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lyK - jnvrI, PrvrI, mfrc, aprYl, meI 2010 'crcf pMjfb'
sMpfdk - drsLn isMG iZloN murfdvflf

to contact: D.S. Dhillon Muradwala
(0044) 07878228283
e.mail: d.darshan@btinternet.com
 

kfhy ry bn Kojn jfeI/

igafnI amrIk isMG ‘milkpurI’
hYWz gRMQI,gurduafrf swqvIN pfqsLfhI
Qfnysr, kurUksLyqr


sMsfr ivwc mOjUd sfry hI DrmF dy DrmgRMQ ies gwl nfl afpxI sihmqI pRgtfAuNdy hn ik mnuwK dy ies jIvn df mUl mnorQ pRBU ipqf prmfqmf dI pRfpqI hY. ies leI mnuwK nUM prmfqmf dI pRfpqI leI Auprfly krny cfhIdy hn.
“BeI prfpiq mfnuwK dyhurIaf..
goibMd imlx kI ieh qyrI brIaf..”
iehnF AuprfilaF pRqI vwK-vwK Drm gRMQF ivwc mqByd hn. keI Drm gRMQF ivwc iliKaf hY ik jMglF ivwc jf ky qwp kro. iksy ivwc iliKaf hY ik Grbfr Cwz idE. koeI kihMdf hY ik aOrq aqy pirvfr df iqafg kro. lyK dI sMKypqf nUM iDafn ivwc rwKidaF asIN ies aiDafey ivwc kyvl gurmiq dI gwl hI krFgy ik gurmiq anusfr pRBU dI pRfpqI leI kI Auprfly jLrUrI hY?
ies sMdrB ivwc gwl afrMB krn qoN pihlF ieh dws dyxf byhwd jLrUrI hY ik gurbfxI ivwc ijhVI gwl awj qoN 500 sfl pihlF khI geI sI Auh awj vI AuqnI hI sfrQk aqy kfrgr hY ijqnI ik Aus smyN sI, jdoN ieh khI geI sI. ijvyN ik AuWpr kihaf igaf hY ik sMsfr ivwc pRcwilq Drm gRMQ ieh kih rhy sn ik mnuwK leI Gr ivwc rihMidaF pRBU dI pRfpqI df pRsLn hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. ies leI jMglF ivwc jfxf aqy qwp krnf aiqaMq jLrUrI hY pr gurbfxI ies qwQ qy afpxI sihmqI nhIN pRgtfAuNdI.
sRI gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb jI afpxy muKfribMd’coN Aucfrn krdy hn,
“kfhy ry bn Kojn jfeI..
srb invfsI sdf alypf qohI sMig smfeI..”
ies sLbd ivwc gurU sfihb mnuwK nUM kih rhy hn ik, “hy BfeI qUM pRBU nUM Kojn leI bn Bfv jMglF ivwc ikAuN jf irhf hYN? Auh prmfqmf qF qyry nfl vwsdf hY aqy sfiraF ivwc invfs krdf hoieaf vI mfieaf qoN inrlyp rihMdf hY. iPr jMgl ivwc jfx df kI Pfiedf?”
dUjy pfsy kuwJ Drm gRMQ kihMdy hn ik qIrQ asQfnF qy jf ky iesLnfn krn nfl mnuwK dy pfp kwty jFdy hn qF ies vihm bfry vI gurbfxI afpxy ivcfr pysL krdI hY ik,
“qIrQu nfvx jfAU qIrQu nfmu hY..”
Bfv ik jy mn ivwc mMdy ivcfr hn qF iPr qIrQF qy ky iesLnfn krn df kI lfB? gurU sfihb jI Purmfn krdy hn ik qIrQ df pRBU df nfm hI hY. jy swcy mnnfl Aus vfihgurU df ismrn kIqf jfvy qF iksy qIrQ qy iesLnfl nfloN ieh vDyry cMgf hY. BgvyN kpVy pihx ky Gr-bfr Cwzx bfry gurmiq kihMdI hY ik,
jogu nf Bgvy kpVIN
jogu nf mYly vys
nfnku Gr bYiTaF jog pfeIaY
siqgur ky AupdysL..”
BgvyN kpVy Dfrn krx nfl jog Dfrx nhIN huMdf aqy iehnF pfKMzF kfrx pRBU dI pRfpqI nhIN ho skdI blik swcy gurU dI sLrx pieaF Gr bYT ky hI pRBU dI pRfpqI df sfDn bx skdf hY. ies leI mn ivwc sLuwD ivcfrF dy mfiDam nfl pRBU df gux gfien kIqy jfx qF vfihgurU dy dr dy mnuwK pRvfn ho skdf hY.
“jlu ky mjnu jy giq hovY
inq inq mYNzk nfvY
jYsy mYNzk qYsy Auh nr
iPr iPr jUnI afvY..”
jy qIrQF qy nhfAux nfl pRBU dy drsLn huMdy qF zwzUaF nUM sB qoN pihlF pRBU dy drsLn huMdy ikAuNik Auh qF pfxI ivwc hI invfs kr rhy hn pr swcy mn qoN ibnF iksy qIrQ qy kIqf iesLnfn vI ivarQ hI huMdf hY.
ijhVy lok mn dI pwivqrqf qoN ibnF qIrQF dy Btkdy iPrdy hn Auh AuhnF zwzUaF dI qrHF hn jo jl ivwc rih ky vI ies qoN lfB pRfpq nhIN krdy. AuhnF nUM pRBU dI pRfpqI nhIN huMdI.
gurbfxI Poky krm-kfzF dI ivroDqf krdI hY ik ihrdy ivwc sLuwD ivcfrF qoN ibnF kIqf koeI vI kfrj pRBU dy dr qy pRvfn nhIN ho skdf.
iewk ivdvfn ilKdf hY ik jykr nMgy pYr rihx nfl prmfqmf iml pYNdf qF sB qoN pihlF bFdrF nUM rwb imldf, Blf Auh ikhVy bUt pfAuNdy hn? jykr BuwKy rihx nfl rwb imldf qF icVIaF nUM imldf, ikAuNik icVI df pyt ieqnf inwkf huMdf hY ik rfq nUM Auh pyt Br ky cogf cuwgdI hY pr awDI rfq nUM Aus nUM iPr BuwK lwg jFdI hY. ies qrHF pUrI rfq ivwc icVI nUM iqMn vfr BwuK nfl dorf pYNdf hY.
jykr pwuTy lwtkx nfl rwb imldf qF cwmigdVF nUM imlxf sI qy jy pfxI ivwc iesLnfn krn nfl rwb imldf qF zwzUaF, mwCIaF nUM rwb imldf pr rwb df imldf hY swcI pRIq kIiqaF.
“sfc khoN sux lyhu sBy
ijn pRym kIE iqn hI pRBu pfieE..”
ies leI pRBU nUM pfAux leI Poky pfKMzF dI loV nhIN hY. loV hY qF kyvl swcy mn aqy suLwD ivcfrF nfl pRBU nUM Xfd krn dI.
- 0-

afrQk sMkt, ivÈv jMg dI
sMBfvnf aqy hwl/
kMvljIq
afrQk sMkt awj ivÈv Br dy qmfm afrQk, rfjnIqk svflF df kyNdr ibMdU bixaf hoieaf hY. afrQk mfhr mOjUdf sMkt ƒ ‘mhFmMdI` (1929-33 dOrfn sMsfr Br ivwc lwKF jfnF lYx vflf afrQk sMkt) qoN vwzf sMkt grdfn rhy hn. ivÈv Br dy afrQk mfhr, srmfeydfr afnI-bhfnI juV bYTdy hn aqy ies sMkt ivwcoN inklx df rfh Bflx dI koiÈÈ ivwc hn. sMkt dI sB qoN pihlI mfr syvf aqy ivwq Kyqr qy peI hY. ieh Auh Kyqr hn ijMnHF bfry, Kfs qOr qy mwD vrg drimafn, ieh pRcfr kIqf igaf sI ik ieh ivkfs dI sB qoN AuWqm avsQf qy hn aqy ijMnf df hvflf dy ky srmfeydfrI pwKI buwDIjIvI srb sFJIvflqf, brfbrI, srbMgI ivkfs aqy mnuwKqf dy Bly vrgy qmfm-sMklpF ƒ ‘vylf ivhf cuwky` sMkplp GoiÈq krdy hoey AunHF dI QF kMpItIÈn, ivakqIgq ivkfs, groQ` afid vrgy sMklpF ƒ pRcwlq krdy rhy hn. ienF KyqrF ivwc kMm krdy AuWc iswiKaq kfmy aqy ies ÈRyxI ivwc dfKl hox dy ieCuwk ividafrQI hfly vI zOr zOr hn - tfeItfink qF nf zubxXog jhfj hY !! - pr swc ieh hY ik afrQkqf dy ‘tfeItfink` dy kpqfn - brfk Aubfmf vI ies dfavy dy glq ho jfx bfry dbvIN sur ivwc mMn rhy hn. ies dOrfn AunHF dI sB qoN pRmuwK icMqf kuJ kMpnIaF ƒ bcfAux dI nhIN hY sgoN AunHF dI pRmuwK icMqf hY afrQkqf dy srmfeydfrfnf mfzl ƒ Pyl ho jfx qoN bcfAuxf. TIk eysy kfrn mIzIaf ivwc byhwd afpf ivroDI pRcfr Biraf ipaf hY ijs dy kfrx mwD vrg kdI afpxy hwQoN Kuwsdy ruËgfr, kdI izwgdy jFdy iÈar bfjfr vwl vyK ky mfXUs huMdf hY aqy kdI rfÈtpqIaF, pRDfn mMqrIaF dy BfÈx sux ky muV hONslf PV jFdf hY. srmfeydfrI ny ies dOr ivwc afrQk vrqfiraF ƒ smuwcqf ivwc vyKx, smJx dI bjfey ‘cMgy lwCxF` aqy ‘mfVy lwCxF` dIaF tuwtvIaF sUcIaF iqafr krky AunHF dy aDfr qy BivwK bfxIaF krn df rfh PiVaf hY. ieh rfh eynf dMBI hY ik, Audfhrx vjoN, mudrf siPqI df Gtdy jfxf - iewk cMgy lwCx vjoN pyÈ kIqf jf irhf hY jdoN ik swcfeI ieh hY ik bËfr ivwcoN ‘mMg` Éqm ho jfx kfrx mudrf dI loV hI Éqm ho rhI hY. so mudrf siPqI df qyjI nfl Gtdy jfxf asl ivwc Twp huMdy jf rhy bËfr df lKfiek hY. pr hfkm ihwsy ies ƒ afpxI ‘arQivvsQf qy kMtrol` df sUck bxf ky pyÈ kr rhy hn.
kI ieh mOjUdf afrQk mMdvfVf acfnk hI af igaf?
nhIN, afrQk sMkt mihj AudoN dunIaF ivwc nhIN afieaf jdoN aÉbfrF ny Aus bfry bolxf ÈurU kIqf sgoN ieh sMkt 80ivaF dy dUjy awD qoN hI lgfqfr amrIkI arQ ivvsQf qy mMzrf irhf hY. pRMqU amrIkn afrQkqf dy moZI lgfqfr ies ƒ tfldy aqy mulqvI krdy rhy hn. afrQkqf qy kfbj ivwqI GrfixaF ny afpxy ivwq dy cwr ƒ cldf rwKx leI hr vfr nvyN Auprfly kIqy. ivÈv dy lokF vwloN ikqy vI jmHF krky rwKI pUMjI ƒ ivwq bËfr ivwc iKwc ilafAux dy isrqoV aqy inwq nvyN jqn kIqy. nqIjy vjoN ivwq bËfr Bukfny vFg Puldf irhf. ivwq dy ajfrydfr afpxI pUMjI nfloN keI guxF vwzI pUMjI ƒ kMtrol krdy rhy. smyN smyN afAuNdy ivwqI JtikaF, iÈar bjfrU Auqrfa-cVHfvF rfhIN Coty vwzy invyÈkF ƒ afpxI pUMjI bjfr ivc Cwz ky bfhr inkl jfx qy mËbUr krdy rhy. nqIjy vjoN ivwq dI sMGxqf vwDdI geI aqy ies dI rÌqfr GtdI rhI. ies pRikRiraf ƒ cflU rwKx leI iesy smyN dOrfn qIjI dunIaF dy mulkF dy bËfrF ƒ ‘nvIN afrkk nIqI` aqy ‘strkclr azjstmYNt` rfhIN ivwqI pUMjI dIaF loVF anuUrUp Zfilaf igaf. iesy dOrfn qIjI dunIaf dy mulkF ivwc nvyN dOr dy anUrUp aqy ivÈv sfmrfj dIaF nvIaF loVF dy anukUl kdm imlf ky cwlx vfly AudXogk Grfxy awgy afey. iesy dOrfn kdI ‘afeI[tI[bUm` aqy kdI ‘rIal astyt bUm` ny ivwqI gyVF ƒ hulfry idwqy. pr sB kuJ dy bfvjUd sMkt muV muV pihlF nfloN gihrf ho ky isr cuwkdf irhf. iesdy muV afAux df smF aMqrfl hr vfr Gtdf irhf aqy ies ivwcoN inklx dy rfh hr vfr Gtdy gey. mOjUdf sMkt pihlF sb-pRfeIm sMkt dy rUp ivwc amrIkn hfAUisMg PfeInFs dy Kyqr ivwc AuBiraf. byroËgfrI dy vfDy aqy GrF dIaF kImqF cVHn krky ieh Kyqr sMkt ivwc Pisaf. ies ny nfjuk- smqol (Delicate Equilibrium) qy itky sfry ivwq bËfr ƒ hlUxf dy idwqf ijs ny afpxI vfrI Aus nfl juVIaF ivÈv dIaF qmfm stfk aYkscyNjF ivwcoN pYsf kwZ ky afpxf GrylU sMkt hwl krn dy cwkr ivc bfkI arQ ivvsQfvF ƒ vI Jtkf dy idwqf. ieh Jtky eyny vwzy aqy ivÈv ivafpI sn ik afrQk mMdvfVf iPr lukoieaf luikaf nhIN aqy ivÈv sfmrfj ƒ kbUl krnf ipaf ik Auh sMkt ivc Ps cuwikaf hY. sfl 2008 ivwc jnvrI qoN lY ky sqMbr mhIny qwk amrIkf dy 20 isKrly bYNkF ny idvflf kwZ idwqf. iesdy nfl hI ienF qy inrBr syvf Kyqr dIaF kMpnIaF ny afpxy mulfjmF dI CuwtI krnI ÈurU kr idwqI. Auh mihË mulfjm hI nhIN sn - Auh bËfr dy AupBogqf vI sn aqy PfeInFs kMpnIaF dy krËdfr vI sn. nqIjy vjoN sMkt hor zUMGf hoieaf aqy gwl pYdfvfrI iekfeIaF qwk clI geI. bËfr ivwcoN mMg Gtx kfrx pYdfvfr GtI geIaF. ieho cwkr hY jo rukx df hfly qwk nfm nhIN lY irhf.
sfry ivÈv dy srmfeydfrI sfmrfj pwKI afrQk mfhr mMdI aqy iesdI ivafpkqf, zUMGfeI afid ƒ svIkfrdy hoey afs pRgt kr rhy hn ik ies ƒ ËrUr hI sulJf ilaf jfvygf. AunHF df qrk hY ik ieh ds sflf sMktI cwkr hY. Bfv ieh mihj iek ‘rutIn` hY. Auh ieh vI mMn gey hn ieh bhuq gihrf hY aqy kfPI lMbf cwl skdf hY.  AunHF ny iesdf iËMmyvfr kuJ vpfrk GrfixaF dI aMnI lflsf ƒ grdfinaf hY. kuJ AudfrvfdIaF ny rfjswqf dy vDyry sÉq dÉl dI vkflq vI kIqI hY.
rfjswqf df sÉq dKl ikho ijhf hovygf, ies bfry crcf awgy krdy hF pr iPlhfl jo kIqf igaf hY Auh hY rfj swqf df ‘nrm` dKl aqy zuwb rhy inwjI vpfrk GrfixaF dy isr qy rfj swqf df mmqfmeI hwQ! iesƒ byl afAUt df nF vI idwqf igaf hY aqy iesdf dUjf rUp bYNkF vwloN ivafj drF ivwc ktOqI, sI[afr[afr[ aqy irvrs rYpo ryt Gtf ky lokF dIaF bwcqF ƒ asurwiKaq krky aqy AunHF ƒ bjfr clfAux leI vrqx dI koiÈÈ hY. pRMqU bjfr hfly vI nhIN cwl sky. ÉbrF muqfbk iewk pfsy srkfr bYNkF qy dbfa pf rhI hY ik Auh vwD qoN vwD Kpqkfr krjy vMzx aqy dUjy pfsy ihMdosqfn dy isKrly awT bYNkF dy axmuVy krijaF dI igxqI ipCly 1 sfl dOrfn 30 PIsdI vDI hY. ‘nfn prPfrimg asYt` ivwc kuwl 7218 kroV df vfDf hoieaf hY.
bYNk df nF     dsMbr 08    nvMbr 08
aYs[bI[afeI[  13314     12552
kynrf bYNk    2515    1574
bYNk afP ieMzIaf   2213    1978
XUnIan bYNk    1564    1475
afeI[sI[afeI[sI[afeI[  8988   8501
iesdy kuJ lukvyN qy tyZy rUp vI vyKx ivwc af rhy hn. imqI 30[02[08 dy pMjfbI itRibAUn ivwc ÉbrF hn: 1[ idwlI trFsport kfrporyÈn vwloN tftf motrË ƒ 2200 kroV df afrzr dyx dI aqy dUjI ‘Porits hrt` hspqfl smUh vwloN 70 lwK amrIkI zflr dI kImq df mfrIiÈafeI  hspqfl KrIdx aqy 1000 kroV dI pUMjI iekwTI krn leI ‘rfeIts`  ieÈU krn df PYslf. mMdvfVy dy ies dOr ivwc spÈt hY ik jykr pbilk kfrporyÈnF 2200 kroV df afrzr dyxgIaF qF Ausdf kI mqlb hovygf aqy jy iewk hspqfl dI KrId ivKf ky invyÈkF ƒ 1000 kroV rupey df invyÈ krn leI AuqÈfhq kIqf jfvygf qF Aus ivwc Cuipaf dMB iksy qoN bhuqI dyr luikaf nhIN rih skdf.
pRMqU smwisaf ies qoN ikqy gMBIr hY. smwisaf ieh hY ik agr srkfr dy sfry ‘byl afAUt`, bYNkF rfhIN Kpqkfr pYdf krn dI skIm aqy lokF ƒ Brmf ky AunHF vwloN bcfieaf Dn bËfr ivwc vI jfvy qF vI sMkt hwl dy koeI asfr nËr nhIN af rhy. ikAuNik ibnF Tos pYdfvfr aqy AusdI loV muqfbk vMz qoN mihj pYsy nfl pYsf kmfAux df sfmrfjI qrIkf afpxI sfrQkqf hux

