qfVIaF dI gUMj ivwc, mUhrlI kqfr ivwc bYTf sUbf isMG kursI qoN buVHikaf, hwQ ivwc afpxIaF ikqfbF df bMzl leI vfho dfhI dOVn vFg qurdf igafnI jI kol igaf qy bMzl dfn smyN do cfr bol sFJy kIqy. mylf ivCV igaf. bfad ivwc sUbf isMG imilaf qF Auhdf mUMh AuWqiraf hoieaf sI. asIN suafl kIqf, 'kI gwl hogI mHfrfj! pihlF tihky tihky sI, hux bihky bihky lgdy E?' sUbf isMG svfl suxky roxhfkf ho igaf. Auhny pihlF afpxI iZwlI hoeI pwg df swjf pfsf AuqFh nUM cwikaf, kMn `c AUNgl nfl kur kurI kIqI qy Pyr kihx lgf, 'ikho ijhf jmfnf af igaf. lok armfn nfl gwl eI nhIN krn idMdy. mYN jdoN afiKaf, 'igafnI jI! awj qF qusIN kmfl kr idwqI. Auh KusL hox vfly eI sn ik myry ipwCy KVHf bMdf myrf vI ipE inkilaf. Auh Jwt boilaf, 'awj kI, igafnI jI qF hmysLf kmfl krdy ny.'
            Auprokq vrxn ivwc sLfied mYN Auhdy nfl iensfPL nf kr sikaf hovF. kdy mOkf lwigaf qF Auhdy mUMhoN suixE.
            sLbdF dy Aus jfdUgr df nfAuN hY BUsLn iDafnpurI. Pyr smyN dy gyV nfl 'iDafnpurI' lih igaf qy iekwlf 'BUsLn' rih igaf. bfkI bcy afpxy ies iqMn awKry nfAuN AuWqy Auhny ieAuN ivaMg kisaf:
            'ikhI hAuN qy mYN pYz CpfvF,
            nf myrf inwkf ijhf'
            afpxy hwQIN klm kIqy ies klmI nfAuN nUM Auh inwkf ijhf kihMdf hY. jdoN afp inwkf ijhf sI qF Auhdy sLfier ipqf, pMzq amr nfQ 'sLfdfb' hurF Auhdf nfAuN rwiKaf 'bynqI srUp' jo bfad ivwc 'bynqI srUp sLrmf' bx igaf. ieh sLfdfb jI dI inmrqf aqy sLrfPLq df pRqIk hY. srkfrI dPLqrF aqy iviBMn ividak adfiraF dIaF dsqfvyjF ivwc ieho nfAuN cwldf hY. jnm Auhdf ijlHf isaflkoot, qihsIl nfrovfl dy ipMz rsINhvfl ivKy 2-4-1945 nUM hoieaf. dysL vMz ipwCoN AuhnF df pirvfr ijlHf gurdfspur dy ipMz iDafnpur af visaf. eyQy iDafn dyx vflI gwl ieh hY ik iDafn pur sdIaF purfxf ieiqhfsk qy Dfrimk sQfn hY ijsdI mfnqf chuM kUtF qwk PYlI hoeI hY. ies pfvn sQfn qy kdy swc dy jigafsU sLihjLfdf dfrf isLkoh dI Aus smyN ihMdusqfn dy mMny pRmMny pUjLnIk KwqrI sMq bfbf lfl nfl 'gosLtI' hoeI sI. ies gosLtI dOrfn bfbf lfl ny AusnUM hor gwlF qoN ielfvf 'smfDI' aqy 'iDafn' ivclf aMqr smJfieaf sI. eyQy bfbf jI dI gwdI sQfpq hY. bflk bynqI srUp eyQy hI pRvfn ciVHaf aqy muwZlIaF jmfqF piVHaf. sLfied eyQoN dy vfqfvrx df Aus qy ajy pRBfv kfiem sI. jdoN Auh 1964 ivwc pihlI vyrF mYNnUM imlx afieaf qF Ausdy qyV pMj gjLLI tMgvIN DoqI sI qy pYr nMgy. Auh bVf lMbf smF afpxy dPLqr vI nMgy pYrIN jFdf irhf hY. pihlI imlxI dI rsmI iJjk dy bfvjUd Auh mYnUM bVf iqwKf, jLhIn aqy sLrfrqI suBfa df lwigaf. gwlF kridaF AuhdIaF cMcl awKF `c iewk qfrf zlkF mfrdf njLr afAuNdf qy glf gihrf Bfrf ho jFdf. iesdy Byd df mYnUM bfad `c pqf lwigaf. jdoN AuhdIaF ieh kfiv sqrF pVHIaF:
            'vwsdy rsdy rho iDafn purIE
            sfzf vkq afieaf AuWjV jfvxy df!!
            Auh bVy mfx nfl kihMdf hY ik cMzIgVH ivwc sB qoN pihlI adbI sFJ myry nfl peI. ies gwl nUM pYNqI vrHy ho gey, asIN keI kOVy imwTy qjLribaF ivwcoN lMGy pr ieh sFJ kfiem hI nhIN rhI, sgoN hor pIzI hoeI hY. isLv kumfr aqy sUbf isMG df ivsLysL ikRpf pfqr rihx df vI AuhnUM mfx hY. Auh meI 1964 ivwc ivwq kimsLnr skwqryq, pMjfb cMzIgVH ivKy klrk BrqI hoieaf qy iPr eyQy hI anuvfdk aqy shfiek bixaf. afpxI qyjL buwDI sdkf Auhny pRBfkr pfs kIqI, igafnI ivwc golz mYzl pRfpq kIqf aqy aYm ey pMjfbI ivwc pMjfb Br ivwcoN PLst afAuNdf afAuNdf bicaf. mYN aYm ey dI pVHfeI dOrfn kors dIaF ikqfbF df bhuqf aiDaYn nhIN kIqf. kyvl Auhdy lYkcr suxky gBly myl ivwc pfs ho igaf. BfvyN kfnUMn dI izgrI vI lY bYTf sF pr ies ividak Xogqf df mYnUM ahuidaF jF koeI hor afriQk lfB nf hoieaf. Auh 1980 ivwc srkfrI kflj ropV pMjfbI lYkcrfr lwgf.
            ies dOrfn Auhny keI rUp vtfey. Kdy dfVHI dy vflL vDfey, kdy sPLfcwt krfey. lokF dy lqIPLy bxfey qy suxfey musLfiraF `c ivaMg dy jOhr idKfey, mihPLlF `c md dy ipafly Kxkfey, keIaF dy jlUs kZvfey qy afp nfhry lfey. keI vfr Auh mYnUM Clyzf lwgdf hY. pUrf bihrUpIaf. iewk idlcsp Gtnf suxo: pqf nhIN Auhdy sLrfrqI mn `c Bolf ijhf Purnf ikvyN Puiraf. iewk CuwtI vfly idn Auhny lMgotI pfeI, nMgy ipMzy qy BbUqI lfeI, ichrf keI rMgF nfl icqiraf. isr qy iKVIaF imwtI df gfVHf lyp kIqf. keI sYktrF dIaF sVkF AuWqy tpUsIaF mfrdf vIh sYktr myry kuafrtr af viVaf. twpdy twpdy ny Gr `c do iqMn gyVy kwZy. Pyr Cwq AUWqy jf ciVHaf. sfzy dyKidaF dyKidaF pvn puwq bx, AuqlIaF AuWcIaF kMDF qy bnyiraF qy CflF mfrn lwgf. muMizaF ny bVI musLikl nfl hyTF Auqfiraf. afKLr ibnf koeI gwl kIiqaF Auh EvyN muV igaf, ijvyN afieaf sI.
            mYnUM lwigaf Edx AuhnUM 'srsfm' ho igaf sI. AuhdI njLm 'srsfm' dIaF afKLrI sqrF quhfzI njLr ny:
            'dosqo! myrf vI koTf
            jy ikqy dunIaF `c huMdf
            koTy cVHky afKdf mYN
            ho igaf srsfm mYnUM!'
            ies dsLf dI ivafiKaf bMdf kI kry. myrI njLr ivwc ieh sMkyq hY. lfcfrI qy byvsI df. ijvyN isLv kumfr ny muhwbq dy sIny ivwc acfnk BVkx df kIqf sI. 'koTy cVHky kwqx bYTI, af pUxI nUM awg peI.' ies Gtnf dy vfprn ipwCy vI iewk idlcsp khfxI hY, jo mYNnUM kfPLI smF bIqx ipwCoN pqf lwgI. Aus idn do apRYl sI. BUsLn df jnm idn. hrjIq jlMDr tI vI vflf (jo awj kwlH 'qfrf' pMjfbI tI vI cYnl ivwc hY) sLfier aimqoj aqy BMmrf afritst( jo hux ies dunIaF ivwc nhIN) ny pYisaF dI axhoNd kfrn BUsLn df jnm idn Auhdf ipMzf icqrky mnfieaf. AuQoN iKsk ky Esy rUp ivwc Auh myry Gr afieaf.
            Auh hux iewk nyk pqnI df cMgf pqI( do lfiek qy juafn puwqF df suihrd bfp qy iewk nMnHy muMny qy ipafry poqy df bfbf hY. poqf AuhdI dfVHI nUM hwQ jrUr pfAuNdf hY. pr Auhdf ivsfh nhIN KFdf. suirMdr AuhdI pqnI ny ipCly idnIN dwisaf ik jdoN df poqf afieaf hY, BUsLn ny isgrt nUM hwQ nHIN lfieaf. sLrfb lgBg Cuwt geI. suwK nfl hux Auhdy kol iqMn PlYt ny. iewk cMzIgVH, do ropV. ropV vfly hyTly PlYt ivwc ipaf rihMdf hY.
            afE afpF cMzIgVH nUM muVIey ijwQy Auh grm qy srgrm irhf. pihlF iewk lqIPLf sux lE, jo asl ivwc lqIPLf nhIN hY: do iqMn lyKk imwqrF nUM Auhny pI aYc zI krvfeI. afp AuhnF dy QIisjL iqafr aqy tfeIp kIqy. iehdf ishrf Auhdy isr bwJx df mfx AuhnUM nf idwqf igaf. mYN iewk AumIdvfr nUM puwiCaf, "lok pI aYc zI krvfAux vfilaF nUM hjLfrF rupey idMdy ny, qusIN kI idwqf BUsLn nUM?" Auh awgoN dMdIaF kwZky boilaf, "Bfa jI, mYNN dfd idwqI, Auhdy lqIiPLaF dI." ieh hwd sI buwDI dy sLosLx dI. mYnUM BUsLn qy guwsf afieaf ieh socidaF, "ieh muMzf pfgLl aY afpxy kfgjL ilafAuNdf hyY, rfq rfq Br tfeIp qy mwQf mfrdY qy AuhnF dy ivgVy kfrj suafrdY. ieh bMdy ibnf imhnqoN zfktr sfhb bxky kfljF ivwc kI cMd cfVHngy." myrf sMsf sux ky Auh hwisaf, qy kr idwqf 'cMd' qoN cMn aqy ieh qoqkVf suxf idwqf:
            klfs vMn' qF lYxI hY iDafn purIaf
            aYpr asIN nf kdy 'klfs' lYxI.'
            AuWproN AuWproN ieh iksy nUM qoqkVf lwg skdY, pr ies ivwc gMBIr icqfvnI vI hY ieho ijhy aiDafpkF dy ividafrQI bymqlb KLrUd qoN aprfD vwl ruicq nhIN hoxgy qF kI krngy? KLYr ! BUsLn kfmf bMdf hY. iesy krky Auhdf idmfgL iTkfxy hY. pr Auh dovyN zfktr awjkwlH BYVI mfnisk dsLf ivwc ny.
            BUsLn dI NphuMc iswDI hY. pRBfvsLflI vI. jy Auh jIvn aqy sfihq nUM hor ivsLfl aqy ivafpk njLrIey qoN dyKy qF AuhdI sur cInI lyKk lUsLn nfl iml skdI hY. AuhnUM pVHky mfnvI aihsfs dI gihrfeI df qIbr anuBNv huMdf hY. BUsLn dy kuwJ kfiv toty pVHky pqf nhIN ikAuN mYnUM gorkI dI khfxI 'Mischief maker' (puafVy hwQf) dy nfiek dI Xfd af jFdI hY jo afpxf bxdf hwk nf pf ky koeI nf koeI puafVf pfeI jFdf hY. Auh iewk aKLbfr dy pRYWs ivwc kMm krdY. iewk vfr jfx buwJky aKLbfr dI muwK surKLI glq lf idMdY. Cpx bfad puwC pVqfl smyN Auhdf sInIar puwCdY, "qUM ieh kfrf ikAuN kIqf?" Auhdf AuWqr huMdY "myrf jIa kIqf. bws ! aOh dyKo, iewk iZwzl afdmI quiraf af irhY. myrf jIa krdY, Auhdy iZwz qy muwkf mfrF. iesdI kI dlIl idaF? iesdy smFnFqr BUsLn dI njLm 'iewk hor msIhf' dIaF ieh sqrF rwK ky dyKIey qF kYsf lwgy:
            'qUM bhuqf puwC ky kI lYxY?
            mYN iewk by-grjLf bMdf hF-
            jo idl afey so krdf hF
            jo mUMh afey so bol idaF.'
            ivroDI siQqIaF aqy hflfqF ivwc aijhf ivdrohI pRqIkrm iewk kudrqI aml hY. sfzy smfjL dI dsLf qF sfhmxy hY pr sfzI idsLf kI hovy? ieh aihm mslf hY. musLikl qF ieh hY ik sfzy adbI hlikaF ivwc Auhdf BrpUr aqy drsLnI dfhVf Aus dI pCfx bixaf hoieaf jdoN ik pRiqBf hoxI cfhIdI aY. jdoN kdy AuhdI sLfierI dI gwl krIey qF imwqr mMzlI vwloN aksr ieh pRBfv idwqf jFdY- bfbf gLfilb dy kihx vFg, 'sLfier qo  voh awCf hY, pr bdnfm bhuq hY.'
            sLfied iesy pRBfv aDIn pRym pRkfsL ny iewk vyrF afpxy prcy 'lkIr' ivwc kuwJ ies qrF df swdf idwqf sI, 'BUsLn iksy dIaF lwqF iKwc, nhIN qF asIN qyrIaF iKwcFgy.'
            CyVnf qy jKLm AucyVnf vwKo vwKry aml ny. iksy dIaF lwqF iKwcIey qF JrItF qF lwgxgIaF hI.
            kdy kdy Auh hUMJf Pyr itwpxIaF kr jFdY. pRqIkrm vjoN lyKk bymqlb itwpxo itwpxI hoeI jFdy ny. AuhdI shI pRiqBf df ajy shI muwl nhIN ipaf.
            lyKk df ikrdfr ikqfbF ipwCy hY
            sfrf JgVf Xfr ikqfbF ipwCy hY
            koeI iksy qoN cfr kmIjLF awgy hY
            koeI iksy qoN cfr ikqfbF ipwCy hY.
            ivaMg nUM Auh afpxI rcnfqmk vfrqk ivwc vI KVky dVky nfl vrqdf hY. myry AuWqy ilKy iewk lyK 'mohn BMzfrI iewk ipMz df nF hY' ivwc Auhny myry qy pMjfbI dy aKOqI aflockF aqy kvIaF AWqy mIsxIaF qy krfrIaF cotF lfeIaF. lyK ivcly Auhdy do kQn not krnf jI:-
            aKOqI aflockF bfry:- qUM vI Bolf BMzfrI hI eyN. qYnUM nhIN pqf ik ieh nfm jpx vfly mhFpurK ny. iehnF nUM nf jl zob skdf hY, nf agnI sfV skdI ey.
            aKOqI kvIaF bfry:- koeI kvI byisr pYr dI 'kfiv ikrq' suxfAux dy dOrfn dfd dI qlfsL ivwc jI iBafxf vfr eyDr EDr Jfkdf hY. keI vfr qF pRsMsf dI BuwK bMdy nUM 'hsrq' dI hwd qwk nIvF lY jFdI hY.
            ivaMg ivDf ivwc mOilk qjLrby krdy rihx dy Bus ny Aus qoN khfxIaF ryKf icwqr aqy nftk vI ilKvfey. KojIaF dI shUlq leI dws idaF ik BUsLn solF sqfrF virHaF df muwC Puwt gwBrU sI, jdoN pihlI vfr, aMimRqsr vfly 'bflk mfisk' ivwc Cipaf, 1962 ivwc. AuhdIaF hux qwk iqMn pusqkF 'iewk msIhf hor'(1970) 'isrjxDfrf' (1982) aqy'jFdI vfr df swc'(1986 ) CpIaF aqy myry iKLafl `c ZfeI ikqfbF df mYtr eyDr EDr ikqy ipaf hovygf. ieh cusq bMdf eys mfmly `c cusq nhIN hY.
            bysLwk isLv kumfr ny AuhdI plyTI pusqk 'iewk msIhf hor' dy muwK bMd ivwc iliKaf, 'BUsLn qurdf bhuq qyjL hY, pr ilKdY bhuq hOlI. pVHdf bhuq hY. jLhIn muMzf hY. ies dI Xfd sLkqI qy rsLk vI krn nUM jIa krdf hY. iewk vDIaF iensfn, vDIaf imwqr aqy vDIaf sLfier df sumyl hY BUsLn iDafn purI.' sR sUbf isMG dI iesy pusqk qy vzmuwlI rfey vI CpI hY.
            ies qoN ielfvf 'nfgmxI' ivsLysL ivaMg aMk (dyK kbIrf hwisaf) aqy 'cMzIgVH dI pMjfb sfihq nUM dyx' ivc ivsiqRq Koj pwqr vI Cpy.
            Auh virHaF bwDI cricq kflm nvIs irhf. AuhdI kflmI crcf dI BrpUr crcf huMdI rhI. aKLbfrF rsfilaF aqy pusqkfilaF ivwc. kOPLI hfAUsF, bIar bfrF aqy TyikaF dy ahfiqaF ivwc jdoN lyKk juVdy qF AuhdIaF jF Auhdy nfl gwlF krdy. keI hwsdy qy keI kuVHdy. kflmF dy nfAuN vI krfry sn ijvyN 'bol-kbol, adbIaf byadbIaF, mUMh afeI bfq' qy zfkKfnf KLfs' afid.
            'mfstr bsqf rfm' jlMDr dUrdrsLn rfhI drsLkF kol phuMicaf. keI pRiswD ivdvfn lyKkF ny AuhnIN idnIN Auhdy rsoeI numf Gr `c crn pfey. jdoN Auhdf lyK 'biTMzy df bfxIaF' Cipaf qF blvMq gfrgI hurIN Aucycf drsLn dyx gey. Aus lyK ivclf iewk iPLkrf mYnUM ajy qwk rVkdf hY jo kuwJ ies qrF hY, 'gfrgI dI sLKsIaq borI ivwc bMd hY.' ijwQoN qwk mYnUM Xfd hY sfzy siqkfrXog bjLurg lyKk sR sMqoK isMG DIr bfry vI Ausny iliKaf sI aqy DIr jI ny AuhdI pRsLMsf kIqI sI. sLfied ieh vI iliKaf sI ik AuhnF bfry hor iksy ny eynf vDIaf iliKaf hI nhIN. pfTkF nUM Xfd hovygf ik gfrgI ny AuhnF bfry iewk ryKf icwqr iliKaf sI 'surmy vflI awK' ieh sqrF ilKidaF mYN kuwJ qxfE mihsUs kr irhF. BUsLn bfry koeI ilKy qF qxfE df kI kMm? Auhdf ivaMg qF bMdy dy ivMg kwZ idMdY. pihlf 'qxfE' dI siQqI afAuNdI sI qF koeI kfmyzI dyKdf sF jF Pyr BUsLn dy 'kvI-E-vfc' pVHdf sF. hux tI vI AuWqy Aujwz kfmyzIaF dyKdf bMdf AuWlU bftf lwgf hY. ieAuN kridaF sgoN qxfE vD jFdf hY. KLYr iewk lqIPLf suxo:
            myrI iewk khfxI df nfAuN hY 'qxfE'. jdoN iewk idn aKLbfr ivwc CpI qF BUsLn aMdrlf aflock qx igaf. Aus ny mYnUM sKLq icwTI ilKI. 'BMzfrI dI klm nUM kI ho igaY?' AUhdf afKLrI iPkrf sI. jdoN imilaf qF sPLfeI idMidaF mYN afiKaf, qUM khfxI ivcly ies iPLkry dI dfd qF idMdf, 'mYnUM sLwk hY ik AuhnUM myry qy sLwk hY.' suxky BUsLn ny afpxy dfhVy AuWqy hwQ Pyiraf buwlH mroVy qy Pyr mlkVy boilaf, ieho ijhy iPLkry qF koeI vI PLukrf ilK skdY. mYN BMzfrI nUM muKLfiqb hF.
ieho ijhIaF itwpxIaF Auh aksr krdf rihMdf hY. cMgy lyKk AuhdI qyjL buwDI aqy kftvyN surF vflLy lwCxF dIaF aMdro aMdrI isPqF krdy ny. iPr AuhdI sKLsIaq aqy klf bfry iksy ny inwTky nhIN iliKaf. eyQy do gMBIr ibrqI vfly lyKkF dIaF itwpxIaF kfPLI hoxgIaF. lE pVHo:
            pihlF rGubIr ZMz: Auh afpxy lMby lyK 'mF bolI pMjfbI aqy sbMDq ivsLy' ivwc iewk QF ilKdf hY: 'ihMdU pirvfrF ivwcoN afey pMjfbI dy tIsI dy lyKk ihMdU pirvfrF dI suwDIkrn ivwc bVf aihm rol adf kr skdy hn. kuwJ ku dy nF hn: blvMq gfrgI, mohn BMzfrI, pRym pRkfsL BUsLn iDafnpurI, rfm srUp axKI afidk.
            dUjf guridafl isMG: Auhny 16-3-1980 nUM jYqoN qoN mYnUM icwTI ilKI.
            Aus icwTI df iewk aMsL[[[['BUsLn df nF af igaf. awj hI (16/3) pMjfbI itRibAUn ivwc Auhdf 'sB qoN vwzf ienfm' piVHaf hY. sLfied virHaF ipwCoN AuhdI koeI gMBIr gwl pVHI hY. (pr Pyr vI ivwc ivwc ikDry ikDry afpxf 'ivaMg' mfr igaf hY) qyrf Auh bhuq njLdIkI dosq hY. qyrf PLrjL vI hY ik AuhnUM ieh gwl smJfeyN ik Auh afpxI qyjL buwDI nUM jLrUr gMBIr rcnfvF leI vrqy. qy swcIN hI Auh aijhf kuwJ ilK skdf hY, ijsdf sfihqk muwl hovy. pr Auh pqf nhIN ikAuN hlkIaF PulkIaF gwlF ivwc ruwiJaf rihMdf hY. KYLr AuhdI mrjI hY.'
            mYN AuhnUM guridafl isMG dy ilKy ies 'ivwc ivwc' bfry keI vfr smJfieaf qy Auhdf iewko AuWqr, 'ijhVI gwl myry ivwc hY. EhI qusIN bMd krn nUM kihMdy ho. mYnUM lwigaf ijvyN Auh kih irhf hovy, 'myrI mrjLI!' qy ies mrjLI mUhry iksy df jor nhIN cwldf.
            iewk cqr sujfn lyKk ny mYnUM iqwKy pRsLn puwCy. hyTF drj krdf hF:-
            -BUsLn quhfzf jotIdfr hY. kI quhfnUM nhIN lgdf ik ies lyKk ny itwcrF qy ZuwcrF `c hI afpxI smuwcI pRiqBf jfieaf kr idwqI hY?
            myrf AuWqr sI:  BUsLn awj kwlH iewk gMBIr ibmfrI nfl jUJ irhY. keI mhIinaF qoN Ausdf pI jI afeI cMzIgVH `c ielfj cwl irhY. ijs afqm bl idRVqf aqy DIrj nfl Auh qsIhy Jwl irhY, Aus qoN XkIn bwJdY ik hr hflq ivwc ijwq BUsLn dI hovygI. duwK sihxf qy Pyr vI hwsdy rihxf, AusdI aWQfh aMqRIv sLkqI df pRmfx aY. AusnUM ipafr krn vfilaF aqy pRsMsLkF dI igxqI bhuq aY. sfzI icMqf ivwc duaf sLfml hY ik Auh ies ibmfrI ivwcoN CyqI inkly qy qMdrusq hoey. itwcrF qy ZuwcrF Ausny myry bfry bQyrIaF kIqIaF ny. jd vI piVHaf, mYN AsnUM sucyq krn vflf msIhf smiJaf qy mubfrkbfd idwqI. ies aihsfs nfl ik sLukr aY, ies mOly Zwgy nUM koeI afrF mfrn vflf qF hY. qF ik susqI iqafg ky, cusqI nfl qury. 'Ausdy kuwJ smyN nMgy pYrIN qurn df ijLkr Ausdy 'ryKf icwqr' `c kIqf hoieaY. eyQy dUhr krn dI loV nhIN? AuWqr c mYN vfDf kIqf, 'suixaY kdy cIn ivwc nMgpYrIey  zfktr huMdy sn. Auh iqwKI nsLqr nfl mrIjL df gMdf KLUn kwZ idMdy hoxgy. ijvyN sfzy isMgIaF lfAux vfly krdy huMdy sn. ieh ielfj bMdy nUM qMdrusq krn df dfavf krn vflf mMinaf jFdf sI. afpF BUsLn dI klm nUM nsLqr jF isMgI kih skdy hF.
            aglf svfl sI:
            BUsLn ny afpxy iewk totky ivwc virafm sMDU aqy pRym pRkfsL nUM pMjfbI khfxI df awDf awDf asmfn ikhf sI, quhzy idl qy afrIaF nhIN cwlIaF?
            mYN afiKaf: "hux ieh gwl purfxI ho geI . Buwl Bulf geI. qusIN Xfd krvf idwqI. hF eynf ku Xfd aY. BUsLn ieho ijhy CyVKfnI afly totky kdy kdy joV lYNdf sI. sLrfrqI sI. kuwJ hwd qwk gorkI dI khfxI 'Mischief maker' dy hIro vrgf [[[[[."
            virafm sMDU qy pRym pRkfsL nUM mYN jfxdf sF. qy BUsLn qF qkrIbn rojL imldf sI. Ausdy suBfa df mYnUM kuJ kuJ ielm ho igaf sI. so myry idl qy afrIaF AUrIaF nhIN cwlIaF. iewk isLar arjL aY:
            hm ko mflUm hY jMnq kI hkIkq lyikn,
            idl ko KusL rKny ko gLfilb, Xy iKLafl awCf hY.
            iewk idlcsp gwl hor suxo:
            iewk vyrF ieh pqf nhIN ikAuN qy ikvyN hoieaf. zf[ aqr isMG hurF lyKkF nUM 'tuwkV boc' kih idwqf. pMjfbI dy sfihqk hlikaF ivwc hMgfmf mwc igaf. pMjfb dIaF sfihq sBfvF ivwc AunHF dy ivruwD DVf DV rYjolUsLn pfs hox lwgy. dyh ibafn qy ibafn. iewk idn zf[ sfhb nfl sihvn myrI mulfkfq hoeI. Auh KusL hoy qy kihx lwgy, BMzfrI, Auh mslf hwl ho igaf. mYN afiKaf, ikvyN hoieaf zf[ sfhb? AunHF AuWqr idwqf 'bws, afpF mfPLI mMg leI.'
            BUsLn dunIafvI qOr qy vI bVf sucyq qy huisLafr bMdf sI. Ausny ijAuNdy jIa do PlYt ropV qy iewk cMzIgVH KrIidaf. afpxy dovyN puwqrF nUM afstrylIaf aqy amrIkf ivwc sYtl krvf idwqf. afpxIaF iKMzrIaF puMzrIaF irsfilaF aqy aKLbfrF ivwc CpIaF ilKqF nUM iewk QF iekwTf kIqf qy afpxI svY jIvnI 'myrI ikqfb' dy nfAuN awDI CpxI dy idwqI. iqMn BfgF ivwc. pr aPLsos! Auh pusqk Cpx qoN pihlF hI, 4 julfeI 2009 nUM sdf leI ivCV igaf. Auh dI mOq ipwCoN pihlf Bfg Cp igaf. afs hY dUjy dovyN Bfg iesy vrHy dOrfn Cp jfxgy.
ies lyK df aMq iewk lqIPLy nfl krF qF ikho ijhf lwgy.
            cMzIgVH ivKy ipCly qoN ipCly pusqk myly ivwc asIN pMj swq lyKk ikqfbF dy stflF AuWqy ingfh mfrdy iewk stfl kol ruk gey. EQy BUsLn dI puusqk 'jFdI vfr df swc' dyKky iewk anoBV bMdy ny hfAukf Biraf qy boilaf, "ivcfrf! jFdf jFdf swc bol igaf." suxky lyKk gMBIr ho gey. iewk jxy ny puwiCaf 'kI gwl ho geI?' Aus bMdy ny Bry gly nfl afiKaf, 'af lwgI[[bws' kihky Auh agFh lMG , BIV `c guafc igaf. asIN Aus bMdy dI akl qy hwsy. 'mUrK!'
            bVy idnF bfad Aus bMdy dI gwl df rhws smJ afieaf. lyKk virHaF bwDI cwup rhy qF kI Auh lyKk dy qOr qy ijAuNidaF ivwc igixaf jfvygf? BUsLn df ieh bMd Auhdy XfnI BUsLn dy nimwq:
            'TIk kihdf sYN

            bfbf virafmF qUM suQrf' afdmI sdf sLhId huMdY.'



drsLn imqvf - rfm srUp axKI

drsLn imqvf nUM mYN AudoN qoN jfxdf hF,jdoN Auh hfly lyKLk nhIN sI bixaf. mYN BIKI gurcrn cfhl BIKI kol aksr hI jFdf sI. AuWQy Auh kdy kdy sLfm ijhy imldf. muMzU ijhf sI. mfnsf Auhdy kol imwtI dy qyl df zIpU sI. njfiejL DMdf ijhVf Auh krdf sI, Auh sI ipMzF ivwc qur iPr ky swtf lvfAuxf. BIKI Auh swtf lvfAux hI sLfm ijhy afAuNdf huMdf. imlxsfr bhuq sI. vwizaF vFg gwlF mfrdf. Auh pfTk jrUr sI. myrIaF khfxIaF Auhny pVHIaF hoeIaF sn. iesy krky mYnMU jfxdf sI.

drsLn dI AUbV-KfbV ijLMdgI sI. ieh kdy vI hmvfr ijLMdgI nhIN sI. mY mfnsf AuhnUM aksr hI imldf rihMdf sI. jdoN vI imldf, Auhdf kMm bdilaf huMdf sI. Auh nvyN kMm ivwc pYx dIaF gwlF krdf.

myry sfhmxy AuhdI iËMdgI dy keI idRsL pysL ho rhy hn. sLurU dy idnF ivwc AuhnF df Gr aqy drIaF-KysF dI dukfn bws-awzy qoN rylvy stysLn nUM jFdy myn bfjLfr ivwc sI. bfp bImfr rihMdf sI. mF AuhdI syvf krdI. dukfn AuWqy Brf bYTdy sn. Auh cfr pMj Brf sn. Gr dy sfhmxy hI afp Auhdf iewk cubfrf ikrfey AuWyqy ilaf hoieaf sI. iewQy Auhdf bYTx AuWTx sI. rfq nUM vI iewQy hI pY jFdf aqy ikqfbF pVHdf. Auhdy dosq imwqr ies cubfry ivwc hI af ky imldy sn. AudoN Auh inwkI motI pwqrkfrI vI krdf sI. khfxIaF ilKx lwg ipaf sI. mY ies cubfry ivwc Auhdy kol keI vfr irhf sI. jdoN kdy idwlI nUM jFdf, gwzI rfq nUM bfrF vjy imldI sI. AudoN qwk rukx dy myry do awzy sn. drsLn imqvf df cubfrf jF hridwq isMG jogf df Gr.

