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cVHdy qy lihMNdy pMjfb dy ds kroV pMjfbIaF ivwc pMjfbI jLbfn nUM bcfAux leI ajy koeI lihr pYdf nhIN hoeI
aPLjLl qOsIPL
(pfiksqfn dI DVwlydfr pMjfbI hfmI qy lyiKkf)

aËb gwl ey, klfsIkl dOr dI BrpUr jLbfn pMjfbI, qrwkI dy dOr ivwc af ky aDUrI rih geI. ies pwCVypx dy kfrn bhuq sfry ny. pihlf kfrn qF pMjfb dI qksIm ey. dUjf hkUmqF qy hukmrfnF df gLYr-jmhUrI qy avfmI klcr ivroDI rvweIaf. afm pMjfbI isafsq-bfjF dI gMdI isafsq qy GtIafpx df aihsfs, avfm nUM byaKLiqafr qy anpVH rwKx dI pfilsI (nIqI), pMjfbI bMdy df kMplYks ik Auh afpxI pCfx pMjfb qoN ikqy bfhr lwBdf, kdy mwky mdIny jFdf, kdI idwlI, buKfry, kdy amrIkf aqy kYnyzf. Auh qy gLnImq ey, iswK mjLhb df joV pMjfb nfl juVdf ey, guru grMQ sfihb pMjfbI ivwc ey. nhIN qF awj pMjfbI ikqy nf lwBdI.

vwzy qy aslI pMjfb ivwc hIr ilKI geI. grMQ sMpfidq hoieaf pr awj dI hflq: mulk dI 62 PIsdI abfdI pMjfbI pr pMjfbI skUl iewk vI nhIN. pMjfbI bolI nf qflIm ivwc qy nf dPLqr ivwc. sLihrI abfdI aMgryjLI AurdU boldI, pMjfbI nUM idhfqI(pyNzU) bolI smJdI ey. bfbU sLfhI qbkf AurdU ilKdf pVHdf ey. 21vIN sdI dy jmhUrI hwk qy qrwkI dy rsqy pMjfbI avfm qy jLbfn vfsqy bMd ho cwuky ny. awj hflq ieh hY ik ies sLfndfr ipCokV qy iKlfr rwKx vflI jLbfn df nFa nHF AuhnF bfnF dy nfl ilK idwqf igaf ey, ijhVIaF PLnfh dy Kqry ivwc af cuwkIaF ny. horF qoN ielfvf zf[ zYins aYl mYlon, jo iewk aMqrrfsLtrI pVHqf slfhkfr hY, ny dunIaF dIaF ijnHF jLbfnF qy insLfn lfieaf ey. ijhVIaF Pnfh hox vflIaF ny, AunHF ivwc pMjfbI vI ey. ienHF bolIaF dy KLqm hox dy keI kfrn ny. iewk qF Kyq nUM vfV Kf jfx vflI gwl ey. dUjf pVHqf (Literacy) dI qfkq df Gt jfxf. qIjf nvIN lwPLfjLI sLbdfvlI df pYdf nf hoxf.
aPsos dI gwl ey, ienHF jLbfnF ivwc pMjfbI df nFa vI ey. pfiksqfn vfly pMjfb ivwc jLbfn dI mOq ho rhI ey. bUtf AuWqoN suwk jfvy qF jVH vI suwk jFdI ey. aglIaF nhIN, awj dIaF nslF nUM pMjfbI nhIN afAuNdI, qF Auh ipCly klfisks iks qrF pVHngy? vfirs ny lfvfrs hoxf eI hoxf ey. hF pr kuwJ afs cVHdy pMjfb dy qflImI adfiraF vwloN bxdI ey. pr iewQy vI sB kuwJ TIk nhIN. nvIN nsl, jo pMjfbI ilK pVH rhI ey, Auh purfxy pMjfbI swiBafcfr dI KusLbo qoN KflI ey.

sfieMs aqy tYknflojI dy KyqrF ivwc eysLIaf dIaF sfrIaF jLubfnF ipwCy rih geIaF ny. pMjfbI qF iblkul eI, ikAuN jo sfieMs, tYknflojI, KlfeI qy smuMdrI jo vI ijs mulk ivwc qrwkI krdI ey, Ausy ielfky dI jLbfn nUM nvIN trmInflojI qy lwPfjLI df KjLfnf lwBdf ey. awj XUrpIan  jLbfnF amIr ny. kwlH pUrbI jLbfnF kol ielm dI amIrI sI. iesy krky awj eysLIafeI mulkF ivwc aMgryjLI iswKx dI jLrUrq vD rhI ey. ieh ajy kwlH dI gwl ey, jdoN sovIaq rUs iKlfeI Koj ivwc awgy inkl igaf sI, qF amrIkIaF nUM rUsI jLbfn iswKx dI loV pY geI sI.