guaf cuwkf hY. ikAuNik sfmrfjI PfeInFs dIaF iejfrydfr kMpnIaF aijhy afrQk ‘cuMbk` vFg kMm kr rhIaF hn jo bËfr ivwc afAuNidaF hI mudrf ƒ iewkdm iKwc lYNdf hY, bËfr ƒ cwlx nhIN idMdf - BfvyN ieh Kud Aus leI iewk duKdfeI smwisaf hI hY.
hux qwk suJfey gey qmfm ‘hwl` byhwd vkqI sfbq hoey hn. ijnHF zuwbdIaF kMpnIaF aqy PrmF ƒ byl afAUt jF aijhIaF hor srkfrI shfieqFvF nfl cflU rwKx dI koiÈÈ kIqI jf rhI hY Auh iblkul Auho kMpnIaF hn ijnF dy cwlx dI pRikiraf afpxy afp ivc afrQk sMkt pYdf krn dI pRikiraf vI sI. AunHF ƒ clf ky iks afrQk sMkt df hwl kwiZaf jf skdf hY?
kI ieh gwl srkfrF clfAux vfly isafsqdfnF ƒ nËr nhIN afAuNdI? iblkul nËr afAuNdI hY. pRMqU jo afm afdmI ƒ awj qwk nËrI nhIN sI afAuNdf Auh hY asl ivc jo ies GtnfkRm ivwcoN iblkul ÈpÈt vyiKaf jf skdf hY. kI srkfr srmfeydfrF ƒ bcfAuNdI hY jF asl ivwc srkfr Kud hI AunHF srmfeydfrF dy rihmokrm qy itwkI hoeI hY? dyÈ dy vwzy srmfeydfrF vwloN srkfr ƒ clfAuxf jy awj qwk spÈt rUp ivwc vyiKaf nhIN jf sikaf qF isrP ies krky ikAuNik Auh sMkt ivwc ies hwd qwk Psy hoey nhIN sn iesy leI ‘aYNtI ienkMbYsI` vrg ‘iPnfimny` cox ivwc vyKy jFdy sn. pRMqU sMkt ivwc PsI sfzy dyÈ dI srmfeydfrI aqy ivÈv sfmrfj afpxy aqIq dy KUMnI pMny vI Prol irhf hY. sgoN bylafAUt, vrgy AuprfilaF qoN ielfvf asl ivwc AunHF pMinaF ivwcoN hI koeI hwl qlfÈ irhf hY. iesdI qfjf qy AuBrvIN Audfhrx hY gujrfq ivwc ‘‘vfeIbrYt gujrfq globl ienvYstrË simt`` dy nF hyT, 12-13 jnvrI ƒ hoeI iewk vwzI kfnPrMs ijs ivwc dyÈ dy cotI dy srmfeydfrF qoN ibnF jpfn, korIaf, ieMzonyÈIaf, hFgkFg afid mulkF dy vI cotI dy srmfeydfr Èfml hoey. Aus kfnPrMs dI kfrvfeI jo surKIaF ivwc afeI, Auh sI ik tftf, ibrlf, aMbfnI, ijMdl, imwql afid qmfm srmfeydfrF ny KuwlHyafm jor dy ky ikhf ik gujrfq dy muwK mMqrI nirMdr modI hI dyÈ dy agly pRDfn mMqrI hoxy cfhINdy hn. ies gwl ny kfPI gMBIr svfl KVHy kr idwqy hn.
pihlf, kI srmfeydfrF dI ivÈv pwDrI kfnPrMs, Bfrq df aglf pRDfn mMqrI qYa krn leI kIqI geI sI? kI afrQk mMdvfVy df ieho hwl hY jo Aus kfnPrMs ny qYa kIqf hY?
dUsrf, srmfeydfrF dy ijhn ivwc nirMdr modI pRqI eyny Aulfr ivcfr ikAuN afey? AunHF ny afpxy mUMhoN iesdf kfrx dwisaf hY ik asl ivwc gujrfq aMdr snaqI ivkfs df iewk aËIm mfzl nirMdr modI ny Ausfiraf hY, Ausy krky Ausƒ cuixaf igaf hY. pRMqU ieh kfrx kfPI sMdyh jnk hY. kI irafieqF dy ky dUjy sUibaF qoN snaqI invyÈ afpxy sUby ivwc iKwc ilafAuxf Aus ‘mfzl` df pRmuwK lwCx nhIN? kI ies nfl rldf imldf kMm ihmfcl, CqIsgVH ivwc nhIN hoieaf? ies qoN vI awgy, kI awj dy afrQk sMkt dy dOr ivwc, jdoN bËfr ies hwd qwk ruk igaf hY ik snaq invyÈ krn ƒ iqafr nhIN, aijhy kdmF df koeI mfienf ho skdf hY?
svflF df svfl ieh ik kI ‘gujrfq mfzl` afrQk mMdvfVy df iÈkfr nhIN hoieaf? kI sUrq dI ‘hIrf` snaq bury qrIky nfl qbfhI qoN bcfeI jf skI? spwÈt hY ik modI dI cox leI ‘snaqI ivkfs mfzl` vflf qrk aiqaMq dMBI hY. asl gwl hor hY. modI ny awj qwk jo ‘ivlwKx` kMm spÈt rUp ivwc aqy byikrk ho ky kIqf hY Auh hY goDrf kFz qoN bfad muslmfnF qy XojnfbwD hmly-sPfey dI muihMm. ieiqhfs gvfh hY ik afrQk sMkt ivwcoN inklx dy afrQk hwl byasr hox dI sUrq ivwc ivwqI srmfey ny PfsIvfd df shfrf ilaf hY. dyÈ dy aMdr aMnHf kOmvfd, iPrkfpRsqI PYlf ky aqy aMqrrfÈtrI pwDr qy jMgF lgf ky hI sMktgRsq srmfeydfrI awgy vDdI rhI hY. TIk ieho lwCx, ipCly mhFmMdI nfloN vI vwzy dwsy jf rhy, ajoky ivÈv afrQk sMkt dOrfn vI AuWBr rhy hn.
muMbeI hmly qoN bfad dyÈ aMdr iewk aMDrfstrvfdI jƒn aqy aMqrrfÈtrI pwDr qy awqvfd dy iKlfÌ jMg ivwc amrIkf nfl iDr bxky Klo jfxf TIk iesy idÈf vwl ieÈfrf krdy lwCx hn. ies sMdrB ivwc vrqfiraF ƒ cMgI qrHF smJx leI sfƒ dUjI ivÈv jMg qoN pihlF aqy 1929-23 dI mhF mMdI dOrfn ivÈv Br ivwc vfprIaF isafsI qy afrQk GtnfvF qy ËrUr ingHf mfrnI cfhINdI hY. nvMbr 1933 zYnmfrk qoN Ébr sI ik srkfrI pÈU PfrmF ivwc 5000 pÈU pRqI hÌqf mfry jf rhy hn. srkfr ny ivÈyÈ PMz sQfpq krky mry pÈU jlfAux df pRbMD kIqf sI jo nfkfÌI sfbq hoieaf aqy srkfr ƒ pfrlImYNt ivwc hor PMz leI mqf pyÈ krnf ipaf.
amrIkf dy rUjvYlt ÈfÈn vwloN PslI pYdfvfr GtfAux leI ‘‘aYgrIklcr aYzjstmYNt aYzminstryÈn`` sQfpq kIqI ijsdI KricaF dI ilst iDafn Xog hY:

kpfh dI KVI Psl nÈt krn qy  :  110 imlIan zflr
kpfh hyT rkbf GtfAux qy   : 150 imlIan zflr
sUr mfrn qy :  33 imlIal zflr
kxk hyT rkbf GtfAux qy   : 102 imlIan zflr
qMbfkU hyT rkbf GtfAux qy   :  21 imlIan zflr

brqfnIaF ivwc 1930 ivwc ‘‘nYÈnl iÈp iblizMg sikAUirtI ilmitz`` nF dI kMpnI sQfpq kIqI geI ijs df kMm sI coxvyN jhfjrfnI dy kfrKfinaF ƒ KrId ky bMd kr dyxf. ies kMm leI ies kMpnI ƒ 3 imlIan zflr df ivÈyÈ bjt vI idwqf igaf. ies kMpnI ny 3 sflF ivwc 100 qoN vwD jhfjrfnI dy kfrKfny KrId ky bMd kIqy aqy lwKF kfimaF ƒ ivhlf kIqf.
brwglË ivKy dunIaF dy pRmuwK qFbf AuqpfdkF dI mIitMg dsMbr 1931 ivwc hoeI ijs ivwc AuhnF ny smJOqf kIqf ik afpxIaF KfxF qoN kul kYpyistI dy 26 PIsdI qoN vwD pYdfvfr nhIN lYxgy. brfjIl dI nyÈnl kfPI koiÈl ny 1931 ivwc PYslf ilaf ik 12 imlIan kfPI bYÈ nÈt kr idwqy jfx. 1932-33 dOrfn kul 96 lwK kuieMtl kfPI nÈt kIqI geI. 1933 dy aKIr qwk Gwto Gwt 22,000,000 kuieMtl kfPI smuMdr ivwc nÈt kr idwqI geI. ies kMm leI Ércf, srkfr vwloN, kfPI dI drfmd qy tYks lgf ky pUrf kIqf igaf. vrnxXog hY ik ieh sfrI kfPI srkfr vwloN mflkF qoN KrId ky nst kIqI geI. (hvflf lIg afP nysn, vrlz prozksn aYNz prfeIi; 1925-32 pI[28).
tYksfs qy AuKlfmf dy gvrnrF ny kOmI gfrzF ƒ adyÈ idwqf ik qyl dy KUhF qy kbjf kr ky pYdfvfr bMd kr dyx. isafsI Kyqr ivwc iesy smyN dOrfn ietlI ivwc musoilnI jrmnI ivwc ihtlr aqy afstrIaf ivwc zOlPfs ijhy Pfisst izktytrF dy hwQF ivwc swqHf df vwD qoN vwD kyNdrIkrx. ivwqI srmfey dy iejfrydfrF vwloN pUrI qrHF ienHF dI ipwT QfpV ky qmfm iksm dIaF jmhUrI, Kwby pwKI avfjF df glf Guwt ky ivÈv pwDrI jMg dI iDr bxn dI iqafrI. aqy Kfs qOr qy ienHF PfiÈÈt sQfpqIaF qy pYdf hox aqy ivkfs krky sqHf qy kfbj hox dOrfn, hornF srmfeydfr pfrtIaF, AudfrvfdIaF aqy nklI KwibaF (smfjk jnvfdIaF, smfjvfdIaF) dI BUimkf vI vyKxXog hY.
pfTk vyK skxgy ik mOjUdf afrQk sMkt, Ausdy nkÈy qy AuBrx qoN TIk pihlF aqy ies dOrfn dIaF rfjnIqk qy afrQk pRikirafvF ‘mUl rUp` ivwc dUjI sMsfr jMg qoN pihlF dIaF GtnfvF nfl kfPI sFJ rwKdIaF hn.
sMkt ivwc PsI srmfeydfrI mnuwKqf dy iKlfÌ BYVy qoN BYVy hmly aqy pYdfvfrI ÈkqIaF qy iGnfAuxI qbfhI brpfx leI kmrksy krrhI hY.
hwl kI hY?
srmfeydfrI ikMnI vI crmrf ikAuN nf jfvy, ikMnI vI jwjr ikAuN nf ho jfvy ieh afpxy afp sqHf nhIN CwzdI, ZihMdI nhIN - ieh ieiqhfsk swcfeI hY. 1929-33 dI mhF mMdI dOrfn vI ieh ies krky nhIN sI Zih ZyrI hoeI, ikAuNik ikrqIaF dI ivÈfl bhuigxqI ies hwd qwk sMgTq, anuÈfsq aqy cyqn nhIN sI ik jMgbfj srmfeydfrI dy hwQoN sqHf Koh lYNdI aqy ivÈv ƒ nuksfn qoN bcf ky ivkfs vwl lY qurdI.
ieho svfl awj vI ikrqI jmfq dy sfhmxy hY. ieh iewko iewk hwl hY. -0-
ikRkt + krfeIm + krImI lyar + krfmfq +
kfmrÈlfeIjyÈn + krUaltI = inAuË cYnl/
kuldIp isMG dIp (zf[)