Auh nftk ilKx lwigaf sI. nftk Kyzdf vI. afp vI cMgf styj klfkfr sI. bI ey krn qoN bfad pitafly pMjfbI XUnIvristI ivwc QIeytr ivBfg ivwc aYm ey krn leI dfKlf lY ilaf. pr AuhnUM PLKLr sI ik Auh QIeytr bfry surjIq isMG syTI nfloN vwD jfxdf hY. jFidaF hI ivgV geI aqy imqvf XUnIvrstI Cwzky Gr af bYTf.

bhuq Gwt lokF nUM pqf hovygf ik imqvf kdy dfrU vI pINdf sI. mfnsf iewk mijstryt sI. Auh afpxy afp nUM pMjfbI khfxIkfr vI aKvfAuNdf sI. kdy kdy Auh drsLn imqvf nUM afpxI koTI bulfAuNdf. imqvf vwD dfrU pI jFdf qF Aus mijstryt nUM mfvF BYxF dIaF gflF kwZx lgdf. Auh guwsf nhIN krdf sI. sgoN imqvy nUM vDIaf Kfxf Kuaf ky kfr jF jIp Auh nUM Gr qwk Cwzky jFdf. ivwcoN gwl ieh sI ik Aus mijstryt dy nF Qwly jo khfxIaF CpdIaF, Auh drsLn imqvf dIaF hI huMdIaF.

drsLn imqvf nUM ihMdI vI cMgI afAuNdI sI. Auh afpxIaF khfxIaF ihMdI ivwc anuvfd krky cMzIgVH qoN Cpdy 'jnswqf' nUM Byjdf. mYN vI afpxIaF khfxIaF df ihMdI anuvfd 'jnswqf' nUM Byjdf sI. cMzIgVH df rYjLIzYNt aYzItr pMjfbI sI aqy Auh igwdVbfhy df sI. pMjfbI sfihq df Auh nUM igafn sI. Auny 'jnswqf' dy vIrvfr aYzIsLn ivwc iewk kflm sLurU kIqf-'iPr sy'. ies ivwc hr vfr iewk pMjfbI khfxI df ihMdI anuvfd Cpdf sI. khfxIaF anuvfd krky dyx df Tykf mYN aqy drsLn imqvf ny lY ilaf sI. khfxIaF asIN dovyN anuvfd krFgy. hor koeI nhIN. aKbfr sfnUM iewk khfxI dy Kfsy pYsy idMdf sI aqy pMjfbI khfxIkfr nUM vI adfiegI huMdI swT khfxIaF mYN anuvfd krky idwqIaF aqy qIh khfxIaF drsLn imqvf ny. khfxIaF dI cox mYN hI krdf. imqvf qF isrPL anuvfd krdf sI. iewk vfr mYnUM aqy imqvf nUM aKLbfr vfilaF ny cMzIgVH bulfieaf. pMjfb XUnIvristI ivwc PMksLn sI. sfzf dovF df cMgf snmfn kIqf igaf. sfzy kflm nUM idlcspI nfl piVHaf jf irhf sI. aKLbfr ivwc Cpx vfly hor lyKLk vI afey sn. jlMDr df iewk ihMdI lyKLk sfzy dovF dy iKlfP boilaf. Auhdf ieqrfjL sI ik axKI aqy imqvf ihMdI ivwc pMjfbI ilK rhy hn. pr rYjLIzYNt sMpfdk ny sfzy kMm dI pRsLMsf kIqI. Auhdf mwq sI ik pMjfb ivwc jy ihMdI aKbfr clfAuxf hY qF pMjfbI muhfvry vflI ihMdI hI ilKxI pvygI.

mF dy vfr vfr kihx qy imqvy ny ivafh krvf ilaf. Gr ivwc vwzy Brf dy do bwcy vI sn. Brf sLrfbI sI aqy mr cuwikaf sI. BrjfeI bwicaF nUM Cwzky pykIN jf bYTI. Brf dy bwicaF nUM lY ky Gr ivwc klysL rihx lwigaf, aKIr imqvy dI GrvflI vI pykIN jf bYTI. JgVf vD igaf aqy qlfk ho igaf. imqvf afpxI DI nUM mfnsf lY afieaf. ies dOrfn imqvy ny vftr vrks roz AuWqy afpxI koTI bxf leI aqy mF nUM lY ky AuWQy rihx lwigaf. vwzy BfeI dy bwcy vI nfl sn. drsLn imqvf dI ijLMdgI ivwc ajLIb moV af cuwikaf sI. koTI dy iewk Coty kmry ivwc pIr dI jgHf bxI hoeI sI ijs ivwc svyry sLfm bYTky imqvf Bjn bMdgI ijhI krdf aqy ziraf ziraf rihMdf. asl ivwc AuhnF idnF ivwc GrvflI df Auhdf qlfk df mukwdmf cwl irhf sI. jdoN qlfk df PYslf ho igaf aqy JgVf aYn inwbV igaf qF kony dy kmry ivwc pIr dI jgHf vI nf rhI. Pyr qF Auh inwzr ho cuwikaf sI. Pyr qF Auhny qrksLIl sMsQf leI ikqfbF vI ilKIaF.

drsLn imqvf khfxIaF dy nfl nfl nfvl vI ilKx lwigaf sI. Auhny kuwJ cMgy nfvl vI ilKy. Auhdy nfvl ihMdI ivwc vI Cpdy rihMdy sn. afpxIaF ikqfbF nUM Auh afp hI vycdf sI. keI skImF sLurU kr rwKIaF sn. ijhnF aDIn dUjy lyKkF dIaF ikqfbF Cfpky vI vycdf. Auzfn pblIkysLn Auhny afpxf adfrf cMgf clfieaf hoieaf sI. Auhdy nfl Auhdf BqIjf vI sI. adfry vwloN hux vI ikqfbF CpdIaF rihMdIaF hn.

mYN muwZ qoN AuhnUM dyKdf irhf hF. Auhdy aMdr iewk dukfndfr bYTf hoieaf sI. jdoN vI imldf mhfjLnI lgfE ivwc gwlF krdf. Auh kMm kIqf jfvy ijs ivwcoN cfr pYsy bxdy hox, nhIN qF kI Pfiedf jI mwQf mfrn df. ikqfbF Cfpx df DMdf Auhny keI vfr kIqf, keI vfr Cwizaf. aKIr Auhny PYslf kIqf sI ik ikqfbF hI Cfipaf krygf. kMm sLurU krn qoN phlF Auh myry kol afieaf sI. ikhf-"mYnUM afpxI koeI ikqfb dyNdy. mYN pMj ikqfbF df sYWt CfpxY. qyry nF krky dUjIaF vI ivk jfxgIaF." mYN AuhnUM kuwJ coxvIaF khfxIaF dy idwqIaF sn jo 'nhIN' dy tfeItl nfl CpIaF. ikqfbF Cfpx df kMm Auhny Kfsf vDf ilaf sI. jdoN BqIjf eyDr ruVH ipaf qF afp ilKx vwl moV kwt igaf. cMgy nfvl ilKy. 'sicdfnMd' sLfied Auhdf afKrI nfvl sI. ijsdI sUJvfn pfTkF ivwc crcf huMdI rhI. ies nfvl ivwc Auhny ijMdgI dy swc nUM ibafn kIqf hY.

hux Auh ivhlf sI. pRkfsLn df kMm BqIjy ny sMBfl rwiKaf sI. juafk jwlf ijs leI Auh ijMmyvfr sI, sB ivafh vr idwqy sn. duwKF dI pMz mF vI nhIN rhI sI. iehI idn Auhdy gMBIr ho ky ilKx dy idn sn. pr jy iewk cwkr Auhdy pYrF ivwc sI qF iek cwkr Auhdy idmfg ivwc vI sI. idmfg dI nfVI Pt geI aqy Auh ies cwkrF ivwc pey sMsfr nUM Cwzky qur igaf. imwqr ipafiraF aqy pMjfbI sfihq sMsfr nUM drsLn imqvf dy qur jfx df iewk ivgocf mihsUs huMdf rhygf.

 

bfj vI qy koiel vI-mihMdr sFbr ƒ ÈrDFjlI
-gurnfm kMvr
9814213317


hr DVkx df nF imhnqkÈ lokfeI, hr sfh df nF jUJ rhI pMjfb iesqrI sBf, hr soc df nF ienklfb dI mMËl, hr srgrmI df nF luty-puty lokF qy iesqrIaF dI lfmbMdI, hr bol df nF pRgqIÈIl gIq aqy siBafcfr-ies qoN vI vD sI sfzI BYx mihMdr jo pihlF ‘ivrk` huMdI sI qy iPr BUipMdr df jIvn sfQ imlx mgroN ‘sFbr` bx geI.
awj Auh hËfrF nm awKF df qfrf bx geI hY aqy idRVH joÈIlIaF afvfËF df nfarf bx geI hY, sMgrfmIaF dy aDUry kfrjF ƒ nypry cfVHx df llkfrf bx geI hY.
pirvfrk ipCokV-mihMdr awj qoN koeI 70(swqr) sfl pihlF dyÈBgq pirvfr ivc jnmI. ipqf È guridafl isMG aqy mfqf sRImqI hrnfm kOr dovyN hI dyÈ dI afËfdI leI jËUJ rhy sn. ipqf jI ny gurduafiraF dI afËfdI dI lihr ivc srgrm BUimkf inBfeI sI. iesy leI AuhnF ƒ afËfd hoey nnkfxf sfihb dy gurduafry df pihlf jnrl mYnyjr hox dI iËMmyvfrI sONpI geI.
1947 ivc afËfdI, ijs leI AuhnF Kud Gol vI kIqf sI qy pRfpqI hox qy mfx vI sI, mulk dI vMz dy pRsMg ivc AuhnF leI aiq BYVy idn ilafeI. byhwd grIbI dy idn kwtxy pey. CotI mihMdr dI pVHfeI vI qlfnIaF (iËlf PqihgVH sfihb) ivc bIbI gurbcn kOr mfn vloN sQfipq mfqf gujrI afÈrm ivc rih ky hI krnI peI. bIbI mfn nyqrhIx sn, AuhnF qyjf isMG suqMqr dI pRyrnf aqy AuqÈfh nfl, byshfrf lVkIaF dI syvf leI ieh afÈrm clfieaf sI. mfqf gujrI skUl aqy kflj vI cldy sn, jo pihly pVfa Auqy agFhvDU lihr df aihm kyNdr sn, jdoN ieQy ipRMsIpl sMq isMG syKoN, ipRMsIpl sujfn isMG aqy ipRMsIpl inrml isMG agvfeI krdy rhy sn aqy stfP vI muK qOr qy pRgqIÈIl ivcfrF df sI. iesy kflj ivc kfL qyjf isMG suqMqr dy sfQI kfL ÈrDf isMG dI pqnI bIbI rfijMdr kOr vI lfiebryrIan vjoN syvf krdy sn. ies pirvfr nfl mihMdr dy nyVly sMprk vI Auhƒ kimAUinst lihr vl iKwcx ivc shfeI hoey.
mihMdr dI afvfË bhuq surIlI sI. Auh kIrqn bhuq vDIaf krdI sI. bIbI gurbcn kOr, Auhƒ afpxy jQy ivc lYky, pMjfb aqy lfgly ielfikaF ivc tUr kiraf krdI sI qy ieMj imhnq nfl kmfeI mfieaf nfl hI afÈrm clfAuNdI sI. smfj syvf dy, lok syvf dy, loVvMdF dI syvf dy bIj ieQoN hI bflVI mihMdr dy mn ivc puMgr pey sn. qy ieh lok syvf dI DuMn sfrI Aumr Auhdf atuwt gux bxI rhI.
pihlI pfrtI srgrmI- 1962 ivc Auh luiDafxy af geI. luiDafxf qyËI nfl AuBr irhf snaqI kyNdr sI. ieQoN dI mËdUr jmfq qy pfrtI vI qkVI sI. bfbf gurmuK isMG musfPr, kfL mdn lfl dIdI, kfL Brq pRkfÈ, kfL ÈIlf dIdI pRmuwK afgU sn. ÈIlf dIdI nfl ieQy bixaf sMprk sfrI Aumr dI dosqI qy sMgrfm-sfQx hox ivc bdl igaf. afKrI smyN mihMdr pMjfb iesqrI sBf dI jnrl skwqr sI qy ÈIlf dIdI pRDfn hY.
1962 Auh smF sI jdoN kimAUinst pfrtI ivc gihrf sMkt AuBr irhf sI. cIn dy hmly ny kimAUinstF leI bhuq muÈklF KVHIaF kr idqIaF sn. pfrtI df qkVf ihsf srkfr ny jylHF ivc bMd kr Cizaf sI, sj-ipCfKVIaF dy dbfa hyTF. aijhy smyN 13 sqMbr 1963 ƒ kimAUinst pfrtI ny pfrlImYNt vl mhfn mfrc aqy mhfn ptIÈn afXoijq kIqy muK mMgF ivc lokF dIaF BwKdIaF mMgF, mihMgfeI, jbrI bcq skIm, rjvfiVaF dy Bwqy, bYNkF df kOmIkrx qoN ielfvf igRPqfr kIqy kimAUinst afgUaF dI irhfeI vI Èfml sI.
ies ptIÈn Auqy lwKF lokF dy dsKq krfey gey. muitafr mihMdr ies muihMm dOrfn BMbIrI vFg GuMm geI aqy Ausny sB qoN vD dsKq krvfey. AusdI Poto sILpILafeIL dy spqfihk ‘inAU eyË` ivc CfpI geI.
ieQy luiDafxf ivc hI ieh kimAUinst pfrtI dI mYNbr bxI. iPr kuJ smF jlMDr kMm krn mgroN cMzIgVH af geI, jdoN 1965 ivc kimAUinst pfrtI df hYz kuaftr rfjDfnI ivc af igaf. agly hI sfl kfL BUipMdr sFbr vI pfrtI hYz kuaftr qy af gey. pfrtI dy sUbf skwqr kfL avqfr isMG mlhoqrf AuhnF ƒ ieQy lY afey sn.
imsflI kulvkqI joVI-smrpx aqy vPfdfrI nfl pfrtI dy ispfhI vjoN kMm kridaF mihMdr aqy BUipMdr ny ieko smfjk-isafsI rsqy Auqy clidaF pirvfr vI iek bxfAux df PYslf ilaf. 30 sqMbr 1966 ƒ ieh do kulvkqI pfrtI kfrkunF dI jIvn-sFJ kimAUinst pfrtI dIaF AuNglF qy igxIaF jfx vflIaF kuJ ku imsflI kulvkqI joVIaF ivc bdl geI ijhnF sfrI Aumr ruKI-imsI KFidaF, BuwK-rwjy-awD-BuwKy rihMidaF pfrtI aqy ikrqI jmfq dI vcnbwDqf nfl syvf kIqI. hmyÈF bfhroN afey sfQIaF leI ies Gr dy drvfËy KulHy sn. mihMdr dI mihmfn invfËI dIaF gwlF awj vI sfQI bVy mfx nfl krdy hn.
pfrtI hukm Auqy ieh sFbr joVI iPr 1967 ivc jlMDr af geI. ieQy mihMdr ny EiÈmf ryKI, suÈIlf cYn, Aurimlf afnMd, mnjIq roÈn nfl imlky mËdUr GolF ivc vwzI srgrmI kIqI. Gol kr rhy rozvyË aqy dUjy mËdUËrF dIaF pqnIaF ƒ puils bhuq qMg kr rhI sI aqy GroN bfhr nhIN inklx idMdI sI. mMg krdI sI ik pihlF afpxy pqIaF ƒ igRPqfr krfE. ienHF iesqrI afgUaF ny puils df sfhmxf kIqf, mËdUrF dIaF aOrqF ƒ imlIaF aqy puils ƒ mjbUr kr idqf ik ieh ‘GyrfbMdI` cukx aqy mËdUrF dy pirvfrF ƒ qMg nf krn. cyqy rhy ieh Auh smF sI jdoN sFJy morcy dI gurnfm isMG dI srkfr nfl gdfrI krky lCmx isMG igwl dI srkfr df dihÈqI rfj cl irhf sI.
iesy qrHF bIbI mihMdr sFbr ny cMzIgVH dy 30 sYktr dI mËdUr klonI ivc vI Aus aMdoln ivc aihm BUimkf inBfeI jo mËdUrF qoN mkfn df ikrfieaf lYx ivruD clI sI. ieh lVfeI lMmI sI. tryz XUnIan dy nfl iesqrI sBf dI vI aihm srgrmI sI. aKIr ies Gol ƒ ijwq pRfpq hoeI. ieh pihlI vfr sI ik mËdUrF ƒ AuhnF kuaftrF dy mflkI hwk imly ijQy Auh rih rhy sn qy ikrfieaf dyxf pYNdf sI.
awqvfd ivruD jfgrqI-koeI zyVH dhfkf Br pMjfb ivc dihÈqgrdI df kflf sfieaf sMqfp bxky GuMmdf irhf ijs ivc hËfrF bygunfhF df KUn vigaf aqy sYNkVy Èfndfr afgUaF ƒ ÈhIdI df jfm pIxf ipaf. pMjfb ivc afAuxoN lokIN zrdy sn aqy ipMzF vl mUMh krn qoN pihlF hËfr vfrI socdy sn. aijhy smyN pMjfb iesqrI sBf ny amn, sdBfvnf, kOmI eykqf df sunyhf dyx leI ‘ÈFqI vfihnI` dy JMzy hyT iek bs dI Xfqrf pMjfb dy ipMzF ivc afXoijq kIqI. ies ivc BfrqI mihlf PYzryÈn dI kOmI afgU kfL ivmlf PfrUkI dy nfl pMjfb ivcoN kfL ivmlf zFg, EiÈmf ryKI, ÈIlf dIdI, mihMdr sFbr vI sn. ies jQy ny anykF ipMzF ivc jlsy kIqy aqy lokF ƒ pMjfb dy gurUaF-pIrF df sMdyÈ idqf, amn df JMzf bulMd kIqf aqy lokF dIaF mMgF Auqy lfmbMd hox df hokf idqf. iesqrI afgUaF df ieh aiq dlyrI Biraf kdm sI. jfn joKoN ivc pf ky kurbfnI dy rsqy clidaF mfns dI jfq sBy eyky pihcfnbo df hokf pMjfb dy dihÈq mfry ipMzF ivc idqf igaf.
iesqrI sBf ny iesdy nfl hI dihÈq pIVq iesqrIaF qy bwicaF dI mdd leI pMjfb iesqrI sBf rIlIP trwst bxfieaf ijs ivc kfL ivmlf zFg ƒ kfL mihMdr sFbr qy dUjIaF afgU BYxF vloN BrpUr smrQn idqf igaf.
bfj vI qy koiel vI-bIbI mihMdr sFbr ijQy iesqrIaF Auqy huMdy aiqafcfrF dy iKlfP bfj bx ky lVdI sI AuQy gly ivc jo srsvqI df vfs sI Aus nfl Auh mMc Auqy sBfvF ivc koiel dI afvfË bxky gfAuNdI vI sI aqy sroiqaF ƒ jgfAuNdI qy AuBfrdI vI sI.
afvfË qF AuhdI surIlI hY hI sI. Ausƒ afp vI sMgIq df bhuq ÈOk sI. Ausny alfhfbfd dy iksy sMgIq ieMstIicAUt qoN sMgIq dI aYmLeyL vI kIqI hoeI sI. 1962 ivc hI Auh ieptf nfl juV geI sI. juigMdr bfhrlf, ÈIlf dIdI, qyrf isMG cMn nfl imlky Auhny ieptf dy anykF ienklfbI siBafcfrk progrfmF, gIqF, EpyiraF ivc ihsf ilaf. jlMDr ivc vI Auh ieptf nfl juVI rhI aqy cMzIgVH ieptf ivc vI srgrm rhI.
Auh pMjfb ivcoN vwzy zYlIgyÈn dy nfl ieptf dI ptnf ivKy hoeI kOmI kfnPrMs ivc Èfml hoeI. kfnPrMs ivc pUrI Èrkq krn mgroN Auh afpxy jQy smyq ibhfr dy dOry qy geI aqy anykF QfvF Auqy pRgqIÈIl siBafcfr dy progrfm pyÈ kIqy.
ibhfr df iek siBafcfrk progrfm ‘jgIrf` bhuq mÈhUr hY. mihMdr ny iesƒ pMjfbI rMg dy ky pMjfb ivc ieQy sYNkVy mMcF qy pyÈ kIqf aqy KUb vfhvf KwtI. ieh ‘jgIrf` pMjfb dy lokF ƒ bhuq psMd afieaf.
afKrI smyN qk Auh ieptf nfl juVI rhI. ies qoN ielfvf dhfikaF qoN Auh kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf (riË) pMjfbI lyKk sBf cMzIgVH (riË) aqy kivqf kyNdr cMzIgVH dI vI mYNbr clI afAuNdI sI. Auh pMjfbI aKbfrF rsfilaF ivc iesqrIaF dI hflq bfry, ainaF ivruD sMGrÈF bfry aqy iesqrIaF dI lfmbMdI bfry ilKdI rihMdI sI.
mihMdr sFbr pfrtI pricaF dI ivkrI vl bhuq iDafn idMdI sI. Auhny iek vfr 15 idnF dy aMdr aMdr, jdoN pfrtI lIzriÈp klkwqf kfnPrMs qy geI hoeI sI, (ies lyKk nfl imlky) iekwly cMzIgVH coN 600 qoN vD gfhk sfzf jug dy BrqI kIqy sn.
aruxf afisP alI-pRiswD suqMqrqf sMgrfmx aqy iesqrI sBf dI kOmI afgU aruxf afisP alI bfry sB jfxdy hn. AusdI Xfd ivc iek trwst ‘aruxf afisP alI XfdgfrI trwst` aqy ‘aruxf afisP alI Bvn` bxfAux df supnf lYx aqy aml ivc ilafAux vfly iesqrI afgUaF dI mohrlI kqfr ivc vI Auh Èfml sI.
Auhny grIb bwicaF dI ivwidaf leI aqy grIb lVkIaF leI isKlfeI kyNdr clfAux ivc vI afgU BUimkf inBfeI sI. ieh skUl qy kyNdr awj vI cl rhy hn qy mihMdr sFbr dI sdIvI Xfd bx gey hn.
iesqrI sBf-pMjfb iesqrI sBf df aimwt hsqfKr qF kfL ivmlf zFg hY hI, AuhnF keI dhfky bIbI EiÈmf ryKI dI pRDfngI qihq iesqrI sBf dI sucwjI agvfeI kIqI. bIbI ivmlf zFg 1986 ivc PIroËpur kfnPrMs smyN BYx mihMdr ƒ jnrl skwqr dI iËMmyvfrI dyx qy Ëor pf rhI sI. pr mihMdr nhIN mMnI ik mYN ajy ies leI iqafr nhIN hF. lIzriÈp ny bIbI ivmlf ƒ Ëor pf ky iek trm hor ijMmyvfrI inBfAux leI mnfieaf. agly iqMn sfl bIbI ivmlf ny mihMdr ƒ tryinMg dI kuTflI ivcoN pkfieaf. 1989 ivc mihMdr sFbr ƒ pMjfb iesqrI sBf dI jnrl skwqr Qfipaf igaf ijsdI iËMmyvfrI Auhny sPlqf sihq afKrI idnF qk inBfeI. 25 sqMbr ƒ aMqm sfh lYx qoN hPqf Br pihlF hI iesqrI sBf dI pMjfb sUbf kONsl dI mIitMg krky nOjvfnF dI jlMDr kfnPrMs ƒ kfmXfb krn aqy ies ivc nOjvfn lVkIaF ƒ Byjx dI Ëordfr apIl kIqI sI. nfl hI Auhny afpxI ishq ƒ vyKidaF nfl sihXog dyx rfhIN nOjvfn lVkIaF ƒ ijMmyvfrI isKlfAux df kdm vI cuikaf sI, mMdyBfgIN Auh ieh kfrj nypry cfVHx qk ijAuNdI nf rih skI.
mIaF bIvI dovyN pfrtI dy smripq kulvkqI hox qF pirvfr clfAuxf aqy Kfs krky bwicaF df shI pflx-poÈx qy ividaf df ieMqËfm krnf bhuq aOKf huMdf hY. aijhy smyN bwicaF dy rul jfx df vI Kqrf rihMdf hY. pr ieQy vI mihMdr sFbr ny iek sUJvfn mF dI BUimkf inBfAuNidaF sonIaF aqy potI ƒ vDIaf agvfeI idqI qy AuhnF dI vkIl (sonIaf) aqy zfktr (arivMdr) dI AuWc-pVHfeI df ishrf muK krky mihMdr ƒ hI jFdf hY, BfvyN BUipMdr dy rol ƒ vI Cuitafieaf nhIN jf skdf.
bIbI mihMdr dI inrMqr srgrmI dI isPq kridaF kfL mlhoqrf jI ikhf krdy sn-mihMdr ƒ iksy vIrfn ielfky ivc vI Byj idE ieh AuQy vI afpxy kMm qy isrV sdkf lihr-bihr kr dyvygI. afE ik Ausdy ies gux ƒ apxfeIey agy iljfeIey qy vIrfn pey KyqrF ivc pfrtI dI lihr-bihr krIey.
awj 3 akqUbr ƒ 21-bI cMzIgVH dy gurduafrf inrMkfrI drbfr ivc (jo sILpILafeIL dy pfrtI dPqr dy nyVy hI hY) AuhnF dI Xfd ivc smfgm krky Auhdy snyhIaF vloN Auhƒ ÈrDf sumn aripq kIqy jfxgy.

ikAuN Cwz ky qur clI aVIey
Biraf sfzf ivhVf.
‘koeI afieaf sfzy ivhVy`
hux gfvygf ikhVf?


hbIb qnvIr hox dy arQ
kuldIp isMG dIp (zf[)