asl ivwc vIhvIN sdI jLbfnF dy qrwkI krn dI sdI sI. ieho sdI Ëvfl (pqn) dI sdI vI rhI. sfieMs nfl juVI trmInflojI nUM dysI ËbfnF ny vI apxfieaf, pr pMjfbI df pqn hoieaf jd ik ieMzo-pfiksqfn dIaF hor jLbfnF ny qrwkI kIqI. afhlf drjy df adb, afhlf drjy dI pVHfeI, Koj, tYknflojI dy sFcy bxy. jLhfn bxn df iewk aml vI huMdf ey. mYN Aus aml nuM ikDry hor nhIN, afpxy sUbf isMD ivwc vyiKaf. isMD lYNgUeyjL aQfirtI jfm sLoro XUnIvristI dy nfl iewk sLfndfr adfrf ey. isMDI jLbfn ivwc AuWc pwDr dI Koj, ividaf, nvyN ielm qy adb dI isrjnf vfsqy sFcy bxfey jf rhy ny. ipCly 40 ku sflF qoN kMm krdf Auh adfrf  jLmfnq ey ik isMDI bolI jIvygI, qrwkI krygI, BfvyN AurdU bolx vfilaF dI abfdI bhuq vD geI hY. sLihrF AuWqy AurdU df kbjLf ho igaf ey. pr AurdU jF AurdU BfsLI lok iksy qrF vI isMDI nUM Zfh nhIN skdy, jdik vMzy pMjfb dI pMjfbI dovF pfisaF qoN mfrI geI. afm pMjfbIaF ny afpxI bolI nUM Ausy qrF byiewjq kIqf, ijs qrF vMz vyly pMjfbx nUM kIqf igaf sI. AuWqoN pMjfbI ivroDI hkUmqF ny Zfh lfeI. pMjfbI aPLsrsLfhI qy afm ilKfrI vI GtIafpx dy aihsfs df isLkfr hn. awj qoN nhIN, sdf qoN. iekbfl qoN lY ky PLYjL aqy hbIb jflb qfeIN, iewDr aPLsfny vwl ikRsLn cMdr qoN lY ky mMto qfeIN, aihmd ndIm kfsmI qoN lY ky asLPfk aihmd qoVI, AurdU hI ilKdy rhy. AuhdI iewk vjHf ieh vI hY ik pMjfbI adb dI CpfeI bVI mihMgI qy musLikl kMm ey. AuWqoN pfTk vI koeI nhIN. kdr vI koeI nhIN.

pMjfbI jLbfn qy swiBafcfr vfsqy afKrI afs pitaflf XUnIvristI qy hor adfry ny. ipCly pMjfh vrHy dunIaF dI qrwkI iewk irkfrz ey. irkfrz AuWqy pMjfbI df nFa jy ikqy hY qF cVHdy pMjfb ny iliKaf ey. iewQy qflImI adfiraF vI kMm kIqf, ilKfrIaF vI qy skflrF vI afpxf ihwsf pfieaf. pr iewQy vI pMjfbI jLbfn ivwc bhuq sfrf pRdUsLx af cuwkf hY. pMjfbI abfdI Gt rhI hY. prvfsIaF dI rPqfr qyj ey. gYr-pMjfbI abfdkfr qyjLI nfl pMjfb af rhy ny. ho skdf ey, iksy idn pMjfbI bolx vfly bhuq QoVHy rih jfx. ihMdI df jLor hovy qy pMjfbI afvfm dI QF ibhfrI kOm vws jfey. pMjfbI bolI isrPL afb jLm-jLm jF gMgf-jlI bx ky rih jfey. gLlq PLihmI jF KusL PihmI, pMjfbI kYnyzf ivwc rhygI, inAUjLIlYNz qy ieMglYNz ivwc qrwkI krygI. pMjfbI sLyKiclI dIaF bVHkF ny. nf suxo qF cMgf ey. iesy qrF lihMdy pMjfb ivwc ijwQy bwcf ArdU boldf, AurdU jF aMgryjLI pVHdf ilKdf ey pr msKrf kihMdf do cfr kr lE, do cfr kfnPrMsF qy iewk iemfrq AuWqy pMjfbI dI qrwkI df borz lf idAu, sB TIk ho jfeygf. aijhy msKiraF dIaF gwlF sux ky mYN bloicqfn qoN afeI sF. pMjfbI bolI ivwc awT ds ikqfbF ilK mfrIaF. awj Auh ikqfbF cVHdy pMjfb `c pVHIaF jf rhIaF ny. AuDr vwzy pMjfb dy pMjfbI adfry dy zI[jI[ zfierYktyr jF kfnPrMs dy sdr(pRDfn) horIN iblkul nhIN jfxdy ik AunHF ikqfbF dy nFa kI ny. iPr vI kuwJ sLhId hYgy ny jo afpxf lhU isMj ky pMjfbI ikqfb CpvfAuNdy ny.

ies qrF ikAuuN hoieaf? pihlI vjHf, jmhUrIaq df nf hoxf. dujI vjHf, pjfbI df hIx Bfv qy sLfh pRsqI . avfm dI jLbfn AuWqy swiBafcfr dI qrwkI vfsqy jmhUrI kdrF qy rOsLn smfj cfhIdf ey. afpxI qfrIKL dI jfxkfrI qy lMbIaF jVHF nfl joV qy mfx cfhIdf ey.