vrqmfn dOr mÈInI Xug qoN awgy sUcnf aqy qknIk (Information Technology) dy isKrly ivkfs dy afDfr ‘qy sYtylfeIt krFqI df dOr hY. globlfeIjyÈn (Globolization) ilbrlfeIjyÈn (Liberlization) aqy pRfeIvytfeIjyÈn (Privatization) vrgy sMklpF ny ‘mukq vpfr`, ‘ivakqIgq afËfdI` aqy ‘sMsfr iek ipMz` vrgIaF DfrnfvF pYdf kIqIaf hn. sMcfr dy bRihmMzI nYtvrk ny kuJ vI aKoN Ehly nhIN rihx idwqf. iek pfsy ivigafnI aYl aYc vI vrgIaF mÈInF rfhIN DrqI dy rhwsF ƒ Prolx leI idE kd pRXog kr rhIaF hn aqy pulfV df cwpf cwpf Cfixaf jf irhf hY, AuWQy mfeIkro kYmry quhfzy bYzrUmF aqy bfQrUmF qwk vI phuMc rhy hn. ies sUcnf qknIk aqy iehnF AudfrvfdI sMklpF dy ivkfs dy anyk ivsQfr hn ijvyN :-
- sfmrfjvfdI ÈkqIaF duafrf sMsfr ƒ KuwlHI mMzI dy rUp ivc ivkisq krnf.
- gYt (Gatt) vrgy smJoiqaF rfhIN aMqrrfÈtrI afriQkqf `qy afpxf kbËf krnf.
- ivÈv bYNk aqy afeI[ aYm[ aYP[ vrgIaF sMsQfvF rfhIN nv-bsqIvfd df afriQk gulfmI dy nvyN rUp ivc ivkisq hoxf.
- pytYNt kfƒnF rfhIN kudrqI soimaF df kyNdrIkrx krnf.
- mltI-nyÈnË kMpnIaF rfhIN ivÈv Auqpfdn ‘qy afpxI aËfrydfrI kfiem krky hom ieMzstrI (Home Industry) qy hom ienPrfstrkcr (Home Infrastructure) ƒ qbfh krnf.
- siBafcfrk rUpFqrx dy nF qy lGU siBafcfrF dI hoNd Kqm krky mnmrjI dy mfnisk, smfijk aqy siBafcfrk Drfql ivkisq krny.
- mwDvrgI mfniskqf df pRcfr-pRsfr krky hr mnuwK ƒ gRfhk dy rUp ivc ivkisq krnf.
- afsQf df glYmrfeIjyÈn krky Drm ƒ AupBogI siBafcfr df ihwsf bxfAuxf.
- nvIN pIVHI ƒ afpxI mnmrjI df rfh dyxf.
ies smuwcy vrqfry leI anyk pRkfr dy ZMg qrIky aqy tUlË vrqy jf rhy hn. iehnF ivc sB qoN aihm tUl hY- mIzIaf aqy mIzIaf dI afËfdI. kdy smF sI jdoN tI[ vI[ Aupr srkfrI eykfiDkfr (Monoply) sI aqy keI vfr aYlfnI qy bhuqI vfr axaYlfnI sYNÈrisp lfgU sI. Aus imQy smyN qoN pihlF ieh ‘buwDU bksf` aksr cuwp rihMdf sI prMqU sYtylfeIt krFqI dy qihq 24 GMty dy pRsfrn nfl ies ‘buwDU bksy` ƒ lokF ƒ 24 GMty ‘buwDU` bxfAux df kMm iml igaf. nvyN pRsfr BfrqI aYkt ny AudfrIkrx dIaF nIqIaF qihq ies ‘buwDU bksy` ƒ pRRfeIvyt adfiraF leI KolH idwqf ijs dy iswty vjoN kybl qy izÈF df jfl ivwC igaf aqy tI[ vI[ Aupr 24 GMty sYNkVy cYnl ‘afpxI afpxI zPlI aqy afpxf afpxf rfg` alfp rhy hn. awj qNo lgBg iek dhfkf pihlF Èfied hI iksy ny soicaf hovy ik koeI cYnl aijhf hovygf jo isrÌ qy isrP ÉbrF hI dyvygf. prMqU awj inAU cYnlF dI tI[ vI[ AuWqy Brmfr hY. iehnF inAU cYnlF ivc sB qoN pihlF, sB qoN BrvyN aqy pRBfvsflI rUp ivc ijs cYnl ny afpxI dsqk idwqI, Auh sI - afj qwk` aqy awj bI[bI[sI[, zI[zI[ inAU, jI inAU, zI[ zbilE inAU, jYn tI[vI[, ieMzIaf tI[vI[, aYn[zI[tI[vI[ aqy totl tI[vI[ vrgy rfÈtrI aMqr rfÈtrI inAU cYnl aqy keI KyqrI inAU cYnl ( pI tI sI aqy pMjfb tUzy vrgy) afpo afpxf GoVf Bjf rhy hn. KbrF aqy ro fnf GtnfvF glYmrfeI krn aqy nftkIkrn krn df ishrf afj qwk` hI jFdf hY. prMqU AudfrIkrn, bfËfrIkrn aqy sMsfrIkrn df ieh afm lCwx hY ik ieh jdoN iksy vI rUp ivc afAuNNdf hY qF lokpwKI cyhrf lYky afAuNdf hY prMqU jldI hI ies dy ipCokV ivc AuhI ‘munfPy df siBafcfr` nMgy-icwty rUp ivc Jlkx lg pYNdf hY ijs dI buinafd `qy ies ny ivkisq hoxf huMdf hY. ‘afj qwk` aqy ies vrgy hor inAUË cYnl vI ies bfËfrIkrn aqy sMsfrIkrn dy tUlË mfqr hI hn. so ÈurU ivc ieh cYnl vI afpxf lokpwKI cyhrf lY ky hI afey. dunIaF dy hr kony ƒ iehnF ny drÈkF dI ryNË ivc ilaFdf. sitMg afpRyÈnF qy qihlkf vrgy kFzF rfhIN vwzy pwDr qy qihlkf mcfieaf, KbrF ƒ suxn qoN dyKxXog (Visual) bxfAux leI aslI idRÈF dI lfeIv tYlIkfsitMg kIqI. iewQoN qwk ik XuwD aqy awqvfdI hmilaF qwk df iswDf pRsfrx kIqf. lfeIv tYlIkfsitMg dI ryNË qoN bfrhlIaF cIjF df zMmI iqafr krky klpnf ÈkqI dy afDfr ‘qy aYnImyÈn tYknIk dy shfry jF iPr zMmI ikrdfr aqy khfxI isrj ky ivËUalfeIjyÈn kIqf. hr Kyqr ivc kMm kr rhIaF pRmuK hsqIaF dy ikrdfr, guÌqfr aqy rÌqfr ƒ ktihry ivc KVf kIqf. sUKm qoN sUKm vyrivaF ƒ aqy Krqnfk qoN Kqrnfk vrqfiraF ƒ tI[ vI[ dI skrIn qy ilafAux dI dlyrI kIqI. iswty vjoN suihrd drÈkF dy mUMhoN vI ‘vfh` vrgy Èbd bdobdI inkly . prMqU ‘‘ iebqdf ey ieÈk hY roqf hY ikaf, afgy afgy dyKIey hoqf hY ikaf.`` dy Èyar vFg jdoN ies ‘lIrF dI iKwdo` dy pfj AuDVny ÈurU hoey qF aMdrly srokfr bfhrlI skrIn qy idKfeI dyx lg pey. sMsfrIkrn aqy bfËfrIkrn dIaF buinafdI DfrnfvF iehnF sfry cYnlF dy isr cVH ky bolx lwg peIaF. munfPy dI pRivrqI aqy mDvrqI gfhk mfniskqf vrgy afdr ipCokV ivcoN inkl ky agRBUmI ivc af gey aqy afpxy nfpfk ierfidaF dI kunIn` afpxI qknIk dy shfry glYmr aqy snsnI dI cfÈnI ivc iBAuN ky idwqI jfx lwgI aqy awj siQqI kfPI hwk qwk sfP idKfeI dyx lwg peI hY. awj spwÈt qOr qy ieh cYnl mIzIaf dI afjffdI dy nF qy isrÌ kuJ ku kwikaF qwk sImq hoky rih gey hn, ijnHF ivc pihlf kwkf hY :-
ikRkyt :-
ikRkyt sMsfrIkrn aqy AudfrIkrn dy ipCokV ivc kfrjÈIl sfmrfjI qfkqF duafrf pRfXoijq iek aijhI Kyz hY jo AuWc ÈRyxI aqy AuprlI mwD ÈRyxI dy sPYdpoÈ klcr dI loV dy rUp ivc ivkisq hoeI hY, ijs df Kfsf sMsfr dIaF bfkI KyzF dy mukfbly iblkul vwKrf hY. vYsy vI icwty kpVy ivhlV aqy ikrq ivhIn vrg df pRqIk hn. ictkpVIaF dI ies Kyz df keI keI idn qwk clxf vI ivhly lokF dy Èugl aqy tfeImpfs krn df KrcIlf sfDn hY. purfxy simaF ivc rfijaF mhfrfijaF duafrf KyzI jFdI ÈqrMj aijhI hI tfeIm pfs (Time Consuming) Kyz sI. ikRkyt Kyzx qy iksy ƒ koeI aYqrfj nhI ho skdf hY ikAuNik hr vrg afpxIaF loVF dy muqfbk hI afpxf mnorMjn aqy Kyz sMsfr ivkisq krdf hY aqy AuhnF ƒ aijhf krn df hwk vI hY. prMqU isrÌ ‘ikRkyt hI ikRkyt` hovy ies gwl qy bhuq sfrIaF iDrF ƒ sÉq aYqrfj hY aqy ‘afj qwk’ aqy iehnF vrgy dUjy tI[vI[ cYnlF `qy pMdrF pMdrF idn lgfqfr awT-awT ds GMty, keI vfr 18-20 GMty (iek do GMty qF lgBg roË hI) ies Kyz ƒ dyxy dUjIaF KyzF df Kfqmf krky ikRkyt df ictkpVIaf klcr sQfpq krn dI koJI sfiËÈ hY. ikRkyt iKzfrIaF ƒ awj dy sB qoN vwzy hIro bxf ky AuhnF ƒ kdy ‘Èyr` aqy kdy ‘Zyr` bxf ky isrÌ qy isrÌ drÈkF df Bfvuk soÈx (Emotional Blackmailing) kIqf jf irhf hY. isty vjoN ikrq nfl juVy hoey lok afpxIaF ÈrIrk imhnq afDfirq KyzF iqafg ky tI[vI[ aqy ikRkyt df gulfm bxdy hoey AuhnF dI motI kmfeI df sfDn bx rhy hn, aqy afpxy afp ƒ aijhy mihMgy muwl dy ÈOkF ivc pf ky afpxf smF brbfd krky AujfVy dy rfh pY rhy hn. iehnF inAuË cYnlF duafrf pRmot kIqy gey aqy glYmrfeIË kIqy gey ieh iKzfrI pihlF vwzIaf vwzIaF kMpnIaF rfhIN arbFpqI bxfey jFdy hn, iPr iehnF qoN kmrÈIal ivigafpn krvfey jFdy hn, iPr iehnF ƒ ‘mfzlF` dy rUp ivc pyÈ kIqf jFdf hY, iPlmI hIroienF nfl ncfieaf jFdf hY aqy ieAuN ikRkyt dy mYdfn dy iehnF ÈyrF ƒ afpxy pYsy dI cft qy lf ky aqy lokF ivc iehnF df isry df afkrÈx pYdf kr ky afpxf vpfrk DUqU bxf ilaf jFdf hY aqy lokF dIaF ËybF iZwlIaF kIqIaF rFdIaF hn.
ihMg lwgy nf PtkVI, rMg coKf afvy.
iesy ƒ kihMdy hn- mfl mflkF df, mÈhUrI kMpnI dI.
cYnl vI amIr ho rhy hn, ikRkyt vI amIr ho rhI hY, vpfrk kMpnIaF dIaF ËybF vI afÌr rhIaF hn prMqU lokF ƒ afriQk, srIrk aqy mfnisk qOr qy apMg bxfieaf jf irhf hY.
krfeIm :-
       krfeIm (aprfD) ‘afj qwk` vrgy inAUË cYnlF df dUjf kwkf hY. Coty qoN Coty aprfD qoN lY ky vwzy qoN vwzy aprfD df nftkIkrn aqy glYmrfeIjyÈn krky iPlmI aYpIsoz dy rUp ivc jF pUrI-sUrI storI dy rUp ivc jF hfrr iPlm (Horror Film) dy rUp ivc pyÈ krnf ijwQy sfDfrn lokF dy suhË-suafd ƒ ivgfVdf hY AuQy jnsfDfrn ƒ aprfD krn dy nvyN nvyN qrIky vI isKfAuNdf hY. bfl mfniskqf dy kory mnF ‘qy ieh aprfiDk khfxIaF kI pRBfv pfAuNdIaF hn, iehnF cYnlF kol socx dI ivhl hI nhI. qIjI dunIaF dy Bfrq vrgy dyÈF ivc hyTly pwDr ‘qy ivakqIgq rMijÈ dIaF anyk dirMdgI BrpUr GtnfvF hr roË sYNkVy vfprdIaF hn. iksy iek inguxI sQfnk Gtnf ƒ nYÈnl pwwwDr ‘qy awDf awDf GMtf AuCfl ky lokF df smF brbfd kIqf jf irhf hY, jd ik Ausy smyN pUry dyÈ ivc pqf nhIN Auho ijhIaF ikMnIaF GtnfvF vfpr rhIaF huMdIaF hn. rfÈtrI aMqrrfÈtrI pwDr dy cYnl `qy pRsfirq hox vflI Gtnf df imafr aqy pRBfv vI Gto-Gwt rfÈtrI qy aMqrrfÈtrI pwDr df hovy. iesy nfl juiVaf hoieaf pwK snsnI (Thrilling) df vI hY. ieh cYnl jfx buJ ky aijhIaF GtnfvF dI qlfÈ krdy hn ik jo snsnI pYdf krn. msln ipRMs dI Gtnf df keI idn qwk iswDf pRsfrn cldf irhf prMqU dyÈ dy rfÈtrpqI dI cox ƒ kfPI hwd qwk aqy AuprfÈtrpqI dI cox ƒ pUry qOr qy axgOilaf kIqf igaf. rfÈtrpqI dI cox pRikRaf df AuhI ihwsf iehnF dI skrIn qy afieaf jo snsnI pYdf krdf sI. ijvyN ik rfÈtrpqI dy AumIdvfrF dy pyqVy Prolnf, vwK vwK pfrtIaF df Bwdf BMzI pRcfr vgYrf.afj qwk` dy 9:30 vjy dy ivy` vrgy pRogrfmF ivc sB kuJ snsnI afDfirq hI proisaf jFdf hY jo isrP jƒnI lokF dy jnI kfrnfmy hn, aqy jo sfDfrn dr kF df idmfÊ Krfb kr rhy hn. snsnIkrn dI isKr Aus vyly vI dyKx ƒ imlI jdoN iewk pfsy dunIaF Br dy ivigafnI DrqI dI kuwK ivc bxfeI ivÈfl surMg ivc bYT ky DrqI dy ByqF ƒ jfxn df awj qwk df swB qoN vwzf qy rumFck ivigafnk qËrbf kr rhy swn prMqU dUjy pfsy kuwJ inAuË cYnl ies ivigafnk pRXog dI ÊYr ivigafnk ivafiKaf kr ky iBafnk snsnI aqy BMblBUsf pYdf kr rhy swn, ies ƒ awj qwk df swB qoN vwzf ivnfÈkfrI kdm grdfn rhy sn. ijs nfl dunIaF kuwJ sYikMzF ivc hI Éqm ho jfeygI. ies snsnI afDfirq aÌvfh kfrn Bfrq ivc qF hr ikqy sihm Cf igaf sI, bhuq lokF dy sfh sUqy gey swn aqy kuwJ ƒ qF atYk vI ho igaf sI. afpxI drÈkI ryNj vDfAux leI lok mfniskqf nfl ikMnF vwzf Droh kmf rhy hn ieh vpfrk cYnl?
iesy qrHF muMbeI bMb DmfikaF ivc ijvyN iehnF cYnlF ny lfeIv tYlIkfsitMg kIqI, awqvfdIaF nfl lfeIv gwlbfq kIqI, surwiKaf eyjMsIaF dy nËrIey qoN lukoeIaF jfx vflIaF QfvF ƒ afpxy kYmiraF rfhIN awqvfdIaF dy afkfvF ƒ lfeIv rUp ivc idKfieaf, ieh swB kuwJ lokF ivc sihm pfAux aqy awqvfdIaF dI mdwd krn vrgf vrqfrf hI sI.
krImI lyar :-
iehnF tI[ vI[ cYnlF dy pRfeIm tfeIm df iek vwzf ihwsf ‘krImI lyar` ƒ smrpq hY. iesy soc dy qihq ipCly smyN ivc Bfrq dy sB qNo vwzy amIrF ivcoN iek aimqfB bcn dy sfihbËfdy aiBÈyk bcn aqy aYÈviraf rfey dy ivafh dy kfrz vMzx qoN lYky hnImUn qwk df iswDf pRsfrn kIqf igaf. ies gwl df pUrf pUrf iKafl riKaf igaf ik AuhnF ny ikhVy mMdr ivc pUjf kIqI, ikvyN kIqI, kI cVHfvf cVHfieaf igaf. ÈqrUGn aqy amr isMG ƒ imhxo imhxI huMdy ivKfieaf igaf. pihlF pRvfsI BfrqI nfier dy hfeI tYk ivafh df awKI izwTf hfl idKf ky AuWlU bxfieaf igaf aqy bfad ivc AuhnF dy rusyvyN idKf ky. sMjy dwq ƒ isrP 6 sfl dI sjf suxfeI geI, prMqU Ausy kys ivc keIaFƒ PFsI qy keIaF ƒ Aumr kYd idwqI geI. ijs idn sMjy dwq ƒ 6 sfl dI sjf suxfeI geI, Ausy idn pMjfb ivc mrhUm byaMq isMG dy kfqlF ƒ PFsI idwqI geI prMqU tI[ vI[ dI skrIn qy isrÌ qy isrÌ sMjy dwq dy drÈn hI hoey ikAuNik bfkI sB krImI lyar nhI sn. sMjy dwq ƒ sjf suxfAux vyly jwj ny kI ikhf, ikvyN ikhf, ‘sMjU bfbf` jyl ivc kI KFdf hY, sMjU dI BYx, bytI, pRyimkf df kI hfl hY, afid afid vyrvy drÈkF ƒ Dwky nfl idKfey gey. puwiCaf jf skdf hY ik iehnF sB ivakqIaF aqy GtnfvF df dyÈ dy 106 kroV lokF nfl kI sMbMD hY? iek afm BfrqI afpxI ivafAux Xog kuVI dy ivafh leI kI pfpV vyldf hYY? iesdf mIzIaf ƒ koeI iPkr nhI, blik Aus ƒ qf aYÈviraf dy ivafh df iPkr hY. iek iksfn twbr smyq ikvyN KudkuÈI krdf hY? ieh iehnF cYnlF dy eyjMzy qy nhIN blik hfeI-PfeI GrF dy ivgVyy hoey kfky jo sMjU dy rUp ivc ey[ ky[ 56 afpxy kol rKdy hn jF rfhul dy rUp ivc zrgwË KFdy hn aqy zrgwË bycdy hn, jF slmfn Kfn AurÌ swlU mIaF dy rUp ivc icMkfrf ihrn vrgIaF durlwB nslF dy iÈkfr rfhIN nslGfq krdy hn, AuhnF nfl hmdrdI krnI iehnF df muZlf Prj hY. iek sfDfrn afdmI ƒ ivvsQf qy kI ieqrfj hn, ieh gwl eyjMzy `qy nhI blik eyjMzy `qy ieh hY ik iek lwcr, aÈlIl qy ivgVI hoeI kuVI ‘rfKI sfvMq ko guwsf ikAuN afqf hY?` iehnF cYnlF dy aijhy srokfr ies qwQ ƒ iswD krn leI kfPI hn ik afm lokF df iPkr iehnF eyjMzy ‘qy nhI hY.
krfmfq :-
iehnF cYnlF df aglf kwkf ‘krfmfq` hY. ‘afj qwk` vrgy cYnl ‘qyj qfry` vrgy Aup-cYnlF dy rUp ivc rfÈI Pl pyÈ krky lokF dI mfniskqf ƒ aqfrikk qy gYrivigafnk bxf rhy hn. cMn jF sUrj gRihx jF hor kudrqI pRikRiraf vfprn smyN ijvyN joqÈIaF ƒ bulfky GMitaF bwDI Auhnf nfl aMDivÈvfsI sMvfd rcfieaf jFdf hY, clfk lokF duafrf mnGVq punr jnm dy kysF df iswDf pRsfrn kIqf jFdf hY aqy AuhnF ƒ vDf cVHf ky pyÈ kIqf jFdf hY, iksy mfnisk rogI duafrf svrg ivcoN vfps afAux dI mnGVq khfxI ƒ msfly lf ky pyÈ kIqf jFdf hY, totl tI[vI vrgy cYnlF ‘qy jnm kuMzlI bxfAux df swdf idwqf jFdf hY, ieh sB kuJ afm lokF ƒ AuWlU bxf ky afpxy gUMgy qy boly drÈk bxfAux dI bkvfs qoN vwD kuJ nhI. hYrfnI dI gwl qF ieh hY ik rfÈI Pl ivc lfey gey tyivaF ivcoN vI iehnF cYnlF dI AuWc ÈRyxI aqy mwDvrgI mfniskqf spwÈt JlkdI hY. ‘‘afp ko ibjins myN Pfiedf hogf, afj Èyar nf KrIdy jfeyN, afj afpky lIey kfr myN sPr krnf PfiedymMd nhI hogf, `` vgYrf vgYrf BivwKbfxIaF iksy mjdUr jF iksy iksfn leI nhI hn blik AuhnF lokF leI hI hn, jo ies df Kfs aqy chyqf drÈk vrg hY aqy ijsdIaF jybF ƒ kuMzI lfAuxI ieh afpxf prm Drm smJdy hn. iqAuhfrF aqy DfrimkF AuqsvF dy nF qy afsQf df vpfrIkrx kIqf jFdf hY. kdy iksy QF qy BUq pRyqF df hAuaf KVf kIqf jFdf hY kdy punrjnmF aqy svrgF dy ikwsy suxfey jFdy hn. gwl ik krfmfqF hI krfmfqF.
kfmrÈlfeIjyÈn :-
aglf mhwqvpUrn kwkf hY - kmrÈlfeIjyÈn Bfv vpfrIkrn. iehnF cYnlF df idRÈtIkox inrol vpfrk hY. afpxy vpfrk ihwqF dI pUrqI leI ieh cYnl smfijk nYiqkqf dIaF ies qrHf DwjIaF Auzf skdy hn, socxf vI muÈikl hY. ijs qrHF Bwdypx (Clumsy) nfl ivigafpn idwqy idwqy jFdy hn, ijs qrHF aMzrgfrmYNts dI aYz kIqI jFdI hY, ijs qrHF zyZ ieMc dIaF ibknIaF pfeIaF kuVIaF ƒ vsqU dy ivigafpn dy nfl Kud bfËfrU vsqU bxfieaf jf irhf hY, sUg afAux lwg jFdI hY. ies ies ivc koeI Èwk nhI ik ‘kpiVaF dy hyT hr koeI nMgf hY`, aqy smfijk mirafdfvF ivc rih ky mnuwK lYNigk irÈiqaF ƒ Bogdf hY prMqU jdoN ieh nMgfpx aqy bYzrUmF idRÈ vrgy idRÈ sfmHxy skrIn qy afAuNdy hn qF pirvfrk aqy smfijk mirafdfvF ivc bwJy lokF ƒ glfnI afAuxI suBfvk hY. rfKI qy mIky df cuMmx kFz, ircrz gyr duafrf iÈlpf ÈytI ƒ cuMmxf, ÈkIlf vrgIaF zFsrF df aÈlIlqf BrpUr nfc, nvyN sfl dy mOky qy milkf Èyrfvq df nMgyj Èoa vpfrk anYiqkqf df isKr hn. aÈlIlqf df ivroD krn dy nF qy jF qF aÈlIlqf ƒ ‘bolznYs` kih ky vizafieaf igaf hY, jF iPr aÈlIlqf ƒ aÈlIl ZMg nfl idKfieaf jFdf hY. hYrfnI qF AudoN huMdI hY jdoN aYkitMg kr rhIaF kuVIaF Kud mËy lY lY ky hft sInF df ivsQfr suxfAuNdIaF hn. ies vrqfry df sMbMD iswDy qOr qy bfËfr aqy vpfr nfl juiVaf hoieaf hY prMqU kmrÈlfeIËyÈn dy qihq Drm aqy isafsq dy vpfrIkrn df pRÈn vI juiVaf hoieaf hY. iehI mIzIaf awj kwl iek pfsy Drm dy sMsQf, ÈoÈy aqy glYmr afDfirq rUp ƒ afpxI skrIn qy ilaf irhf hY aqy hr Dfrimk rÈm aqy iqAuhfr ƒ bfËfr nfl joV ky hfeItYk kIqf jf irhf hY qF jo ÈrDf aqy afsQf ƒ vsqU dI pwDr qy ilaf ky KrIdx-vycx vflI cIË dy rUp ivc mMzI df ihwsf bxfieaf jf sky. vwzIaF hfeItYk kMpnIaF duafrf iqafr kIqIaF dyvI dyviqaF dIaF mUrqIaF, rwKVIaF, iKzOxy, pUËf krn df smfn aqy ivÈyÈ pihrfvy afid swB kuwJ spFsr kIqf jf irhf hY. dUjy pfsy rfjnIqk muiwdaF ƒ sMkIrn dyÈ BgqI df rMg dy ky lokF df jËbfqI soÈx kIqf jf irhf hY. Audfhrn dy qOr qy muMbeI bMb kFz dy idn qoN lY ky awj qwk Bfrq pfk ivc qxfa pYdf krn aqy jMg df mfhOl isrjx jF jMg dy hwk ivc lok rfey pYdf krn ivc ies mIzIey df iswDy qOr qy nFh pwKI roÜ sfhmxy af irhf hY. muMbeI ivc mfry gey inrdoÈ ivakqIaF df hryk sMvydnÈIl mwnuK ƒ aPsos hY prMqU kI ies df ZuwkvF pRqIAuWqr jMg hI hY? iehnF inAuË cYnlF ny Ausy idn qoN hI pfiksqfn ƒ ‘sbk isKfAux` vrgIaF DmkIaF df rfg alfpxf ÈurU kr idwqf sI. ies qwQ ƒ jfx-buwJ ky awKoN proKy kIqf igaf ik jMg hox dI sUrq ivc ikMny BfrqI aqy ikMny pfiksqfn jvfn mrngy, ikMnIaF suhfgxF ivDvfvF hoxgIaF aqy ikMny bwcy XqIm hoxgy? kfrigl ivc ieMJ hI vfpiraf sI. nf prvyË muÈrwP, nf nvfj srIP aqy nf hI atl ibhfrI vfjpyeI kuwJ hoieaf , prMqU ijMnF dy isr dy suhfg AujV gey, Brf, ipqf jF puwq Kuws gey, AuhnF ƒ awj koeI Drvfs dyx vI nhIN afAuNdf aqy ‘cly gieaF` dI kbr AuWqy koeI ÈrDf dy Puwl vI nhIN cVHfAux afAuNdf. asl ivc iehnF cYnlF aqy iehnF dy ipCokV dy ivc kfrjÈIl ÈkqIaF leI jMg vI ‘vpfr aqy bfËfr` df dUjf nF hI hY. jMg hoeygI qF hiQafr cwlxgy, hiQafr cwlxgy qF hiQafr ivkxgy, cIËF dy ryt vwDxgy, gRfhkF dI ËybF ƒ cUnF lfieaf jf skygf. qfbUq bxfAux, lfÈF df sMskfr krn, POjIaF ƒ rsd Byjx afid kMmF ivc qyjI afeygI, POjIaF ƒ rwKVIaF ByjIaf jfxgIaF, qyl dI Kpq hoeygI, ies qrHF pUry dy pUry bfËfr dI cFdI bx jfeygI, nvF hulfrf imlygf. iehI hY iehnF vpfrk cYnlF dI vpfrk nIqI df swc.
krUaltI :-
iehnF cYnlF dy mhwqvpUrn kwikaF ivc iek hor mhwqvpUrn kwkf krUaltI Bfv ‘inrdeIpuxf` hY. snsnI pYdf krn leI jF aYksklUiËvnYs (Exclusiveness) Èoa krn leI ieh cYnl inrdeIpuxy dI hwd qwk cly jFdy hn aqy afpxy iensfnI PrË Buwl jFdy hn. iek mr rhy afdmI dI jfn bcfAuxf iensfn df muZlf PrË hY BfvyN iensfn pwqrkfr hI ikAuN nf hovy prMqU ijs qrHF pitaflf dy gopfl kiÈap dy awg lf ky sVn dy msly df iswDf pRsfrn kIqf igaf AuWQy iensfnI PrË ikDr gey? iehnF cYnlF dy kYmrfmYnF ny ies Gtnf ƒ ies qrHF ÈUt kIqf ijvyN ieh iksy iPlm df aYpIsoz hovy. jdoN sfmHxy iensfn awg lgf ky mr irhf hovy AuWQy iksy ƒ ÈUitMg suwJy? smJ qoN bfhr dI gwl hY. hr roË iehnF cYnlF ‘qy aYsIaF storIaF af rhIaF hn, ijQy iksy ƒ bMinaf jf irhf hY, kuwitaf jf irhf hY, mUuMh kflf kIqf jf irhf hY pr ieh kYmrfmYn Bwj Bwj ky kvr kr rhy hn aqy keI vfr qF snsnI pYdf krn leI ies qrHF dy zrfmy ies rUp ivc krvfey jf rhy hn ijvyN iPlmF dy zfierYktr adfkfrF dI blOikMg krky sIn iPlmfAuNdy hn. kuJ GtnfvF aijhIaF huMdIaF hn, ijHnF dy smuwcy vyrvy dyxy lok ihwq ivc nhI huMdyy. aijhy vyrvy ijMnf nfl dMgy BVk skdy hn, Psfd ho skdy hn, dyxy ËrUrI nhI huMdy jF AuhnF df ivjUal dyxf ËrUrI nhI huMdf prMqU ieh vpfrk cYnl sgoN aijhIaF nfËuk GtnfvF ƒ msflf lf ky pyÈ krdy hn. zyrf ivvfd ivc aYnf kuJ vfpiraf nhI, ijMnF iehnF cYnlF duafrf idKfieaf igaf. kYmry ies idRÈtI qoN iPwt kIqy jFdy hn ik siQqIaF vwD iBafnk njr afAux. aijhy idRÈ awg ‘qy qyl df kMm krdy hn, aqy QF QF pRqIikRaf vjoN dMgy Psfd ho jFdy hn. aijhIaF GtnfvF ƒ vDfAux ivc aijhy cYnlF df spwÈt hwQ huMdf hY jo sMqulq kvryË dI QF snsnIKyj kvryË krdy hn, ieh iehnF cYnlF df inrdeIpuxf nhIN qF hor kI hY? huxy-huxy ‘lfeIv ieMzIaf` nF dy injI cYnl ny ijvyN afpxI mMdBfvnf aqy ÈoÈxI ibrqI nfl iek skUl aiDafpkf dy iÉlfÌ bogs sitMg afpryÈn kr ky Aus ƒ dyh vpfr dy DMdy ivc Psfieaf, iehnF cYnlF dy inrdeIpuxy aqy DoKybfËIaF df spÈt pRmfx hY.
ieAuN iehnF cYnlF dI vpfrk aqy BwdI mfniskqf spwÈt qOr qy sfzy sfmHxy af rhI hY. dyÈ dIaF suasQ prMprfvF, lok aqy klfsIkl sMgIq, awCy, lokpwKI aqy AusfrU Ìnkfr, jnsfDfrn dIaF smisafvF, lok Gol, lok sGrM, ienklfbI myly, agFhvwDU gIq, lokfeI df drd, ikRkyt qoN ibnf aMqr rftrI pwDr dy hor Kyz myly, aMqrrftrI GtnfvF dy krm pRqIkrm, sFJI ivrfsq, afid kuJ vI qF nhIN TIk rUp ivc pyÈ kIqf jf irhf hY, sgoN ies dy Ault sMsfrIkrn, AudfrIkrn aqy bfËfrIkrn dIaF nIqIaF aqy iehnF dy inrDfrkF dy BoNpUaF dI BUimkf inBfa rhy hn. inBfAuxgy vI, afm lokF dI ‘nMg BuwK` qoN iehnF ny kI lYxf. isafxy kihMdy ny ‘ijs dI KfeIey bfjrI AusdI BrIey hfjrI.` ijhVy lok iehnF ƒ clf rhy hn, ieh cYnl AuhnF dI hI soc df pRcfr kr rhy hn. sMsfrIkrn dI iek hor syvf ieh cYnl kr rhy hn- lok pwKI mIzIaf aqy ies dy bxn dIaF sMBfvnfvF ƒ qbfh krnf. pYsy dy Ëor `qy ijs pRvInqf aqy glYmr-BrpUr ZMg nfl ieh afpxy eyjMzy pyÈ kr rhy hn, Aus pwDr df ienPrfstrkcr iqafr krnf ajy lok pwKI qfkqF leI bVy dUr dI gwl hY. ijs iksm dy KrcIly Èoa aqy pYsy dy Ëor `qy kIqI kvryË ieh cYnl idKf rhy hn, Aus nfl sfDfrn pwDr df gIq sMgIq, iPlmF, tYlI-iPlmF, aqy zfikXumYNtrIaF lokF dy nwk hyT hI nhI afAuxgIaF. lokF dI mfniskqf ivc iehnF vloN idKfey hfrz qy Pfst PUz, BFq BFq dy aMzr gfrmYNts, vfeIn aqy bfeIk, surKIaF, ibMdIaF, kfrF, nMgyj BrpUr aqy afm lokF dI iËMdgI qoN tuwty hoey gIq aqy iPlmF, rfÈIPlF dy rUp ivc ÊYr-ivigafnk storIaF BrIaF jf rhIaF hn, ies smuwcy gMd-mMd ƒ hUMJx aqy sfP krn vrgf bRyn vfiÈMg df kfrj jykr nfmumikn nhI qF bhuq muÈikl ËrUr hY jo jfgdIaF jmIrF vfly lokF leI vwzf cYlyNj hY.
so iehnF vpfrk inAuË cYnlF df swc quhfzy sfhmxy hY. awj ienPfrmyÈn tYknflojI dy isKr qwk dy ivkfs qoN munkr nhIN hoieaf jf skdf aqy ies ivkfs ƒ puwTf gyVf vI nhIN idwqf jf skdf, prMqU ijMnI dyr qwk jfgdIaF jmIrF vfly sMvydnÈIl mnuwK Auprokq swc ƒ smJdy hoey iesy sMcfr-qknIk dI nkfrfqmk vrqoN df skfrfqmk aqy ZuwkvF bdl muhweIaf nhIN krngy qy iewk qMdrusq soc vflf inrpwK, mfnvI aqy sMvydnÈIl sMcfr nYtvrk nhIN Ausfrngy, AudoN qwk smuwcf dyÈ iesy qrHF Bfvuk qOr qy blYkmyl hovygf, iesy qrHF hryk cIË ƒ mMzI dI vsq bxf ky KrIdx qy vycxXog bxfieaf jfvygf, AusfrU aqy lokpwKI kdrF-kImqF afDfirq siwBafcfr iesy qrHF hfÈIey qy jfvygf aqy hOÜI-hOÜI iehnF cYnlF duafrf 24 GMty boilaf jf irhf JUT aqy bkvfs swc df BulyKf pfAuNdf-pfAuNdf swcmuc swc bx jfeygf. AudoN qwk bhuq dyr ho cuwkI hovygI. ies leI awj hr sMvydnÈIl aqy smrwQ mnuwK leI iehI swB qoN vwzf cYlMj hY ik afE ies lwcr, vpfrk aqy sMkIrn mIzIey dy mukfbly sfAu, qMdrusq, mfnvI aqy sMvydnÈIl mIzIaf isrjx df Xqn krIey ikqy surjIq pfqr dy ÈbdF muqfbk aijhf nf hovy ik :
muV qF afeIaF mClIaF, afKr ƒ pwQr cwt ky
pr AuhnF dy muVn qwk, pfxI hI pwQr ho igaf sI.-0-