 

hbIb pihlI njLry

* iebrfhIm ilMkn vrgIaF aMdr DsIaF hoeIaF gwlHF[[[
* mUMh ivwc QoVf tyZf krky lwigaf hoieaf kfly rMg df pfeIp[[[
* idlksL aMdfj ivwc hvf ivwc Auzdy DUMey dy Cwly[[[
* isr qy kYp[[[
* nfl nfl mVk nfl qurdI KUMzI qy KUMzI dy nfl-nfl mVk nfl qurdf hbIb[[[
* gorf inCoh rMg, duDIaf sPYdI vrgf[[[
* hlky sunihry aDkcry kfly vflL[[[
* bulMd avfjL[[[
* mMc dy iewk pfsy gUMjdf sI ienklfbI kvI gdr qy dUjy bMny rMg krmI hbIb[[[
* kdy bFs gIq, kdy suafgIq, kdy dyvfr gIq, kdy nfcf, gwmq, rhs qy pMzvfnI[[[
* pr hux alop ho gey DUMey dy Cwly qy alop ho igaf hbIb[[[
            iblkul afpxy nftkF dy AuhnF nfiekF vFg ijhVy jdoN AuhnF dI BUimkf Kqm ho jFdI, muV vfps mMc qy nhIN afAuNdy sn[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[

           hbIb qnvIr sfzy ivckfr nhIN rhy, hbIb qnvIr sfzy ivckfr hI hn, hbIb qnvIr hmysLf sfzy ivckfr hI rihxgy. ies iqkoxy swc dy rU-b-rU ho irhf hF mYN. ikhVy swc qy XkIn krF? ikhVy qy nF, iqMnF qy krF jF iqMnF qy nF. ieh idl dIaF gwlF ny. BfvnfvF, vlvilaF qy jjLibaF dI dunIaF ivwc sB swc hY qy kuwJ vI swc nhIN. hbIb nfl myrf irsLqf kuwJ aijhf hI hY. ieh vI swc hY ik nf Kyqr pwKoN hbIb myry vwl df hY, nf Aumr pwKoN. nf mYN Aus dy kdy nyiVAuN drsLn kIqy hn qy nf kdy dUirAuN. pr iPr vI hbIb nfl myrf Bfvuk qy jjLbfqI irsLqf hY - mihsUsx vflf, dwsx vflf nhIN, gUMgy dy guV vFg. iPr vI awj mYN pVcol irhf hF ies irsLqy dIaF qMdF ik ikAuN hbIb idl dy eynf krIb mihsUs huMdf hY. drasl ibnf Kyqr dI sFJ dy, ibnf Aumr dI sFJ dy, ibnf ivakqIgq sFJ dy hbIb dy kuwJ srokfr aijhy sn ijMnHF nfl ikqy nf ikqy mYN vI vfbsqf hoieaf.
            hbIb nfl myrI pihlI Bfvukqf ies krky hY ik Auh pMjfbI vrgI iewk KyqrI BfsLf CwqIsgVHI dI god ivwc jMimaf, pilaf, Ausy nUM apxfieaf qy afKr qwk Ausy df irhf, byvPf nhIN hoieaf mF bolI df plyTf qy jyTf puwq bxky irhf. mF bolI pRqI hbIb dI ies pRqIbwDqf ny myry vrgy pqf nhIN hor ikMnHy lokF nUM ieh qfkq idwqI hY ik dunIaF dI koeI BfsLf gMvfr nhIN huMdI, grIb nhIN huMdI, kurwKLq nhIN huMdI. blik ijhVI BfsLf ijMnI lokF dy nyVy huMdI hY AunI hI suhjLfqmk, amIr qy mukMml hMudI hY.
            hbIb nfl iewk vfr Audo krIb hox df mOkf imilaf jdoN mYN pI-aYc[ zI[ krnI sLurU kIqI aqy ivsLf ilaf pMjfbI Aupyrf, ijs df jnm ieptf (ieMzIan pIpljL QIeytrIkl aYsosIeysLn) dI kuwK ivwcoN hoieaf. Aupyrf dIaF jVF lwBdf lwBdf mYN ieptf qwk phuMicaf qy ieptf dIaF jVF lwBdf lBdf hbIb qwk . Aupyrf nfl qy ieptf nfl sLrfDfmeI irsLqf rKdf rKdf mYN hbIb df sLrDflU bixaf qy Aus dy rfhIN iPr mYN pRgqIsLIl lyKk sMG aqy ieptf nMU smiJaf. gwl Aus vyly dI hY jdoN ivsLv jMgF dy iKlfP kOmFqrI pwDr qy amn lihr clI qy Bfrq ivwc do hI sMsQfvF ies dIaF JMzfbrdfr bxIaF.
(1)        pRgqIsLIl lyKk sMG
(2)        ieptf
            ieptf Auh jQybMdI sI ijs ny amn dy eyjMzy nUM ipMzF dIaF swQF qy KyqF qwk phuMcfieaf. sfmrfjvfd dI jMg aDfirq phuMc qy ivsLv qfnfsLfhI dI llk nUM lokF dI sLYlI rfhIN lokF ivwc lY jf ky nMgf kIqf. lok gIq, lok sMgIq, lok nfc, lok nftk dIaF ivDfvF dI punr surjIqI kIqI aqy iehnF ivDfvF rfhIN afpxI gwl lokF ivwc lY jf ky amn lihr pYdf krn dI koisLsL kIqI. ieh lihr afpxy isKr qy sI aqy blrfj sfhnI vrgy DrqI nfl juVy klfkfr dy hwQF ivwc sI qy hbIb vrgy lok ies dy ispfhI sn.
            gulfmI dIaF jMjIrF ivwc jkiVaf Bfrq ajfdI dI lVfeI lV irhf sI. Aus smyN hoieaf ieMJ ik bdiksmqI nfl brqfnIaF hkUmq nUM lok ivDfvF dy iehnF klfkfrF dIaF klfkfrIaF rfs nhIN afeIaF qy AuhnF ny ies lok lihr dI sLkqI nUM jLbr nfl kuclx leI ieptf dy vwzy afgUaF nUM (blrfj sfhnI smyq) PVky jylH ivwc bMd kr idwqf. ieh smF hbIb leI AudfsI, inrfsLf aqy qnhfeI df vI sI aqy iehI smF iewk cYlMj df vI sI. ieiqhfs jdoN isrijaf jFdf hY qF inwkI qoN inwkI Gtnf vI qqkflI kfrn bx jFdI hY qy ieho ijhI inwkI qy nftkI Gtnf hbIb dI ijLMdgI ivc vI vfprI jo ieiqhfsk bx geI. blrfj sfhnI dI igRPqfrI qoN bfad Aus df nv isKFdrU isLsL hbIb qnhf aqy AudfsI dy aflm ivwc jdoN jyl ivc blrfj nfl mulkfq krn igaf qF blrfj jI ny pqf nhIN kI soc ky ieptf df sfrf Bfr hbIb dy moiZaF qy pf idwqf. smkflI lok dsdy ny ik Aus vyly nf qF hbIb nUM cwj nfl ilKxf afAuNdf sI, nf ZMg dI aYkitMg afAuNdI sI pr guru dI afigaf df pflx krdy hoey qnvIr ny ieptf dy XuwD mYdfn ivwc inqrx df PYslf kr ilaf. ivMg qiVMgy nftk ilKy, ivMg qiVMgy klfkfr ley, ivMg qiVMgIaF irhrslF krvfeIaF, ivMg qiVMgIaF styjF AuWqy ivMg qiVMgy drsLkF ivc ivMg qiVMgy ZMg nfl pRdrsLn kIqy qy hOlI hOlI iehI ivMg qiVMgfpx hbIb df aMdfjL bx igaf aqy nftk qy rMgmMc dI qnvIrI sLYlI dy rUp ivwc ivkisq ho igaf. pUrf smF cldy iPrdy nftk dI sikRpt ilKdf, lokF nUM iekwTf krdf, afp hI prompitMg krdf, afp hI gfxy ilKdf, afp hI mykap krdf, smyN dy ivMg qiVMgy swc nUM smyN dy vhfa ivwc pysL krdf krdf hbIb aiBnY dy Aus mukfm qwk phuMc igaf ijwQy sLfied AuhnF qoN bfad koeI dUjf phuMcx dI soc vI nhIN skdf.
            blrfj sfhnI qy hbIb qnvIr vrgy lok klfkfrF dI jQybMdI ieptf df iewk vwzf pMjfbI rUp (Punjabi Version) sLIlf BftIaf, qyrf isMG cMn, joigMdr bfhrlf afid rfhI Aupyrf ivDf dy rUp ivwc isrijaf igaf. ajIb ieqPLfk ieh hY ik mYN nf mYN cMn, sLIlf aqy bfhrly nUM jfxdf sI qy nf ieptf, blrfj sfhnI qy hbIb nUM, pr mYN afp muhfry hI gIq lVIaF dy rUp ivwc iewk Aupyrf iliKaf-ieh jMg kOx lVy'. ajIb gwl ieh vI hY ik Aus smyN mYnUM ieh vI pqf nhIN sI ik ieh Aupyrf hY qy ieh vI pqf nhIN sI ik Aupyrf nF dI nft ivDf vI dunIaF ivc hY. pI-aYc zI krn dI Dun ny zf[ sqIsL kumfr vrmf nfl imlvfieaf qy AuhnF ny pqf nhIN kI soc ky iewk bVf aOKf qy axCuihaf ivsLf 'pMjfbI Aupyrf' mYnUM idwqf. jdoN AuhnF ny QoVf ijhf Aupyrf ivDf bfry smJfieaf qF qIsrI awK 'ieh jMg kOx lVy' qwk phuMc geI qy soicaf, "mnf, qyrf aflf nftk vI mYnUM ikqy nf ikqy Aupyrf eI lgdY. "bws iewk Bfvuk irsLqf ho igaf. iPr cwl so cwl 'ieh jMg kOx lVy qoN zf vrmf rfhIN sLIlf BftIaf, qyrf isMG cMn, jgdIsL PirafdI qy joigMdr bfhrly qwk, iehnF qoN ieptf qwk qy ieptf qoN hbIb qnvIr qwk iek sFJ bx geI-lok vMngIaF dI, lok lihr dI, lok QIeytr dI, lok sLYlI dI qy lok mfniskqf nUM smJx aqy pRgtfAux dI. hbIb nfl myrf iewk Bfvuk irsLqf ieh vI hY.
            qIjf irsLqf vI ajLIbogLrIb hY. pMjfbI Aupyrf qy Koj krdy krdy iewko smyN do Aup ivisLaF qy kMm krnf ipaf:
(1)        pMjfbI Auypyrf dy ipCokV dy rUp ivwc Bfrq dI lok sMgIq nftkI prMprf qy
(2)        nftk dIaF ivsLvpwDrI sLYlIaF qy
            pMjfbI Aupyrf dy ipCokV dI qlfsL krdy krdy jd mYN Bfrq dI 600 sfl lMmI lok sMgIq nftkI prMprf dy smuMdr ivwc Auqiraf qF bws Ausy df hI ho ky rih igaf. bVI isLwdq nfl aihsfs hoieaf ik sMsikRq nftk dy pqn qoN bfad aqy pwCm dI afDuink nftk dI ivDf dy Bfrq ivc afgmn qoN pihlF df 600 sfl lMmf vkPLf iewk vwzf Klfa sI. jykr Bfrq dI lok sMgIq nftkI prMprf nf huMdI qF nftk vrgI ivDf ny sLfied Bfrq ivwcoN mr muwk hI jfxf sI. asfm df aMkIaf, AuWqrI Bfrq dI rfslIlf, svFg, nOtMkI, Bgq, sFgIq, KoVIaf, kjlI, aFDrf pRdysL df kQfklI, ihmfcl df inrsU qyL kiraflf, imQlf pRdysL df kIrqnIaf, qylgU BfsLf df kUcIpuVI, mhFrfsLtr df iKafl, rfjsQfn df gOVI qy kTpulIaF, pMjfb dIaF nklF, jfgo, jlsf, ncfr, AuVIsf, bMgfl qy asfm ivwc Kyizaf jfx vflf Xfqrf, mhFrfsLtr df qmfsLf, goaf df iqafqr, qfimlnfzU df qIrUkuqU, gujrfq df BvfeI, AuVIsf df Bqrf, mwD pRdysL df nfc, krnftk df XksLgfn, ibhfr df ivdysLIaf, afid dy rUp ivwc ies awT sO sflf lMmI lok nft prMprf ny BfrqI nftk dI jmIn nUM bFJ nhIN hox idwqf blik afpxy mOilk rUp ivwc sFBI rwiKaf. aijhy hI sMgIq nftkI rUp hn-CqIsgV dIaF gOV jfqIaF dy pFzvfnI qy gONzvfnI qy AuhnF df sMgIq nftkI rUp nfcf.
            ieh lok sMgIq nftkI rUp hI Auh Drfql hn ijMnHF ivwcoN hbIb qnvIr dI nft Xfqrf avqfr DfrdI hY. jdoN mYN iewko vyly ies sMgIq nftkI prMprf df aiDaYn vI kr irhf sI aqy nftk dIaF ivsLvpwDrI sLYlIaF dy qihq bRYKq dI aYipk QIeytrI sLYlI df aiDaYn vI kr irhf sI. Aus smyN hYrfnIjnk qwQ ieh sfmxy afieaf ik jo kuwJ bRYKq jrmn ivwc  afpxI mhFkfivk sLYlI rfhIN sQfpq kr irhf sI, Aus vrgf ikMnf kuwJ Bfrq dy iehnF sMgIq nftkI rUpF ivwc sdIaF qoN ipaf sI. sLfied bYRKq ny afpxy dysL dI lok nftkI prMprf ivwcoN hI ieh sB kuwJ afpxy ivjLn rfhIN gRihx kIqf hovy. ijvyN :
            XQfrQ df Brm qoVnf, mMc qy hI sMgIqk XMqr aqy sfijLMdy ibTfAuxf, gYr rsmI ikirafvF aqy drsLkF nfl iswDf sMvfd afid ikMnf kuwJ aijhf hY jo mYnUM sfzI lok nftkI prMprf ivwc bRYKq vrgf lwigaf aqy mYnUM afpxy lok klfkfrF qy mfx mihsUs hoieaf. bRYKLq dI pRiswDI dy smivwQ iehnF anfm nftkkfrF dI anfimkqf nUM isr JukfAuNidaF surjIq pfqr dIaF ieh sqrF bdobdI myry cyiqaF ivwc afAuNdIaF rhIaF :
            sfzy vI Kun ny isMijaf hY ruwK,
            kI hoieaf jy pwiqaF qy myrf nfm nhIN hY.
            sLfied myry vrigaF nfloN ikqy pihlF sfzIaF lok nftkI ivDfvF dy ies rhws nUM hbIb sfihb horF ny pihcfixaf, prMqU pihcfixaf AuhnF ny vI vfieaf brYKLq hI. hoieaf ieMJ ik XUrp dy qilsm ny iek vfr hbIb nUM vI afpxy rMg ivwc rMigaf aqy XUrp dI nftk qy rMgmMc prMprf  nUM smJx leI 1955 ivwc ieMglNz cly gey aqy AuWQoN dI RADA-Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts jQybMdI ivwc tryinMg lYx lwgy. prMqU hOlI hOlI pRvfsI qilsm df Brm tuwtx lwigaf aqy afvfs df XQfrQ Pyr rMg idKfAux lwigaf. afpxI BfsLf aqy aFcilkqf ivwc QIeytr krn dI AuhnF dI afsQf mjLbUq huMdI geI aqy tryinMg dy ipCly awD qwk Ausdf mn pwCm qoN pUrI qrF Aucft ho igaf qy Aus ny bhuq asDfrn aqy joiKLm BrpUr PYslf lYNdy hoey iblkul aKIr qy tryinMg aDUrI Cwz idwqI aqy AuWQy hI sQfnk BfsLfvF ivwc kMm krn vflI sMsQf ibRstl Elz ivk QIeytr(Bristol Old Vic Theatre School) ivwc dfKlf lY ilaf. jQybMdI dy sMcflk zMkn rfs nfl AuhnF dI imlxI ieiqhfsk sI qy aKIr qwk bRYKq qoN vI vwD Auh zMkn rfs nUM afpxf QIeytrI guru mMMndy rhy. zMkn rfs ny pihlI vfr Aus nUM nftk dI cyqnf, Asdy mUl AdysL aqy  jVF nfl juVy rihx df hunr isKfieaf qy Aus qoN bfadf Aus aMdr dunIaF dIaF snfqnI nftkI sLYlI nUM dyKx smJx dI llk pYdf hoeI qy Auh ieMglYNz qoN agFh XUrop dI Xfqrf qy inkl ipaf. ies Xfqrf dOrfn Ausdf dUsrf sB qoN KUbsUrq pVfa Aus df 1956 ivc brYKLq dy 'dys' briln ivclf awT mhIinaF df Tihrfa sI. iewQy hbIb ny bRYKLq dy nftk dIaF anyk pysLkfrIaF dyKIaF. iehnF pysLkfrIaF ny Aus dI aglI nft Xfqrf qy aimt Cfp CwzI aqy Aus ny afpxy nftk nUM aFcilk eIzIam idwqf. ies qoN bfad hbIb nUM iewk rfsqf imilaf - afpxI sQfnkqf ivwcoN bRihmMz nUM qlfsLx df. sfDfrnqf ivwcoN asDfrnqf  qlfsLx dy ies islisly ivc Aus ny KyqrI sFsikRqk srokfrF rfhIN aMqrfsLtrI aMqrdvMdF nUM pirBfisLq kIqf aqy sfDfrn klfkfrF rfhIN sDfrn smfn qy qknIk nfl sLkqIsLflI aqy asDfrn arQF df sMcfr kIqf.
            ieAuN ijwQy mYN vrqmfn ivc afpxI sMgIq nftkI prMprf ivwcoN bRYKq nUM sihj rUp ivwc qlfisLaf AuQy myry jnm qoN vI pihlF hbIb ny vfieaf zMkn rfs aqy bRYKq afpxI prMprf, afpxI lok ivDf, afpxI BfsLf aqy afpxI sQfnkqf nUM qlfisLaf aqy ies rfhIN BfrqI nftk nUM nvF QIeytrI eIzIam idwqf.

do pysLkfrIaF

            hbIb nfl juVn df sbwb Aus dy nftkF dIaF do pysLkfrIaF dyKxf vI bixaf. 'crndfs cor' aqy 'ihrmF dI amr khfxI'. keI sfl pihlF dyKy 'crndfs cor' ny hbIb dI QIeytrI sUJ aqy ienovyitv stfeIl df lohf mnvfieaf. rvfieqI qy sihj rUp ivwc afDuink XQfrQ dIaF eynIaF sUKm prqF rUpmfn kIqIaF ijMnIaF ik isrP sLfied hbIb hI kr skdf sI. iZwly ijhyy kQfnk nUM ssLkq ivjLn dI idRsLtI qoN ies qrF pirBfisLq kIqf ik nftk BfvyN ikqy vI mukMml nhIN lgdf prMqU afpxy afp ivwc iewk mukMml rcnf qy pysLkfrI ho inbVdf hY.
            myry ies afrtIkl dy ipCokV ivwc crndfs cor' dI ieh pysLkfrI vI kfrjsLIl sI aqy qqkflI pRyrnf gdrI bfibaF dy myly qy dyiKaf nftk 'ihrmF dI amr kQf' bixaf.
ieh nftk Aus dy mukfblqn Gwt jfxy jFdy nftkF ivwcoN hY prMqU ies nftk ivwc vI ijvyN Ausny CwqIsgVH dy mUl vfsIaF dy sMGrsL nUM isLdq nfl pRdrisqn kIqf hY, Aus ny vI iswD kIqf hY ik hbIb df bdl koeI nhIN hY. iewk afid vfsI kbIly dy sMGrsL ivwcoN bhuq KUbsUrqI nfl afDuink isstm dIaF nlfiekIaF dy iKlfPL jwdo jihd nUM pRqIkfqmk pwDr qy pirBfisLq kIqf hY. 'afgrf bjLfr' BfvyN mYN awKIN nhIN dyiKaf prMqU 'kMnI' jrUr dyiKaf aqy Ausdy pRdrsLn dIaF irportF pVHIaF hn. 'sB TfT pVf rih jfeygf, jb lfd clygf bMjfrf' vrgIaF amr kivqfvF ilKx vfly njLIr akbrfbfdI dIaF kivqfvF 'coN kQfnk isrjky bhuq hI suGVqf nfl nftkI jfmf pihnfieaf hY. iewk asloN khfxI mukq aqy kwcy pwky rUp ivc iblkul ijLMdgI vFgU do ZfeI GMty cwlx vfly kQfnk rfhIN drsLkF nUM gUVH sQfnkqf qoN aiq afDuink aqy AuWqr afDuink sMsikRqI dy drsLn krvfAuxf koeI CotI pRfpqI nhIN hY. qy iehI qwQ pRyrk dy rUp ivwc hbIb nfl juVn dy sbwb df afDfr bxy. iewk smkflI aflock dI ieh itwpxI vI hbIb dI iesy kmfl dI pusLtI krdI hY:
            "jdoN aslIaq dI jmIn qy sfrQk qy iemfndfr QIeytr df iKafl afAuNdf hY qF hbIb sfmHxy njLr afAuNdy hn. aidvfsIaF, dilqF, Gwt igxqIaF, aOrqF, pyNzUaF dy nfl AuhnF dIaF hI lok prMprfvF rfhIN AuhnF dy drd nUM hI icqrdy rhy. BfvyN crndfs cor aqy pONgf pMzq rfhIN smfj ivwc psry aMD ivsLvfs aqy pfKMz afDfirq muwidaF nUM sfmHxy ilafAux df mslf  irhf hovy, imRCkitkm, rfjrqn df vrg Byd aqy nfrI ivmrsL hovy, afgrf bjfr rfhIN kwlH awj aqy Blk dy idnF dy bjLfr dy aMdr Jfkx aqy zUMGy jKLmF nUM sfhmHxy ilafAux df mslf irhf hovy, hbIb sfihb afpxI gwl aqy kMm rfhIN mIl pwQr bx gey hn. rMg Xfqrf dy ieh ipqfmf Aus dOr ivwc pRgqIsLIl QIeytr smUh ieptf nfl juVky kMm kr rhy sn jd muMbeI ivwc ipRQvI rfj kpUr dy ipRQvI QIeytr df zMkf bwj irhf sI. prMqU BfrI sYtF df ipRQvI QIeytr jdoN lokF ivwc jfx qoN asmrQ sI, Aus smyN JoilLaF ivc nftk dI smwgrI smytI hbIb lokF dy ivwc jf ky AunF dI BfsLf sLYlI ivwc AuhnF dy muwidaF qy nftk krdy sn." "Aus ny nftk n MijLMdgI dy eynf krIb ilaf idwqf ik Aus dy nftk dyK ky ieh lwgdf hY ik hr iensfn dy aMdr iewk adfkfr iCipaf bYTf hY. idwlI ivclIaF mjLdUr bsqIaF dy mjLdUrF, jfmIaF dy ividafrQIaF aqy CqIsgVH dy lok klfkfrF nUM AuhnF ny sLfndfr adfkfrI ivwc Zfl idwqf. Aus ny adfkfrI leI vwzIaF vwzIaF sMsQfvF ivcly tryNz klfkfrF dI jgHf afm jnqf dy sDfrn lokF qy Brosf kIqf. dys dy Kwby pwKI aMdoln, pRgqIsLIl aMdoln aqy ieptf dy nfl sLurU qoN hI afpxy zUMGy sMbMDF ny AuhnF nUM isKfieaf ik jnqf dI klf jnqf dy ivwcoN hI pYdf hovygI nf ik vwzIaF qy mihMgIaF sMsQfvF ivwcoN jF iPr afpxI hI dunIaF ivwc rihx vfly buwDIjIvIaF 'coN."
            ieAuN myrf qy hbIb df Kyqr, Aumr, BfsLf aqy inwjqf df koeI prqwK irsLqf nf huMdy hoey vI iewk sFJ rhI jo aMdroN aMdrI pldI rhI, ivkisq huMdI rhI, mjLbUq huMdI rhI prMqU myrIaF ismrqIaF qy myry avcyqn df ihwsf hI bxI rhI, iksy rU ivc pRgt nhIN ho skI. acfnk hbIb qnvIr dy ies dunIaF qoN qur jfx dI Kbr ny ies avcyqn nUM hlUixaf, sFJF Auslvwty lYx lwgIaF qy iewk vfr Pyr hbIb nUM pVHn aqy hbIb bfry pVHn dI myrI iewCf jnUMn bx geI qy mYnUM ijwQoN ijwQoN vI hbIb bfry kuwJ pRfpq hoieaf, piVHaf, suixaf, vyiKaf qy pfTkF nfl sFJf krn df mn bxfieaf. ijvyN ijvyN mYN hbIb nUM stwzI kIqf iqvyN iqvyN Ausdy ivakqIqv dy anyk kox, anyk adfvF, anyk rMg myry sfmHxy iKlrdy gey aqy mYN AuhnF rMgF nUM afpxy cyqn avcyqn ivwc jjLb krdf igaf. iehnF sLbdF rfhIN mYN hbIb bfry jo kuwJ vI dws irhf hF, Auh inrol myrf nhIN hY, Auh inrol iksy df vI nhIN hY, Auh inrol isrP hbIb df hI hY, mYN qF isrP kuwJ ku anuBv sFJy kr irhf hF ijhVy hbIb dI virHaF lMmI qpwisaf df sihj Pl sn qy ijMnHF rfhIN hbIb qnvIr sfzy simaF df nfiek bixaf. so vwK vwK soimaF qoN pRpq AuhnF dI ijMdgI dy kuwJ buinafdI qy mfrimk pwl aqy anuBv quhfzy rU-b-rU kr irhf hF:

CwqIsgVH df rsUl hmjqov
            rsUl hmjfqov dfigsqfn dI sQfnkqf nUM bRihmMzI ruqbf pRdfn krn vflf kmfl df sfihqkfr hY. bhuqI vfr afm lok iksy sQfn dI sQfnkqf dIaF aMdrUnI prqF nUM virHaF bwDI Aus dy ivc rihky vI nhIN pihcfx skdy prMqU Aus Drfql qy ivcrn vfly kuwJ lok aijhy huMdy hn ijMnHF kol afpxy iewk ivsLysL ivjLn huMdf hY, dyKx vflI awK huMdI hY qy bfrIkbInI nfl GoKx vflI idRsLtI huMdI hY ies leI asIN AuhnF dI awK nfl afpxy afly duafly nUM dyKdy qy pihcfxdy hF. rsUl hmjfqov AuhnF ivwcoN hI iewk sI qy aijhIaF ivwcoN hI iewk sI hbIb qnvIr. hbIb vrgy klfkfr aijhy Xuwg idRsLtf sn ijMnHF ny CqIsgVH ivwc rihx vfilaF nUM vI Auh CwqIsgV idKfieaf jo CqIsgVH dy Dur aMdr vsdf sI aqy ijs dy dIdfr AuhnF ny pihlF kdy nhIN kIqy sn. iesy iksm df iekbflIaf ibafn CwqIsgVH dy ivsLv pRiswD sfihqkfr asLok vfjpfeI ny kIqf:
            "mYN CwqIsgVH ivwc jMimaf hF lyikn mYN ieh nhIN kih skdf ik mY CwqIsgVH nUM bhuq cMgI qrF jfixaf hY. sfzy ivwcoN bhuiqaF ny sB qoN pihlF CwqIsgVI klfkfrF nUM hbIb qnvIr dy nftk dyKky jfxnf sLurU kIqf. mYQoN koeI slfh ikAuN leygf?
            awjkwlH qF AuNJ vI nhIN lYNdf. lyikn agr ley qF mYN ies nvyN CqIsgVH rfj df pihlf gvrnr hbIb qnvIr nUM bxfAuxf cfhuMdf hF. jykr iksy iewk ivakqI df nF ilaf jf skdf hY qF Auh hbIb qnvIr hY ijs ny ipCly pMjfh sflF ivwc CwqIsgVH nUM AusdI asImqf idwqI AusdI pihcfx idwqI aqy CwqIsgVH qy ijwd krky aiVaf hY aqy ijs nUM ieh ijwd sfry sMsfr qwk lY geI. sQfnk bolIaF qy BfsLfvF nUM nPLrq krn vfly aqy TIk mMnx vfilaF leI ieh sMdysL hY ik iewk sQfnk bolI ivc nf kyvl sB kuwJ sMBv hY blik bolI vI smkfl df hI iewk aYzIsLn hY. Aus ny ies Dfrnf nUM mjbUq kIqf ik afDuink qy smkflI isrP sLihr ivwc rihx vflf nhIN, smkflI isrP Auh nhIN jo ijhVf afDuinkqf ivwc Pisaf hY, smkflI Auh vI hY, jo sLfied iksy qrHF dy smkflI arQF qoN iblkul axjfx hY. ies qrF hbIb iewk bolI nfl juVI, Aus dI smuwcI jfqI ismrqI, smuwcI lok dOlq, Aus dy ibMb, Aus dIaF mudrfvF iehnF sB nUM guMdky sQfnkqf qoN ivafpkqf df sPr qYa krn vflf bMdf hY. bRYKLq qoN sQfnkqf df pfT pVHky hbIb ny afpxI lok nftkI jmIn nUM hMGfilaf aqy pihlf ajLIb iksm df qjLrbf sLUdrk vrgy sMsikRq dy klfsIkl sfsLqrI nftkkfr dy nftk imRCkitkm df 'imwtI dI gfVI' nf hyT CqIsgVI rUpFqrx krky kIqf. iewk sLuwD sfsLqrI BfsLf df rUpFqr jdoN gMvfrF dI bolI smJI jFdI CqIsgVHI BfsLf aqy AuhnF dy sQfnk aMdfj ivwc kIqf qF aihsfs hoieaf ik 'sfsLqr' nfloN 'lok' iksy pwKoN vI Gwt sLkqIsflLI nhIN. 'sfsLqr' dy gOrv df AulMGx kIqy bgYr Aus nUM 'lok' ivc rUpFqrq krn dI sLkqI jF CqIsgVHI ivwc sI jF iPr hbIb qnvIr ivwc.