afKrI qy jrUrI gwl. ajoky pMjfbI adb ivwc iewk psmFdgI ey. nvyN pMjfbI qËrby nf hox dy brfbr ny. ikqy ihMdI, ikqy aMgryjLI, ikqy AurdU dy prCfvyN. adb lokF qfeIN nhIN puwjf qy avfm dI rsfeI adb qoVI nhIN ho skI. mwD vrg jF inmn mwD vrg, qfkqvr qy qfjLf adb pYdf eI nhIN kr sikaf. pCVy hoey avfm vI kI kr skdy ny. iewk bhuq Kfs gwl iDafn dyx vflI, pMjfbI adIb isrPL msilaF qy ilKdy ny, pr msly pYdf krn vfly kfrnF bfry nhIN ilKdy, msly qy msly dy kfrnF nUM adb ivwc Zfl dyxf vwzI kfrIgrI huMdI ey. mwD vrgI adb ivwc hkUmq-pRsqI mOkf-pRsqI, mjLHb-pRsqI qy awDI awK df cfnx eI huMdf ey.

pMjfbI sfihq qy sLfierI dI vwzI kmjLorI, Auhdf Eprf aqy iewk -prqI hoxf hY. ieh gwl AurdU, ihMdI, sfihq ivwc vI af cuwkI ey. aijhf adb-Dfrf pVHky jIvn dI dUjI prq nhIN KuwlHdI. ilKx vflf qfkqvr nhIN, lfcfr lwgdf ey. Auhdy kol AuWcI ieKLlfkI qfkq nhIN. Auh jwdo -jihd vfly ipV df lVfkf nhIN, iksy purfxy mjLfr df mjOr ijhf bx jFdf ey. ijhdy ivwc lihMdy pMjfb df pMjfbI sLfier vfirs, buwly dI kbr df mjOr hox AuWqy rfjLI ey. ienHF bfry aXfjL kihMdf ey: "swsI dy pfty coly dIaF lIrF jLKLmF `qy bMnH ky 'ishq' ipafly pI bYTy ny. awj dy pMjfbI sLfier vyly qoN ipwCy ny."

awj qF inrI sLfierI qy glp dI gwl vI nhIN rhI. sfry ielm nUM iewk cuxOqI ey, ikAuN jo awj df swiBafcfr sfieMs tYknflojI df swiBafcfr ey. ies vyly hr jLbfn nUM qrwkI dI loV ey. nhIN qF afAUt-zyitz ho jfx df KLqrf ey. iewk jLmfnf sI jdoN amrIkf ny rUsI jLbfn iswKI, awj cInI aMgryjLI iswK irhf ey. pMjfbI nUM qF bhuq kuwJ nvF cfhIdf ey. ies cuxOqI df sfhmxf iks qrF krnf ey? isrPL cVHdf pMjfb eI PLYslf kr skdf ey. lihMdy pMjfb dI bolI nUM qF hor cuxOqI ey, Pnfh qoN iks qrF bcxf ey. dovyN pMjfb rl ky sLfied kuwJ kr skx. pr hfl dI GVI qF koeI kdm cuwikaf nhIN igaf. isrPL soicaf jf irhf ey. socx dy ies ZMg qoN sLfied koeI sMqusLt vI hovy, pr mYN nhIN, ikAuN jo mYN vwzy pMjfb ivwc pMjfbI jLbfn df KLfqmf sfPL-sfPL dyK skdI hF. ikAuN jo ds kroV pMjfbIaF ivwc afpxI mF bolI nUM bcfAux leI ajy koeI lihr pYdf nhIN hoeI, srkfrF gLYr-avfmI, gLYr-jmhUrI. pMjfb nUM ies DrqI df mfx dyx vfly iewk PLIsdI vI nhIN. qrYa nslF dy bwcy pMjfbI jLbfn pVH eI nhIN sky. awgoN koeI afs nhIN, dUjI BfsLf bx jfvy, afs nhIN.

koeI jLbfn iks qrF ijLMdf rihMdI ey? iks qrF qrwkI krdI ey? pfiksqfn vwl df pMjfbI ies sLAUr qoN KflI ey. cMgy Bly dfinsLvr zuwbdI byVI nUM Dfgf bMnH ky iKwc rhy ny. myly, BMgVy, jugqF jF cVHdy lihMdy pMjfb dy Pyry. bws eynf eI kMm ho irhf ey. pMjfbI bolI qy pMjfbI swiBafcfr nUM bcfAux vfsqy afKrI gwl nhIN, mjLmUn dI afKrI sqr ilK rhI hF-vMz dI CurI nfl vwZy hoey pMjfb nUM afpxI pUrI qfrIKL nfl juVnf cfhIdf ey.

pMjfb dI qvfrIKL 1947 qoN nhIN, nfnk dI pYdfiesL qoN vI nhIN, ieslfm dI afmd qoN vI nhIN, msIh qoN vI nhIN, buwD jYn bRfhmx qoN vI nhIN, iskMdr dy hmly qoN ieh qvfrIKL hVwpf, moihMjdoVo qy drfvVI jLmfny qoN sLurU huMdI ey. jVH nfloN vwZy hoey ruwK dy tfhx AuWcy nhIN ho skdy.