afKLr pUrI hoeI 44 sflF bfad
hirafxy dy pMjfbIaF dI mMg

insLfn isMG ‘kurUksLyqr’

pMjfb nfloN vwK ho ky ipCly 44 sflF qoN hirafxy dy pMjfbI smyN dIaF rfj srkfrF qoN ieh mMg krdy af rhy sn ik hirafxy ivwc pMjfbI BfsLf nUM dUjI rfj BfsLf df drjLf idwqf jfvy. ies leI hirafxvIN pMjfbI sMGrsL krdy af rhy sn qy ies kIqI hoeI imhnq nUM bUr ipaf 28 jnvrI 2010 dI svyr nUM jdoN hirafxf dy muwK mMqrI BuipMdr isMG huwzf ny pMjfbI BfsLf nUM hirafxy dI dUjI rfj BfsLf bxfAux df aYlfn kr idwqf qy ies leI loVINdf notIiPkysLn vI jfrI kr idwqf igaf.
ijLkrXog hY ik 1 nvMbr 1966 nUM hirafxy dy gTn qoN bfad iewQoN dy pMjfbIaF nfl hmysLf hI Dwkf huMdf irhf hY. hirafxy ivwc iksy vI rfj srkfr ny pMjfbI sfihq, siBafcfr aqy sMsikRqI dI pRPulqf leI koeI sfrQk Auprflf nhIN kIqf. iewQoN qwk ik hirafxy dy srkfrI skUlF ivwc pMjfbI dy aiDafpk BrqI nf kIqy gey. skUlF ivwc pMjfbI nUM iewk vfDU ivsLf bxf idwqf igaf qy hwd qF Aus vyly ho geI jdoN hirafxf dy sfbkf muwK mMqrI bMsI lfl ny qF pMjfbI BfsLf nUM hirafxy ivwcoN asloN hI Kqm krn leI qylgU nUM dUjI rfj BfsLf df drjLf dy idwqf. hflFik qylgU nUM jfxn vfly hirafxf ivwc iewk PIsdI vI lok nhIN sn rihMdy pr pMjfbI 40 PIsdI hirafxy ivwc vws rhy sn.
pr hirafxy dy pMjfbIaF ny hfr nhIN mMnI qy smyN-smyN isr ies ainaF iKlfPL afvfjL bulMd krdy rhy qy jld hI qylgU BfsLf qoN dUjI rfj BfsLf df drjLf Koh ilaf igaf pr pMjfbI nMU iPr vI mfx-snmfx nhIN idwqf igaf.
hF,  votF vyly ieh mwdf jLrUr hfvI rihMdf ik hirafxy ivwc pMjfbIaF nfl Dwkf hoieaf hY qy PlfxI pfrtI nUM votF pfE srkfr bxn qy sB qoN pihlF pMjfbI nUM hirafxy dI dUjI rfj BfsLf bxfieaf jfeygf pr mwwuK mMqrI dI kursI qy bYT ky lfrybfj ‘nyqf jI’ pMjfbI nUM iPr Buwl jFdy.
ies qrHF 44 sflF df lMmf arsf bIq igaf. hirafxy ivwc sfbkf muwK mMqrI qy coDrI dyvI lfl dy puwqr coDrI Em pRkfsL cotflf ny pMjfbI BfsLf dy ivkfs leI pihl kIqI qy AuhnF dy rfjkfl ivwc hirafxf ivDfn sBf ivwc pMjfbI nUM dUjI rfj BfsLf bxfAux vflf ibwl pfs kr idwqf igaf pr pqf nhIN ikhVy kfrxF krky Aus vyly notIiPLkysLn jfrI nf ho sikaf.
srkfrI inXmF anusfr jdoN qwk notIiPkysLn jfrI nhIN huMdf qwd qwk amlI rUp ivwc koeI kfnUMn lfgU nhIN kIqf jf skdf. ies leI pMjfbI BfsLf dI pVfeI skUlF ivwc afrMB nf ho skI. ies muwdy qy iPr isafsq sLurU ho geI qy srkfrF iPr lfry lfAux lwg peIaF. votF vyly hr pfrtI ieh lfrf lfieaf kry ik sfzI srkfr bxn qy pMjfbI BfsLf sMbMDI notIiPkysLn pihl qy afDfr qy jfrI kr idwqf jfvygf pr huMdf kuwJ vI nf.
qy afKr 44 sflF dI lMmI AuzIk bfad af hI igaf 28 jnvrI 2010 df BfgF Biraf idn jdoN hirafxy dy mwuK mMqrI coDrI BuipMdr isMG huwzf ny pMjfbI BfsLf nUM rfj dI dUjI rfj BfsLf pRvfn kridaF ies sMbMDI notIiPkysLn jfrI kr idwqf. hirafxy dy pMjfbIaF ivwc KusLI dI lihr doV geI. hr pfsy KusLIaF df psfrf ho igaf. Llok aqy Kfs krky pMjfbI iewk dUjy nUM vDfeIaF dyx lwgy ikAuNik AuhnF dI imhnq nUM awj bUr pY igaf sI.
muwK mMqrI ny aYlfn kIqf ik hux srkfrI dPLqrF nfl pwqr ivhfr krn leI pMjfbI BfsLf df pRXog kIqf jf skdf hY. iksy srkfrI adfry qoN jfxkfrI pMjfbI BfsLf ivwc leI jf skdI hY. aKLbfrF nUM pRYWs not pMjfbI ivwc idwqy jf skdy hn qy pMjfbI nUM qIjI jmfq qoN hirafxy dy srkfrI skUlF ivwc lfgU kIqf jf skdf hY. pMjfbI aiDafpkF dI BrqI kIqI jf skdI hY ies ivwc koeI kfnUMnI aVcx nhIN hY.
dyKx vflI gwl ieh hY hux ik ieh sB kuwJ huMdf kdoN hY? pMjfbI aiDafpkF dI BrqI srkfr kdoN afrMB krdI hY. ipCly awT sflF qoN E: tI: pMjfbI bMd peI hY srkfr ies nUM kwd dubfrf sLurU krdI hY? igafnI pfs krn qoN bfad iewk sfl df ieh kors krky pMjvIN jmfq dy skUl ivwc pMjfbI aiDafpk dI asfmI qy inXukq hoieaf jf skdf hY. hirafxy ivwc hjfrF hI pMjfbI nOjvfnF ny igafnI df iemiqhfn pfs kIqf hoieaf hY pr pMjfbI E: tI: dy ibnF Auh pRfiemrI skUlF ivwc aiDafpk dI asfmI dy BrqI hox dy Xog nhIN hY. ies leI srkfr nUM E: tI: pMjfbI jld hI afrMB krnI cfhIdI hY qF ik srkfrI skUlF ivwc cMgy pMjfbI aiDafpk iml skx.
hirafxy dIaF 3 XunIvristIaF ivwcoN 2 ivwc qF pMjfbI ivBfg hI nhIN hn. kurUksLyqr XUnIvristI ny pMjfbI BfsLf dy ivkfs leI cMgf kMm kIqf hY. iesy qrHF dUjIaF 2 XunIvristIaF ijnHF ivwcoN mhFirsLI dieafnMd XUnIvristI rohqk aqy coDrI dyvI lfl XUnIvristI isrsf ivwc pMjfbI dI pVfeI kdoN afrMB huMdI hY ieh vI srkfr dI inXq qy inrBr krdf hY. muwK mMqrI huwzf ny notIiPkysLn jfrI krky hirafxy dy pMjfbIaF df idl qF ijwq ilaf hY pr aslI pRIiKaf dI GVI qF hux afAuxI hY jdoN amlI rUp ivwc pMjfbI hirafxy ivwc lfgU kIqI jfxI hY.
iewkly kfnUMn bxfAux nfl hI iksy jubfn df ivkfs nhIN huMdf blik ies leI lokF df jfgruk hoxf vI bhuq jLrUrI hY. hirafxy dy pMjfbI ies swcfeI nUM cMgI qrHF jfxdy hn ik ‘mfVy idnF’ ivwc jdoN qylgU nUM hirafxy dI dUjI rfj BfsLf bxfieaf igaf sI qF pMjfb dy akflIaF, kFgrsIaF ny hirafxy ivwc pMjfbI nUM dUjI rfj BfsLf bxvfAux df koeI Auprflf nhIN kIqf sI qy nf hI qylgU df ivroD.
…cwlo dyr afey drusq afey dI khfvq muqfbk hirafxy dy pMjfbIaF dy suxI geI hY qy ardfs krdf hF ik ipCly 44 sflF ivwc pMjfbI sfihq, siBafcfr, sMsikRqI, Dfrimk sfihq aqy ieiqhfs nUM ijhVf Gftf ipaf hY Auh hirafxy dy pMjfbI jld hI pUrf krn df vfh lgfAuxgy.
aMq ivwc DMnvfd hirafxf srkfr df qy AuhnF sfrIaF jwQybMdIaF, sBf susfietIaF, lyKkF, icMqkF, rfjnyqfvF, Dfrimk afgUaF, aiDafpkF qy pMjfbI ihqYsLI lokF df ijnHF dy Xqn sdkf awj pMjfbI hirafxy dI dUjI rfj BfsLf bxI hY.
sLflf rwb imhr kry hirafxy ivwc pMjfbI BfsLf df pRcfr-pRsfr hovy qy mF bolI dy imwTy bol sdf vfsqy hI hirafxvIN pMjfbIaF dy kMnF ivwc rs Goldy rihx. iehI ardfs hY myrI.
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nft-mMc qy mIzIaf : aMqr-sMvfd/
zf[ sqIÈ kumfr vrmf