QIeytr dI nvIN GfVq GVn vflf
            asl ivwc Aus smyN BfrqI nftk-QIeytr dIaF do DfrfvF cwl rhIaF sn. iewk pfsy alkfjI df QIeytr sI qy dUjy pfsy hbIb qnvIr df. BfvyN dohF dI afpo afpxI pfRsMigkqf hY prMqU dovyN QIeytr Ausy qrf iewk dUjy dy ivroD ivc ivkisq hoey ijvyN ivsLv pwDr qy iebsn dI XQfrQvfdI sLYlI dy ivroD ivwc bRYKq dI mhFkfiv sLYlI. jykr alkfjI df QIeytr klfsIkl hY qF hbIb df QIeytr lok QIeytr hY. alkfjI df QIeytr pirsLikRq hY prMqU hbIb df rvfieqI. alkfjI pwCm dy bhuq krIb hY prMqU hbIb pUrb dy Dur aMdr qwk lihaf hoieaf hY. alkfjI ny 'inrpyK afDuinkqf' df eIzIam isrijaf qy hbIb ny 'lok afDuinkqf 'df eIzIam eIjLfd kIqf. alkfjI ivwc sB kuwJ pUrv inrDfirq, XojnfbwD aqy sfsLqrI inXmF dy qihq huMdf hY jd ik hbIb dy nftk aMzr irhrsz huMdy hn, klfkfr hwQF ivc sikRptF cuwkI iPrdy hn aqy sfry nftk ivwc ajLIb qy mOilk iksm df lckIlfpx aqy iZwlfpx huMdf hy. alkfjI imwQ df sQfpn krdf hY aqy hbIb XQfrQ df Brm qoVdf hY. alkfjI arsqU jF Bfrq dI sfsLqrI prMprf df vfhk hY ijs ivwc nftk df afid, mwD aqy aMq insLicq huMdf hY jdik hbIb dy nftk df pqf hI nhIN lgdf ik kdoN  muwk jFdf hY. alkfjI dI prMprf ivwc nftk imwQ ky iliKaf jFdf hY jd ik hbIb dI prMprf ivwc awDf nftk Kyzdy Kyzdy ieMprovfeIjysLn dy qihq iliKaf jFdf hY. alkfjI dI prMprf df nftk kQfXukq huMdf hY jdik hbIb dI prMprf kQfmukq nftk dI hY. alkfjI prMprf pUjk hY jdik hbIb prMprf BMjk. alkfjI df sMgIq aqy nfc pRfsMigk qy sjfvtI (incidental & decorative) hY jd ik hbIb df sMgIq/nfc nftkI qy pRkfrjI(dramatic & functional) hY. alkfjI dI prMprf ivc pfqr dI AusfrI qy jLor huMdf hY jd ik hbIb dI prMprf ivwc smuwcf nftk iewk cirwqr (character) dy qOr qy AuBrdf hY. ieAuN hbIb nftk dI aijhI pRXogDrmI prMprf df jnk hY ijs ivwc gYr rsmI adfkfrI huMdI hY, smfijk cyqnf qoN rfjnIqk cyqnf qwk dy srokfr huMdy hn aqy Aus dy nftk ivwc vfqvrx anMd df huMdf hY qy Aupjdf duKFq hY, Auh duKFq jo mOky qy afpxI hoNd df aihsfs Gwt krfAuNdf hY pr ijs dI tIs bhuq zUMGI hY, ijs df aihsfs lMmy smyN qwk drsLkF nUM Auslvwty lYx qy mjLbUr kr idMdf hY. hbIb sfhb afKdy sn[[[[[[
            mhfn bMidaF kol ivcfrF df aQfh BMzfr huMdf hY, ikMnIaF hI ismrqIaF huMdIaF hn, ikMny hI swc huMdy hn, ikMny hI jpRyrk pRsMg aqy ikMnIaF hI ikiraf pRqIikrafvF. anyk lokF ny anyk vfr hbIb nfl rU b rU kIqy, AuhnF nUM kuryidaf, ikMny hI swc kihMdIaF itwpxIaf sfmHxy afeIaF. julfeI 2007 dI suhfvxI sLfm nUM arux afidqX nF qy pwqrkfr dy kuwJ suaflF dy rUp ivwc hbIb dIaF kuwJ bybfk itwpxIaF sfmHxy afeIaF. svfl kIqf igaf ik awj kwlH kI kr rhy ho? juafb iswDf qy spsLt sI-
            "krnf qF bhuq kuwJ cfhuMdf hF lyikn myry kol vkq bhuq Gwt hY." moVvyN rUp ivc ikhf igaf, "hbIb sfhb ijMnf kMm kIqf hY." moVvyN rUp ivwc ikhf igaf, "hbIb sfhb, qusIN ijMnf kMm kIqf hY, AuhI krn ivwc sfzy vrigaF nMU sLfied keI jnm lYxy pYxgy." ieh gwl AuhnF dy sohly gfAux leI nhI kIqI geI sI blik iewk scfeI sI prMqU hbIb ies scfeI qoN vI KusL nhIN sI. KusL ho vI ikvyN skdf sI? dunIaF dI byhqrI dy supny ijs sKLsL dIaF awKF ivwc vs jfx, Aus nUM iehnF hflfqF ivwc KusLI ikvyN nsIb ho skdI hY? hlFik ajy Auh dOr awj vflI afriQk mMdI df nhIN sI lyikn hbIb dI dUr idRsLtI nUM ijvyN ies afriQk mMdI df JfAulf pY irhf sI. Aus smyN dysL dI ivkfs dr 9% hox nfl bjLfr ivwc jsLn df mfhOl sI. puwiCaf igaf, "dysL dI ivkfs dr vDI hY qF ies df mqlb ieh hY ik dysL ivc ivkfs qF hoieaf hY? hbIb sfihb df juafb awKF KolHx vflf sI, "arbpqIaF dI vDdI qfdfd nfl hI dys Ldy ivkfs df lyKf joKf nf kro. iewk njLr jrf grIbF vwl vI mfr lAu. asfvyN ivkfs nfl smwisafvF hor vDxgIaF. vDdy bjfr qy cVHdy sYNsYks nfl ivkfs nUM mwq nfpo, bjfr quhfnUM Auh vI KrIdx qy mjbUr kr idMdf hY ijs dI quhnUM jLrUrq nhIN hY. ies dy jfl ivwc Psogy qF musLikl hovygI.
            keI sfl bfad ivc Aus dI BivwKbfxI sfbq iswD hoeI qy Aus ny dobfrf itwpxI kIqI:
            kImqF asmfn CUh rhIaF hn. iewk qrP grIbI byrujLgfrI qy BuwKmrI hY aqy dUjI qrPL kuwJ lok lwKF rupey mhInf kmf rhy hn. ieh KfeI mytxf jLrUrI hY. ikvyN imtygI moNtyk isMG afhlUvflIaf jF icdMbrm qoN, mYN nhIN jfxdf. jF qF AuhnF dI mfsUmIaq hY jF mjLbUrI ik Auh iksy hor qrIky nfl nhIN soc skdy[[[ mF dy pyt ivwcoN JUT boldf hoieaf koeI nhIN afAuNdf, susfietI ivwcoN hI isKdy hn.
            jdoN AuhnF nUM puwiCaf igaf ik "sMsikRqI dy Kyqr ivwc hflfq bhuq Kqrnfk hn qF aijhy smyN ivwc dysL dIaF sFsikRqk sMsQfvF dI kI BUimkf hoxI cfhIdI hY?" ies suafl qy AuhnF df drd guwsf bx ky awKF ivwc AuWqr afieaf "qusIN ikhVIaF sMsQFvF dI gwl kr rhy hoN? AuWQy aijhy lokF dI qfjposLI kIqI jf rhI hY, ijMnHF ivwc nf tYlYNt hY, nf ivjLn aqy nf hI kuwJ kr gujrn dI lgn. aijhy bOxy lokF qoN qusIN kI AumId kr skdy hoN? iehnF bOxy lokF ny qF sfihq swiBafcfr df imafr vI Gtf idwqf hY. ahudy qy purskfr leI afpxy svY nUM vI gihxy pf idMdy hn."
            afpxy rfj sBf ivwc nfmjLd hox vyly df ikwsf suxfAux lwgy. "1972 dI gwl hY, mfrc mhIny ivwc sovIaq pRkfsLn ivBfg ivwcoN myrI nOkrI Cut geI sI. Aus vyly myry kol koeI kMm nhIN sI. pYsy dI qMgI cl rhI sI agly mhIny acfnk iewk idn iewk puls jvfn myry Gr afieaf. Ausny iewk nMbr idwqf aqy ikhf ik ies qy gwl kr lYxf, jLrUrI hY. Pon lfieaf qF dUjy pfsy qoN afr ky Dvn sn - ieMdrF gFDI dy inwjI sYktrI. iswDf svfl kIqf, kI mYnUM rfjsBf dI nfmjLdgI svIkfr hY. myry leI ieh axikafisaf sI. mYN ikhf soc ivcfr ky dwsFgf. Dvn ny ikhf, socx ivcfrn leI ijLafdf smF nhIN hY, vIh pwcI imMtF ivwc dws dyxf ikAuNik sLfm pMj vjy aYlfn krnf hY. mYN ikhf, "mYN quhfnUM dubfrf Pon krdf hF.' Gr af ky moinkf nfl gwl kIqI prMqU Aus nUM vI rfj sBf dI ijMLmyvfrI bfry kuJ pqf nhIN sI. iPr iek dosq nUM Pon imlfieaf, Auh iewkdm boly, "byvkUP nf bx, qurMq hF krdy." qF Aus jmfny ivc ies qrF coxF qy nfmjLdgIaF huMdIaF sn. awj qF bOxy lok Kud hI rfjnyqfvF dy cwkr lfAuNdy rihMdy hn ik kuwJ iml jfey qy rfjnIqI ivwc vI ikMny bOxy lok af gey ny. rfjnIqI ivwc hux rfjnyqf bcy hI ikMny ku hn. AuWQy qF aprfDIaF dI Brmfr ho geI hY. Dnbl, bfhUbl dy jLor qy coxF ijwq jFdy hn. aijhy numfieMidaF qoN qusIN kI AumId kr skdy ho?"
            QIeytr dy BivwK dI gwl clI qF Auh Audfs ho gey. qy kihx lwgy: "awj QIeytr pYsy aqy drsLk dohF leI mohqfjL hY. lok nftk aqy lok prMprfvF ivwc vI lokF dI rucI Gt rhI hY. sfzy CwqIsgVH ivwc nfcf dyKx leI lok sfrI sfrI rfq jfgdy sn. hux iks nUM Pursq hY." ieh khy jfxy qy ik qF iPr hux koeI AumId nhIN hY qF iewk dm boly, "nhIN nhIN, mYN ieMnF vI nf AumId nhIN hF. mYnUM nOjuafnF qoN kfPI AumId hY. Auh kurpsLn dy iKlfPL hn. AuhnF ivwc qrksLkqI hY, kuwJ krn df jjLbf hY. afpxf BivwK Auh Kud GVnf cfhuMdy hn. ieh sB kihMdy kihMdy AuhnF dIaF buwZIaF awKF ivwc cmk af geI qy AuhnF dy afpxy hI nftk 'kfmdyv df apxf, bsMq ruwq df spnf' df iewk nft gIq AuhnF qy buwlHF qy af igaf
mYN Kyq Kfr ivc jfvF
mYN ndI phfV ivc jfvF
mYN awg bxF qUPfn bxF
aqy GuMm GuMm lihrfvF.

QIeytr bnfm iPlm ngrI
            ijhVy lok QIeytr Cwz ky iPlmF qy sIrIalF dI qrPL jf rhy hn, Auh kMm dI qlfsL ivwc juwqIaF quVfAuNdy hn. kuwJ cfplUsI kuwJ jfx pihcfx kMm krdI hY, mYnUM AuhnF nfl koeI isLkfieq nhIN hY. kI khIey, pyt qy pwQr rwK ky kMm krnf musLikl hY. sfzy jmfny ivwc dusLmx bhuq Gr dy aMdr hY, AusnUM pihcfxnf musLikl hY. ivcfrDfrf vI vMzI geI. pfrtIaF dI igxqI hI nhIN hY, hryk dI mMjl alwg alwg. ies aPrfqPrI ivwc kI iksy qoN afdrsL dI qvwko krIey. hF iPr vI ilbrlfeIjysLn,  globlfeIjysLn nvyN klonoiljLm dy iKlfP avfjLF AuWT rhIaF hn. sfry pfisaF qoN, Kud AunF dy gVH amrIkf, PrFs, ibRtyn qoN vI. qF ieh AumId qF bxdI hI hY.

QIeytr bnfm pRcfr
            mYN afpxy zYmokryitk imjfjL df isLkfr irhf hF. myrI aproc zYmokrysI rhI hY, mYN pRcfrk jF AupdysLk QIeytr ivwc XkIn nhIN rKdf. ieh koeI jmhUrI gwl nhIN ik qusIN sfrf kuwJ pwikaf pkfieaf pros idAu, ik mUMh ivwc bws pf hI lYxf hY. agr qusIN smJdy ho ik nftk dyKx leI idl idmfg vflf drsLk afAuNdf hY qF Aus nUM isrP AuksfAux vflf svfl dyxf hI kfPLI huMdf hY. ieh nhIN ik mYN svfl vI aqy juafb vI pysL krF. juafb qoN mYN aksr kqrfAuNdf hF. hF iesdf hwk nuwkV nftkF nUM hY, AuWQy jLrUrI hY juafb vI dyxf. AuhnF dI (nuwkV vfilaF dI) pRfblm hY. hVqflF bgYrf huMdIaF hn. sVkF qy vI inklxf pYNdf hY AuhnF nUM. iekbfl df isLar hY nf :
awCf hY idl ky pfs rhy pfsbfny akl
kBI kBI iesy qnhf BI CoVIey
            isrP akl nfl hI sB kuJ krIeyt krnf sMBv nhIN hY, idl nfl vI kuwJ gwlF huMdIaF hn. bfljLfk nUM puwiCaf igaf sI ik iewk pRfstIicAut dI aijhI qsvIr dI ikAuN bxfeI?  AuhnF ny ikhf, "aYmf iejL sI". aYlnjLbrg ny vI ikhf hY ik qusIN krYktr nUM krIeyt jLrUr krdy ho, lyikn Auh afpxI khfxI Kud kihMdf hY. quhfzf ies ivwc koeI kMtrOl nhIN rihMdf. dyKo jykr qusIN Aus ivwc afpxf sLAr (isafxp) vfVogy qf Auh kuwJ ho jfeygf, AupdysL, aKbfrnvIsI jF kuwJ nf kuwJ hor, pr klf nhIN rhygI. swc qF ieh hY:
            'aiBnyqf rMgmMc df qfnfsLfh huMdf hY, mMc qy afAuNdy hI inrdysLk dI zor Cut jFdI hY. inrdysLk nUM duwD ivwc peI mwKI vFg bfhr kwZ ky suwt idwqf jFdf hY."

kuwJ pwl
            kihMdy ny ieh gwl Aus smyN dI hY jdoN hbIb dy aiBnY df pOdf ajy krUblF kwZ irhf sI. blrfj sfhnI iewk nftk df inrdysLn kr rhy sn. Aus nftk dy iewk idRsL ivc qnvIr sfihb ny rox dI aYkitMg krnI sI, lyikn vfr vfr koisLsL krn dy bfvjUd Aus qooN roieaf nhIN jf irhf sI. asl ivwc Aus nUM iJjk ho rhI sI qy blrfj nUM iKJ cVH rhI sI. keI vfr Xqn krn dy bfvjUd vI jdoN siQqI AuvyN dI AuvyN hI rhI qF blrfj sfihb mMc qy cVHy aqy jLordfr QwpV nfl hbIb dy mUh qy pMjy AuNglF Cfp idwqIaF. iPr kI sI qnvIr sfihb aijhf roey ik cuwp krn df nF nf lYx, Kud AuhnF dy guru blrfj vI acMBq ho gey. hbIb sfhb hmysLf ies gwl nUM mMndy rhy ik agr Auh blrfj sfihb df QwpV nf KFdy qF sLfied pqf nhIN ikwQy ikwQy Kfk Cfxdy iPrdy.

hbIb dy Ault Pyr
            hbIb Ault Pyr df nF hY. Auh afpxI 'klfkfrI' rfhIN bhuq sfrIaF cIjF nUM isr prny kr idMdf hY jF Aus qoN ho jFdIaF hn. * Auh sfsLqrI bMdsLF vfly nftk Kyzdf hY, pr sfsLqrI prMprf nUM aMgUTf idKfAuNdf hY, Aus dIaF DwjIaF AuzfAuNdf hY.
*           Aus dy klfkfr Auh sn jo gYr rsmI qOr qy vwzy klfkfr sn prMqU ijs mukfm (ivdysL) qwk jfx df pRsqfv AuhnF dy mUhry rwiKaf qF Auh bysLrm ijhy ho ky kihx lwgy- afh mUMh qy msrF dI dfl, pr bfad ivwc AuhnF mUMhF ny msrF dI dfl KfDI qy bhuq suafd lY lY KfDI.
*           hbIb df QIeytr rvfieqI, klfkfr rvfieqI, ivsLy rvfieqI, pr nf rwiKaf- nvF QIeytr
*           nf hY Aus df qn-vIr pr hY Auh asl ivwc mn-vIr
*           iewk vfr aKbfr ny hbIb qoN aftogRfPL mMigaf qy AuWQy vI AuhnF ny Ault Pyr kr idwqf. bws muskrf ky iewk sLyar bol idwqf:
hm hsqfksLr nhIN kIaf krqy,
bVI kfrIgrI sy Kud ko idloN sy tFk dIaf krqy hYN.
*           ieh vI Ault Pyr hI hY ik hbIb acncyq mr igaf hY pr ies qoN vI vwzf Ault Pyr ieh hY ik hbIb vrgy iensfn Blf kdy mrdy huMdy hn, AuhnF nUM idlF ivwc ijLMdf rihx df hunr afAuNdf hY.

hfQI cldy hn[[[[
            hbIb dIaF dosqIaF dy crcy aksr cldy hn. afAu kuwJ dusLmxIaF df ijLkr krIey  ikAuNik koeI vI vwzf bMdf vwzf vI qF hI bxdf hY jykr kuwJ lok/qfkqF Aus df ivroD krdIaF hn. Auh AuhnF df mukfblf krdy hn. hbIb sfhb dy dusLmxF ivc kuwJ lok qf aijhy sn ijMnHF bfry ikhf jf skdf hY-kuwqf kuwqy df vYrI. kuwJ sfihqk qy pwqrkfr iksm dy jfnvr aksr AusdI lgn, imhnq  qy pRiswDI qoN eIrKf mihsUs krdy rihMdy sn qy Aus dy kIqy hoey vwzy kMm nUM CuitafAux dI koisLsL krdy sn. hbIb df vwzf kMm ieh sI ik ies ny anyk sQfnk klfkfrF nUM aMqrrfsLtrI pwDr qwk phuMcfieaf. CwqIsgVH dI Pok afrt nUM kOmI nqy kOmFqrI pRiswDI duafeI prMqU kihx vfilaF ny qF iPr vI kuwJ nf kuwJ kihxf hI hY qy ijvyN ikhf jFdf hY ik 'qyrI KFdy dI dfVHI ihwldI', TIk iesy qrF hbIb bfry kuwJ smkflIn pqrkfrF dIaF itwpxIaF vI afeIaF-
*           qnvIr qy qIjn bfeI ikhVy lok klfkfr hn? blik Auh qF ivdysLF ivwc jf ky pRdrsLn krn vfly gveIey qy nOtMkIaF krn vfly sn.
*           qnvIr vrgy lokF ny dysL dI klf df aMqrrfsLtrI bjLfrF ivwc jf ky muwl vwitaf hY.
jdik hbIb dI pUrI ijLMdgI gvfh hY ik pYsf kdy vI Aus dI klf sfDnf qy hfvI nhIN hoieaf. Auh qfAumr CwzIsgVH dI lok klf nUM AuBfrn df hI kMm krdy rhy. Aus dy nvyN QIeytr df koeI klfkfr pROPYsLnl, kmrsLIal jF sLihrI cfklytI jnrysLn df pRqIinD nhIN sI, blik AuhnF dy sfry klfkfr grIb imhnqksL afdI vfsI sn. pr kihx vfly kd htdy hn-kihMdy hI rihMdy hn -kihx idAu.
            hux gwl krdy hF AuhnF dy nftk poNgf pMizq dI. Aus ny afpxy ies nftk smyq bfkI sfry nftkF ivc bVI sihjqf nfl rfjnIqk qy smfijk prpMcF nUM nMgf kIqf. iesy qwQ ny jnUMnI qfkqF nUM bdhjLmI kIqI. poNgf pMizq dy pRdrsLn kfrn ktVpMQIaF ny do vfr hbIb Auupr hmlf kIqf, pRdrsLn rukvfAux dI koisLsL kIqI prMqU hbIb sfihb kihMdy hn-Show must go on...... aijhy simaF qy Auh bVI byvfkI nfl afpxI isDFqk qy ivhfrk spsLtqf df ijLkr krdy sn. ivroDI pRdrsLnF qoN bfad jd ies ivvfd bfry svfl puwiCaf igaf qF spsLt juafb sI,
            "svfl isrP myry nftkF df nhIN hY, svfl pRgtfvy dI afjLfdI df hY. qusIN koeI iPlm bxfAuNdy ho qF bvfl AuWT KVHdf hY. pyNitMg bxfAu qF bvfl. lyKk nUM vI ilKx qoN pihlF ds vfr socxf pYNdf hY ik ies ivwc iksy dI Bfvnf nf afhq ho jfey aqy afpxI jfn afPq ivwc nf pY jfey. duwK dI gwl ieh hY ik srkfr ies sB kuwJ qy jF qF cuwp hY jF KrUdIaf dy nfl KVI njLr afAuNdI hY. aijhy ivwc sMsikRqI df ivkfs ikvyN ho skdf hY?"
            2003 ivwc jdoN mwD pRdysL ivwc poNgf pMizq aqy 'ijn lhOr nhIN vyiKaf' nftkF df mMcn sLurU hoieaf qF BgvF ibRgyz (RSS) dy vrkrF ny jMm ky ivroD pRdrsLn kIqf aqy dohFL nftkF nUM rukvfAux dI koisLs kIqI prMqU ies nfl hbIb dy ierfdy KMzq nhIN hoey blik bulMd hoey aqy Auh afpxy nftkF rfhIN alK jgfAuNdy rhy. ibnf zry, ibnf Gbrfey. afpxI pRiswDI reIsI afrfm qoN kohF dUr Auh sfrI Aumr sVk, nuwkV aqy lok jIvn dy afdmI bx ky qurdy rhy. AuhnF imwtI qoN nftk cuwky aqy dunIaF Br ivwc ies imwtI dI KusLbo lY ky gey aqy apfr pRiswDI hfisl kIqI.

PrsL qoN ars qwk phuMcy dysI hbIb dy dysI klfkfr
            CqIsgVH df lok nftk hY- nfcf, bhuq hrmn ipafrf, hfs ivaMg aqy sMgIq dI iqRvyxI-sUrj zubdy nfl sLurU huMdf hY qy pUrI rfq cl ky cVHdy sUrj qoN pihlF Kqm huMdf hY. ipMzF dIaF BIVF vhIrF Gwq ky afAuNdIaF hn qy nfcf dy rMg ivwc rMgIaF jFdIaF hn. sQfnk lokF dy ies sQfnk lok sMgIq nftk ivwc kMm krn vflf sQfnk klfkfr sI-goibMdrfm inrmlkr, jo afpxI hI dunIaF ivwc msq sI. lokF df mnorMjn krn vflf lok klfkfr bws ies qoN vwD kuwJ nhIN. goivMd ny ikqoN kuwJ nhIN iswiKaf bws 'nfcf' dyK dyK ky vIh sflF dI Aumr ivwc pYrF ivwc GuMGrU bMn ley qy lwg ipaf nwcx qy bx igaf nfcf klfkfr. ieMJ hI ikqy sbwb nfl hbIb qnvIr dy 'Dwky' cVH igaf, bws qrfisLaf igaf. afidm klfkfrI qF Aus aMdr peI hI sI isrP mOkf imlx dI jLrUrq sI. hbIb dy 'nvF QIeytr' df nvF afritst bx igaf afAux sfrf 'nfiek' dI BUimkf iml geI qy rol iml igaf crndfs cor df . bws iPr kI sI hbIb sfihb dI AusqfdI ivwc cwl igaf cmqkfr goibMd df[[[ qfVIaF[[[ sLfbfsL[[[ vfh vfhI[[[ qy pqf nhIN kI kuwJ hor pRfpq hoieaf qy aKIr gwl dysL dy sB qoN vkfrI purskfr pdm sLRI qwk phuMc geI. ikqy Auh afgrf bjLfr ivwc 'kwkVI vflf' bxdf, bhfdr klfirn ivwc ipMz df gONtIaf, imwtI dI gfVI ivwc mYqryX, molIar dy nftk burjUaf jYNtlmYn ivc hfs ivaMgfqmk pfqr lflf sLohrq byg vrgy vwzy rol kIqy[[[[ iPr Auh mOkf vI afieaf ik ijs klfkfr ny afpxI afrjU pYrF c GuMgrU bMn ky ipMzF dIaF swQF ivwc nwc ky mnorMjn krn qwk sImq krn leI sI Aus df pRdrsLn aMqrrfsLtrI nft smfroh, aYiznbrf lMzn vrgy vkfrI myly ivc 52 dysLF qoN swdy aMqrrfsLtrI QIeytr gruwpF dy ivckfr hoieaf qy 'crndfs cor' nftk nUM aqy ies dy nfiek goibMd rfm inrmlkr nUM ies myly ivc ivsLv rMgmMc df srv AuWc snmfn pRfpq hoieaf aqy ies qoN bfad ies nftk df mMcn 17 hor dysLF ivc hoieaf. goibMd rfm nUM pihlI vfr hvfeI jhfj cVHn df mOkf aYiznbrf jfx smyN pRfpq hoieaf. Aus qoN bfad Auh inrMqr hbIb aqy hor sfQI klfkfrF nfl arsL aqy PrsL (hvf qy XQfrQ) dy lok aiBnY dIaF AucfeIaF qy Auzdy rhy. crndfs cor dI pRiswDI dyK ky pRiswD iPlm inrdysLk isLafm bYnygl ny iPlm 'crndfs cor' bxfeI ijs ivwc goibMd rfm ny iPr aiBnY kIqf.
            crndfs cor dy 'crndfs' vrgy nfiek-nfiekfvF dI prMprf ivwc iesy qrF CwqIsgVH dy anyk lok klfkfr afAuNdy gey. dfAu mhF isMG cMdrfkr, dulfr isMG mMdrfjI, iPdf bfeI mrkfm, dyvdfs bMjfry, sUrjbfeI KFzy, iksmq bfeI dyvfr bgYrf bgYrf[[[[ ieh sfry klfkfr afpxy nfl lok klf dI iek ivrfsq lY ky afey, Aus lok klf nUM hbIb ny afpxI sfDnf nfl hor qrfisLaf, AuhnF nuM rfsLtrI, aMqrrfsLtrI mMcF qwk pCfx duafeI, nf isrP iehnF lok klfkfrF nUM blik pUrI CwqIsgVHI sMsikRqI nUM aqy iesy ivwcoN afpxy 'nvF QIeytr' df nvF eIzIam isrijaf.

ieMJ bxdIaF ny imwQF
            iksy afdmI dy nf nfl jdoN imwQF juVjdIaF hn qF ieh Aus dI hrmn ipafrqf, vzwpx aqy pRiswDI dIaF insLfnIaF huMdIaF hn. hbIb qnvIr vrgy lok ijhVy sfrI Aumr lokqf leI kMm krdy rhy, hOlLI-hOlLI lok klfkfr bx gey. AuhnF dy afpxy nftkF dI jmIn lokDfrf, lok sMGrsL aqy lok mfniskqf dI sI. Aus dy klfkfr, Aus dy kQFnk, Aus dIaF ivDIaF qy qknIkF Aus dI smwgrI aqy iewQoN qwk ik Aus dy nftkF dy nF vI 'lokqf' df hI prqO hn. hbIb ny lokqf ivwcoN sLkqI pRfpq kIqI aqy moVvyN rUp ivc lokqf nUM vI sLkqI idwqI. ieAuN hbIb imwQF nUM pirBfisLq krdf krdf lok mnF ivc Kud iewk imwQ vFg sQfpq ho igaf. Aus ny afid vfsI ipCokV qy iewk nftk iliKaf aqy Aus df nF vI Aus ny afpxI lokDfrf ivwcoN ilaf:-
gFv kf nfm ssurfl, myrf nfm dfmfd
            nftk bhuq mkbUl hoieaf. kmfl ieh hoeI ik ieh nF lok mnF dI pRqIinDqf krn vfly hbIb pRymIaF ivwc eynf hrmn ipafrf hoieaf ik bfad ivwc jd Kud hbIb qy zfikAuNmYNtrI iPlm iqafr hoeI qF lok Dfrf dI ieh imwQ pwky qOr qy Aus nfl juV geI qy Aus zfikAuNmYNtrI df nF rwiKaf igaf:
            gFv kf nfm QIeytr, myrf nfm hbIb
            hux jdoN vI BfrqI lok CwqIsgVHI lok Dfrf nUM Xfd krngy qF ijwQy ieh quk duhrfAuxgy:
gFv kf nfm ssurfl, myrf nfm dfmfd
AuWQy ieh quk vI brbs hI mUMhoN inklgI:
gFv df nfm QIeytr, myrf nfm hbIb
ieMJ bxdIaF ny imwQF qy ieMJ bxdy ny lok klfkfr.

vfild dI vsIaq aqy pUrI-aDUrI iewCf df ikwsf:
            hbIb sfihb aksr kihMdy sn ik iewCf pUrI hoxf jF nf hoxf koeI jLrUrI nhIN, iewCf df hoxf hI sB qoN jLrUrI hY. hbIb dy vfild XUsP jeI kbIly dy sn. qnvIr qKwls dI jLrUrq AuhnF nUM sLfierI dy Jws vyly peI. bfbf ny nf rwiKaf sI-hbIb aihmd. ies qrF pUrf nF bxdf sI hbIb aihmd XUsP jeI Kfn qnvIr. hbIb sfihb aksr vfild dI vsIaq df ijkr krdy hoey kihMdy huMdy sn :
            afKrI vkq vfild dIaF do iewCfvF sn. pihlI df ijLkr Auh aksr krdy sn ik Aus sUdKor ihMmq lfl dy 19 rupey 75 pYsy lfjmI vfps kr dyvIN. awbf ny ieh pYsf ivafj qy ilaf sI. Auh ivafj qy pYsf lYx aqy dyx dohF nUM gunfh mMndy sn aqy ihMmq lfl dy ivafj krn Auh Kud nUM pUrI qrF gunfhgfr mMndy rhy sn. vsIaq ivwc awbf ny ikhf sI ik mYN pysLfvr jrUr jfvF. ihMmq lfl qF kdy imly nhIN lyikn pysLfvr jfx leI keI koisLsF kIqIaF. 1958 qoN bfad pysLfvr jfx leI bhuq jwdojLihd kIqI. 1972 ivc kfbul igaf Aus smyN mYN sFsd sI. kfbul qoN pysLfvr bhuq nyVy hY. Aus vkq bMglf dysL alwg ho igaf sI. myry dyKdy dyKdy keI lok Bwj rhy sn, prysLfn ho ky svfq qoN (svfq GftI) ieh sB mYN Kud dyiKaf sI, Aus dOr ivwc. mfhOl ivwc qxfa Guilaf hoieaf sI. pysLfvr jfxf nfmumikn ho igaf sI. vwzy BfeI aksr pysLfvr dy KLUbsUrq bfjLfr ikwsf KfnI, Coly qy myivaF df ijLkr bVy cfa nfl krdy sn. suixaf sI ik AuWQy lok ipsqy bdfmF nfl jLybF Br ky afpxy kMm qy jFdy hn. pysLfvr jfx dI iewCf bhuq qyj ho rhI sI lyikn vIjLf isrP krfcI qwk df hI sI. AuWQy lyKkF ny vI myry leI keI koisLsLF kIqIaF prMqU jfieaf nhIN jf sikaf. iewk vfr jlflfbfd gey sI. AuWQy Kfn abduwlf guPfr nfl pysLfvr aqy sLvfq GftI bfry keI gwlF hoeIaF. prMqu AuWQoN vI pysLfvr nhIN sF jf sikaf. 1990 ivwc Bfrq srkfr ny iewk pRqIinD mMzl lfhOr, krfcI qy ieslfmfbfd ivwc QIeytrI gqIivDIaF leI ZuwkvF mfhOl qlfsLx leI Byijaf sI. asIN 'afgrf bjLfr' dy pRdrsLn leI jgHf lwBxI sI prMqU pRdrsLn vflIaF QfvF ivwc ikqy pysLfvr df ijkr nhIN sI. pysLfvr dy QIeytr bfry mYN kfPI kuwJ suixaf hoieaf sI. AuWQy bhuq  byhqr QIeytr styj hY, Auh dyKxf cfhuMdf sF. pfiksqfn aQfirtI ny bfrzr DuKx df hvflf idwqf aqy ikhf ik asIN quhfnUM AuWQy nhIN Byj skdy. mYnUM 'afgrf bjLfr' leI vwzI styj cfhIdI sI ijs ivc 52 lok af skx. suixaf hoieaf sI ik pysLfvr df afzItorIam ies leI byhqr hY. nfl hI vfild sfihb dI iewCf pUrI krn dI hsrq vI isr cuwk rhI sI. aQfrtI nUM dwisaf qF AuhnF ny bVI musLikl nfl do idn leI pysLfvr jfxf sMBv bxfieaf. awbf kihMdy sn ik pysLfvr jfxf qF cplI kbfb Kfxf mwq Buwlxf. mYN pysLfvr dy dosqF nfl ies df ijLkr kIqf qF AuhnF ikhf ik qusIN do idn leI iewQy afey ho aqy aPsos ieh hY ik ieh dovyN idn 'mItlYs' idn hn. pysLfvr ivwc eynf gosLq KfDf jFdf hY ik agr do idnF leI srkfrI rok nf hovy qF eId qy gosLq pUrf nhIN ho skdf. nfl hI do idnF ivwc hor iewCf pYdf ho jFdI hY. clo myrI iksmq nhIN sI ik cplI kbfb KfDf jfvy, lyikn iPr vI bfp dI vsIaq pUrI kIqI, ies df skUn sI.
            1972 ivc srkfr vwloN iewk PLurmfn imilaf ik pqf lgfE ik kfbul ivwc QIeytr vrksLfp ho skdI hY jF nhIN. mYN vwzy BfeI swjLfd jLhIr nfl kfbul phuMicaf. kfPI pINdy hoey asIN kfbul ivwc QIeytr dIaF gwlF kIqIaF. AuWQy jbrdsq lok QIeytr hY. aPLgfn dIaF qvfiePLF df nfc lgfqfr cldf hY. iPr vI ieh rfeI brfbr hY. AuWQoN df kfPI sfrf Pok afrt ajy vI dwibaf ipaf hY. aYnrjI nfl BrpUrI AuhnF dy mUvmYNt bhuq AUrjf nfl Bry hoey hn aqy KUbsUrq vI hn. qvfiePLF df nfc qkrIbn KuwlHy QF qy huMdf hY jF iPr knfqF lf leIaF jFdIaF hn. ipCly bYNcF qy drsLk bYTy rihMdy hn. mYN qy swjfd AuWQy hI bYTy. cfh, kfPI mUMgPlI ivk rhI sI. iehI mnorMjn sI Aus vkq dy aPgfinsqfn df. klf nfl lbflb BrpUr mfhOl sI ho Auh.
            AuhnF lokF nUM lY ky QIeytr vrksLfp krn dI hsrq sI. lyikn hflfq bdly aqy 1990 qoN bfad eysLIafeI QIeytr nUM joVn leI kIqy jfx vflf kMm ruk igaf. klcrl mUvmYNt bMd ho geI. hflFik asIN ieMqjfr kr rhy sF ik hflfq bdlxgy qF vrksLfp ho jfeygI. bsMq dy mOsm ivwc iewk tokrI afeI, zrfeI PrUt dI, ies ivc koeI mYsj nhIN sI- bws eynf iliKaf sI-"ksLmIr iesLLU rfeIjL." asIN smJ gey ik hux AuWQy zrfmy leI koeI jmIn nhIN bcI hY. ies qrF ieh hsrq aDUrI hI hY.

iewCf nf pUrI hox df duKd pRsMg
            hbIb sfihb cly gey, sLfied afpxI Aumr krky, sLfied afpxI bImfrI krky qy ieh vI ikqy lgdf hY ik Auh afpxI Aumr qy bImfrI nUM kuwJ smF hor ijwq lYNdy, prMqU hbIb sfihb cly gey afpxy tuwty supny krky, srkfr dIaF bdnIqIaF qy nlfiekIaF krky. bkOl sLkyb jlflI: "hbIb sfihb dy sfzy koloN cly jfx df iewk kfrn mYN vI jfxdf hF. Auh kfrn ijs ny nf kyvl AUhnF nUM sfQoN dUr kIqf blik hbIb sfihb dy supinaF nUM vI qoiVaf hY."
            jI hF hbIb sfihb df iewk supnf sI ik Auh klfkfrF leI mwD pRdysL ivc iewk nvF QIeytr bxfey, ijs ivwc iek hI Cwq Qwly kflkfrF leI Auh sfrIaF suivDfvF hox jo iek afm klfkfr nUM nhIN iml skdIaF. klfkfr dI ijs pIVf nUM hbIb sfihb dUr krnf cfhuMdy sn Auh pIVf kdy AuhnF ny Kud JwlI sI. drasl hbIb sfihb ijhVf nvF QIeytr bxfAuxf cfhuMdy sn, Aus dy leI kyNdr aqy rfj srkfr qoN Auh lMmy smyN qoN mMg kr rhy sn. AuhnF nUM sfl 2000 ivwc idwlI dy bygusrfey ivwc jmIn dy idwqI geI lyikn bfad ivwc jdoN 'Kyz ipMz' dI gwl cwlI qF AuhnF qoN jmIn Koh leI geI. hbIb sfihb ny hfr nhIN mMnI aqy afpxy sMGrsL nUM jLfrI rwiKaf. Aus ny afpxI mMg aqy Xojnf bfry qqkflI muwK mMqrI idgivjY isMG nUM vI dwisaf.
            idgivjY isMG ny sfl 2000 ivwc hI rfjDfnI Bopfl kol bfvVIaF klf ipMz ivc 60 eykV jmIn alft kr idwqI. hbIb sfihb afpxy ruwJyivaF krky kuwJ dyr AuWQy kMm nhIN sLurU kr sikaf. ies gwl df Pfiedf AuTf ky iewk sQfnk BU mfPIey ny Aus jmIn qy kbjLf kr ilaf. mfmlf sQfnk adflq qwk igaf aqy sfl 2005 ivwc adflq ny hbIb sfihb dy pwK ivwc PYslf suxfieaf. ies qoN bfad hbIb sfihb aqy AuhnF dy sLfigrdF ny iml ky Aus jmIn qy 'nvF QIeytr' mqlb 'globl vrksLfp' bxfAux df kMm sLurU krn dIaF iqafrIaF kr leIaF. ies dOrfn hbIb sfihb iewk vfr Pyr ruwJ gey qy iewk vfr iPr 'nvF QIeytr' bxfAux dI gwl afeI geI ho geI. ies qoN bfad jun 2008 ivc hbIb nUM pqf lwigaf ik AuhnF dI jmIn qy lwgy ruwK kwty jf rhy hn qF Auh iPr duKI ho gey. mfmly dI sUcnf rfjDfnI dy sLfhpurf Qfxy ivc idwqI lyikn AuWQoN Brosy qy lfiraF qoN vwD kuwJ nf imilaf. jdoN klYktr mnIsL rsqogI nUM pqf lwigaf qF AuhnF ny qurMq mfmly ivwc dKlaMdfjI kIqI aqy kbjLfDfrIaF nUM AuWQoN htfieaf. prMqU vfr vfr iehI islislf cldf irhf. vfr vfr srkfr nUM Xfd krfieaf igaf. prMqU nqIjLf AuhI-pYNcF df ikhf isr mwQy[[[[[[[[ afiKr Auh idn vI af igaf jdoN hbIb afpxy tuwty hoey supny dI lfsL smyt ies dunIaF qoN ivdf ho igaf. sLfied hbIb nUM afpxy aMqm smyN df aihsfs ho igaf sI, ies leI AuhnF ny iewk mhInf pihlF nvyN QIeytr leI afpxy sLfigrdF dI iewk kmytI bxf idwqI.
            hux sB qoN mhwqvpUrx suafl ieh hY ik jdoN hbIb sfihb Kud afpxy supny nUM pUrf nhIN kr sky qF kI koeI hor kr skygf? sMBfvq qOr qy asIN juafb 'hF' ivwc hI cfhFgy, lyikn ies dI guMjfiesL bhuq Gwt hY. hF qd ho skdf hY jykr hbIb sfihb dy qmfm sLfigrd qy hor klfkfr iml ky srkfr dy mgr pY jfx. ieMJ hoxf hI cfhIdf hY.

afKrI gwl
Aumr df afKrI ihwsf[[[ BivwK df ibhqr Bfrq isrjx df KMzq supnf[[[ lok QIeytr Ausfrn dy rfh ivwc afeIaF aVcxF ny hbIb nUM Audfs kr idwqf qy 2005 ivc ivwc hmsPr mooinkf (ijs nUM hbIb ny byieMqhf ipafr kIqf) dy ivCoVy nfl hbIb iblkul tuwt igaf. Aus dy bfad vI agr Auh ijMdf sn qF ies dI vjHf sLfied AuhnF dIaF rfhF ivwc dOVdf rMg krm sI, jo Aus nUM afpxy qYa kIqy imsLn nUM pUrf kIqy ibnf jfx dI iejfjq nhIN sI dy irhf qy Auh afpxy iesy supny dI pUrqI leI afKrI dm qwk lVdy vI rhy pr ikqy nf ikqy sLfied AuhnF nUM afpxI 'alivdf' df aihsfs ho igaf sI, iesy krky Auh afpxy afiKrI idnF ivwc afpxI ijLMdgI dy axCUhy pihlUaF nUM klmbwD krn dy kfrj ivwc lwg gey sn qy Auh ies nUM jldI qoN jldI pUrf krn dI iewCf df ijLkr keI vfr afpxy pRymIaF aqy sLuB icMqkF awgy kr vI cuwky hn. iqMn KMzF ivwcoN pihlF KMz svYjIvnI df mukMml hoieaf ijs ivwc Aus ny sLurUafqI sMGrsL qoN lY ky rMgmMc nUM nvF rUp dyx leI kIqIaF koisLsF df vyrvf drj kIqf hY. dUsry Bfg ivwc Auh afpxI qy moinkf dI pRym khfxI dy axCUhy pl smytxf cfhuMdy sn qy qIsry Bfg ivc AuhnF icwqrF df sMgRih drj krn cfhuMdy sn ijhVy hbIb qnvIr dI hoNd aqy sMGrsL dI khfxI ibafndy. pihlf KMz pUrf ho igaf. dUjy KMz ivwc Auh pRyimkf qoN pqnI bxI moinkf imsLrf nfl juVIaF XfdF nUM ajy guMdx lwgy hI sn ik AuhnF qy bImfrI df hmlf hoieaf qy AuhnF dI ijLMdgI ieWQy hI af ky Tihr geI qy nfl hI Tihr geI svYjIvnI[[[ kuwJ pUrI qy kuwJ aDUrI. kOx krygf pUrI ikAuNik hbIb qnvIr kdy kdy hI pYdf huMdy hn.

brsI qy ivÈyÈ
bfbf-ey-ÊËl
dIpk jYqoeI/
hrdm isMG mfn
pRDfn,
lok swiBafcfr ivkfs mMc,
jYqo (PrIdkot)94177-31091

          pMjfbI dy bfbf-ey-ÊËl aqy Ausqfd Èfier mrhUm dIpk jYqoeI pMjfbI sfihq aqy pMjfbI Ëubfn dI iek mfxXog sMsQf sn. AunHF afpxy jIvn dy Cy dhfky mF bolI pMjfbI df kfivk ichrf mohrf sMvfrn aqy pMjfbI BfÈf ƒ dUjIaF BfÈfvF dy hfx dI bxfAux ihq smwripq kIqy. AunHF df jnm iËlf PrIdkot dy ieiqhfsk ksby jYqo ivc iek sfDfrn pirvfr ivc mfqf vIr kOr dI kuwKoN ipqf ieMdr isMG dy Gr hoieaf. mfipaF ny AunHF df gurcrn isMG rwiKaf. bVI CotI Aumr ivc hI AunHF dy aMdr kfivk ikrn jfgI aqy AunHF qIjI jmfq ivc pVHidaF afpxy iek dosq ƒ icwTI ilKI jo kivqf dy rUp ivc sI. ieh icwTI hI AunHF dI ÈfierI df afÊfË sI. bfad ivc AunHF ÈfierI dI qih qwk jfx aqy ÈfierI dIaF bfrIkIaF smJx leI mujrm dsUhI ƒ afpxf Ausqfd Dfiraf aqy ÊËl qy kivqf dy Kyqr ivc Auh ‘dIpk jYqoeI` dy nF nfl cricq hoey.
          jnfb dIpk jYqoeI ny jdoN ÊËl Kyqr ivc pYr Diraf qF Aus smyN AurdU ivdvfn pMjfbI ƒ gMvfrF dI BfÈf kih ky afKdy sn ik pMjfbI ivc ÊËl ilKI hI nhIN jf skdI. AurdU ivdvfnF qoN ielfvf pMjfbI ivdvfnF df vI ivcfr sI ik ÊËl AurdU BfÈf dI isnÌ hY, arbI coN afeI hY aqy ieh pMjfbI BfÈf nfl myl nhIN Kf skdI. aijhy mfhOl ivc dIpk jYqoeI pMjfbI ivc ÊËl dI rcnf krn dy kfrj ƒ iek cYilMj vjoN kbUl krky ies Kyqr ivc lgn, imhnq aqy idRVqf nfl Auqry. inrsMdyh AunHF dI aQfh Gflxf sdkf hI pMjfbI ÊËl styjF dI rfxI aqy kvI drbfrF df iÈMgfr bxI. AunHF dy hmsÌr Ausqfd Èfier zf[ sfDU isMG hmdrd, ipRMsIpl qKq isMG aqy Tfkur BfrqI nfloN AunHF dI ivlwKxqf ieh sI ik AunHF ÊËl dy pfsfr leI bkfiedf qOr qy ‘dIpk ÊËl skUl` dI sQfpnf kIqI aqy ies sMsQf rfhIN Auh afpxI roËfnf iËMdgI coN lgfqfr keI GMty isKFdrU aqy puMgrdy ÈfierF ƒ ÊËl dI sUKmqf, rUpk pwK, Ëubfn dI suhjqf, kivqf ivclI sMgIqfimkqf aqy BfÈf df igafn vMzx leI lfAuNdy rhy. AunHF hmyÈf ieh gwl qy pihrf idwqf ik sMgIqfimkqf qoN ivhUxI koeI vI sfihqk rcnf kivqf jF ÊËl nhIN ho skdI.
          ieh bhuq Gwt lok jfxdy hn ik Ausqfd dIpk jYqoeI bhuq hI AuckotI dy gIqkfr vI sn aqy AunHF dy anykF gIq pRiswD gfiekf mrhUm nirMdr bIbf dI surIlI afvfË ivc irkfrz hoey aqy ‘afh lY mfey sFB kuMjIaF DIaF kr cwlIaF srdfrI`, ‘ gwl soc ky krN qUM ËYldfrf vy asF nIN knOV JwlxI`, ‘juwqI lgdI hfxIaF myry vy puwt nf pulFGF lMmIaF` afid keI gIq pMjfbIaF dI Ëubfn qy aijhy cVHy ik lok gIqF df drjf hfsl kr gey. AunHF Dfrimk gIqF dI rcnf vI kIqI ijnHF ivc ‘sfkf cFdnI cOk` aqy ‘gurU nfnk dyv dIaF sfKIaF` (dovyN aYl[pI[) pRiswD kMpnI aYc[aYm[vI[ ivc irkfrz hoey aqy ienHF ny ivkrI df vI iek irkfrz kfiem kIqf. gIqkfr dIpk jYqoeI df ies Kyqr ivcoN mn AudoN Aucft ho igaf jdoN iËadfqr gIqkfrF qy gfiekF ny gIqkfrI aqy gfiekI ƒ pYsy kmfAux dy DMdy qwk sImq kr ilaf.
          pMjfbI ÊËl ƒ mkbUlIaq df ruqbf hfsl krvfAux vfly Ausqfd Èfier dIpk jYqoeI dIaF iek drjn qoN vwD pusqkF pRkfiÈq ho cuwkIaF hn ijnHF ivcoN ‘mflf ikAuN qlvfr bxI` (mhFkfiv), ÊËl dI KuÈbU, ÊËl dI adf, dIpk dI loa, myrIaF coxIaF ÊËlF, ÊËl df bFkpn, afh lY mfey sFB kuMjIaF, ÊËl kI hY, mfzrn ÊËl sMgRih, BrQrI hjI (kfiv nft), BulyKf pY igaf (khfxI sMgRih), smF ËrUr afvygf (nftk sMgRih), iskMd gupq (sMsikq qoN anuvfidq) afid rcnfvF kfbil-iËkr hn. pMjfbI ivc pihlf ÊËl dIvfn ‘dIvfny-dIpk` ilKx df ÌKr vI AunHF dy ihwsy hI afieaf hY.
          pMjfbI Ëubfn aqy ÊËl pRqI afpxI smuwcI iËMdgI aripq krn vfly Ausqfd Èfier dIpk jYqoeI ƒ byÈwk srkfry drbfroN bhuqf mfn snmfn nhIN imilaf pr pMjfb aqy hirafxf dI Èfied koeI vI aijhI vwzI sfihqk sMsQf nhIN ijs ny ÊËl dy ies bfbf bohV ƒ bxdf mfx snmfn dy ky afpxy PrË dI pUrqI nf kIqI hovy. AunHF ƒ ÈromxI pMjfbI kvI snmfn, zf[ sfDU isMG hmdrd aYvfrz, krqfr isMG DflIvfl aYvfrz, bfbf-ey- ÊËl aYvfrz, mIr qkI mIr aYvfrz aqy hor anykF sfihqk aYvfrzF nfl invfijaf igaf.
           pMjfbI ÈfierI ƒ bulMdIaF pRdfn krn vfly ies mhfn Èfier ny afpxI sfrI iËMdgI PwkrF vFg ibqfeI pr afpxy Aucyry ÈOk brkrfr rwKy. qMgIaF qurÈIaF AunHF dI iËMdgI df aihm aMg bx ky rhIaF, keI vfr Pfky kwtx qwk vI nObq afeI pr sdky jfeIey Aus mhfn pMjfbI spUq dy ijs ny aijhy hflfq ivc vI afpxI axK, ÊYrq aqy svYmfx ƒ Tys nhIN lwgx idwqI. ies dI imsfl ienHF qwQF qoN vI huMdI hY ik dyÈ dy pRDfn mMqrI dy ahudy qy ibrfjmfn rhy sRI atwl ibhfrI vfjpfeI AunHF dy gUVHy imwqr sn aqy aksr hI kvI drbfrF ivc Auh iekwiTaF Èfml huMdy sn pr dIpk jYqoeI ny afpxy nfsfËgfr hflfq ivc vI sRI vfjpfeI qwk afpxI afriQk mMdhflI dI iBxk nhIN pYx idwqI.
          ies swcfeI qoN vI munkr nhIN hoieaf jf skdf ik jo mkbUlIaq, Èuhrq aqy snmfn drvyÈ Èfier dIpk jYqoeI ƒ imilaf, Auh Èfied hI iksy pMjfbI Èfier dy ihwsy afieaf hovy. aMq 12 PrvrI 2005 ƒ pMjfbI ÊËl df ieh sUrj hmyÈf leI asq ho igaf aqy AunHF dI mOq nfl pMjfbI ÈfierI dy iek ÌÉr Xog aqy sunihry aiDafie df aMq ho igaf.


gVvf Audfs hY - ky sfDU isMG

Jrny vFg vihMdy iehnF ÈbdF ƒ Blf kOx Buwl skdf hY:
jy muMizaf qUM sfzI tor vy vyKxI,
gVvf lY dy cFdI df
vy lwk ihwly mjfjx jFdI df[[[[[
asF kuVIey nI qyrI tor nf vyKxI,
awg lfAuxf gVHvf cFdI df
nI lwk tuwt jU hulfry KFdI df

aijhy ÈbdF df rcnhfrf pMjfbI gIqF df ÈihnÈfh ieMdrjIq hsnpurI awj sfzy ivckfr nhIN hY. Aus df hoxf ikMnf sihj sI qy nf hoxf ikMnf asihj hY. JFjrF vflI muitafr Audfs hY, morF vrgI tor vflI mjfjx Audfs hY, Aus tor dI lck ƒ vyKx vfly gBrU Audfs hn qy gVvf Audfs hY

pMjfbI gIqF df vxjfrf aqy pMjfbI iPlmF df sLfh asvfr ieMdrjIq hsnpurI imqI 9 akqUbr 2009 nUM dunIaF nUM alivdf afK igaf. hsnpurI dI gIq hI nhIN sn ijAuNdI jfgdI ijMdgI sI. ieMdrjIq hsnpurI df jnm 19 agsq 1932 qy gurusr suDfr ivKy (nfnkf ipMz) sR jsvMq isMG Tykydfr dy Gr hoieaf jsvMq isMG sr soBf isMG kol inwky Tykydfr vjoN kMm krdf sI. sr soBf isMG pRiswD lyKk KusLvMq isMG df bfpU hY. ieMdrjIq hsnpurI dI Aumr ajy 15 sfl sI jdoN Aus dy isr bfpU dI CF Kuws geI. pqf Bgvfn kOr pirvfr nUM lY ky ipMz hsnpur af geI. pUry pirvfr dI ijMmyvfrI hsnpurI dy moiZaF qy afx peI. luiDafxf ivKy nO lwKf isnymy dy sfhmxy pyNtr vjoN ijMdgI surU kIqI. iPlmI qrjF qy gIq kivqfvF ilKdf qy gfAuNdf vI. As dI rIJ sI Aus df nF vI grfmoPon irkfrzF qy drj hovy, ijvyN nMd lfl nUrpurI df nfm Cwpdf sI.

sfDU huMdy rwb vrgy, jy muMizaf myrI qor qUM vyKxI, gVvf lY dy cFdI df, lwk ihwly mjfjx jFdI df, idwlI sLihr dI kuVI, myly luiDafxy dy jwt myl krvfAuNdf' vfly hsnpurI dI klm nfl cFdI rfm cFdI, nirMdr bIbf, suirMdr kOr ,pRkfsL kOr, ky dIp, jgmohx kOr hrcrn gryvfl, krnYl igwl, hMs rfj hMs, srdUl iskMdr, pflI dyqvflIaf, kuldIp mfxk, pMmI bfeI huxIN lokF dy idlF `c Cf gey. hsnpurI dy gIq ienHF gfiekF leI rotI df sbwb vI bxy, AuQy irkfrz krIdIaF dI lokF `c pCfx bxI. pRiswD gjLl gfiek jgjIq isMG vI hsnpurI dI bdOlq pMjfbI iPlmF ivwc ipwTvrqI gfiek bixaf. hsnpurI ny afpxf ruwK iPlm ngrI vwl kIqf[[[bMbeI jf ky sMGrsL kIqf "qyrI myrI iewk ijMdVI" "dfj" "suwKI pirvfr" iPlmF df inrmfx kIqf. "mn jIqy jwg jIq" gorI dIaF JFjrF" "mF df lfzlf" "corF nUM mor" "lONg df ilsLkfrf" "motr imwqrF dI" "pfpI qfry anyk" "Drm jIq" "POjI cfcf" "Xmlf jwt" "jY mfqf dI" "duwK BMjn qyrf nfm" iPlmF `c gIq vI ilKy.

isafl dI rfq sIrIal leI gIq ilKy, "dhyj" "sMgrfm" "vkq ky sLihjfdy" "Cotf sf mOsm" ihMdI iPlmF ihMdI sIrIal "ktI pqMg" dy gIqF dI isrjxf vI hsnpurI ny kIqI. dUrdrsLn leI tYlI iPlmF "sfzf ipMz" "AujfV df sPLr" "khfxI suirMdr rfmpurI" KyqIbVI XUnIvristI leI zfkU mYNtrI iPlmF "mClI pflx" "gMnf kfsLq" "kMZI eyrIey dI AuWnqI" bxfeIaF. "hsnpurI dI klm qoN aONsIaF" "iËMdgI dy gIq" "smyN dI avfj" "jobn nvF nkor" "rUp qyrf rwb vrgf" "myry ijhI koeI jwtI nf" "gIq myry gIq rMg KusLbU" "rOsLnI" " ikrqI" ikrq kryNidaF "guru drsLn" (bfl gIq), "GuMm nI BMmIrIey" (bfl gIq) ikwQy gey idn Auh aslm, "mOqI pMj dirafvF dy" ikqfbF rcIaF geIaF. hsnpurI ny

*           'dunIaF qF lVdI ey
            koeI qKq jF qfj leI
            dsmysL ipqf liVaf
            ies pwg dI lfj leI'
*           "guruU dsLmysL ipafry
            qyry ny coj inafry
            klgIaF vfilaf qyrI
            sLfn inrflI.'
*           inwky inwky do Kflsy
            KVy nIhF `c pey muskfAuNdy
            Drm inBfeIdf ikvyN
            Coty vwizaF nUM ieh smJfAuNdy
*           rfvI idaF pfxIaF
            qUM kuwJ qF ivcfr vy
            qyrI godI ivwc bYTI
            swcI srkfr vy'

            vrgy Dfrimk gIqF nfl ieiqhfs ivwc ihwsf pfieaf. purfxy gIqF ivwc:

*           myrf kI ksUr swsIey
            myiraF BrfvF mYnUM nsLf sI ipafieaf.'
*           rMg coa ky prFq ivwc pY igaf
            nI Duwp `c pkfeIaF rotIaF'
*           ZfeI idn nf jvfnI nfl cldI
            kuVqI mlml dI
*           cuwly awg nf GVy dy ivwc pfxI
            CiVaF dI jUn burI

*           lONg df ilsLkfrf beI lONg df ilsLkfrf

*           crKf myrf rMglf ivwc sony dIaF myKF
            vy mYN qYnUM Xfd krF jd crKy vwl vyKF
            (jgjIq isMG, icqrf isMG)

*           qyrIaF muhwbqF ny mfr suwitaf dws kI krF

*           jdoN vI bnyry boly kF
            mYnUM qyrI shuM vy myry swjxf
            mYN aOsIaF pfAuxI aF
            vy af jf idl jfnIaF

            84 dy dMigaF AuprMq hsnpurI ipMz hsnpur muV afieaf. 1992 ivwc hsnpurI nUM mohx isMG PFAUNzysLn vwloN s[ pUrn isMG bihmI aYvrz nfl invfijaf. BfsLf ivBfg vwloN sRomxI purskfr dy ky snmfn kIqf. ihMd pfk dosqI leI 'ies kMizaflI qfr ny, iewk idn Puwl bnxf' amr gIq dI rcnf hsnpurI ny kIqI.