       Øies smyN sB qoN vwD crcf df ivÈf mIzIaf hY, ivÈyÈ kr ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf ijs df sfihq nfl virHaF qoN cl irhf ‘sMvfdI irÈqf` hux ‘ivvfdI irÈqf` bxdf jf irhf hY. ajIb ieqÌfk ieh hY ik sfihq ivÈyÈ qOr qy nft-mMc ienHF iqMnF mfiDamF df afDfr-qwq blik pRfx-qwq hY. ienHF mfiDamF ny ivcfr dI qfkq nft-mMc qoN aqy sMcfr dI qfkq afpo afpxy mfiDam dI qknIkI smrwQf qoN lYxI huMdI hY. ieh irÈqf dyr qwk TIk qrHF inBdf irhf hY, AudoN qwk jdoN qwk ryzIAu-tI[vI[ pbilk sYktr aDIn sn qy isnymf lKtkIey suqMqr inrmfqf dy hwQ sI. jdoN qoN ryzIAu-tI[vI[ injIkrx dy dfiery ivc afey qy isnymf bhukroVI vrqfrf hox nfl pihlF aMzrvrlz qy muV kfrporyt sYktr dy hwQF ivc puwijaf qF smIkrx bdl   gey hn. awTvyN dhfky dOrfn (1974) ibRtyn qy amrIkf dy tYlIivËn qy brfzkfsitMg adfiraF dy ivkfs dy srvy AuprMq icMqk rymMz ivlIamË ny nOvyN dhfky sMbMDI ivlIamË duafrf ikafsI ieh sMBfvnf dsvyN dhfky dy pRsMg ivwc sfzy mulk Bfrq qy lfgU ho geI jdoN 1991 AuprMq aYl[pI[ jI[ (ilbrlfeIjyÈn, pRfeIvytfeIjyÈn qy globlfeIjyÈn) df dOr afrMB hoieaf. ies smyN iek pfsy nft-mMc ‘klcr` dy dfiery ivc rih ky afpxI lVfeI afpxI qknIk dI qfkq smyq lV irhf hY qy dUjy pfsy ryzIAu-tI[vI[ isnymf dI iqRkVI afriQk dbfvF aqy afriQk ksfvtF dy drimafn sYNzivc hoeI ‘klcr` dIaF sImfvF qoV ky afpxI qknIk dI qfkq qy kyvl qy kyvl munfPy dI BwTI ƒ mGdf rwKx ivc Jok rhI hY. ieh vrqfrf pMjfbI pRsMg ivc vI hoNdÈIl hY. ies siQqI ƒ ipCly do dhfikaF dy nft-mMc aqy ryzIAu-tI[vI[ isnymf dy qulnfqmk pRsMg ivc vyKxf pvygf.
       nft-mMc smfijk pRqIbwDqf qy rfjsI cyqnf dy sumylI irÈqy aDIn kfrj krn vflf klfqmk adbI vrqfrf hY. vIhvIN sdI dy muwZ qoN lY ky awTvyN dhfky dy mwD qwk pUry Bfrq ivc ies klfqmk vrqfry ny suqMqrqf sMgrfm, dyÈ afËfdI aqy ies qoN POrn bfad dIaF siQqIaF, dyÈ vMz smyq hr aihm smfjI rfjsI msilaF dI inÈfndyhI kIqI qy awTvIN dhfky dy mwD qoN bfad aYmrjYNsI qy muV pMjfbI nft-mMc dy pRsMg ivc pMjfb sMkt dy dOr dy ivÈlyÈx qy ivvycn ivc ies dI inrxfiek BUimkf rhI. ies dy mukfbly ryzIAu, isnymf qy tI[vI[ vI afpxI smfjI pRqIbwDqf smyq kfrËÈIl rhy ikAuNik Bfrq ivc ienHF iqMnF mfiDamF df AudY kfl aqy ivkfs Xfqrf nft-mMc dy smfnFqr vIhvIN sdI ivc hI sMBv hoieaf. ienHF dohF iDrF Bfv iek pfsy nft-mMc aqy dUjy pfsy ryzIAu-isnymf-tI[vI[ df irÈqf vIhvIN sdI dy dsvyN dhfky dy afrMB qoN pihlF qwk sMvfdI hI sI. ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf nft-mMc qoN ivcfrF dI qfkq lYNdy rhy qy nft-mMc ienHF iqMny mfiDamF qoN sMcfr dI qfkq lYNdf irhf. pMjfbI nft-mMc dy hvfly nfl kihxf hovy qF ryzIAu nfl pMjfbI nft-mMc df irÈqf sFJy pMjfb ivc 1941 qoN krqfr isMG duwgl dy pihly nft-sMgRih ‘iek isÌr isÌr` rfhI[qy pwCmI pMjfb ivc 1957 qoN swjfd hYdr dy nft-sMgRih qy pfiksqfn ivwc Cpx vflI pihlI pMjfbI nft-pusqk ‘hvf dy hAuky` qoN afrMB ho igaf sI. iesy pRkfr isnymf ny hmyÈf vzyry pRsMg ivc sfihq aqy nft-mMc qoN qfkq leI. Èrq cMdr dy ‘dyvdfs` qoN lY ky nfnk isMG dy ‘pivwqr pfpI` qk glp aqy ieptf dOr dy rMgkrmIaF qoN lY ky ivjY qyNdUlkr qk nft-mMc isnymf dI ivcfrk qfkq bxdf irhf hY. iesy pRkfr nft-mMc isnmYtogrfPI ƒ afpxy sMcfr dy ivsqfr leI pRXog krdf irhf hY. iehI irÈqf tI[vI[ dy pRsMg ivc vI hY. dsvyN dhfky qoN pihlf df tI[vI[ (pUrv sYtlfeIt qy pUrv injIkrx dOr) mhFBfrq, rmfiex, kkf jI kihx qwk nYÈnl pwDr qy aqy ivktr ihAUgo qoN lY ky guridafl isMG, dlIp kOr itvfxf qwk pMjfbI pRsMg ivc pRFqk pwDr qy sfihq nfl vfbsqgI rwKdf hY. nft-mMc aqy tI[vI[ dy sMvfdI irÈqy dI pMjfbI pRsMg ivc isKrlI Audfhrx gurÈrn isMG df ‘BfeI mMnf isMG` hY ijs rfhIN iek ‘nft-mMc` df sIimq vrqfrf tI[vI[ rfhI[ asImq vrqfry ivc qbdIl ho ky gurÈrn isMG ƒ gurÈrn isMG AurP BfeI mMnf isMG bxfAuNdf hY aqy Bf jI dI nft-mMc ÈKsIaq ivc ieËfPf krdf hY nf ik GtfAuNdf hY. lyikn nft-mMc bnfm ryzIAu, isnymf, tI[vI[ dy afpsI irÈqy dy smIkrx ipCly do dhfikaF ivc bdl jFdy hn. vIhvIN sdI df dsvF Bfv afKrI dhfkf qy iewkIvIN sdI df pihlf dhfkf ies irÈqy ƒ sMvfdI qoN ivvfdI bxfAuNdy hn Bfv iek dUjy dy sfhmxy KVf kr idMdy hn. ies smyN qulnfqk pRsMg aDIn iek iDr nft-mMc hY qy dUjI iDr ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf. nft-mMc afpxI smfjI rfjsI pRqIbwDqf nfl afpxI Xfqrf Ausy pRkfr jfrI rwKdf hY ijvyN pihlF cwl rhI sI. blik afpxI ËuMmyvfrI df hor vDyry iÈwdq nfl aihsfs krfAuNdf hY. pRosInIam QIeytr dy nfl nfl nuwkV nftk lihr ivkisq huMdI hY, bfl QIeytr lihr ivkisq huMdI hY, blik ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf qoN hor vDyry qknIkI qfkq gRihx krky nft-mMc mltImIzIaf pRozkÈn qy bhuivDfeI nftk dI rcn vwl agRsr huMdf hY. ieAuN iek pfsy nft-mMc nuwkV nftk rfhIN iswDy qOr qy drÈk sMcfr qoN awgy vDky drÈk-iBaflI qwk dI Xfqrf krdf hY aqy dUjy pfsy ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf nfl lbry idRs afpxI ivDI vwl afkriÈq krn leI mltImIzIaf pRozkn dI ivDI vI apnfAuNdf hY. pMjfbI pRsMg ivc ieh siQqI hor vDyry iwdq gRihx krdI hY ikAuNik 1991 dy aYl[pI[jI[ vfly vrHy qoN agl vrHy 1992 ivc qQfkiQq pfpUlr srkfr bxn aqy pMjfb sMkt dy BMny pMjfb rfhq dyx leI styt vjoN siBafcfrk smfgmF df hVH ilaFdf jFdf hY qy zyZ dhfkf suwqy rhy gfiek KuMbF vFg isrI bfhr kwZdy hn. gIqF dy vIzIAu rfhIN siBafcfrk pRdUn vDdf hY qy pMjfbI nft-mMc dI iMmyvfrI hor vD jFdI hY. ijs kfrn Auh ivcfr dI pRblqf sMcfr dI slqf nfl pruMn ky afpxI anftmI qy atfnmI dohF pfisAuN hor vDyry kfiem huMdf hY. ieAuN nft-mMc df irqf ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf nfl sMvfd df hI rihMdf hY lyikn dUjy pfsy ryzIAu, tI[vI[ qy isnymf nft-mMc qoN ivwQ rwK ky inrMkuÈ huMdy hn. pihlF pRsfr BfrqI bxn qy arD srkfrI rih jFdy hn qy muV pRfeIvyt aYP[aYm[ dI afmd nfl ryzIAu pRfeIvyt adfiraF ivc qy dUrdrÈn qoN ielfvf sYNkVy tI[vI[ cYnl injIkrx dy Kfqy ivc pY ky smfijk pRqIbwDqf qoN kohF dUr jf ky kyvl qy kyvl munfPy dI cfrdIvfrI ivc kYd ho ky hr gMBIr qoN gMBIr pRogrfm iewQoN qIk KbrF ƒ vI ‘klfAuinÈ pyÈkfrI` qwk lY aFdy hn. iesy pRsMg ivc isnymf ihMsf aqy nËfieË irÈiqaF dy jÈn qwk phuMcdf hY  qy hr drÈk aMdr dby hoey inrkuMÈ mUl mfnv dI sMquÈtI krdf hoieaf ‘smfjk mfnv` ƒ ipwCy Dkyl idMdf hY. iesdI Audfhrx qfËIaF iqMn iPlmF ‘dosqfnf`, ‘rwb ny bnf dI joVI‘ qy ‘gËnI` qoN iml jFdf hY. pihlI smilMgkqf dy hwk ivc BugqdI hY, dUjI sfDfrn mnuwK dI sfDfrnqf ƒ iqafg ky afroipq ÈKsIaq ƒ svIikRqI idMdI hY qy qIjI ihMsf df jÈn mnfAuNdI hY. ies siQqI ivc iek hor siQqI vfprdI hY jdoN isnymf ivclf adfkfr kyvl ‘adfkfr` jF ‘pfqr` nhIN rihMdf blik ‘ibËns` df purjf bxdf hY qy iPlm dy pRcfr leI ‘mMc qy mUMh ivc ptrol pf ky awg ivKfAux` (Em ÈFqI Em dy pRcfr leI BfrqI ikRkt iKzfrIaF nfl ÈfhruK Kfn dI pyÈkfrI) qoN lY ky sVk iknfry lwgy nfeIaF dy kursInumf KoiKaF qy avfm dy vfl kwtx (afimr Kfn df ÊËnI leI pRcfr) qwk phuMc jFdf hY qy iÌlm dI sÌlqf df afDfr kyvl qy kyvl ‘ibËns` XfnI ‘munfPf` rih jFdf hY. qfjf zftf 08[01[09 dI aÉbfr hY:
       pihly hÌqy rb ny bnf dI joVI ny kmfey 23 kroV qy ÊËnI qy 37 kroV (dYink Bfskr)
       iek hor aÉbfr df zftf ies pRkfr hY: ‘gjnI` kI kmfeI 100 kroV sy iËafdf. ies Ébr df vyrvf vI vyKx vflf hY:
           ies sfrI siQqI ivc ryzIAu-tI[vI[ -isnymf iek pfsy aqy nft-mMc dUjy pfsy ho jFdy hn Bfv afhmo sfhmxy KV jFdy hn. nft-mMc dI kmfeI, kI pMjfbI BfÈf qy kI bfkI BfrqI BfÈfvF, kyvl qy kyvl smfijk pRqIbwDqf dy ievË ivc imlI sMquÈtI hY. ies dI afriQkqf hr BfÈf ivc zfvFzol hY (kyvl mrfTI BfÈf ƒ Cwz ky ijwQy gMBIr nft-mMc vI drÈk vwloN itkt qy vyiKaf jFdf hY.) dUjy pfsy ryzIAu-tI[vI[ -isnymf dI kmfeI kyvl qy kyvl ‘afriQkqf` hY qy ies dI smfijk pRqIbwDqf zfvFzol hY. hux vyKx vflf mslf ieh hY ik kI ieh dovyN iDrF ikqy iml skdIaF hn? jF ieMj kih lAu ik kI ryzIAu-tI[vI[ -isnymf dI Gr-vfpsI ho skdI hY Bfv Auh nft-mMc vFgUM afpxI pihlI iËMmyvfr siQqI qy af skdf hY. Èfied ieh AuvyN sMBv nhIN ijMnf asIN afdrÈk ZMg nfl socx lwg peIey. ieiqhfs kdy puwTf nhIN qurdf, aYl[pI[jI[ dy ivsqfr hoxy hn nf ik ies ny suMgVnf hY-afriQk mMdI dy bfvjUd. ryzIAu-tI[vI[ -isnymf afpxy ijs ikrdfr ƒ Ausfr cuwkf hY AuQoN ipwCy nhIN muVygf. lyikn hiQafr Cwizaf kuJ nhIN huMdf. ienHF vrqfiraF nfl juVy ‘ivakqI` BfvyN smUh nhIN pr smUh df mukfbl ‘ivakqI dI qfkq` nfl krn dy smrwQ ho skdy hn. msln ryzIAu pRfeIvyt aYP[aYm[ dy mukfblf ‘pbilk sYktr` (pRsfr BfrqI) vflI hoNd nfl mukfblf kr irhf hY qy kr skdf hY. tI[vI[ mfiDam dUrdrÈn rfhIN hfly vI ‘pbilk sYktr` vflI qfkq nfl gqIÈIl ho skdf hY qy ho irhf hY. ies pRsMg ivc kuJ smF pihlF hI jlMDr dUrdrÈn dy zfierYktr zf[ dljIq isMG df iek hF-muKI ibafn piVHaf sI ik 60 qoN 70 pRqIÈq pRfeIvyt pRogrfm bMd krky ienhfAus pRogrfm iqafr kIqy jf rhy hn. ies pRkfr isnymf ivc iÈafm bynygl vrgy iÌlmkfrF dI vfpsI (vYlkm tU swjnpur rfhIN) ies dI Audfhrx hY qy nvyN adfkfr aBX idAul dI itwpxI ies bdlI hoeI siQqI ivc nvyN pMjfbI pRsMg ivc pMjfbI isnymf df nvyN rUp ivc sQfipq hoxf aqy ivcfr qy sMcfr pwKoN afpxI ËmIn nfl juVn dI pRikiraf afrMB ho cuwkI hY. hrBjn mfn, mnmohn isMG, rivMdr pIpt, gurdfs mfn, srbjIq cImf, bwbU mfn afid ies pwKoN kfrjÈIl hn. lyikn smuwcy qOr qy siQqI vfcn AuprMq ieh jfxnf ËrUrI hY ik ibwlI ƒ vyKky kbUqr awKF mIc lvy qF ieh smwisaf df hwl nhIN. Aus ƒ awKF KolHxIaF pYxgIaF ikAuNik ‘ibwlI` swc hY.  kmjor hox dy bfvjUd ibwlI df mukfblf krnf peygf. ryizAu-tI[vI[ -isnymf ijs munfPy rUpI ibwlI dy sfhmxy hn, Ausƒ afpxI hoNd dI lVfeI lVnI pvygI qy afpxy vwzy Brf nft-mMc qy pirvfr dy muKI ‘adb` dI qfkq ƒ afpxI qfkq bxfAuxf peygf qF ik ivvfdI irÈqf muV qoN sMvfdI irÈqy ivc qbdIl ho sky. iehnF iqMnF mfiDamF dI atfnmI qy anftmI dovyN brkfr rih skx qy ieh mfiDam afpxI BUimkf qy sfrQkqf vDyry pRbl rUp ivc iswD kr sky. -0-
BUmMzlIkrn dy dOr ivwc pMjfbI BfÈf/
surjIq brfV