*           CyqI kwZ myrI dfqI dy qUM dMdy
            Lluhfrf qyrI imMnq krF
            bfkI Pyr qUM mukf leIN sfry DMdy
            luhfrf qyrI imMnq krF

            moey zMgrF df jo lfhy
            cmVf Auh cimafr bxy
            jINdy bMidaF df jo lfhy
            cMn Auh iewjqdfr bxy
            ies ainaF dy huMidaF suMidaF
            suMdr ikvyN sMsfr bxy

           lVI cwl nHyiraF dy nfl imwqrf
            iewk dIvf buJy dUaf bfl imwqrf

           qyV lIrF iZwzoN BuwKI
            rhy jfn myrI suwkI
            mYN Kjfnf iPrF cuwkIN
            lwgy zfkU jhI rfiKaF dI awK aMmIey
            nI mYN KoqdI bgfny KyqI kwK aMmIey

           qoV idaFgy jbr dIaF jMjIrF nUM
            bdl idaFgy dysL dIaF qkdIrF nUM

           puwq ies gwl df rwKIN cyqf
            nyqf df puwq bxdf nyqf
            nyqf bx kursI mwlo
            kursI mwl ky lwutI cwlo
            luwt luwt ky lokF qfeIN
            afpxy aMdr suwtI cwlo
            luwtI cwlo luwtIN cwlo[[[[[

           kihMdy dysL ajfd ho igaf
            mYN kihnF brbfd ho igaf.

           nf bxnf ptvfrI, munsLI
            nf cuwkxI nyqf dI JolI
            mYN qF byby sfD bxUMgf
            pVHn dy mfr qUM golLI
            mYN qF byby sfD[[[

           mYN snmfn krvfAuxf ey
            roklo ikhVf rokU
            pwilAuN pYsf lfAxf ey
            rook ikhVf rokU
            ieh gIq kvI drbfrF dI sLfn rhy hn.

amn bfry hsnpurI ny ieh ilK ky pihl kIqI
            jy smJy sMsfr A aslm
            amn ndI mF hY ipafr E aslm
            soco smJo aMq ivcfro
            ipafr jMg dI mOq hY Xfro

            nf mYN iswK sI
            nf qUM musilm
            dovyN hI iensfn sI afpF
            swc puwCyN Bgvfn sI afpF

            mF qoN vwzf kOx ey jwg qy
            mF qF sB qoN vwzI huMdI
            mF dy pYrF dy ivc jMnq
            mF qF rwb qoN vwzI huMdI

            af lokF nUM loaF vMzIey
            ipafr dIaF KusLboaF vMzIey
            nHyry dIaF kMDF nUM ZfeIey
            nPLrq vflI vfV jlfeIey
            30 apRYl 2006 nUM rcnf 'mF Gfh qy iqqlIaF' lok arpx smyN pMjfbI Bvn luiDafx ivKy zf[ amrjIq isMG gryvfl dI aflocnf dI ikqfb irlIj hoxI sI. dono smfgmF df smF iewk sI. hsnpurI nUM sfhmxy afAuNdy dyK ky zf amrjIq horF ny afiKaf, "lAu hsnpurI sfihb af gey ny, smfgm sLurU kr lYny hF . qd hI hsnpurI iswDf spft jvfb idwqf ik nf qusIN mYnUM swidaf hY nf hI mYN quhfzy pRogrfm dI koeI jfxkfrI hY mYN qF 'mF, Gfh qy iqqlIaF' lok arpx sLfml hox leI afieaf hF. qusIN afpxf pRbMD kro.

hsnpurI aksr ibjlI df ibl Auqfrn leI myry kol dPLqr afAuNdy qF afpxf nvF gIq kivqf mYnM suxf jFdy nfly ibl jmHF krvf jFdy. mYN jdoN vI AunHF nUM koeI kivqf suxfAuNdf qF Auh koeI Xog ivcfr dy jFdy. hsnpurI jdoN afpxI rcnf bfry koeI ivcfr myry qoN mMgdy qF mYnUM ies gwloN AuhnF dI mhfnqf bfry pqf lwgdf.

hsnpurI BfvyN srIrk qOr qy ivCV igaf pRMqU Aus dI 50 sflF dI gIq sfDnf sdf sfzI rihnumfeI krdI rhygI. AunHF dI ijMdgI dI rcnf pVHn vfly sfzy isrP pMjfbI hI nhIN, blik sfry Auh pMjfbI lok awj AunHF dI Xfd ivwc Audfs ny, afAu hsnpurI dI rcnf pVHdy hoey ijMdgI dy hfx dy bxIey. muhwbq dy dIvy jgdy rKIey.

nkslI lihr dy
iËMdf ÈhId drÈn dusFJ/

jsvIr kOr mMgUvfl
Email: hirajasvir@yahoo.ca

‘‘mYƒ KMjr nfl mfro
jF sUlI qy tMg dyvo
mYN mr ky vI
cuigrdy ivwc ibKr jfvFgf.
qy quhfƒ hr isr ivwcoN
myrf hI aks idwsygf .''
ieh Èbd hn, ienklfbI lihr df mfx, gihrf icMqk, rfjnIqIvfn, jQybMdk lyiKk, rMgkrmI aqy smyN smyN mOq dIaF awKF ivwc awKF pf ky qwkx dIaF imsflI iprqF pfAux vflf pMjfb df julIas iPAUck drÈn dusFJ huxF dy, ijs ƒ iËMdf ÈhId krky vI jfixaf jFdf hY. Auh jfqF, DrmF ielfikaF qoN AuWpr sI. ijs dI iËMdgI iewk iPlmI khfxI ijhI hI jfpdI hY. 12 sqMbr 1937 ƒ pwCmI bMgfl dy klkwqf Èihr ivwc jnmy drÈn dusFJ bcpn ivwc afpxy jnm dyx vfly mF-bfp dI buwkl df inwG nf mfx sky. Aus ƒ ipMz dusFJ klF dy hËfrf isMG qy hrnfm kOr ny goNd lY ilaf ijnHF dI JolI aOlfd qNo swKxI sI.AuWDr drÈn dI mF ny afriQk mËbUrIaf, QuVF dy kfrn afpxy ijgr dy tukVy ƒ ies joVI ƒ eIÈr isMG rFhI dy idwqf.pr Auh afpxy bwicaF ƒ nfl lY ky drÈn ƒ imlx afAuNdI rhI, Aus dy bwcy vI Aus nfl Kyzdy. 1947 dI iPrkU vMz ny dihÈq df ieho ijhf nMgf nfc nwicaF ik sdIaF qoN moh ipafr nfl rihMdy lok iewk dUsry dy duÈmx bx gey.dusFJ df pirvfr ipMz dusFJ klF af igaf.iewk vfrI ipMz iksy muMzy ny bMgflI hox df myhxf mfr idwqf. Aus ny mF qNo puwiCaF mF ny ienkfr kr idwqf. Auh ivCVn dy zr krky ibmfr pY geI, ibmfrI qy sdmy krky mF dI mOq ho geI. Aus ny iËwd krky afpxy ipAu qoN puwC ilaf.ipAu ny eIÈr isMG df aYzrYs dy idwqf . pr jdoN Auh eIÈr isMG kol igaf qF Aus ikhf ik kfkf dMigaF qo ipwCoN nhIN dyKI. Aus aMdr DuMdlIaF XfdF muV surjIq ho geIaF. Auh inkl quiraf afpxy jnm dyx vfly mF ipAu dI Bfl ivwc . Auh klkwqy dIaF glIaF, bsqIaF, bËfrF aqy nvIaF AusrdIaF iemfrqF hr QF gwl kI hr aOrq ivwcoN Auh afpxI jnm dyx vflI mF Bfldf irhf. jdoN GroN ilaFdf pYsf muwk igaf qF Auh ryl gwzIaF, bËfrF qy bws awizaF qy bunYxF, gubfry, BFzy, juwqIaF, bwicaF dy iKzOxy, BMbIrIaF, bwicaF dy Kfx dIaF cIËF vycdf irhf pr KflI hwQ vfps afieaf Auh afpxI kivqf ivwc ilKdf hY.

‘‘vyloN tuwitaf mYN Pl koeI
jF aMbr df qfrf,
KuMijaf Kbry ikhVI mF df
puwqr iewk amuwlf.''

Auh vfps ipMz af igaf pr sfrI iËMdgI Aus df klkwqy nfl moh irhf, jdoN vI Auh klkwqy jFdf qF Aus ƒ AuQoN dI imwtI iKwcdI qy AuWQoN dI hvf ivwcoN apxypn dI mihk afAuNdI. jdoN Auh ipMz dy skUl pVHn lwgf qF pVHfeI ivwc bhuq huiÈafr, cMgf iKzfrI, vDIaf qYrfk, swc bolx vflf qy grIb mËdUrF dy hwk ivwc KVHn vflf ieh sfry gux Aus ny bcpn ivwc hI gRihx kr ley sI .dsvIN pfs krn AuprMq drÈn ƒ qlK hkIkqF df sfhmxf krnf ipaf jdoN Aus ny iewk imwl mËdUr vjoN kMm krnf ÈurU kIqf.Aus ny imwl kfimaF nfl huMdy durivvhfr qy KUn psIny dI kmfeI krdy ikrqIaF dy GrF ivwc nwcdI awKIN izwTI, hwzIN hMZFeI grIbI ny Aus dy kfljy BFbV bfl idwqy.ÊrIbI ÊulfmI qy ÊrIbI kfrn PYly duwKF df aihsfs Aus ƒ ho cuwkf sI, ik mflk ikvyN mËdUrF dI myhnq, hwk supinaF qy armfnF ƒ zkfr jFdyy hn.Auh afpxI kivqf ivwc ilKdf hY:-

‘‘myrf pyt huMdf nf rotI qoN KflI,
horF leI mrny df jyrf nf huMdf.''

gdrIaF qy ikrqIaF df pRBfv kbUldf pIVq vrg dI mukqI qyy aËfd iPËf leI iewko iewk sMpUrn hwl sMpUrn ienklfb hY qy ieh mfrksvfd ivcfrDfrf aDIn hI kIqf jf skdf hY. mfrksvfd hI iewk aijhI ivigafnk ivcfrDfrf hY, jo myhnqkÈ dy supinaF df smfj isrj skdI hY.Auh KuÈhYsIaqI tYks ivruwD nrMdr dusFJ dI inrdyÈnf hyT Kyzy jFdy nftk ‘‘ËorI mMgy dfn vyy lflo`` ivwc Bfg ilaf qy puils igRÌqfrI vI hoeI. iPr Auh juigMdr bfhrlf dI nftk tIm duafrf lwgI vrkÈfp ivwc drÈn dI imwqrqf afqmjIq isMG surivMz ijs df aslI nF rfTf isMG sI nfl hoeI . afqmjIq dI jIvn sfQx mihMdr kOr jo duafby dI sI qy drÈn vI duafby df hox krky bolI iewko ijhI hox krky BYx Brf dy irÈqy ivwc ieho ijhy bwJy ik Aumr Br afKrI sfhf qwk KUn dy irÈiqaf qoN AuWpr dI sFJ kfiem rhI qy drÈn dusFJ ny vI afqmjIq dI mOq qoN bfad BYx imMdr kOr dy pirvfr dI hr ijMmyvfrI inBfeI. Aus dy cfry puwqrF dy ivafh afpxy hwQIN aMqrjfqI krky swcy kimAuinst dI imsfl pyÈ kIqI. 12 sqMbr 1970 ƒ drÈn dusFJ joigMdr isMG dy KUh qoN PiVaf igaf, rivMdr isMG jgqpur iewk idn pihlf puils ny PVH ilaf ijs qo iewQy rwKI mIitMg bfry pqf lwg igaf sI puils ny rivMdr df nvF Èihr lfgy ipMz durgfpur dy BwTy kol JUTf mukfblf bxf ky ÈhId kr iwdwqf puils ny sfrf ielfkf Gyr ilaf kfmryz ƒ mMjy qy pey ƒ dboc ilaf. puils PVH ky bMigaF dy Qfxy lY geI. puwC-igwC kIqI kuJ pwly nf ipaf qF qÈwdd ÈurU ho igaf ‘‘postr lIPlYt Cfpx df kMm ikwQy huMdf? hiQafr qy ivsPot bxfAux dI PYktrI ikwQY hY? pfrtI ,afgUaF dy nF afid bhuq sfry Byd jfnx dI koiÈÈ kIqI pr kuJ nf dwsx qy byrihm lfTIcfrj, mfnisk dbfa, ipÈfb nfl Bry mwt kol KVHy rwKxf, hwQ pYrH bMn ky Cwq nfl tMgI rwKxf afid bhuq sfry gYr mnuwKI qsIhy idwqy gey pr Auh ieiqhfs dy mhfn nfiekf ƒ Xfd krky azol icwq sB kuwJ sihMdf irhf. Èrfb nfl Duwq hoey puilsIaF vwloN pihlF qF kuwt kuwt ky lwqF qoVIaF geIaF iPr QVHy AuWpr iltf ky Qfxydfr lwqF qy iewtF mfrn lwg ipaf. lwqF df kcrf bxf idwqf.ies qÈwdd bfry pRiswD juJfrvfdI kvI drÈn KtkVH afpxI kivqf ivwc ilKdf hY:-

‘‘icxy nIhF ivwc jfeIey
jF lwqf cUr krvfeIey
srhMd dI dIvfr hovy
jF Qfxf bMigaF df``

Aus dI sUrmgqI ƒ ibafn krdIaF keI dMd kQfvF bx geIaF.kyvl kOr qy imMdr kOr vwloN idwqI aslI iensfn dI khfxI nfvl ny drÈn ƒ bhuq ihMmq idwqI. jlMDr bfr aYsosIeyÈn dy pRDfn drbfrf isMG dI agvfeI ivwc nkslIaF dy muPq kys lVy gey. aYzvokyt hrBjn sMGf qy hridafl isMG ny vI muPq kys lVy.22 meI 1975 ivwc hoey sUrfnUsI kFz ivwc sfQI ijMdf qF QF qy hI ÈhId ho igaf. pr dusFJ dy iewk golI KwbI lwq ivwc iewk CfqI dy Kwby pfsy, iewk bFh ivwc, iewk ipwT ivwc mfrI Auh golIaF nfl pruMinaF hox dy bfvjUd vI puils ƒ llkfrn dI ihMmq rwKdf sI. Aus ƒ pfxI nf idwqf ielfj nf krvfieaf lwq kwt idwqI zI[aYs[pI ikÈn isMG hspqfl afieaf .drÈn vwl nÌrq nfl dyiKaf roab nfl boilaf ‘‘hux jf ky gurduafrf lwB leIN, qyrf ho igaf ienklfb.qF isrVI dusFJ df kihxf sI,‘‘ mYN gurduafry nhIN bihMdf. myrIaF BFvy dovy lwqF vwZ idE, mYN isr prny qur ky vI ienklfb dI imÈfl jgfeI rwKx dI ihMmq rwKdf hF.nfly quhfzf jbr mYƒ ienklfb dy rfh qoN QVkf nhIN skdf.jy mYN mr muwk vI igaf qF hor bVHy kfmryz ny quhfzIaF DOxF lfh ky ihsfb ikqfb cuwkdf kr dyxgy`` drÈn guwsy ivwc llkfiraf sI.drÈn dy jylH huMidaf hI drÈn qyy rivMdr dy PVHy jfx qy sohx lfl joÈI ƒ doÈI smJ ky mfr idwqf pr drÈn swcfeI jfxdf hox krky ies nfl aishmq sI jdo Aus dI mF qy mfsI jylH ivwc afAuNdIaF qF drÈn ƒ kihMdIaF ‘‘sohx ƒ imilaF bVf icr ho igaf, puwq ƒ afKIN ikqy iml jfvy.‘‘mF qrlf lYNdI qf Aus df gwc Br afAuNdf iesy qrHF hI ipMz mMgUvfl df hI rfm ikÈn ikÈU sI jo ‘afpixaF` dI hI golI df iÈkfr ho igaf sI dusFJ ny jylH qoN af ky ienHF dI mOq dI jFc krvfeI, ÈhIdF df drjf duafieaf ÈhIdF dI vMgfr ivwc Èfiml krvfieaf. dusFJ jMgjU ispfhIaF dI qrHF sfihq dy Kyqr ivwc ivciraf Aus ny jUJ rhy mnuwKF df sfihq ricaf nvMbr 1994 ivwc ‘‘lUxI DrqI`` kfiv sMgRih iliKaf jo myhnqI vrg dI pIVf, qVP, Twgy jfx df aihsfs, aKOqI rfjsI aËfdI, sUrmgqI duafly kyNdrq hY.

‘‘iCV peI crcf hY iks dI kOx hY Auh sUrmf
srGIaF dy bol jo KyqF ‘c sfzy gf irhf``

jF

‘‘awKF ‘c awKF vkq dy
zrdy ny ijhVy pfAux qoN
boJ afpxy afp df
-iks qrHF ZoNdy ny lok``

jF

‘‘myrf nF kI puwCdy ho
mY iewk Btkx hF
qy mYƒ qlfÈ hY
Aus kuwK dI jo DuwpF jMmy``

zf[ srbjIq dy ÈbdF ivwc ‘‘ijwQy ieh kivqf ivcfrDfrk cyqnf nfl AuWQy Auh kfivkqf vI bxfeI rwKdI hY``. drÈn dusFJ dI dUjI ikqfb ‘‘aimwt pYVF`` ienklfbI lihr ivwc Xogdfn pfAuNx vfly AunHF hIiraF dI dfsqfn hY jo puils dI golI df iÈkfr nhIN hoey pr lihr leI QMm bxy rhy. AunHF dI kurbfnI lgn qy krm nuM ‘‘aimwt pYVF`` rfhIN rUpmfn kIqf. mMgl isMG mMgf, pRo[ rfm Èrn nygI, kyvl kOr qy hor bhuq sfry swcy suwcy bwbrF dI gfQf ilK ky amr krn dI koiÈÈ kIqI.drÈn dusFJ dI kurbfnI, pRqIbwDqf aqy lgn sdkf Auh rfjnIqk qy sfihqk Kyqr ivwc hmyÈf cricq rhy. sfihqkfr Aus dy jIvn, AudyÈ qy sMGrÈ ƒ afpxIaF rcnfvF df ivÈf bxfAuNdy rhy .suKpfl sMGyVf ny iewk dihÈq psMd dI zfierI nfvl, ijs qoN lok klf mMzI muwlFpur ny nftk iqafr krky iewk meI, 2001 ƒ pMjfbI Bvn ivwc Kyizaf ies ivwc ies gurIly dI jIvn gfQf rfhIN Aus dI bhfdrI ƒ pyÈ kIqf. ajmyr iswDU ny ijwQy drÈn dusFJ dI jIvnI ‘‘ qurdy pYrF dI dfsqfn`` qy iewk khfxI ‘‘idwlI dy ikMgry`` vI ilKI.drÈn KtkVH, iekbfl Kfn, jsvIr dIp afid bhuq sfry lyiKkF ny rcnfvF rfhIN drÈn dusFJ dI sUrmgqI ƒ pyÈ kIqf.drÈn dusFJ sfrI iËMdgI hI iewk lwq nfl ienklfb leI jUJdf irhf pr pfrtI dIaF PuwtF, sfQIaF dI vPfdfrI nf inBfAux dI swt ny Aus dy idl qy gihrf asr pfieaf. Auh afpxI kivqf ivwc ilKdf hY:

‘‘imly jo dosq vI mYƒ
myry gmKfr nf inkly
ikvy idl KolH ky rwKF
Brosf hI nhI bwJdf``

sfzy Gr dusFJ df afAuxf jfxf myryy bcpn qoN sI.myry zYzI jI dy bfhr jfx qoN bfad isafxy bjurgF vFg sfzf iKafl rwiKaf, sfƒ cMgy mnuwK bxfAux dI koiÈÈ kIqI. jdo mYN AunHF ƒ iekwlqf ivwc inrfÈ dyiKaf qf mYN kih idwqf qusI kdy nf mihsUs kirE ik myrf koeI bwcf nhIN, mYN quhfzI DI hF. ienHF Èbdf ny mYƒ qy dusFJ ƒ irÈqy ivwc bMnH idwqf jo AunF dI mOq qwk qy myrI sfrI iËMdgI kfiem rhygf.AunHF aMdr iewk bhuq hI nrm idl vI DVkdf sI. hr irÈqy ƒ moh ipafr siqkfr nfl inBfieaf hI nhI sgo mfx vI idwqf. Auh ikhf krdy sn:-

‘‘mYN iËMdgI ƒ
Auh arQ dyvFgf
ik mOq qoN ipwCoN
iËkr myrf jy iCVy
qYƒ nmoÈI hox nhIN lwgI ``

brsfqF ivwc Aus dI lwq gl jfxI . Auh lgfqfr ibmfr rihx lwgy pr Auh Aus idVRqf nfl hr ibmfrI nfl lVdy rhy pr julfeI 2000 ivwc ibmfrIaF df hmlf qyË ho igaf. Auh anykF ibmfrIaF dy cOqrÌy hmly ƒ pCfVn leI iËMdgI mOq df sMGrÈ lVn lwgy .srkfrI hspqfl aMiMmRqsr ielfj krvfAuNidaf ies sMgrfmIey dI hflq gMBIr ho geI . ies qoN ipwCoN neIar hspqfl aMimRqsr dfÉl krvf idwqf ijwQy Auh 19 agsq 2000 ƒ svyry iqMn vjy sdIvI ivCoVf dy gey.




lflf lfjpq rfey df muafÌInfmf-
mFzly jylH qoN ilKy do pwqr

(jy iehnF ieh KLq pVHx qoN bfd vI koeI sLwk rih jfvy qF gdrI bfbf hrjfp isMG dI zfierI dy pihly 15 ku sPLy hI pVH lieE - sMpfdk)

ieh dovyN pwqr pRiswD KojI (mrhUm) BfeI nfhr isMG aYm[ ey[ ny lwBy sn qy idwlI qoN Cwpdy rhy 'afrsI' nF dy pRiswD mfsk rsfly ny afpxy PrvrI 1969 dy aMk ivc Cfpy sn. jdoN pMjfbI XUnIvristI pitaflf dy pRo[ swiqaf aYm rfey ny ienHF pwqrF bfry pRiswD ÊdrI bfby gurmuK isMG nfl gwl kIqI qF AunHF ny iesƒ lihr nfl ÊdfrI aqy nMgf icwtf muafÌInfmf krfr idwqf sI. sR: ajIq isMG (cfcf sLhId Bgq isMG) ny vI lflf lfjpq rfey vwloN ilKy gey ienHF pwqrF df bhuq burf mnfieaf sI. ienHF pwqrF dI pUrI iebfrq ies qrHF hY:

icwTI 1[
syvf ivKy,
ihË aYksIlYNsI vfiesrfey
qy gvrnr jnrl afÌ ieMzIaf
qy aDIn dys

hËUr dI syvf ivc invydn hY - quhfzf inmfnf PirafdI iek srkfrI kYdI hY, jo mFzly (apr brmf) dy iklHy ivc bMdI hY, ijs ƒ lfhOr ivc igRÌqfr kIqf igaf sI qy quhfzy hukm nfl jlfvqn kr ky ies QF Byijaf igaf. ieh hukm hËUr dy aiDkfr hyT 7 meI 1907 ƒ kwiZaf igaf.
quhfzy ies PirafdI ƒ nf qF AudoN aqy nf hI hux qwk Aus dUÈx jF AunHF dUÈxF, ijnHF ƒ afDfr bxf ky 1818 dI Dfrf 3 dy aDIn hËUr vwloN kfrvfeI kIqI geI, dy suBfv qy vyrvy bfry dwisaf igaf.
quhfzf ieh PirafdI kdy vI aijhf kuJ krn leI qFG nhIN sI rwKdf, ijs df AudyÈ Bfrq dy ÈihnÈfh dI slqnq dy iksy ihwsy dy ivruwD huwlV mcfxf hovy. quhfzf ieh PirafdI bVy siqkfr, pr Ëor nfl qrdId krdf hY ik Aus ny kdy vI aijhI koeI gwl nhIN kIqI ijs sdkf ieh Dfrf Aus ivruwD lfgU ho skdI hovy.
quhfzf ieh PirafdI bVy siqkfr nfl qrdId krdf hY ik Aus dy igRPqfr krn dy smyN jF Aus qoN kuJ pihlF jF iPr kuJ ipwCoN, kdy vI, bfdÈfh slfmq dI ihMdusqfn dy slqnq dy iksy ihwsy ivc iksy BFq df Auicq sMsf nhIN sI, ijs qoN bcfE leI quhfzy ies PirafdI dI igRPqfrI qy jlfvqnI ËrUrI jF dlIl pUrbk hovy.
quhfzy ies PirafdI df XkIn hY ik Auh duÈmxF vwloN phuMcfeI geI JUTI qy mMdBfvnf vflI jfxkfrI df siLkfr bixaf irhf hY qy bixaf hoieaf hY. jF iPr Aus ivruwD irportF pwKpfqI jF ÊlqPihmI ivc pey aiDkfrIaF dy iksy BulyKy jF sMsy 'qy afDfrq hn.
quhfzf ieh PirafdI bVy siqkfr nfl arË krdf hY ik iensfÌ qy hk-inaF dy nF AuWqy Aus ƒ Aus ivruwD lgfey gey doÈF qoN jfxU krvfieaf jfvy, qF jo Auh hËUr dy ivcfr gocry afpxf pwK rwK sky.
quhfzf ieh PirafdI hmyÈf hI afpxy inmfxy ijhy ZMg nfl sdf ÈFqmeI kMmF ivc ruiJaf irhf hY aqy afpxy vsIilaF qy igafn anusfr iviBMn ZMgF nfl afpxy dyÈ vfsIaF dI syvf krdf irhf hY, ijhf ik isÉÈf ƒ PYlfx df kMm, XqImF jF ivDvfvF dI shfieqf leI dfn iekwqr krnf, kfl dy smyN kfl pIVqF leI dfn iekwTf krnf qy vMzxf aqy 1905 dy BUcfl smyN bxI vwzI BIV vyly lokF ƒ shfieqf dyxI. iqMn sflF dy smyN qwk Auh pMjfb dy iek ngr ivc imAUNspl kimÈnr irhf. ipCly 25 sflF dy lMmy smyN ivc Aus 'qy kdy vI ihË mYjstI dI srkfr ivruwD iksy qrHF dy koeI vI kMm krn df doÈ nhIN lgfieaf igaf jF sMdyh nhIN kIqf igaf. quhfzy ies PirafdI vrgI inmfxI QF-iQq vfly ÈKs leI ies qrRF iek dm afpxy pRvfr qoN vwK ho jfx aqy afpxy ruËgfr dy vsIilaF qoN vFJy jfx nfl bVI duKdfeI avsQf ivcoN lMGxf pY irhf hY. vwzI gwl qF ieh hY ik Aus ƒ pqf hI nhIN ik Aus nfl ikAuN ieAuN hoieaf qy iPr Aus ƒ jvfb dyhI df mOkf nhIN idwqf igaf. quhfzf ieh PirafdI qF asfD apc df rogI hY, Aus df ijgr aqy myhdf Krfb rihMdf hY, iqlI vDI hoeI hY aqy Aus ƒ Xrkfn vI ho jFdf hY qy Auh keI keI mhIny inswqf ho ky ipaf rihMdf hY, ieh iek aijhI scfeI hY ijs dI qswlI lfhOr ivc Aus dy ielfj krdy zfktrF qoN kIqI jf skdI hY. quhfzf ieh PirafdI ies smyN AunINdry dI bImfrI df siLkfr hY. iek Epry dyÈ ivc lMmy smyN qwk dI kYd, qy iek aijhy jlvfXU ivc jo Aus leI EprI hY qy ijQy ksrq leI coKy mOky nhIN, ijQy Gr dIaF shUlqF nhIN, aijhy jIvn dI suMÖ qy akf dyx vflI ieksfrqf syyhq 'qy kfÌI burf asr pf rhI hY. quhfzf ieh PirafdI arË guËfrdf hY ik ihË aYksIlYNsI ien kONsl Aus dI irhfeI df hukm dyx, jF Aus ivruwD lgfey gey dUÈx jF dUÈxF qoN Aus ƒ jfxU krfx, jy iksy kfrn hËUr myrI ieh inmfxI arË pRvfn nf kr skdy hox, qF hjUr ikRpf krky ies inmfxI Pirafd ƒ Bfrq dy ÈihnÈfh muhqimm dy ivcfr gocrf rwKx.
jdoN qwk ies Pirafd 'qy ivcfr nhIN ho jFdI, AudoN qwk hËUr ies PirafdI AuWqy ikRpf idRÈtI kridaF ienHF gwlF dI afigaf dyx.
(A) ieQoN dy rihx vfly inwjI nOkr dI syvf qy sfQ dI shUlq
(a) aMgryËI qy ihMdusqfnI aÉbfr pVHn dI afigaf ijnHF ibnHF ieh PirafdI bhuq iekwlqf ijhI mihsUs krdf hY. ies PirafdI AuWqy ikRpf idRÈtI kridaF hoieaF ieh vI dwsx dI imhrbfnI krnI ik Aus ƒ kdoN qwk ieQy kYd rwiKaf jfvygf. ieh imhrbfnI qy hwk-inaF dy bdly quhfzf ieh PirafdI hËUr dI dIrG afXU leI pRfrQnf krnf afid, afid, afpxf PrË smJygf.
mFzly Ìort zÌirn
hËUr df inmfxf PirafdI
29 jUn 1907 lfjpq rfey afÌ lfhOr

icwTI 2[
myjrnfmf

syvf ivKy, afdrXog
ieMzIan rfj pRbMD sbMDI skwqr
ibRitÈ pfrlImYNt, lMzn.
hËUr dI syvf ivc invydn hY
1[ quhfzf ieh PirafdI srkfrI kYdI hY aqy mFzly (brmf) dy iklHy ivc bMd hY. ies ƒ lfhOr ivc igRPqfr kIqf igaf sI qy 'vrMt afÌ kimtmYNt' dI qihmIl ivc ies QF jlfvqn krky Byijaf igaf. suxvfeI dI imqI 7 meI 1907 sI, qy ieh vrMt 1818 dI Dfrf 3 dy aDIn hËUr gvrnr jnrl afÌ ieMzIaf ien kONsl dy aiDkfr hyT jfrI kIqy gey.