BUmMzlIkrn qihq aMgryjI ƒ sMsfr dI mfiDam BfÈf bnfAux dIaF koissF jfrI hn. amrIkf ieh kfrj kOmFqrI mudrf ko ivv bYNk aqy ivv vpfr sMsQf aqy bhu kOmI ingmF rfhIN kr irhf hY. ies nfl siBafcfr dy hor pihlUaF, pwKF vFg sQfnk BfÈfvF `qy vI mfrU asr pYx dI sMBfvnf hY. amrIkf bVI clfkI nfl pRqwK jF proK jqnF rfhIN sMsfr dI nvIN pIVHI dy idRÈtIkox aqy suhË suafd ƒ bdlx leI kfrjÈIl hY. bhuq QfvF `qy Aus ƒ sPlqf iml cuwkI hY. pMjfb ivwc akflI srkfr vwloN pMjfb `c pihlI ÈRyxI qoN aMgryËI lfgU krn ƒ iesy idRÈtI nfl dyiKaf jf irhf hY.
BUmMzlIkrn nfl siBafcfr dy pRmuwK aMg hr dyÈ dI BfÈf AuWpr iqwKf hmlf ho cuwkf hY. pMjfbI BfÈf leI vI smwisafvF AuqpMn ho rhIaF hn. awj kuJ BUmMzlIkrn dy hmfieqI aKOqI buwDIjIvIaF vwloN sMsfr df iewk swiBafcfr, iewk BfÈf bxn df gYr-XQfrQk supnf ilaf jf irhf hY. jykr asIN koeI sMGrÈmeI jqn nf kIqf qF Èfied BivwK ivwc aijhf vfpr vI jfvy. pMjfbI BfÈf qF pihlF sfzy smyN dIaF srkfrF aqy pRmuwK rfjnIiqk pfrtIaF dI sMkIrnqf, AudfsInqf, byruKI aqy ivqkrybfjI kfrn hfÈIey `qy DwkI hoeI hY. pMjfbI sUbf bxn AuprMq aqy BfÈf aYkt bxn dy bfvjUd pMjfbI BfÈf pMjfb `c TIk ZMg nfl lfgU nhIN ho skI. aKOqI pbilk skUlF ivwc pMjfbI bwicaF ƒ pMjfbI BfÈf `c iswiKaf lYx qoN vFJy rwiKaf jFdf hY (BfvyN ipwCy jyhy pMjfb srkfr ny pbilk skUlF ivwc pMjfbI lfgU krn df PYslf lY ilaf hY) AuWQy AuhnF `qy aMgryËI aqy ihMdI TosI jf rhI hY. pMjfb dy lgBg sfry dÌqrF ivwc kMm-kfj ajy vI aMgryjI BfÈf ivwc kIqf jFdf hY. BfÈf pwKoN pMjfbI lok vI ivXogy aqy acyqn hI rhy hn. bhuqy ÈihrI lok ajy vI pMjfbI nfloN aMgryËI ƒ mhwqqf idMdy hn aqy afpxy GrF ivwc afp aqy afpxy bwicaF nfl ihMdI boldy hn. ieh lok pMjfbI huMidaF afpxI mF-BfÈf ƒ nÌrq krdy hn, Aus nfl mqryeI vflf slUk rwKdy hn. pMjfb ivwc keI DrmF, jfqF-AupjfqF dy lok sdIaF qoN iekwTy rihMdy af rhy hn prMqU awj ieh lok pMjfbI BfÈf ƒ iPrkU Bfvnf nfl dyKdy hn. pMjfbI BfÈf ƒ isrP qy isrP iswKF dI BfÈf grdfnxf sMkIrn soc aqy alp smJ df pRgtfvf hI hY. jd qwk pMjfbI kOm ivwc mOjUd aijhy Gfqk, iPrkU jmUd ƒ qoiVaf nhIN jFdf AudoN qwk pMjfbI BfÈf dy ivkfs ivwc ieh qwq aiVwkf bixaf rhygf. ivzMbnf ieh hY ik  sfzy Dfrmk aqy rfjnIqk lok ies pwKoN suihrd nhIN sgoN afpxy inwjI ihwqF dI pUrqI leI iPrkU Bfvnf pYdf krky pMjfbI BfÈf dy ivkfs ivwc jfx buwJ ky bMnH mfr rhy hn. gulfm ËihnIaq kfrn asIN aMgryËI qoN inËfq nhIN pf sky. sfzf buwDIajIvI vrg (Éfs kr BfÈf ivigafnI) vI ies pwKoN susq aqy cuwp hY. Auh pMjfbI BfÈf ƒ drpyÈ smwisafvF dy invfrn leI koeI suKfvF smfDfn nhIN kr sky. pMjfbI ivwc sfihqkfrF vwloN Zyr sfihq lwgBg hr ivDf `c ricaf jf irhf hY. prMqU pRkfiÈq hoieaf sfihq jF qF lfiebryrIaF qwk mihdUd rihMdf hY jF iPr muÌq `c lyKkF ivwc vMz idwqf jFdf hY. pusqk siBafcfr pYdf hI nhIN ho sikaf ikAuNik sfzy aMdr pMjfbI BfÈf pRqI lgfE aqy moh dI Bfvnf hI nhIN hY. ÈRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI BfvyN iewk Dfrmk jwQybMdI hY pr ijvyN Aus kol PMzF df BMzfr hY, AuvyN Auh nf pMjfbI kOm, pMjfbI siBafcfr aqy nf pMjfbI BfÈf-sfihq, ivwidaf leI Krc krdI hY. kfxI kOzI vI Aus cMgy kfrj `qy nhI lfAuNdI sgoN Auh gurduafry Ausfrn aqy PMz Ckx aqy iBRÈtfcfr krn ivwc ivasq hY. isrÌ pMjfbI BfÈf dy ivsQfr aqy ivkfs leI kyNdrI lyKk sBf sMGrÈÈIl hY pr AusdIaF afpxIaF smrwQfvF, sImfvF aqy ÈkqIaF hn ijs kfrn srkfrF AuWpr dbfa nhIN bx sikaf.
smwisafvF BfvyN bhuq hn pr iPr vI pMjfbI BfÈf dy ivksq hox dIaF sMBfvnfvF hn ikAuNik Bfrq dI ieh iewk pRmuwK BfÈf hY aqy afpxy bl rfhIN ivkfs dy rfh `qy hY. swq qoN nO kroV bolx vfilaF dI ieh BfÈf dunIaF dI qyrHvIN BfÈf hY ijs df afpxf DunI ivigafn hY. ijs kol smrwQ gurmuKI ilwpI aqy loV anusfr lgF-mfqrfvF hn. pMjfbI BfÈf avysqf qoN ÈurU ho ky sMsikRq `coN ivksq huMdI pRfikrq, apRBRMÈ rfhIN mOjUdf rUp qwk puwjI hY. so ies df ipCokV sdIaF lMbf aqy mhfn hY. pMjfbI BfÈf ikAuNik anykF BfÈfvF dy sumyl nfl amIr hoeI hY, df Èfbidk BMzfr bhuq iËafdf hY. sMsfr dI lgBwg hr BfÈf dy Èbd df pMjfbI rUp sMBv hY. pMjfbI BfÈf ivdyÈI BfÈfvF dy ÈbdF ƒ afpxy ivwc sOKy hI jËb kr lYNdI rhI hY. ijwQy Ausny ivdyÈI BfÈfvF dy ÈbdF dy ijAuN-iqAuN rUp ƒ apxfieaf hY AuQy Ausny ivdyÈI ÈbdF ƒ afpxy suBfa anusfr vI Zfl ilaf hY. Bfv pMjfbI BfÈf ny sMsikRq aqy hor BfÈfvF dy ÈbdF ƒ qqsm aqy qdBv rUp ivwc apxf ky afpxf Gyrf hor ivsiqRq kIqf hY.
pMjfbI BfÈf `c ton (sur) hY jo iesdI sB qoN vwzI ivÈyÈqf hY. cInI BfÈf qoN bfad hor iksy vI ilKqI BfÈf `c aijhf gux mOjUd nhIN. ivXogfqmkqf aqy sMXogfqmkqf ies df iewk hor amIrI gux hY jo bhuq hI Gwt BfÈfvF ivwc huMdf hY. ihMdI AuWqrI Bfrq dI pRmuwK BfÈf hY. Auh isrÌ ivXogfqmk BfÈf hY, BfvyN pMjfbI BfÈf jo pihlF sMXogfqmk BfÈf sI, Auh hux ihMdI vFg ivXogfqmkqf vwl vD rhI hY. iPr vI Aus dy donoN rUp hn ijs kfrn ies dy ivksq hox `c pUry shfeI hn. agyqrF-ipCyqrF vflI ieh BfÈf iqMnoN kfl pRgtfAux, ilMg-puilMg, iewk vcn-bhu vcn df Byd drsfAux, nfskI ÈbdF dy bolx-ilKx `c pUrI qrHF smrwQ hY. vrx, svr aqy lgFmfqrF dI vwzI igxqI kfrn pMjfbI BfÈf `c dunIaF dy hr qknIkI Èbdf ƒ Ausy Aucfrn ivwc ricaf jf skdf hY. pMjfbI BfÈf `c hr smfjk-afrQk-rfjnIqk, Dfrmk, mnoivigafnk, siBafcfrk PlsÌy dI iswiKaf idwqI jf rhI aqy idwqI jf skdI hY. ivigafn dI pVHfeI vI BfvyN dsvIN qwk idwqI jf rhI hY prMqU AucyrI ivwidaf leI vI pMjfbI BfÈf smrwQ hY. pMjfbI BfÈf ivwc anyk pMjfbI roËfnf aÉbfrF (ajIq, jwg bfxI-pMjfbI itRibAUn, dyÈ syvk, nvF jmfnf, awj dI afvfj, akflI pwiqRkf, cVHdI klf) qoN ibnF anyk hÌqfvrI, pMdrF-roËf aÉbfr vI pRkfiÈq huMdy hn. pMjfbI ivwc anyk imafrI sfihqk pwqr (isrjxf, icrfg, srdl, lkIr, srokfr, pRvcn, Èbd, Èbd-bfx, klfkfr, kfiv-lok, khfxI pMjfb, awKr, smdrÈI, aflocnf, jn sfihq, pRIqlVI, aks, pMjfbI zfiejYst, mihrm, sMK) vI Cpdy hn ijhVy pMjfbI BfÈf ƒ ivksq krn dI inÈkfm syvf kr rhy hn. pMjfbI BfÈf ivwc ijwQy anyk smfijk msilaF `qy Koj BrpUr inbMD/pusqkF rcIaF jf rhIaF hn AuQy pMjfbI sfihqkfrF ny pMjfbI kivqf, nfvl, khfxI, nftk, sÌrnfmf, jIvnI, svY-jIvnI afid ivDfvF dy Kyqr ƒ ivsiqRq hI nhIN kIqf sgoN nvInqm idÈfvF vI pRdfn kIqIaF hn. iviBMn sfihqk rUpF `c pMjfbI sfihqk rcnfvF df mfq-BfÈf ivwc ricaf jfxf qswlIbÉÈ ruJfn hY, ijs nfl pMjfbI BfÈf df ivkfs ho irhf hY.
pMjfbI BfÈf dy Kyqr ƒ hr hIly suMgyVn aqy nuksfn phuMcfAux df jqn kIqf jFdf irhf hY pr ies dy bfvjUd pMjfbI BfÈf ƒ nuksfn nhIN phuMcfieaf jf sikaf. pMjfbI  bolI qy BfÈf ƒ ijwQy pwCmI pMjfb dy lok boldy hn AuQy jMmU-kÈmIr, ihmfcl pRdy, rfjsQfn (hƒmfngVH, sUrqgVH, gMgfngr, sIkr) hirafxf, idwlI, AuWqr pRdys (qrfeI df ielfkf) qoN ibnF knyzf, amrIkf, ieMglYNz vrgy pwCmI mulkF qwk iesƒ boilaf-piVHaf iliKaf jFdf hY. anyk Aup-bolIaF, Aup-BfÈfvF kfrn pMjfbI BfÈf df BivwK AuWjlf hY.
pMjfbI BfÈf df afpxf suBfa aqy afpxf ivigafn hY ijs krky ies BfÈf ny afpxI loV anusfr gurmuKI ilwKI isrjI hY. jd ik sMsikRq `coN pYdf hoeIaF bfkI BfÈfvF (bMgflI, mrfTI, AuVIaf, gujrfqI, rfjsQfnI afid) dI ilwpI sMsikRq vflI dyvngrI hI rhI, pMjfbI BfÈf sMsikRq `coN pYdf hox dy bfvjUd ies ny afpxy suBfa, loV anusfr nvIN ilwpI 'gurmuKI` isrjI hY. ies ilwpI kfrn pMjfbI BfÈf dy ivksq hox dIaF hor sMBfvnfvF hn.
so lok pwKI siBafcfr (Bfv ishqmMd kdrFkImqF/muwlF/pRiqmfnF vflf) dI sQfpqI leI aqy afpxI BfÈf ƒ bcfAux leI sfƒ buwDIjIvIaF ƒ idn-rfq isrqoV jqn-dr-jqn krny pYxgy. pUMjIvfd ny hr muhfj (afriQk, smfijk, siBafcfrk, mnoivigafnk, Dfrmk, qknIkI, ivigafnk, rfjnIqk) `qy vwzy hmly kIqy hoey hn. iehnF hmilaF ƒ rokx leI vwzI soc, vwzy iekwT, vwzI jwQybMdI dI loV hY.
awj sfƒ AuhnF pwKF-ivpwKF ƒ ghu nfl smJxf pvygf jo sfzI siBafcfrk pihcfx ƒ bdldy hn, jo sfzI BfÈf, jo sfzI kOm ƒ Korf lfAuNdy hn. kfrj BfvyN ieh vwzf aqy durgm hY prMqU muÈkl nhIN. pr BUmMzlIkrn ƒ iewk vMgfr dy rUp ivMc lYxf pvygf.
-0-

globlIkrn,
pMjfbI BfÈf aqy
nvIN pMjfbI kivqf

dyivMdr kOr, XU[ ky[

globlIkrn ƒ afriQkqf dy hvfly nfl ivcfridaF iesƒ iekihrI globl mMzI dy arQF ivc ilaf jf skdf hY. aYsI iekihrI mMzI ijs ivc hr qrHF dy vpfr aqy mMzI mukfbilaF ivc ihwsf lYx dI iejfËq hY.rUs aqy pUrvI XUrpI dyÈF ivc smfjvfd dy Zih ZyrI ho jfx nfl ijs qrHF df globl arQcfrf pYdf hoieaf qy ho irhf hY, ivc globl asmfnqfvF dy hor ivkisq hox dy afsfr bxdy jf rhy hn. iswty vjoN AuWqrI glob aqy dwKxI glob ivc pfVHf hor zUMGf ho irhf hY. ies pfVy ivcoN iek vwKrI qrHF dI kMm dI vMz pYdf ho rhI hY ijs dy sopfn-pRbMD ( hierArchy ) dI nUhfr BUgoilk hox dI bjfie globl smfijk ho rhI hY.

ies globl smfj jF ipMz ivc iek dyÈ dI dUjy dyÈF nfl asmfnqf aqy iek dyÈ dy lokF dI afps ivc asmfnqf pYdf ho rhI hY.amIr dyÈ ivkisq ho rhy dyÈF ivc afpxI aYsI mMzI bxf rhy hn jo dyKx ivc qF bVI afkriÈq hY lyikn Ausdy iswty bVy iBafnk ho skdy hn. ivkisq dyÈF ivc globl PYktrIaF dy lg jfx nfl kfl sYNtrF ivc pwCm dI qrË qy mukfblqn Gwt qnÉfhF qy kMm krvfAux nfl ienHF dyÈF ivc keI qrHF dIaF nfbrfbrIaF pYdf ho rhIaF hn. srkfrI nOkrIaF, pRfeIvyt nOkrIaF, Coty vpfr, vwzy vpfr afpo afpxf rfg alfpx krky BRÈtfcfr dy Pftk hor mËbUq kr rhy hn. iswty vjoN kMm dIaF hflqF ivc inGfr af irhf hY, smfijk surwiKaf Éqry ivc hY aqy ÊYr smfijkqf ivc vfDf ho irhf hY. Dn aqy ÈkqI df iewk aYsf isstm pYdf ho irhf hY jo keI qrHF dIaF afriQk smfijk nfbrfbrIaF aqy alihdgIaF (exclusions) ƒ jnm dy irhf hY.ijhVy dyÈ Dn aqy ÈkqI dy ies isstm ƒ svIkfr kr rhy hn AunHF dyÈF ivc vpfrk mMzIaF kfiem ho rhIaF hn.