2 ies PirafdI ƒ nf qF igRPqfrI smyN aqy nf hI ipwCoN Aus dUÈx jF AunHF dUÈxF bfry dwisaf igaf ijnHF dy afDfr 'qy Auprokq Dfrf dy aDIn Aus ivruD kfrvfeI kIqI geI.

3[ quhfzy ies PirafdI ny awgy iek ibnYpwqr ivc, jo hËUr vfiesrfey qy gvrnr jnrl afÌ ieMzIaf ƒ Gilaf igaf, iliKaf sI ik Aus ny aijhf koeI kMm nhIN kIqf ijs krky Auprokq Dfrf inaF-pUrvk Aus AuWqy lfgU ho sky, Aus ny kdy aijhI koeI kfrvfeI nhIN kIqI jF krn dI kosiLÈ nhIN kIqI ijs nfl hËUr dI Bfrq dI slqnq dy iksy ihwsy ivc 'huwlV' micaf hovy jF mcx dI sMBfvnf hovy. hkIkq qF ieh hY ik PirafdI dI igRÌqfrI smyN aijhy iksy 'huwlV' mcx df koeI zr nhIN sI. quhfzf ieh PirafdI JUTI sUh df siLkfr bixaf hY, jo Aus dy ivruD Aus dy duÈmxF jF pwKpfqI srkfrI aiDkfrIaF ny, afpxf pwK pUrn leI idwqI aqy ik jy Aus ƒ dyÈ inkfly dy kfrnF bfry dwisaf huMdf qF AunHF bfry afpxI jvfbdyhI hËUr qy kONsl dI qswlI leI dyNdf.

4[ PirafdI ƒ Aus ivruwD lgfey gey dUÈxF qoN iblkul aigafq rwiKaf igaf hY qy Auh koeI insicq ibafn dyx qy afpxI inrdoÈqf dy sbUq dyx dI siQqI ivc nhIN hY. ikAuN jo aÉbfr pVHn dI afigaf nhIN idwqI geI. ies leI quhfzf PirafdI gvrnmYNt afÌ ieMzIaf dy 'ikafsy afDfrF' dI KMznf jF jvfbdyhI dI siQqI ivc nhIN. pRMqU Auh afdr nfl ieh duhrfx dI KuwlH lYNdf hY ik gvrnmYNt afÌ ieMzIaf dI kfrvfeI, jo 1818 dI Dfrf 3 dy aDfr 'qy Aus ivruD kIqI geI, Auh ainaF pUrbk qy byloVI hY, aijhI kfrvfeI leI avsr bixaf hI nhIN sI aqy ieh Dfrf itkvyN rfj pRbMD dy idnF leI aqy quhfzy ies PirafdI ijhy ÈKs leI jo jIvn ivc inmfxI QF rwKdf hY, nhIN mMnI geI sI.

5[ quhfzf ieh PirafdI ieh vI ibnY krdf hY ik Aus ny lfhOr jF rfvlipMzI dy PsfdF ivc koeI Bfg nhIN ilaf, Aus ny iswDy jF proKy ZMg nfl iksy ÈKs ƒ gVbV mcfx leI AuqÈfh nhIN idwqf, Aus ny koeI rfj Droh vflf BfÈx nhIN idwqf, aqy srkfr vwloN cuwky kuJ kdmF, jo Aus dI igRPqfrI dy Jt ku pihlF dy smyN jF AunIHN idnIN lokF dy idl mwlI bYTy sn, df KMzn kridaF Aus ny kfƒn qy ivDfn dIaF hwdF nhIN AulMGIaF, Aus ny kdy vI nivrqI leI aihMsk jF gYrkfƒnI ivDIaF apnfx df pRcfr nhIN kIqf, nf hI Aus ny kdy aijhy ÈKs nfl sbMD rwKy hn, jo Aus dI smJ anusfr aijhIaF ivDIaF df pRcfr krdf hovy. Aus ivruD jo ieh sMdyh kIqf jFdf hY ik Aus hËUr dI BfrqI POj dy ispfhIaF ƒ hËUr df vÌfdfr nf rihx leI vrglfieaf hY, ieh iblkul inrmUl hY, quhfzy PirafdI ƒ qy AunHF nfl sMcfr rwKx df kdy iksy qrHF df avsr hI nhIN bixaf.

6[
PirafdI bVy afdr nfl ieh ibnY krdf hY ik Aus ƒ ÈKsI afËfdI qoN vFiJaf rwK ky, aijhI kfrvfeI dy afDfr kfrn ƒ dwsy ibnF, Aus ƒ suxy ibnF qy afpxI rwiKaf ivc kuJ kihx df koeI hwk idwqy ibnF, Aus ƒ rwd ky, Aus jfxkfrI AuWqy kfrvfeI krnI jo Aus dI ipwT ipwCy kIqI geI hY aqy Aus ƒ kfƒnI slfh lYx leI shUlqF nf dy ky gvrnmYNt afÌ ieMzIaf, ies avsr AuWqy, iensfÌ qy hwk-inaF dy AunHF pRcwlq asUlF anusfr kfrvfeI krnoN asmrQ rhI hY, ijhVy brqfnvI rfj pRbMD dy sfDfrn gux mMny jFdy hn. ieh PirafdI ieh socx leI smrwQ hY ik ijhVI Dfrf Aus ivruD lgfeI geI hY Auh hux Kqm ho cuwkI eIst ieMzIaf kMpnI df iek gYr sMivDfnk kfƒn sI, aqy cfrtr anusfr imlI ÈkqI qoN bfhrf sI, aqy brqfnvI ivDfn qy brqfnvI kfƒnF dI Bfvnf anusfr 'aiDkfroN bfhrf' sI aqy brqfnvI lok sBf vwloN kdy vI svIkfr jF pRvfn nhIN kIqf igaf sI, Auprokq Dfrf anusfr aYgËYkitv srkfr ƒ hmyÈf leI ieh sdIvI ÈkqI pRdfn kr dyxI ik Auh brqfnvI prjf ƒ adflq ivc ibnF Xog ZMg nfl mukwdmf clfey dy, ÈKsI afËfdI qoN vFiJaF kr dyvy, suBfvk inaF qy kfƒn anusfr cwl rhI srkfr dy sB sMklpF dy ivruwD hY.

7[ ieh PirafdI bVy afdr nfl ibnY krdf hY ik Auprokq Dfrf anusfr ijhVy ÈKsI bMDyj vrnx kIqy gey hn, Auh pRsqfvnf ivc idwqy gey mMqvF ƒ iDafn ivc rwK ky, Aus qoN bfhr nhIN socy jf skdy, aqy Auprokq Dfrf ËfihrI qOr 'qy isrÌ inroD leI hY nf ik Aus ÈÉs ƒ sËf dyx leI ijs AuWqy mukwdmf hI nhIN clfieaf igaf. ies rOÈnI ivc vyiKaf gvrnmYNt afÌ ieMzIaf df ieh PYslf ik PirafdI ƒ aKbfrF nf phuMcfeIaF jfx aqy Aus ƒ iek afpxf inwjI nOkr jF afpxI kOmIaq df iek bfvrcI rwKx dI afigaf nf idwqI jfvy, inaFpUrbk qy loVINdf nhIN ikhf jf skdf, ieh gwl vI inaF pUrvk nhIN ik Aus ƒ afpxy iksy imwqr nfl iblkul hI nf imlx idwqf jfvy qy ieh gwl kr idwqI jfvy ik isrÌ AuhI sbMDI Aus ƒ iml skdf hY ijsny pihlF pMjfb srkfr qoN ies gwl dI afigaf lY leI hovy, qy Auh isrÌ srkfrI aiDkfrI dI hfËrI ivc, inkt bih ky imly. ieh bMdÈF brqfnIaf ivc rfjsI kYdI, jF lok sBf dy iksy ivÈyÈ kfƒn aDIn, ibnF mukwdmf clfey bMdI ivc pfey gey bMdIvfnF nfl kIqy jFdy slUkF dy ivruwD hY. quhfzy ies PirafdI dI iek pqnI qoN keI bwcy hn (ijnHF ivc iek jvfn ivDvf lVkI qy Aus dI bwcI vI Èfml hY) Aus dI sMBfl, isKÈf qy pflx posx dI jiLMmyvfrI hY qy iksy hflq ivc vI PirafdI ƒ bMdI 'c rwKI rwKxf inaF pUrvk nhIN, jdoN ik ikafs kIqy jFdy huwlV df zr hux Kqm ho igaf hY.

8[ quhfzf ieh PirafdI bVy siqkfr nfl ibnY krdf qy idloN AumId krdf hY ik hËUr dI vwzy pRqfp vflI srkfr Aus iensfÌ qy inaF hwk qoN PirafdI ƒ vFiJaF nhIN rwKygI ijs leI brqfnvI kOm qy AunHF dI srkfr pRiswD hY aqy Auh PirafdI ƒ irhfa krn df hukm dyvygI aqy afpxy Gr vfps jfx aqy ijMdgI ivc afpxf sfDfrn pyÈf krn dI afigaf dyvygI.

9[ aÉIr ivc jy hËUr dI srkfr PirafdI ƒ ibnF Èrq irhf qy vfps pirvfr ivc jf ky rihx df hukm dyxf asMBv smJy qF Auh bVI ikRpf idRÈtI kridaF Aus ƒ Aus smyN qwk leI Bfrq Cwz dyx dI afigaf dyvy. ijhVf srkfr Aus bdly ivc nIXq krnf TIk smJdI hovy, aqy Aus ƒ gryt ibRtyn jF XUrp dy mhFdIp jF amrIkf ivc afËfdI nfl rihx dI KuwlH dyvy. quhfzI ies imhrbfnI leI quhfzf PirafdI PrË ivc bwiJaf hoieaf hËUr qy hËUr dy mMqrIaF leI pRfrQnf krygf.

mFzly, Port zÌirn quhfzf PirafdI
22 sqMbr 1907 hËUr df inmfxf dfs
lfjpq rfey afÌ lfhOr

icwTI 3[
ÈhId Bgq isMG dy sfQIaF vwloN
lflf lfjpq rfey jI dy nfAuN KuwlHI icwTI
lflf lfjpq rfey ƒ dyÈ df iek bËurg nyqf mMndy hoey vI, ienklfbI AunHF dy kuJ ivcfrF nfl asihmqI rwKdy sn. lflf jI aqy Bgq isMG dy sfQIaF ivc iek bihs cwl peI sI. nvMbr 1927 ivc lflf lfjpq rfey jI dy nF iek KuwlHI icwTI CfpI geI sI. ies icwTI 'qy dsqKq krn vfilaF nfl ÈhId Bgq isMG df nËdIkI sbMD sI. 22 swjxF vwloN jfrI kIqI geI ies icwTI df anuvfd hyTF pyÈ kIqf jFdf hY.

lfhOr, 18 sqMbr, 1927
ipafry lflf lfjpq rfey jI!
jdoN asYNblI dI cox leI jlsy kIqy jFdy sn qF afp ny iek vfrI ds hËfr ihMdUaF dy jlsy dy sfhmxy afpxy afp ƒ ispfhI hox df aYlfn kIqf sI. iek dUÈx dy Auqr ivc ik afp iek mr cuwky lIzr ho, afp ny ikhf sI ik byÈwk ihMdUaF dy hwQoN iek lIzr jFdf irhf hY pr lIzr dI QF AunHF ƒ iek ispfhI iml igaf hY. afp jI dy ies aYlfn ƒ sux ky asIN vI bVy pRsMn hoey sF ikAuNik asIN vI aijhy lIzrF pfsoN, jo ik rfjsI msilaF sbMDI bVIaF sOKIaF sOKIaF gwlF kiraf krdy sn, qMg afey hoey sF. ipCly Bly idnF ivc jdoN afp bfdlIl lYkcrF ivc ieho afKdy nhIN Qwkdy so ik 'mYN qF qKq lvFgf jF qÉqf' lfhOr dy 16 nOjvfnF ny jo aYlfn 'nOjvfn pMjfb awgy apIl' dy isrlyK hyTF kIqf sI, Aus dy jvfb ivc afp ny AunHF pr ieh doÈ lfieaf sI ik AunHF ny afp pr iek Êlq Dwbf lf ky afp ƒ iek rfjsI mYdfn ivcoN kwZx df Xqn kIqf hY.
ieh dUÈx vyKx qoN vI koJf jfpdf sI. asIN afp ƒ muV mYdfn-ey-jMg ivc ilafAuxf cfhuMdy hF aqy afp ivc ieh ÈqrMjI cflF Kyzx dI jo cfa pYdf ho geI hY, ies ƒ qbfh krnf cfhuMdy hF. afp ny ikhf sI ik ieh qF blfÈivk hn aqy afpxf afgU lYinn mMndy hn. bflÈivk hoxf koeI gunfh nhIN hY aqy awj ihMdusqfn ƒ lYinn dI sB qoN vwD loV hY. kI afp ny ienHF nOjvfnF ƒ sI afeI zI dIaF imhr dIaF nËrF ivc ilafAux dI kmInI kosiLÈ nhIN kIqI afp dI ies burI iewCf ƒ Ìl lwg igaf aqy afp afpxy afp ƒ ies sÌlqf dI vDfeI dy skdy ho. afp ny lMgy mMzI ivc pMjfb dy ienHF nOjvfnF Aupr kyvl ies leI icwkV suwitaf, ikAuNik AunHF ny lokF ƒ aslI-aslI hflfq dwsx df hONslf kIqf. ies idn afp dI cox sbMDI lVfeI df afrMiBk idn sI, pMizq mflvIaf jI ƒ ÈuB afrMiBk kfrvfeI krn leI swidaf igaf sI aqy afp ny kuJ QoVy ijhy pRDfngI Èbd hI Aucfrny sn. afpxy bury kfrnfimaF ƒ dyK ky afp afpxf afp Buwl gey. pMizq mflvIaf ƒ afpxI suBfivk lMbI qkrIr krn df, ijs leI ik Auh iqafr ho ky afieaf sI, smF nf imilaf. afp ny do GMty, sgoN ies qoN vI vwD coKy smyN ivc 'nOjvfn pMjfb awgy apIl' dI kVkvIN afvfË ivc ivroDqf kIqI. afp ny ienHF nOjvfnF pr idl KolH ky dUÈx lfey aqy ienHF ƒ qbfh krn dI kosiLÈ kIqI. afpxI sfrI qkrIr ivc hI afp ny dlIlbfËI ƒ AuWkf hI lFBy Cwz Cwizaf. asIN afp pr hyT ilKy dUÈx lfAuNdy hF
1[ rfjsI iQVkyvF.
2[ kOmI ivwidaf nfl ÊdfrI.
3[ svrfj pfrtI nfl ÊdfrI.
4[ ihMdU musilm iKwcoqfx df vDfAuxf.
5[ mozryt bx jfxf.

ienHF dUÈxF ivcoN iek dI vI afp ny bfdlIl qrdId awj qwk nhIN kIqI. jdoN cox df joÈ mwTf pY igaf aqy asYNblI df smfgm Éqm ho igaf qF asIN bVI icMqf nfl iPr ieh suixaf ik afp dy ijsm ƒ iPr koeI nf koeI bImfrI ho geI hY.
aÌsos ! BYVI ishq sfzy lIzrF df iek afm aMg hY. Auh BYVI ishq hox dI Aus smyN siLkfieq krn lwg jFdy hn, jdoN ik AunHF ƒ ieh pqf lwgdf hY ik koeI nf koeI hux asfQoN ipMzF dy AusfrU aqy jQybMdI dy iekrfrF ƒ pUrf krn sbMDI puwCxf krygf. ieh iekrfr aijhy hn, jo ik hËfrF vfrI kIqy gey, pRMqU pUry kdy nhIN kIqy.
ihwkmq ivwidaf df kfƒn ieh kihMdf hY ik BYVI ishq dI bImfrI kyvl XUrp dy ishqgfhF pr hI TIk huMdI hY, kI ieh gwl swcI nhIN bImfrI dy rokx leI jo rfey zfktr dyx Aus ƒ mMnxoN kOx ienkfrI ho skdf hY. ihMdusqfn iek bwdÉq dyÈ hY aqy jMglF aqy dldlF nfl BrpUr hY. ieQy koeI phfVI sQfn nhIN hn aqy nf koeI ishqgfh hY. ienHF lIzrF df kÈmIr kyvl ietlI dy Auqr ivc hI hY. mrI, msUrI aqy nYnIqfl vI XUrp ivc hI imldy hn, afp jfxdy ho ik afpxy dyÈ dI syvf leI ËrUrI ijAUxf cfhIdf hY. ijMdgI kImqI hY. ieh vI ikhf igaf hY ik ispfhI leI koeI afrfm nhIN hY. Auh mrn Éfqr hI ijAUNdf hY qF ik Auh hmyÈf duwK Jwl rhI kOm dI syvf ivc rihMdf hoieaf hI mry aqy duKI kOm dy vfsqy mrn Éfqr kmrkwsy hoey hI jMg ivc mrnf Aus dI BfrI iewCf huMdI hY.
pRMqU XUrp ƒ qurn qoN pihlF jdoN ik afp ajy ihMdusqfn dI hvf hI Kf rhy sI aqy ihMdusqfn dI DrqI pr cwl iPr rhy sI, qF afp dy aqy afp dy sfQIaF dy bIjy hoey kMzy Aug pey. afp ny 'ihMdUE, mfro.' df pRcfr kIqf sI aqy ihMdU hI mfry gey.
afp jYsy hI hor swjxF ny 'muslmfnoN, mfro!' df pRcfr kIqf, jdoN muslmfnF dy mfry jfx df smF afieaf qy AunHF dy lIzrF ny vI ieh bujidlI idKfeI ik Auh ispfhIaF vflf kMm nf kr sky aqy ies qrHF AunHF ƒ vI kfÌI mfr peI. pRMqU asfzf ispfhI Aus vyly buËidlI idKfAux ivc bhfdr inkilaf. jdoN ihMdU mfry jfx df afpxf ihwsf, sgoN ihwsy qoN vwD lYx lwgy qF afp ny Pst klfs dy gdYilaF pr bYT ky XUrp ƒ qur jfxf hI cMgf smiJaf. afp ny lfhOr dy ihMdUaF dI ies musIbq smyN shfieqf krnoN asmrwQqf pRgt kIqI. cox dy idnF ivc afm qOr 'qy ihMdUaF dI muslmfnF hwQoN rwiKaf krn dIaF zINgF mfiraf krdy sn.

pRMqU aÌsos hY ik ieh sB kuJ afp df cox dI sÌlqf qwk hI mihdUd sI. ies dy sbUq ivc asIN kyvl ieMnf kihxf hI kfÌI smJdy hF ik afp ny XUrp qoN vfps af ky vI lfhOr dy grIb aqy duKI ihMdUaF dI mdd leI lfhOr puwjx dI vI Kycl nhIN kIqI aqy sfƒ pqf nhIN ik afp ny srhwd qoN pfÊl pTfxF dy kwZy hoey ihMdUaF dI rwiKaf leI kI qrIky vrqy hn. ies dy Ault afp iswDy hI siLmly ƒ asYNblI ivc ihwsf lYx leNI aqy afpxy sfQIaF pr qkrIrF df asr pfAux leI cly gey. ibpqf smyN awzf rihxf afpdI bhfdrI df vwzf ihwsf hY.

keI nOjvfn iesqrIaF dy isrF dy sfeIN mr jfx nfl AunHF dI sfrI Aumr duwK BrI aqy iekwlI ho geI, keI kvfrIaF dy siq BMg kIqy jfx krky Auh afpxy aMdr hMJUaF nfl ro rhIaF hn. keI mfsUmF df kql kIqf igaf, qIh lwK jfnF iBafnk nrk ivc dI lMG rhIaF hn. lft pMjfb vI afpxI phfVI arfmgfh Cwz ky ienHF lokF dy bIjy hoey kMizaF ƒ vZfAux leI lfhOr puwjdf hY, pRMqU sfzf ispfhI (lflf lfjpq rfey) ieMnf bImfr hY ik afpxI izAUtI pr nhIN puwj skdf aqy kih Cwzdf hY lfhOr jfx leI grmI bhuq hY aqy ryl dIaF sItF pihlF hI rokIaF jf cuwkIaF hn, rox idE ienHF ivDvf ho cuwkIaF iesqrIaF ƒ aqy XqIm ho cuwky bwicaF ƒ, sfƒ ienHF nfl kI hY. qMgI ajIb-ajIb afdmIaF ƒ iekwTy kr idMdI hY. Élkq sfhmxy, ijnHF pr afp ieh dUÈx lfAuNdy sI ik ieh lokIN afm jnqf dy ieqbfrXog nhIN hn, kI hux AunHF dy dr qoN mMgxf bhuq inwG idMdf hY husiLafr rho ik afdmI afpxy sfQIaF qoN hI jfixaf jFdf hY. kI ieh koeI hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik afp iek mOzryt igxy jfx lwg pey ho jdoN ik afp jI hËUrIaF aqy JolIcuwkF nfl bFh ivc bFh pf ky qurdy ho.

1[ kydfr nfQ sihgl (mYNbr srb ihMd kFgrs kmytI, pRDfn pMjfb pulItIkl sÌrrË kfnPrMs)
2[ mylf rfm vÌf (aYzItr), bMdy mfqrm aqy nYÈnl kflj df purfxf pRoPYsr.
3[ pRym pRkfÈ dyvIÈvr, jnrl skwqr pMjfb snfqn Drm pulItIkl kfnPrMs.
4[ abdl mjId skwqr, pMjfb pRYs vrkrË XUnIan.
5[ Bgvfn crn kOmI bI[ey[, skwqr, kOmI grYjUeyts XUnIan.
6[ nirMdrf nfQ, kOmI bI[ey[ lyt juafieMt aYzItr, BIÈm.
7[ Drm cMd kOmI, bI.ey.
8[ gnpq rfey kOmI, bI[ey[
9[ bfbU isMG kOmI, bI[ey[
10[ jI.afr. drvyÈI, aYzItr imhnqkÈ
11[ krm cMd aYzItr, lfhOr
12[ muhMmd XUsÌ kOmI, bI[ey[ juafieMt aYzItr, akflI
13[ sIqf rfm mfstr, pulItIkl vrkr pMjfb
14[ hridafl ihMdI, sfihqaf Bvn
15[ DrimMdrf kOmI, bI[ey[
16[ sirMdrf nfQ
17[ aYn[ kflm AuWlf
18[ ipMzIdfs soZI, lyt mYnyjr BIÈm lfhOr
19[ DrimMdrf Tfkr, lyt AupdyÈk ihMdU sBf
20[ zfktr ieMdr lfl kpUr
21[ lwDf rfm lyt, aYzItr svrfjIaf alfhfbfd
22[ vyd rfj Bwlf, kOmI bI[ey[



sfihq dy ieiqhfs dI isrVI pYV -

qyrf isMG cMn
- mnmohn isMG dfAUN

afDuink pMjfbI sfihqkfrF dI dUjI pIVHI ivwc, sfihq ƒ lok-cyqnf dI idÈf pRdfn krn vfly lyKkF ivwc sRI qyrf isMG cMn df nF afdrÈXog sQfn rwKdf hY . sfihq ƒ lok-lihr bxfAux ivwc sRI cMn dIaF jQybMdk srgrmIaF sdf Xfd afAuNdIaF rihxgIaF .
‘‘mnuwK afpxf afdrÈ bxfey . Aus `qy zt ky pihrf dyvy . iËMdgI kyvl ijAUx df hI nF nhIN sgoN mnuwK ijs idRÈtIkox ƒ apxfvy Aus ƒ afp hMZfey .`` sRI qyrf isMG cMn df ieh sMklp AunHF dy isrV dI gvfhI Brdf hY . mYN, sRI cMn dI ikrq qy kIrqI df ÈurU qoN hI AupfÈk irhf hF . irÈI vrgf srUp qy bËurgF vrgI sfdgI qy drÈn krn df suBfg hfsl krky, lihMdy qy cVHdy pMjfb dy sfihqkfr qy siBafcfr dIaF JlkIaF ikafsIaF geIaF .
AunHF df jnm 6 jnvrI 1921 ƒ sRI mylf isMG dy Gr mfqf jIvI jI dI kuwKoN hoieaf . ipMz iblfvl iËlHf kYmlpur (pfiksqfn) AuWcI phfVI `qy siQq iqMn pfisE suhF ndI dy pfxI dI Xfd krfAuNdf hY . AuhI suhF dI ijs bfry pRoL mohn isG ny afpxI kivqf ‘suhF dI kMDI` df rumFitk vrnx kIqf hY . nF dI vwKrqf bfry puwCx `qy pqf lwigaf ik mfqf jI dI kuwKoN ijMny bwcy jMmdy, rwb ƒ ipafry ho jFdy . afiKr ieho ivÈvfs kIqf ik jo vI aglf bwcf hovygf, rwbf qyrf hI hovygf-awgy rwb dI
mrËI .
ieMj qyrf isMG bflk qoN qyrf isMG cMn iewk krmXogI mnuwK dI ÈKsIaq dI isrjxf hoeI . pRfiemrI dI pVHfeI afpxy ipMz krn ipwCoN, qyrf isMG afpxy dfdf sRI srUp isMG kol cUhVkfxy rhy . ijwQy rih ky AunHF aMdr dyÈBgqI dI joq jgI. gFDI jI dy swdy `qy ivdyÈI kwpVy sfVn df nËfrf vI vyiKaf . iPr Auh afpxI BUaf kol aMimRqsr af gey, ijnHF df afpxf koeI bwcf nhIN sI . iewQy AunHF ny gurU rfmdfs skUl ivwc dsvIN kIqI aqy inhfl isMG rs dy kflj qoN igafnI kIqI . mfqf jI dI mOq hox kfrn ihMdU kflj aMimRqsr qoN ipMz iblfvl jfxf ipaf . bIbI bsMq kOr nfl ivafh hox AuprMq nIlf ivwc kuJ icr aiDafpkI kIqI . kotf bloicsqfn ivwc iewk PrnIcr dI dukfn `qy klrkI kIqI . iewQy afp df myl gurdfs rfm aflm vrgy pRiswD kvI nfl hoieaf . rfjsI cyqnf jfgI qy rfvlipMzI kFgrs kmytI dy mYNbr bx gey .
ies dOrfn kimAUinst pfrtI dy jlisaF qy gurduafiraF ivwc aMgryË hkUmq ivruwD kivqf bolx df mOkf pRfpq hoieaf . sRI cMn ny iewQy iewk pYtrol pMp `qy nOkrI kIqI qy Aus df sMprk kimAuinst pfrtI dy mYNbr rfjvMq isMG rfxf nfl hoieaf . ijhVf pfrtI df aKbfr vMzdf sI . iewQy hI kfmryz avqfr isMG mlhoqrf aKbfr suwtdf huMdf sI . kvI cMn ny pRBfvq ho ky kimAuinst pfrtI dI mYNbriÈwp df Pfrm Biraf qy jIvn Br pfrtI nfl pRqIbwDqf gMZ rwKI . hor nyqfvF nfl vI myl hoieaf . 1948 ivwc pfrtI `qy pfbMdI lwgx kfrn afp ƒ vI igRPqfr kr ilaf . lgBg ZfeI sfl Xol kYNp DrmÈflf dI jylH kwtI aqy ies dOrfn AuWGy kfmryzF dI sMgq ny mfrksvfd pVHn dI pRyrnf idwqI qy jylH ivwc dyÈ-BgqI qy afËfdI dy sMGrÈ leI kivqfvF ilKIaF .
jylH qoN irhfa ho ky sRI cMn jlMDr rihx lwgy aqy ‘nvF Ëmfnf`ivwc syvfvF inBfeIaF . iewQy afp df myl iÊ hIrf isMG drd, pRoL mohn isMG, sRI jgjIq isMG afnMd, arjn isMG gVgwj afid nfl hoieaf . iewQy vMzf kMm 1956 ivwc kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf df gTn kIqf . ipMz-ipMz qy Èihr-Èihr jf ky lyKk sBfvF ƒ kyNdrI sBf nfl joVn df tksflI kfrj kIqf qy awT sfl skwqr vjoN syvfvF inBfa ky pMjfb ivwc lyKkF ƒ pRgqIÈIl lihr nfl joVn df bIVf cuwikaf . amn qy afËfdI nfl pRqIbwDqf dI cytk ny Auh kivqfvf iliKaF ijhVIaF kdy BulfeIaF nhIN jf skdIaF . pRgIqk qy CMdf-bMdI dI lok-ÈYlI vflIaF kivqfvF dI gUMj ny sRI cMn dI kfiv pRiqBf ƒ Auicafieaf . sRI cMn dIaF Auh kivqfvF muV-muV cyqy afAuNdIaF hn .
‘‘hy ipafrI Bfrq mF
asIN qYƒ sIs invFdy hF,
qyry qoN sdky jFdy hF . ``
sRI cMn dI pihlI kfiv-puskq 1943 ivwc ‘isskIaF` CpI. ‘jY ihMd` (1945) AurdU ilpI ivwc jMmU ivKy CpI . ‘smyN smyN dIaF gwlF` 1954 ivwc qy Aus qoN bfad ‘kfg smyN df boilaf` kfiv-pusqk bVI mhwqqf rwKdI hY . mMnxf pvygf ik pMjfb dy sfihqk qy siBafcfrk adfiraF ƒ sMgiTq krn qy pMjfbI nftk qy rMgmMc lihr ƒ lokF nfl joVn dy kfrj ivwc sRI cMn moZI AusrweIaf hY sRI cMn df dUjf nf Buwlx vflf Kyqr ‘ieptf` ƒ pMjfb ivwc sQfipq krnf hY . sRI cMn ny iesy lihr aDIn pMjfbI ivwc Aupyrf ilKx df muwZ bMinHaf . sRI cMn ipMzF ivwc gwizaF ƒ styjF bxf ky pRogrfm pyÈ krdy qy lok vhIrF Gwq ky af juVdy . gfiekf suirMdr kOr, juigMdr isMG mfn, jgdIÈ PirafdI, inqfÈf, amrjIq gurdfspurI afid dI tolI ny ‘ieptf` ƒ ijMd jfn bKÈI . styË qy nftk qy rMgmMc dy Kyqr ivwc lVkIaF pihlI vfr pRqIinwDqf idvfAux ivwc Aus df hwQ hY . rMgmMc ƒ sPl bxfAux leI icwqrf QIeytr aMimRqsr ivKy itkt lf ky nftkF qoN pYsy iekwTy krn df ishrf vI sRI cMn ƒ hI jFdf hY . pRIq ngr dIaF srgrmIaF ivwc sRI cMn hmyÈF hmjolI bxy rhy . biTMzf ivKy rih ky vI QIeytr qy pfrtI dy kMmF ƒ pUrI lgn nfl inBfieaf hY .
iewk nf Buwlx vflI Gtnf df iËkr krnf ËrUrI hY ik Bfrq-cIn jMg (1962) smyN AunHF ƒ dPqroN PV ky hwQkVI lf ky jylH iljfieaf jf irhf sI qy ryzIE qy kOmI gIq smfn AunHF dI kivqf ‘hy, ipafrI Bfrq mF` gfeI jf rhI sI . kuwJ mhIny jylH rihxf ipaf . pMjfbI sUby dy aMdoln ivwc vI sRI cMn jylH rhy . pMjfbI BfÈf leI hr morcy df sfQ idwqf . idwlI rotI-roËI dy msly Kfqr sRI cMn rUsI dUqfvfs ivwc lgBg 16 sfl syvfvF inBfAuNdy rhy . lgBg iewk drjn pusqkF df anuvfd qy sMpfdnf kIqI . afpxI sfdgI qy suihrdqf kfiem rwKidaF DVybMdI qoN inrlyp, sIql suBfa prMqU ierfdy dy pwky, sRI cMn ny kdI iksy AuWqy ros jF iÈkvf nhIN kIqf .
pMjfb dy rMg-mMc ƒ sRI cMn dI sB qoN vwzI dyx AunHF dIaF Aupyrf ikrqF hn ijhVIaF AunHF ƒ afpxy ipMz bcpn ivwc Kyz qoN pRBfvq hoeIaF dwsdy . AudoN (pfiksqfn) AUTF `qy cVH ky lokIN ikwsf kfiv dIaF vMngIaF gfAuNdy afAuNdy . AunHF eydF gfAuxf cMn ƒ cMgf lwgdf sI . Epyrf ny AunHF dy ivcfrF dy BfvF ƒ kfiv-nft df rUp pRdfn kIqf .
iewk mulfkfq smyN sRI cMn jI ny dwisaf sI ik mYƒ pMjfb srkfr df BfÈf ivBfg pYnÈn idMdf hY . pMjfbI sfihq sBf (riË) idwlI ny Aumr Br leI PYloiÈp JolI pf ky myrf bhuq mfx vDfieaf hY . mYN KuÈ hF . pMjfbI sfihq sBf (riË) KrV ny zfL aYWmLaYWÈ rMDfvf XfdgfrI smfroh mOky bhuq sucwjf snmfn kIqf . kuJ vrHy pihlF srhwdI sfihq sBf aMimRqsr ny kvI hfÈm dy ipMz jgdyv Kurd, gurbKÈ isMG pRIqlVI aYvfrz vI idwqf sI qy hor keI sMsQfvF qy sBfvF aqy pMjfbI sfihq akfzmI luiDafxf ny bVf mfx idwqf. mYN sMquÈt hF . mnuwK ƒ AusfrU kMm krdy rihxf cfhIdf hY .
Gor sMkt smyN kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf (riË) df ahudf bqOr jnrl skwqr 1983 qoN 1987 qwk inBfa ky sRI cMn ny afpxI inrBYqf qy inzrqf df sbUq idwqf . AudoN afp df vfsf cMzIgVH sI . BfÈf qy sfihq bfry AunHF df ivcfr sI ik bwcy dI muwZlI pVHfeI Aus dI mF bolI ivwc hovy . sfihq smfj dy cMgyry BivwK dI qrjmfnI kry .
iewk sfl dy dOrfn, pMjfbI dy ijhVy AuWc-kwdfvfr sfihqkfr sfzy koloN ivCVy hn, AunHF `c sRI qyrf isMG cMn df qur jfxf pMjfbI sfihq dy iewk vwKry aiDafie ƒ suMnf kr jfx vflf hY . Aus drvyÈ krmXogI ƒ sfzI ÈrDFjlI hfËr hY.



iek sI Xmlf jwt [[[!
insLfn isMG rfTOr

ajoky pMjfbI sMgIq sMsfr ivwc inwq nvyN gfiek/gfiekfvF pRvysL kr rhy hn. iehnF ivcoN kuwJ sPLlqf dIaF poVIaF cV ky aMbrIN AuzfrIaF mfrdy hn pr kuwJ klfkfr iek do asPLl kYsytF bfad iPr pihlF vflI gumnfmI dI dunIaF ivc hI guafc jFdy hn. ijnHF bfry afm sroiqaF nUM koeI ijafdf jfxkfrI nhIN huMdI. ijhVy gfiek sPLlqf hfsl krdy hn Auh sroqy vrg leI iksy rol mfzl qoN Gwt nhIN huMdy. lok AuhnF dy pihrfvy, gwlbfq, rihx-sihx, Kfx-pIx aqy jIvn ijAUx dy ZMg dI nkl krdy hn. AuhnF vwloN khI geI hryk gwl nUM afm sroqf vrg swc mMndf hY pr asl hkIkq kuwJ hor huMdI hY.
purfqn kfl ivc ijs smyN pMjfbI sMgIq dI afrMBqf hoeI qF ies df sMbMD Dfrimkqf/aiDafqmkqf nfl joiVaf jFdf sI. sB qoN pihlF nfQF/jogIaF ny pMjfbI jubfn nUM afpxy gIqF/bolF rfhIN lokF qwk phuMcfieaf. ies smyN sMgIq afm lokF dI soc aqy phuMc qoN kohF dUr sI.

ies qoN bfad Xug afieaf gurmiq sMgIq df, ijs ivc bfby nfnk ny lokF nUM rwbI igafn dy pRkfsL ivwc aMDivsLvfsF qoN dUr rihx df AupdysL idwqf. jdoN BfeI mrdfnf rbfb CyVdf aqy gurU nfnk sfihb Dur qoN afeI alfhI bfxI nUM imwTI Dun ivwc gfAuNdy qF swjx Twg vrgy Twg vI swcmuc dy swjx pursL bx jFdy.

bfby nfnk dy gurmiq sMgIq kfl qoN bfad pMjfbI sMgIq bIr rsI vfrF nfl gurU hirgoibMd sfihb jI dy drbfr df isMLgfr bixaf. ieh jug sI vYrI nUM mUMh qoV jvfb dyx df, qy ies leI XoiDaF nUM iqafr kIqf pMjfbI sMgIq ny. jflmF dy juLlm df mUMh qoV jvfb dyx leI sUrimaF nUM iqafr krn leI pMjfbI sMgIq dy Zwz qy sfrMgI nfl afpxy rol nUM bfKUbI inBfieaf.

gurU hirgoibMd sfihb jI dy drbfr qoN bfad pMjfbI sMgIq afieaf sLyry pMjfb mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dy drbfr ivwc iewk anmol gihxf bx ky. kihMdy hn ik, “mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG ijwQy gurbfxI sLbd kIrqn pUrI sLrDf Bfvnf nfl suixaf krdf sI AuWQy nfl hI pMjfbI sUPLI sMgIq df vI afnMd mfxdf sI. Aus ny afpxy drbfr ivwc cMgy gwvIey rwKy hoey sn qy cMgf gfAux vfilaF nUM Auh kImqI sugfqF ienfm vwjoN idMdf huMdf sI.”

mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG dy drbfr qoN bfad pMjfbI sMgIq phuMicaf Bfrq dI afjfdI dy sMgRfm vfly pfsy. sLhId Bgq isMG, krqfr isMG srfBf, sohx isMG Bknf, AUDm isMG aqy lflf lfjpq rfey dy gIq ‘myrf rMg dy bsMqI colf’ aqy ‘pgVI sMBfl jwtf’ ny pUry dysL ivwc ienklfb dI lihr pYdf kr idwqI. pMjfbI sMgIq ny pMjfbIaF ivwc aijhf josL pYdf kIqf ik aMgRyj ihMdUsqfn nUM Cwz ky vfps afpxy dysL prq gey. Bfrq afjfd ho igaf qy ies qrHF jMgy-ey-afjfdI ivwc pMjfbI sMgIq ny aihm Xogdfn adf kIqf.

ajokI pMjfbI gfiekI df afrMB afjLfdI qoN bfad hoieaf jdoN ihMdUsqfn aqy pMjfb 2 tukiVaF ivc vMzy gey. pMjfb df iek ihwsf ihMdUsqfn ivc af igaf qy dUjf pfiksqfn ivwc clf igaf.

pfiksqfnI pMjfb ivc ijWQy sUPLI klfm nUM gfAux vfly jnfb nusrq Pqih alI Kfn, gulfm alI Kfn, rysLmf vrgy gfiek rvfieqI DunF nUM sFBx ivwc lwg pey AuWDr dUjy pfsy BfrqI pMjfb ivwc Ausqfd lfl cMd Xmlf jwt, kuldIp mfxk, suirMdr kOr, pRkfsL kOr, gurmIq bfvf afid vrgy pMjfbI lok gfiek pMjfbI aqy iswK ieiqhfs dy gOrvmeI ipCokV nUM afpxIaF afvfjF nfl sFBx ivwc juwt gey.

‘siqgur nfnk qyrI lIlHf inafrI ey, rIJF lf-lf vyhMdI dunIaF sfrI ey’ Xmly jwt dy ieh bol jdoN ipMzF ivwc mMijaF nUM joV ky lwgy spIkrF ivwc vwjdy qF swcmuwc pMjfbI sMgIq ivc aiDafqmkqf df psfrf huMdf. Xmly jwt dy aKfVy dyKx leI ipMzF dy ipMz juV jFdy qy koeI afpxI mF/DI/BYx nUM Xmly dy aKfVy ivc lY ky jfx qoN nf zrdf. mFvF, BYxF, DIaF, bwcy aqy bjLurg Xmly jwt dy aKfVy dI pihlI lfeIn ivc bYTy huMdy.

ipMzF dy isafxy/bjuLrg lok kihMdy ny ik “Xmly jwt kol afpxI koeI kfr nhIN sI.” Aus jmfny ivc motrsfeIkl vI nhIN sI huMdy ipMzF dy lokF kol. so muwkdI gwl afpxy sMgIqk sPLr dy suLrUafqI idnF ivc Xmlf jwt afpxy ipMzoN sfeIkl qy afspfs dy ipMzF ivc aKfVy lfAux jFdf huMdf sI. Auh qF sfeIkl qy cV ky hI mF bolI dI ieqnI syvf kr igaf ik pMjfbI mF bolI aMbrF qy AuzfrIaF mfrn lwgI qy Aus dI ies syvf bdly afAux vflIaF pIVIaF Aus nUM hmysLf Xfd rwKxgIaF pr ajoky gfiek kfrF qy cV ky vI[[[?”

Xmly nfl nf qF awD nMgIaF kuVIaF df tolf huMdf sI qy nf hI gMdI qy asLlIl sLbdfvlI vfly bol. nf qF Auh styj qy bMdr vFg tpUsIaF mfrdf sI qy nf hI sfrI AuWmr Aus ny pwg isr qoN lfhI, sgoN sLfn nfl mfvy vflI pwg qy qurlf Cwz ky Auh styj qy cVdf qy lwKF lokF dy idlF qy rfj krdf hoieaf pUrf mylf luwt lYNdf.

Xmly df aKfVf dyKx lok 20/20 mIl qoN afpxy gwizaF qy cV ky afAuNdy. ipMzF dy ipMz ibMdJwt ivc juV jFdy. lok koiTaF dIaF CwqF svyr sfr hI mwl lYNdy ik awj Xmly ny aKfVf lfAuxf ey. pr awj dy bhuqy gfiekF ny jy ikqy ‘pRogrfm’ pysL krnf hovy qF lwKF rupweIey dI ieiqsLhfrbfjI krky vI KflI peIaF kursIaF sroiqaF nUM qrsdIaF rihMdIaF hn.

dUjy pfsy jykr ajoky pMjfbI gfiekF dI gwl kIqI jfvy qF mfrkIt ivc kYsyt BfvyN ajy 2 sfl bfad afAuxI hovy kMnF ivwc nwqIaF qy Byz vrgy vfl pihlF hI bxfeI iPrdy ny pMjfbI mF bolI dy ieh ‘srvn puwqr.’ bfp-dfdy dIaF jmInF vyc ky jF iPr 4 sfl knyzf-amrIkf ivwc lf ky pMjfbI juLbfn dI syvf df Purnf Purdf ey iehnF nUM ik cwlo jy cwl igaf qF qIr nhIN qF quwkf hI shI.

ies smyN pMjfb ivwc ijqny gfiek/gfiekfvF ny iehnoN ivwcoN 90 PLIsdI ‘mF bolI dy syvkF’ nUM qF hfrmoinXm dy sf, ry, gf, mf, pf df vI pUrf igafn nhIN hoxf qy qury ny bfby Xmly dy nksLy kdmF qy pMjfbI mF bolI dI syvf krn. pqf nhIN ieh pMjfbI jubfn/gfiekI nUM ivkfs vwl lY ky jf rhy hn jF ivnfsL vwl[[[?

awj BfvyN iksy gfiek dIaF 20 kYsytF vI mfrkIt ivwc nf ivkIaF hox pr gwzI Auh 10/12 lwK qoN Dwly nhIN rwKdf, pr Xmlf qF sfrI AuWmr sfeIkl qy hI gfAuNdf irhf. Auh qF sfeIkl qy vI gf ky lokF qy mnF ivwc visaf bYTf hY pr ajoky gfiek kfrF Cwz ky BfvyN hvfeI jhfj qy ikAuN nf bYT ky gfAux pr Xmly dy pYrF dI imwtI vI nhIN bx skdy.
Xmlf qmfm AuWmr icwty kuVqy cfdry’c irhf qy drvysL bx ky lokF dy mnF ivwc Gr kr igaf pr awj dy gwvIey pftIaF jInsF qy hor pqf nhIN ikhVy ikhVy ivlfieqI kpVy pf ky vI pMjfbI ivrsy nUM sMBflx df Zol vjfANudy iPrdy ny aqy ssqI soLhrq Kfqr lokF dIaF DIaF-BYxF nUM hIrF, swsIaF, sihbF, sohxIaF bxfAuNdy iPrdy ny.

gurmIq bfvf, pRkfsL kOr, suirMdr kOr dy mFvF DIaF dy irsLqy nUM shylIaF vflf irsLqf bxfieaf “mFvF qy DIaF rwl bYTIaF nIN mfeyN” pr ajokI gfiekI ijWQy mF nUM PwPykuwtxI/pfpx/DI dI vYrI bxf ky pysL krdI hY AuWQy dUjy pfsy DI nUM isrPL qy isrPL mfsLUk bxf ky pysL kIqf jFdf hY. awj dy gfiekF anusfr iewk kuVI isrPL iksy dI mfsLUk ho skdI hY iksy dI BYx, mF jF DI nhIN.

ikWDr igaf pMjfbI gfiekI df Auh ‘bfbf bohV’ ijs dy afpxy prCfvyN hyT kdy aYsI gfiekI dI klpxf sI nhIN kIqI hoxI? jy ikqy awj qUMby dI qfr vflf Auh bfpU muV afvy qF sLfied Aus df isr vI sLrm nfl Juwk jfvy ik mYN vI iesy pMjfbI sMgIq df iewk mYNbr irhf hF. awj myry vwloN qorI ies afDuink pMjfbI gfiekI nUM myry vfirs ikWDr nUM lY ky jf rhy hn? rfqo-rfq sLohrq pfAux dI lflsf vws asIN afpxI mFvF/DIaF/BYxF nUM vI dfa dy lfAux qoN bfjL nhIN af rhy.
ajoky smyN dy gfiek sPLlqf pfAux Kfqr bfpU dI jLmIn, byby dy gihxy, knyzf amrIkf dI kmfeI pfxI vFg roV rhy hn. awD nMgIaF kuVIaF dy nfc, gMdy asLlIl gfxy, byhudf kpVy qy bFdrF/ByzF/kuwiqaF vrgy vfl bxf ky asIN pwg nUM isroN lfh ky prF Dr idwqf hY. asIN sLhorq Kfqr iksy nUM vI nhIN bKsL rhy. nf hI Drm nUM, nf hI Drm pRcfrkF nUM, nf afpxI mF bolI nUM, nf afpxIaF mFvF nUM, nf BYxF nUM, nf DIaF nUM aqy nf hI Kud Aus prmfqmf nUM.

awlf KYLr kry jy ikqy hwQ ivwc zFg PVI Auh bfbf bohV muV vfps af jfvy ijs ny kdI gfieaf sI ‘siqgur nfnk qyrI lIlHf inafrI ey, rIJF lf-lf vyhMdI dunIaF sfrI ey’ qy iehnF ‘mF bolI dy syvkF’ dy pfsy syk dyvy qy khy,  “Auey kMjro[[[, ijs pMjfbI sMgIq ivwc bfby nfnk dI imwTI bfxI rUhfnIaq df sMdysL idMdI hY, ijs pMjfbI sMgIq ivwc sUPLI PkIr mnuwK nUM jIvn ijAUx df drsLn smJfAuNdy ny, ijs pMjfbI sMgIq ivwc sUrimaF nUM josL dvfieaf jFdf hY, ijs pMjfbI sMgIq ivwc mF afpxy puwqr nUM imwTIaF lorIaF dy ky suvfAuNdI ey, ijs pMjfbI sMgIq ivwc sfzf ieiqhfs, sfzf ivrsf, sfzI axKL, sfzI gYLrq inwG mfx rhI hY Aus nUM qusIN imwtI ivwc imlf rhy ho.”
“Tihro[[[, mYN dwsdf hF quhfnUM mF bolI df siqkfr ikwdF krIdf hY? Auey kMjro[[[, kuwJ qF sLrm kro. afpxI mF dI kmfeI nf KfE. afpxI mF nUM nf vyco. afpxI mF bolI df sOdf nf kro. ies kfry qoN vfsf vwt lvo, jykr hux vI qusIN nf suDry qy afAux vflIaF nslF quhfnUM kdy muafPL nhIN krngIaF[[[, kdy muafPL nhIN krngIaF.”




qyrf isMG cMn myrf isMG cMn
jgIr isMG jgqfr

1950 ivwc amn lihr dI bhuq crcf sI. jMg ivruwD dsKqI muihMm cwl rhI sI. bhfdr isMG jo iewk sDfrn pyNzU sI, Aus nUM ies pwKoN siqkfr iml irhf sI ik Aus iekwly ny amn apIl AuWqy iewk lwK qoN vwD dsKq krvfey sI. hlky nIly rMg AuWqy sPYd AuzdI GuwgI dy insLfn vfly JMzy lf ky amn mfrc kIqy jFdy sn. QF QF amn kfnPrMsF ho rhIaF sI, ijhnF ivwc dUjI sMsfr jMg kfrn hoeI qbfhI Kfs krky jpfn dy do sLihrF hIrosLImf aqy nfgfsfkI AuWqy amrIkf vwloN aYtm bMb suwt ky mcfeI geI qbfhI df vyrvf dy ky amn dI loV AuWqy jor idwqf jf irhf sI. amrIkf ijs ny jpfn dy do sLihrF AuWqy byloVy aYtm suwty sI, nUM jMgbfj kih ky nPLrq nfl vyiKaf jFdf sI.

iesy amn muihMm qihq ijlHf brnflf dy ksby DnOlf, jo Aus smyN AuWqrI Bfrq dIaF vwzIaF psLU mMzIaF ivwcoN iewk sI, ivKy amn kfnPrMs rwKI geI sI., mYN Aus smyN DnOlf dy srkfrI hfeI skUl ivwc awTvIN df ividafrQI sI. kfnPrMs dy iesLiqhfr ivwc pRogrfm dy hor vyrivaF dy nfl ieh vI drj sI ik donoN rfqF nUM zrfmy Kyzy jfxgy. pihlI rfq qyrf isMG cMn df guruwp 'lwkV dI lwq' nftk pysL krygf, jdoN ik dUjI rfq blvMq gfrgI afpxf iliKaf nftk 'GuwgI' pysL krygf.

sfihqk rsfilaF aqy pusqkF ivwc blvMq gfrgI df nF aqy ilKqF pVHIaF hox kfrn Auh qF jfixaF pCfixaF nf lwgdf sI pr qyrf isMG cMn pihlI vfr suixaf sI. AuNJ vI qyrf isMG avwlf ijhf nF jfpdf sI. ies kfrn ividafrQI ies sbMDI afpsI gwlF krdy jdoN iewk kihMdf 'beI qyrf isMG cMn ny vI afAuxf hY' qF dUjf boldf 'myrf isMG cMn' Aus smyN qF ieh hfsy mjLfk vjoN 'myrf isMG' kihMdy sI pr bfad ivwc Auh afpxI sLKsIaq dy pRBfv sdkf swcmuwc hI myrf isMG cMn ho gey sn. kfnPrMs AuWqy jdoN cMn jI afpxI nftk mMzlI nfl afey qF drimafny kwd AuWqy KuwlHI aqy BrvIN dfhVI vflf AuhnF df ichrf, vwKrf hI pRBfv idMdf sI. ieh AuhnF nfl pihlI jfx pihcfx sI.

Aus ipwCoN pihlF amn lihr aqy iPr sfihqk srgrmIaF ivwc lwgBg iqMn dhfky kfnPrMsF, mIitMgF aqy hor jnqk srgrmIaF ivwc imldy aqy kMm krdy rhy. vwK vWK nukiqaF aqy pRogrfmF bfry kdI sihmqI aqy kdy mwqByd vI huMdy rhy. jdoN BfrqI kimAUinst pfrtI do ihwisaF ivwc vMzI qF cMn jI sI[ pI[ afeI[ ivwc hI rhy, jdoN ik mYN sI[ pI[ aYm[ nfl sI, pr sihqk Kyqr ivwc iPr vI asIN keI sfl iekwTy ivcrdy rhy.

qyrf isMG cMn imlxsfr, Gr ivwc afey hr ivakqI nUM afdr dyx vfly, jfq pfq qoN shI arQF ivwc mukq aqy kfrjsLIl sLKsIaq sn. AuhnF dI kihxI aqy krnI ivwc aMqr nhIN sI. AuhnF amn lihr smyN gIq, nftk aqy kivqfvF ilKIaF aqy AuhnF nUM styj rfhIN lokF qwk phuMcfieaf. AuhnF kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf df igafnI hIrf isMG drd ipwCoN kMm sMBfilaf, keI sfl dPLqr skwqr aqy iPr jnrl skwqr vjoN sLihr, sLihr ipMz jf ky pRgqIvfdI sfihq aqy lok ihqF leI ilKx vfilaF dy sMgTn dI loV df hokf hI nhIN idwqf, sgoN Aus leI jQybMdI Ausrfn df vI kMm kIqf. Auh idn rfq kMm krn AuprMq vI QkyvF nhIN sI mihsUs krdy aqy agly pRgrfm leI jfx vfsqy sB qoN pihlF iqafr rihMdy sn.

sfihqk Kyqr ivwc srgrm hox vfilaF ivwc ijLlHf luiDafxf dy ipMz BvINpurf df nOjvfn rGbIr isMG vI sI. dsvIN pfs krn AuprMq Auh pihlF kimAUinst pfrtI dy luiDafxf ijLlHf dPqr df skwqr bixaf aqy iPr sUbfeI dPLqr dy ieMcfrj dys rfj cwZf dy shfiek vjoN jlMDr clf igaf. AuWQy rihMidaF Aus df afAux jfx sRI cMn dy Gr hoieaf qy awgy AuhnF dI vwzI bytI rfxI nfl nyVqf ho geI. ies gwl df pqf lwgx AuWqy sfnUM rGbIr dy dosqF imwqrF nUM ieh sLMkf pYdf hoieaf ik donoN pirvfr vwK vwK brfdrI dy hox kfrn koeI aiVwkf pYdf nf ho jfey. AuhnF hI sflF ivwc kimAUinst pfrtI ivwc ivcfrDfrk mqByd AuWBrny sLurU ho gey, jo ipwCoN jf ky sI[ pI[ afeI[ aqy sI[ pI[ aYm[ dy rUp ivwc sfhmxy afey. cMn jI sI[pI[ afeI nfl qy rGvIr isMG sI[ pI[ aYm[ nfl KVHy hoey. ies dy bfvjUd rGvIr aqy rfxI df myl jol iewk irsLqy dy rUp ivwc vt igaf. cMn jI ny nf qF jfq pfq nUM aqy nf hI rfjsI ivcfrF nUM aiVwkf bxfieaf. ies irsLqy dy aDfr AuWqy AuhnF kdy vI rGbIr isMG AuWqy sI[pI[ afeI[ ivwc afAux leI dbfa nhIN sI pfieaf.

kimAUinst pfrtI ivwc kMm kridaF hor vI bhuq  sfry kimAUinst afgUaF aqy vrkrF dI pirvfrk siQqIaF dI smyN smyN jfxkfrI huMdI rihMdI sI. ijwQy kuwJ iewk afgU bwcIaF nUM afpxI mrjI df jIvn sfQI cuxn qoN rokdy vyKy gey, ikAuNik lVky dI kmjLor afriQk hflq nUM awKoN Auhly nhIN sI kr sky, AuhnF leI BfvyN jfq brfdrI dI musLkl qf nhIN sI, iewko BfreIcfry ivwcoN qF sn, pr lVkf pfrtI df kulvkqI sI, ijs kfrn soc bxdI sI ik AuhnF dI lVkI nUM  ikwQoN Kvfeygf. aijhy mfmly ivwc kuwJ iewk sfQI afpxIaF bwcIaF AuWqy sKqI vI krdy vyKy, suxy gey. aijhf vrqfrf cMn jI dy nyiVAN vI nhIN sI lMGdf. ies qrF AuhnF df ivakqIqv, kihxI aqy krnI df sumyl sI. Auh vrqmfn glq kdrF kImqF vfly smfj nUM bdlx leI Aumr Br kfrjsLIl rhy.q

pRsquq hY qyrf isMG cMn dI pRiswD kivqf

kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI

kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI
mfiKEN vrgI msqI ijs kx kx ivc GolI

sLuwD kuMdn dy ivc nI iehdI cuMJ mVHfvo
mor qy iqwqr iehidaF KMBF qy pfvo
bMnHo nI iehdy phuMicaF ivc koeI rwqI mOlI
kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI

pfvo nI iehdy nYxF ivc koeI surm slfeIaF
DrqI AWuqy eys ny imhrF brsfeIaF
ijvyN Pulyrf Ault dey PwulF dI JolI
kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI

dysL dysL ivc idwqf nI ies amn sunyhf
mUMh lokF df ilsLikaf sux sony jyhf
ipwql vrgI ho geI lhU pIxI tolI
kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI

pf ley aMdroN kwZ ky ivDvf ny gihxy
KusL hY hux nhIN kdy vI qn AuWqoN lihxy
vrI sUhI dI potlI Aus ivhVy ivc KolI
kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI

PV leI buwZy ipE ny hwQ Pyr zMgorI
hux nhIN hoxI kdy vI ieh porI porI
ipwplF Qwly nwc peI igwDy dI bolI
kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI

plkF nfl jhfn dI ies kflK cuwgI
ies dI njLroN rhI nf iek ivwQ vI luwgI
tur tur pwbF Bfr eys hr nuwkr PolI
kfg smyN df boilaf amnF dI bolI.