Auprokq ivcfr coN ieh nukqf AuBrdf hY ik globlIkrn sMsfr pwDr qy sfmfnX rUp ivc ivcrx vflf vrqfrf nhIN. ies krky XUnYsko vloN ÊYr aMgryËI BfÈfvF aqy ivÈyÈ krky pMjfbI BfÈf dy BivwK sbMDI jo aFkVy pyÈ kIqy gey hn, AunHF ƒ Ausy rUp ivc mMn lYxf Auicq nhIN hovygf.hF ies sfrI ivcfr coN iek svfl AuBrdf hY, aMgryËI vwl ruJfn ikAuN? jvfb spwÈt hY, ieh Ëbfn afriQk shUlqF nfl juVI hoeI hY. awj dunIaf aMgryËI Ëbfn vwl jo eynI JukI hoeI hY, koeI pihlI vfr vfprx vflf vrqfrf nhIN. dunIaf dI koeI vI BfÈf siQqIÈIl nhIN huMdI. vkq dI mMg jF loV anusfr Aus ivc qbdIlIaF vfprdIaF rihMdIaF hn.smyN smyN anusfr mnuwK jfqI ivwc qbdIlIaF vfprdIaF rihMdIaF hn. jy mnuwK jfqI ivwc qbdIlIaF vfprdIaF rihMdIaF hn qF koeI vI BfÈf siQq ikvyN rih skdI hY? afpxy aqIq ivc PrYNc Ëbfn vI sfmrfjI BfÈf rih cuwkI hY. awj aMgryËI dy mukfbly Auh afpxf mËbUq afDfr gvf cuwkI hY. so Ëfihr hY ik jdoN koeI vfqfvrx bdldf hY qF koeI ivÈyÈ igafn, ivÈyÈ BfÈf df mhwqv ÊYr sfrQk jF Gwt sfrQk ho jFdf hY.so Ëfihr hY ik kMm vMz dy afDfr bdl jfx krky BfÈf dy afDfr vI bdl jFdy hn. awj sMsfr pwDr qy BfvyN mYkzfnl, hflIvuwz iÌlmF,amrIkI iKzOxy, pOp sMgIq aqy aMgryËI df bol bflf hY lyikn ijs hwd qwk globl qfpmfn df Éqrf ivÈvivafpI bx cuwkf hY globlIkrn df Éqrf eys hwd qwk ivÈvivafpI bx sikaf hY, koeI ËrUrI nhIN. sgoN kihxf ieh cfhIdf hY ik dunIaf ivc iek aYsI sQfnk srbpwKI qfkq pYdf ho rhI hY jo iek aYsy pycIdf isstm ƒ jnm dy rhI hY ijsdf sMbMD globl afriQkqf nfl hY, lyikn ieh globl afriQkqf dunIaf dy 100 ÌI sdI dyÈF ivc pYdf nhIN hoeI. isrÌ AunHF dyÈF ivc jo ies ivÈfl mMzI df ihwsf bxy hoey hn. awj dunIaf Br dIaF vsqF dy Auqpfdn ivc isrÌ Bfrq aqy cIn df nfm hI ikAuN awgy af irhf hY? sMsfr Br dy globl isstm ivc ivÈv pwDr dy globlIkrn Aupr isMgf pur aqy hFg kFg hI ikAuN inrBr kr rhy hn? ijQoN qwk mltI nYÈnl kMpnIaF df sMbMD hY, dUjy dyÈF ivc sQfipq ienHF kMpnIaF ivc kMm krn vfly aMgryËI dy nfl nfl loV pYx qy afpxIaF ËbfnF vI bol rhy hn. vYsy vI dUsry dyÈF ivc sQfipq hox vflIaF mMzIaF mYtro ÈihrF ƒ hI vrq rhIaF hn. kihx qoN Bfv ik iksy vI iewk dyÈ ivc sQfipq hox vflIaF globl mMzIaF jF kMpnIaF vI kuwl imlf ky iek aYsI asmfnX siQqI pYdf kr dyNdIaF hn ijs ivc Aus dyÈ dIaF BfÈfvF ƒ Éqry vI huMdy hn aqy afpxI hoNd brkrfr rwK swkx
dIaF sMBfvnfvF vI mOjUd huMdIaF hn aqy ieh kMm vDyry krky klfkfr lok hI kr skdy hn. Auh afpxIaF klfvF rfhIN, sfihq rfhIN, nftkF rfhIN, kivqf rfhIN, iÌlmF rfhIN Aus dyÈ dI jnqf ivc ivÈv pwDr qy ivafpq ÉqiraF bfbq lokF ƒ cyqMn vI krdy hn aqy isrjxf rfhIN BfÈf, sfihq aqy siBafcfr dI slfmqI ivc vI afpxf Xog dfn pfAuNdy hn.

ies pRsMg ivc jy pMjfbI BfÈf dy BivwK bfry soicaf jfey qF mYƒ ieh nhIN lgdf ik ieh BfÈf aOx vfly smyN ivc iblkul Éqm ho jfeygI . hflF ik surjIq pfqr ny afpxI iek kivqf ivc pMjfbI BfÈf dy mr jfx df qOKlf vI Ëfihr kIqf hY.pr jdoN Auh ieh kihMdf hY ik ‘mr rhI hY myrI BfÈf` qF BfÈf ƒ Auh ‘lYNg` dy arQF ivc nhIN sgoN ‘pYrol` dy arQF ivc pyÈ kr irhf hY ikAuNik Auh BfÈf dI sMrcnf dy mrn dI nhIN sgoN kuJ ÈbdF dy mr jfx dI gwl kr irhf hY. ijvyN ik pihlF vI ieÈfrf kIqf jf cuwkf hY ik smyN dy bdlx nfl BfÈf dy AucfrF ivc vI qbdIlIaF vfprdIaF hn. keI Èbd iek Éfs smyN ivc afpxI pRsMigkqf gvf lYNdy hn aqy AunHF dI QF koeI dUsry Èbd hoNd ivc af jFdy hn.ies leI hflfq ivc qbdIlIaF aOx kfrx BfÈf dy ÈbdF ivc vI qbdIlIaF vfpr skdIaF hn aqy ieh qbdIlI hI iksy BfÈf dy jINdy rihx df afDfr huMdI hY.ies dy nfl nfl jdoN AuWpr ieh vI ikhf igaf hY ik globl mMzIaF vDyry krky mYtro ÈihrF ivc kfiem kIqIaF geIaF hn.ienHF mYtro ÈihrF dy kfl sYNtrF ivc kMm krn vfly afps ivc keI vfrI afpxI mF bolI vrq lYNdy hn. eyQoN qwk ik bhuqI vfrI jdoN asIN brqfnIaf ivc rihMidaF hoieaF eyQoN dy bYNkF, storF nfl vrqidaF iksy jfxkfrI leI jdoN Pon krdy hF qF Auh bhuqI vfrI muMbeI dy kfl sYNtr nfl juV jFdf hY. AudoN bhuqI vfrI kfl sYNtr ivc kMm krn vfly sfzy nfl ihMdI, gujrfqI jF kdy pMjfbI ivc vI gwl krn lwg pYNdy hn. iswty vjoN ieh ikhf jf skdf hY ik iksy vI BfÈf dI iksy vI sMdrB ivc iksy vI mOky vrqoN dI loV pY skdI hY.mYN eyQy iek bVI sfDfrx pr bVI mhwqvpUrx Audfhrx dyxI cfhvFgI. brqfnIaf ivc pMjfbIaF dI qIjI pIVHI nfl gwl bfq krn dOrfx pqf lwgf ik Auh vI nOkrI krn dOrfx jd nslvfdI hfv BfvF dI mfr hyToN guËrdy hn qF afpxy Bfvuk bcfE leI afpxy pMjfbI dosqF nfl pMjfbI ivc gwl krn lwg pYNdy hn. mYƒ ieh sux ky QoVHI ijhI hYrfnI vI hoeI qy cMgf vI lwgf, ies leI ik ies qIsrI pIVHI ƒ aMgryËI mfhOl ivc ivcridaF vI ikDry pMjfbI bolx dI loVH pY jFdI hY.ijQoN qwk iliKq BfÈf df sMbMD hY, jdoN qwk dunIaf ivc afvfs jF prvfs dy mOky bxdy rihxgy AudoN qwk BfÈf dy dUjy dyÈF ivc jfx dy mOky vI bxdy rihxgy.ies idRÈtI qoN pMjfbI BfÈf df BivwK imÈirq suBfE vflf jfpdf hY. globl pwDr qy hflfq kdoN bdldy hn bfry do tuwk kuJ vI nhIN ikhf jf skdf . iPr iksy Auus BfÈf dy jo awj isrÌ iek dyÈ ivc nhIN sgoN dunIaf dy bhuq sfry AunHF dyÈF ivc ijQy pMjfbI rihMdy hn, aMdr bolI vI jFdI hY aqy loV pYx qy ilKxI iswKI vI jFdI hY. ies leI inrfÈ hox nfloN pMjfbI BfÈf dy bcfE leI inrMqr qrwdd krdy rihx dI loV hY.

rhI gwl nvIN pMjfbI kivqf dy BivwK dI, bfry bhuq kuJ ikhf jf skdf hY. awj dunIaf

qknolojI dy Kyqr ivc ivkfs dI ijs pwDr qwk phuMc cuwkI hY, bfry sB jfxdy hn aqy lok ies ivkfs ivwcoN hox vfly ÌfieidaF df lfB vI AuTf rhy hn. awj pMjfb ivc rihx vflf buwDIjIvI afpxy bwicaF ƒ pwCmI dyÈF ivc pVHfAux aqy EQy sYWtl krn dI lgfqfr dOV ivc ruwJf hoieaf hY lyikn jdoN nvIN pMjfbI kivqf dI gwl afAuNdI hY qF bhuqy lok Aus ƒ svIkfr krn vfsqy iqafr nhIN hn. AunHF leI ajy vI pMjfbI kivqf Auh hI hY jo styjF qy suxfeI aqy suxI jFdI hY.nvIN pMjfbI kivqf rUp aqy ÈYlI vjoN jo nvyN pRXog lY ky sfhmxy af rhI hY ƒ isrjx aqy smJx leI ijs qrwdd dI loV hY. Aus ƒ pMjfbI kvI aqy pfTk krn leI iqafr nhIN hY. dUsry pfsy sfzy nvIN pMjfbI kivqf ilKx vfly aYsy bhuq Gwt Èfier hn jo ivÈvIkrn dI mfr hyT afeIaF cuxOqIaF bfry icMqfqur ho ky ilK rhy hn. ajy vI nvIN kivqf dy nF qy bhuq kuJ aYsf iliKaf jf irhf hY jo nvyN hox df BulyKf pf irhf hY lyikn Aus nvyN idsdy kfiv-muhFdry ivc jo vwQ peI hY Auh sfzy aqIq siBafcfr nfl juV jFdI hY. iswty vjoN qQfkiQq nvIN pMjfbI kivqf smkflI pIVHI nfl irÈqf bnHfAuxoN asmrwQ ho jFdI hY. kivqf Auh jINdI rih skdI hY jo pihlI gwl smyN dy hfx dI hovy, dUjf BfÈf dI isrjxf pwKoN sucyq hovy. awj jdoN smF kfÌI qyËI nfl bdl irhf hY, kivqf dI BfÈf ƒ vI bdlx dI loV hY. nvyN mfhOl, nvyN sMklp, nvyN anuBv, nvIN soc ƒ nvIN BfÈf ivc rUpFqirq krn dI loV hY .nvyN anuBv dI nvIN BfÈf dI iek imsfl ibpn pRIq dI kfiv-pusqk 'jnm' ivcoN dyxI cfhvFgI:-

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ieQy iewk gwl spwÈt krnI Auicq jfpdI hY, nvIN BfÈf qoN Bfv hmyÈf nvyN Èbd GVx qoN nhIN sgoN nvIN lYa aqy nvF aihsfs GVn qoN vI hY.nvyN Èbd, nvyN aihsfs hI kivqf ƒ smyN dI hfxI bxf ky kivqf ivc qfËgI ilaf skdy hn aqy kivqf dy zfvFzol ho rhy BivwK ƒ surwiKaq kr skdy hn.nvIN kivqf Èbd dy mhwqv qoN pUrI qrFH sucyq hY. kivqf ivc Èbd iek aYsy mfhOl ivc rUpFqirq huMdf hY ik Èbd aqy arQ ivclf rOlf hI Éqm ho jFdf hY. kivqf df pfT kridaF ÈbdF dy arQ nhIN sgoN mfhOl gUMjdf suxfeI dyNdf hY. kivqf cuwp isrjy jfx koeI afvfË, mhwqv ies gwl df hY ik ÈbdF dI cqurfeI isr cVH ky boldI hY jF Èbd afpmuhfry sihj isrjxf ivc Zldy hn. jdoN kivqf ƒ arQF dI cqurfeI pyÈ krn leI vriqaf jfvygf, AudoN kivqf vI Éqm hovygI aqy Ausdf BivwK vI. ijQy koeI Èbd Èbd aqy arQ dI sMjugq isrjxf rfhIN Èbd qoN pfr jfeygf EQy kivqf afpxy kfivk rUp ivc pyÈ vI hovygI aqy kivqf dy BivwK ƒ vI surwiKaq rwKygI. eynI ivcfr qoN bfad nvIN pMjfbI kivqf sMbMDI bihs df afgfË krdI hoeI mYN afpxy Èfier dosqF aqy icMqn ÈIl ivdvfnF ƒ afpo afpxy ivcfrF rfhIN bihs ƒ awgy qorx df swdf dyNdI hoeI afpxI gwl eyQy hI Éqm krdI hF.



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jUn mhIny dy dUsry hPqy df Èukrvfr hY.do idn pihlF hI lgfqfr bIh GMty hlkI hlkI bfirÈ pY ky hwtI hY.mOsm suhfvxf hoieaf ipaf hY.svyry Cy ku vjy df smF hY.lfl rMgf sUrj phfVIaF dI bodI ƒ Cwz ky afkfÈ vwl qur ipaf hY.Auh lMmf sPr qih krdy hoey lfl qoN icwtf rMg vtfAuNdf hoieaf Èfm ƒ dobfrf lflgI ƒ afpxy ipMzy duafly lpytI, afkfÈ qy DrqI dy domyl ivc zub jfvygf.Aus qoN bfad hOly hOly hnyrf afkfÈ ƒ afpxy kbËy ivc lY leygf.dyKdy hI dyKdy DrqI hnyry dI afgoÈ ivc clI jfvygI.ieh idn rfq bxn df vrqfrf, kroVF arbF sflF qoN lgfqfr cilaf af irhf hY.AumId hY awgy vI cldf rhygf.
sfzy ieQy sUrj df cVHnf aDUrf swc hY ikAuNik kuJ pl pihlF hI knyzf rihMdI myrI CotI BYx df Pon afieaf sI.Auh dws rhI sI ik AuDr kuJ dyr pihlF hI sUrj zub igaf hY.rfq gUhVI huMdI jf rhI hY pr sqfhT bsMq dIaF ruwqF dyK cuwkI myrI anpVH mF ƒ BYx duafrf hr vfr idn qy rfq dy Prk bfry idwqI jFdI jfxkfrI hËm nhIN huMdI .Auh ieh mMnx leI iqafr nhIN huMdI ik iewk hI DrqI Aupr iewko smyN hnyrf qy roÈnI iewkTy ho skdy hn.sfzy Ëor Brn Aupr Auh aDmny sihmq qF ho jFdI hY pr aMdrKfqy axigxq socF ivc AulJI rihMdI hY.Auh smJdI hY ik sUrj DrqI nfloN bhuq Cotf hY.DrqI sUrj duafly nhIN sgoN sUrj DrqI duafly GuMmdf hY.Ausƒ DrqI siQr ivKfeI idMdI hY qy sUrj phfVF vwloN Aug ky Èfm ƒ lihMdy vl jFdf ivKfeI idMdf hY.Ausdf qrk hY jy DrqI GuMmdI hY qF ipCly ikMinaF sflF qoN Ausdf mfiekf qy shurf ipMz AuQy dy AuQy ikAuN KVy hn? sfzy GrF dy bUhy cVdy qoN lihMdy vl ikAuN nhIN ho jFdy.

asIN AusdI pVHI ilKI aOlfd Ausƒ vQyrIaF AudfhrnF dy ky smJfAux dI koiÈÈ krdy hF pr awj qk kfmXfb nhIN hoey qy Èfied kdy hoeIey vI nf.bhuqf Ëor Brn `qy Auh ‘hF` ivc isr ihlf idMdI hY pr mn hI mn Auh sfƒ anfVI qy PVmfr smJdI hY ikAuNik AusdI ‘hF` ivc ‘hF` imlfAux vflIaF AusdIaF kuJ hm-AumrI qy hm-iKaflI hor shylIaF vI Ausdf sfQ idl Kol ky idMdIaF hn.Auh sfrIaF vI afpxy DIaF puwqF ƒ ‘pVHy ilKy byvkUP` smJdIaF hn.

ies pwKoN sfzy ipqf jI TIk hn. Auh POj ivc huMidaF awTvIN jmfq qk pVH gey hn.sfrf dyÈ AuhnF GuMm ky dyK ilaf hoieaf hY. roË aÉbfrF pVHdy hn.tIvI dyKdy hn.dunIaF Br dIaF gqI ivDIaF Aupr pUrI nËr rwKdy hn.Aupr ƒ suwtI hr cIË aKIr DrqI vl ikAuN muV afAuNdI hY Auhnf ƒ pqf hY ikAuNik Auh DrqI dy grUqf afkrÈn bfry pUrf igafn rwKdy hn.DrqI sUrj dy afly duafly hI nhIN sgoN afpxy Dury duafly vI GuMmdI hY, Bfrq dy pqfl ivc amrIkf qy knyzf vwsy hoey hn.ies bfry jfxkfrI Auh BlIBFq rwKdy hn.

ÉYr,ibjlI df kwt lwigaf hoieaf hY.mYN kmry qoN bfhr ƒ bxfeI geI bflkonI ivc KVf afpxy Gr dy iblkul nyVy qy iek dm sfhmxyN, hvf nfl klol krdy kuJ ruwKF ƒ dyK irhf hF.nhf Do ky iKVy hoey ruwK KuÈI nfl JUm rhy hn.nwc-gf rhy hn.iek lMbUqrf ijhf ruwK acfnk Jukdf hY qy nyVy KVI iek srU dy kd vrgI ruKVI dy ichry ƒ CyqI CyqI CUMhdf ivKfeI idMdf hY qy vfps pihlF vflI sQIqI ivc clf jFdf hY.AuvyN hI ijvyN iksy pRymI ny ruwsI hoeI pRyimkf ƒ Cuply ijhy corI nfl cuMm ilaf hovy qy pRyimkf ƒ pqf vI nf cilaf hovy.mYN kudrq dy adBUq nËfry bfry socdf hoieaf ies ivc guafc jFdf hF.
acfnk iksy koiel dI imwTI qy qIKyrI kUk nfl myrI ilv tutdI hY.mYN vfps surq ivc afAuNdf hF.koiel lgfqfr kUk rhI hY.mYN Ausƒ dyKx dI koiÈÈ krdf hF pr Auh lBdI nhIN.AusdI kUk suxky iek hor koiel, Aus dy qrHF hI imwTI kUk nfl AusdI kUk df jvfb idMdI hY.Auh Èfied pihlI vflI koiel dI hmsPr hovy.ijvyN dUsrI vflI koiel Ausƒ afpxy bYTy hox dy iTkfxy bfry kuJ smJf rhI hovy.Auh donoN lgfqfr iek dUsry dIaF kUkF df jvfb idMdIaF rihMdIaf hn.iek do vfr mYN vI AuhnF vFg kUkx dI koiÈÈ krdf hF pr bysurf hox krky jldI cuwp kr jFdf hF.myrI kUk sux ky Auh donoN kuJ dyr cuwp ho jFdIaF hn.kuJ dyr bfd hI AuhnF dIaF mfsUm ijhIaF kUkF myry mn ƒ tuMbdIaF hn.mYƒ sfrI kudrq ncdI qy twpdI jfpdI hY.AuhnF dIaF kUkF sux ky hI dUroN iek mor dy kUkx dI afvfË afAuNdI hY.AusdI kUk kuJ hor qrHF dI hY pr mYƒ awCI lgdI hY.mor dI kUk sux ky donoN koielF qyË qyË kUkdIaF PrPrfAuNdIaF Auz geIaF BfsdIaF hn.

acfnk myrf iDafn bflkonI dy sfhmxyN qoN lMG rhIaF ibjlI dIaF qfrF Aupr bYT rhIaF do gutfrF vwl jFdf hY.Auh isr ihlf ihlf ky iek dUsry ƒ kuJ smJfAuNdIaF nËr afAuNdIaF hn.AuhnF dIaF hrkqF qoN ieMJ lgdf hY ijvyN Auh nr qy mfdf hn.

huxy huxy iek bulbul myry Gr dy ivhVy ivwc lwgy amrUd dy bUty Aupr af ky imwTf imwTf cihkx lwg peI hY.Auh iek tfhxI qoN dUsrI Aupr Pudk Pudk ky KuÈ ho rhI hY.Auh afpxf aflHxf pfAux leI koeI shI QF dI qlfÈ krdI jfpdI hY.Èfied Auh mF bxn vflI hY.kuJ dyr bfad hI AusdI hmsPr bulbul vI Aus nfl af rldI hY.Auh donoN iml ky iek Kfs iksm dI afvfË nfl koeI gIq ielfhI gfAuNdy nËr afAuNdIaF hn.
kuJ kbUqrF ny vI guaFZIaF dy koTy Aupr af ky gUtrgU gUtrgU dI rwt lgf, pYlF pfAuxIaF ÈurU kr idwqIaF hn.Auh iek dUsry dy ierd igrd GuMmdy hoey bolIaF pfAuNdy jfpdy hn.ieMJ lgdf hY ik kbuqr nfl kbuqrI iksy gwloN rus geI hY qy Auh Ausƒ mnfAux leI ieh gIq gf irhf hY, ‘‘ koeI hsInf jb rUT jfqI hY qo aOr vI husIn ho jfqI hY[[[[.``

AuDr sfzy dUsry guaFZIaF dy Gr dy bnyiraF Aupr do kfly kF vI af ky bYT gey hn.AuhnF bysury alfp ÈurU kr idwqy hn.Auh afpxI kYrI nËr nfl ieDr AuDr kuJ qlfÈ rhy hn.acfnk AuhnF dI nËr sVk Aupr iksy kfr dy phIey hyT af ky imwDy gey iek zwzU dI dyh Aupr pYNdI hY.Auh iksy hor kF dy afAux qoN pihlF Aus Aupr afpxf kbËf kr lYx dIaF skImF bxfAuNdy jfpdy hn.

kuJ iqqlIaF AuzdIaF hoeIaF iKVy PuwlF Aupr mMzrfxf ÈurU kr idMdIaF hn.Auh kdy iek Puwl df rws cUsx dI koiÈÈ krdIaF hn qy kdy dUsry df.iqqlIaF dy KMBF dy rMgF df kmfl dyK ky mYN socdf hF ik rwb koloN vwzf rMgF df pfrKU, icqyrf qy klfkfr hor kOx ho skdf hY Blf?

iek GuwgIaF df joVf sfhmxy Gr dI Cwq Aupr bxI pfxI dI tYNkI Aupr bYT igaf hY.iek GuwgI dy gl ivc gfnI hY.donoN ieDr AuDr dyKdIaF hn.tYNkI ƒ lwgI pfxI vflI pfiep lIk kr rhI hY.pfxI dIaF twpk rhIaF buMdF nfl GuwgIaF vfro vfrI afpxI ipafs buJf ky Auz jFdIaF hn.

acfnk myrI ingHf afpxy pYrF vwl jFdI hY. kIVIaF dI iek lMmI kqfr ivKfeI idMdI hY.kuJ ny mUMh ivc kuJ cuwikaf hoieaf hY qy kuJ KflI hn.Auh iksy vyly sVkF Aupr jFdI POjI kfnvfeI vrgIaF jfpdIaF hn.Auh Èfied afAux vfly brsfqI idnF vfsqyy Kfxy df BMzfr iewkTF kr rhIaF hn.AuhnF dI clx dI gqI qy bcnvDqf dyK ky mYƒ AuhnF Aupr rwsk afAuNdf hY.kfÈ asIN mnuwwK vI iehnF koloN kuJ isK skIeyy.
‘‘zYzI, ibjlI af geI hY[[[aMdr af jfAu[[[.`` boldI hoeI myrI bytI myry ipwCy af ky KVH jFdI hY.acfnk mYN kudrq koloN tut jFdf hF qy muV ky kmry aMdr dfKl ho ky dPqr jfx dI iqafrI krnf ÈurU kr idMdf hF.
-----------------0----------------


ipafr nhIN,
nÌrq krnf iswK ilaf…/
govrDn gwbI

dosqo, do dhfikaF qoN pihlF qIk smfj ivc bdlfE dI gqI bhuq DImI sI. kfPI kuJ bhuq dyr qIk AuvyN df AuvyN hI rihMdf sI ijvyN df huMdf sI pr jdoN df kMipAutr, dUrsMcfr qy afvfjfeI qknoljI df hVH afieaf hY qd qoN iËMdgI dI rÌqfr quPfn vFg ho geI hY.ijs ÈYa ƒ svyr vyly asIN nvF kihMdy Auh Èfm pYx qIk purfxI ho jFdI hY.ies qyË gqI ny bhuq sfry smfijk srokfrF ivc vI bdlfE hnyrI vFg ilaFdf hY.bwcy CyqI nfn juafn hor rhy hn. juafn CyqI nfl buwZy qy buwZy CyqI nfl POq ho rhy hn.mnuwK iËMdgI dI GuMmxGyrI ivc AulJ ky rih igaf hY.

ipwCy ijhy iesy sbMD ivc mYN iek aKbfr ivc amrIkf dy mÈhUr lyKk jfrj kfriln df lyK piVHaf.Ausny mYƒ ieMnf iËafdf pRBfivq kIqf .pyÈ hn Aus lyK dy kuJ aMÈ:
sfzy smyN df ivroDfBfs ieh hY ik asIN iemfrqF qF bhuq AuWcIaF bxf leIaF pr sfzI mfniskqf bhuq boxI ho geI.lMmy cOVy rfj mfrgF ny ÈihrF ƒ joV idwqf hY pr sfzf idRÈtIkox sOVf ho igaf hY. asIN Krc iËafdf krdy hF pr sfzy pwly kuJ vI Kfs nhIN pYNdf. asIN KrIdoÌroKq qF iËafdf krdy hF pr sMquÈtI sfƒ ikqy vI nhIN imldI. sfzy Gr vwzy ho gey hn pr pirvfr Coty. asIN suK shulqF qF bhuq jutf leIaF hn pr smyN dI Gft kuJ vI nhIN krn idMdI. sfzIaF XunIvrsItIaF Zyr sfry iviÈaF Aupr izgrIaF vMzdIaF hn pr sfzy kol smJ qy isafxp isKfAux vflf skUl iek vI nhIN hY.sfzy ieQy iksy vI ivÈy Aupr qrk ivqrk bhuq iËafdf huMdf hY pr PYsly bhuq Gwt ley jFdy hn. sfzy afly duafly mfihrF dI Brmfr hY pr smisafvF dI igxqI vI axigxq huMdI jf rhI hY. Gr ivc dvfeIaF nfl almfrIaF BrIaF hn pr qMdrusqI dI zwbI KflI hY.

asIN dfrU pINdy bhuq hF.DUMaF AuzFdy rihMdy hF.pYsf pfxI dI qrHF vhFdy hF.hwsx vyly ÈrmFdy hF.gwzI qyË clFdy hF.nrfË vI jldI ho jFdy hF.

dyr qk jfgdy hF.svyry Qwky hfry AuTdy hF.pVHdy Gwt hF.tIvI iËafdf dyKdy hF.pRfrQnf qF nf brfbr hI krdy hF.asIN jfiedfd qF bhuq iËafdf bxf leI hY pr afpxI kImq bhuq Gtf leI hY.asIN hmyÈf boldy rhy.ipafr krnf Buldy gey.nÌrq dI Ëubfn KUb iswK leI.

asIN iËMdgI ibqfAuxI qF iswK leI pr ijAuxf nhIN iswwiKaf.afpxy jIvn ivc sfl dr sfl joVdy gey pr ies dOrfx iËMdgI ikqy guafc geI.asIN cMn Aupr sYr kr ky qF vfps af gey pr afpxy Gr dy sfhmxyN afey nvyN guaFZI ƒ imlx df smF nhIN kwZ pfey.asIN sOr- mMzl ƒ sr krn dI soc qF bxf leI pr afqm-mMzl bfry sfnuM kuJ vI pqf nhIN.asIN vwzIaF vwzIaF gwlF qF bhuq krdy hF pr cMgIaF bhuq hI Gwt.

asIN hvf ƒ qF prdUÈn rihq krnf cfhuMdy hF pr afqmf ƒ mYlI kr rhy hF.asIN prmfxU ƒ qF ijwq ilaf pr pUrv-girh koloN hfr gey.asIN iliKaf bhuq hY pr isiKaf bhuq Gwt.XojnfvF qF bhuq vwzIaF vwzIaF bxfeIaF pr AuhnF Aupr aml bhuq Gwt kIqf.iËMdgI dI dOV-Duwp ivc AulJy rhy . sbr krnf Buwl gey.kMipAutr aYsy bxfey ijhVy sfzy vfsqy kMm krdy pr AuhnF sfzy dosqF ƒ hI sfzy koloN Koh ilaf.
asIN KFdyy qF jMk Kfxf hF pr pcfAuNdy AusnuM susqf ky hF.ÈrIr vD gey hn pr cirqr Coty ho gey hn.munfPf asmfn CUh irhf hY pr irÈqy nfqy iskuVdy jf rhy hn.pirvfrF ivc afmdnI qy qlfk idnoN idn doguxy huMdy jf rhy hn.

kYsf Ëmfnf af igaf hY ik qusIN iek klik kro qy pVH skdy ho.dUsrI kilk nfl iksy ƒ pVHf skdy ho qy qIsrI nfl Aus ƒ imtf vI skdy ho.

myrI gwl mMno qF ieMJ kro:
hmyÈf Aus nfl iËafdf vkq gujfro ijsnuM qusIN ipafr krdy ho. ikAuNik hmyÈf vfsqy koeI iksy nfl nhIN rihMdf.

Aus bwcy nfl vI imTfs nfl bolo jo ajy quhfzI gwl nhIN smJdf . iek idn vwzy ho ky Ausny quhfzy nfl gwl qF krnI hI krnI hY .

dUsiraF ƒ ipafr nfl gly lgfE ikAuNik ies ivc koeI pYsf Krc nhIN huMdf. ‘‘ mYN qYƒ ipafr krdf hF.`` kho hI nf sgoN sfbq krky vI idKfE.

ipafr dy do imwTy bol purfxI kuVqx qy irsdy ËKmF Aupr mlm df kMMMm krdy hn.

hwQ QMm ky rwKo-Aus smyN ƒ jIE. Xfd rwKo gujiraf smF kdy vfps nhIN prqdf.

afpxy afp ƒ vkq idAu. ipafr ƒ vkq idAu.
iËMdgI ƒ sfhF nfl nf imxoN sgoN AuhnF plF ƒ kYd kr lAu ijhVy sfzy sfhF ƒ curf lYNdy hn.

kvI qy kivqf/
guirMdr isMG klsI
312 , vfrz nM: 11,
moirMzf - 140101 (ropV)
094645-23216

kalsigurinder@gmail.com

ijs isafhI nfl kivqf ilKI jFdI ey Auh isafhI kvI dy KUun nfl bxdI ey .Ausdf rMg BfvyN koeI vI hovy nIlf jF kflf. koeI aihsfsmMd ivakqI hI kivqf rc skdf ey, pwQr idl nhIN. koeI aihsfs plk Jlkfry ivc hI kivqf ilKvf idMdf ey aqy koeI kivqf sFlF dy sfl kvI dy mn aMdr irwJdI riMhMdI ey. iek bIj puMgrn dI AuzIk ivc ipaf rihMdf ey. kivqf kvI dy aMdrlf swc hUMdI ey. ies swc ivc klpnf QoVI jF bhuqI mfqrf ivc ËrUr mOjUd huMdI ey. iek supnf ijhf huMdI ey kivqf. kivqf kvI dI afqm- kQf huMdI ey. kvI ƒ svY- jIvnI ilKx dI loV nhIN huMdI .kivqf hI AusdI svY-jIvnI huMdI ey.

kivqf ibnF kvI ivXoigaf ijhf rihMdf hY. kdy kdy, keI keI mhIny kivqf apxI Jlk nhIN idKfAudI. kdy kdy kivqfvF dI bfirÈ ho jFdI ey .AudoN kvI bVf KuÈ huMdf ey. Aus ƒ afpxf afpf Biraf –Biraf lwgdf ey. AuNj qF kivqf ilK ky hI Aus dI qswlI ho jFdI hY pr bfhrmuKI sMsfr nfl juVidaF Auh kivqf afpxY kvI aqy klfkfr dosqF nfl sFJI krdf hY. sfihqk pricaF ivc afpxIaF kivqfvF Cpx leI Byjdf hY aqy iPr bVI bysbrI nfl pricaF dI AuzIk krdf hY. pfTkF dI pRiqikiraf dI AuzIk krdf hY. pfTkF dI pRqIikraf jfnxI locdf hY. pRsMsf Bry bol sux ky Aus ƒ KuÈI imldI hY.

iesy qrF AusdI kivqf aflockF pfs puwj jFdI hY. aflock afpxy iswKy hoey inXmF, isDFqF, PlsPy aqy sQfnk smfj aqy siBafcfrk kdrF kImqF anusfr kivqf df mulMkx krdy hn. Auh kivqf dI ivafiKaf vI krdy hn aqy Aus dy gihry arQF qwk vI phuMcx dI koiÈÈ krdy hn. pr kivqf dy arQ kI hn ies df aslI pqf kvI qoN ibnf hor iksy nuuUM nhIN huMdf .sB afpo afpxy aMdfËy lgfAuNdy hn. keI isafxy aflock kivqf ivcoN Auh arQ vI kwZ idMdy hn jo kvI ny kdy socy vI nhIN huMdy.

afpxI kivqf pRqI pRsMsf qoN ibnf ivroDI rfvF suxdf hoieaf vI afpxI isrjxf ivc lIn rihMdf hY. Auh iksy df guwsf nhIN krdf. pr jdoN Auh kivqf dI pwq kivqf dy vpfrIaF hwQoN luwtdI dyKdf hY qF Aus df idl tuwt jFdf hY. Auh duKI huMdf hY jdoN kivqf dy ipafr ƒ jfq –pfq, ilMg –Byd, ahuidaF aqy pYsy dI tuxkfr nfl imiQaf jFdf hY .

ikMnI KusI huMdI ey kvI ƒ jdoN koeI sDfrx pfTk Aus ƒ kihMdf hY ik mYN quhfzI kivqf dI ikqfb afpxy isrhfxy rwKI hoeI hY aqy hr roË koeI koeI kivqf pVHdf rihMdf hF. ikMnI KuÈI huMdI ey kvI ƒ jdoN Aus df drd iksy hor ƒ afpxf afpxf jfpdf hY. ikMnI KusI huMdI hY iksy sDfrx ivakqI ƒ jdoN Aus ƒ pqf lwgdf hY ik kvI ny Aus bfry kivqf ilKI hY. ikMnI KuÈI huMdI hY kvI ƒ jdoN Aus dIaF kivqfvF nvyN pfTk jF Coty bwcy bVI gMBIrqf nfl pVHdy hn. ikMnI KuÈI huMdI hY kvI ƒ jdoNN Aus ƒ afpxI kivqf bfry koeI pwqr imldf hY jF koeI Pon krdf hY. ieh KuÈI Aus leI sfry ienfmF-snmfnF qoN vwwzI huMdI hY .

kvI iksy ienfm snmfn leI kivqf nhIN ilKdf. pr iPr vI Aus ƒ ienfm snmfn imldy rihMdu hn. smfj afpxy kvIaF df afdr krdf hY.smfj ƒ shI syD dyx vfly aqy vkq ƒ bdl dyx vfly kvIaF df snmfn hoxf cfhIdf hY. pr jd oN ienfmF-snmfnF ivwc rfjnIqI cwldI hY aqy kivqf dy vpfrI iewQy vI afpxI tMg aVfAuNdy hn qF kvI ƒ Tys ËrUr puwjdI hY .

kvI afm loNkF ivwcoN hI huMdf hY pr Aus dI idRÈtI afm lokF nfloN rqf vwKrI ËrUr huMdI ey. Auh byËfn cIËF vsqF ivwc vI afpxI sMvydnf pRgt kr skdf hY. afm bMdf ijs vsq-vrqfry koloN sYkVy vfr lMG ky vI Aus koloN aCoh rihMdf hY, kvI Aus koloN lMGidaF afpxI sMvydnf nfl Aus vsq-vrqfry bfry kivqf rc idMdf hY. ies df arQ ieh nhIN ik kvI afm lokF qoN dUr rihMdf hY jF Aus ƒ rihxf cfhIdf hY .kivqf qF smwcI kfienfq aqy iËMdÊI df sMgIq hY.



Drm aqy ivigafn – iewk ivsLlysLx/
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awj dy nfsiqk mnuwK anusfr Drm aqy ivigafn dovoˆ Ault idÈf ivwc ikiraf krdy hn| ajokf mnuwK socdf hY ik jo kuJ ivigafn ny iswD kIqf hY jfˆ krdf hY, Auh Drm dI ksOtI dy iblkul Ault hY aqy jo qwQ Drm duafrf Kojy gey hn, Auh ivigafn anusfr JUT aqy klpnf mfqr hn| pr swcfeI ieh hY ik Drm aqy ivigafn donoˆ iewk hI rsqy `qy iewko hI idÈf ivwc cldy hn| Ìrk isrÌ eynf hY ik ijwQy ivigafn df rsqf Éqm huMdf hY, EQoˆ Drm df rsqf ÈurU huMdf hY| asl ivwc ivigafn hY hI Drm dI dyx| ivigafn dI Koj hI Drm ny kIqI hY| donoˆ iewko hI iswky dy do pfsy nhIˆ hn| jo Kojfˆ ivigafn ny ipClIafˆ do sdIaF qoˆ kIqIafˆ hn, Auh Dfrimk gRMQfˆ ivwc pihlfˆ hI imldIafˆ hn| ienHfˆ donfˆ pihlUafˆ ivwc aMqr ieh hY ik ivigafn isrÌ pdfrQ (jVH) dI Koj nfl juiVaf hoieaf hY aqy Drm pRmfqmf (cyqMn) dI Koj nfl juiVaf hY| sgoˆ Drm df vI pdfrQfˆ dI Koj ivwc vDyry Xogdfn irhf hY| pr Drm ny isrÌ AunHfˆ hI pdfrQfˆ dI Koj kIqI jo mnuwK dIafˆ loVfˆ dI pUrqI leI kfÌI sn aqy mnuwK AunHfˆ nfl sMquÈt ho skdf sI| ijvyˆ ik srIr dy sÍfsQ leI AUrjf dy sroq "Bojn pdfrQ", rogfˆ qoˆ surwiKaf leI "afXUrvYidk", KfD pdfrQfˆ dI AuqpqI leI "KYqIbfVI aqy pÈU-pflx", kudrqI afÌqfˆ qoˆ bcfa leI "mkfn dI AusfrI sbMDI pdrfQ" afid|
Drm aqy ivigafn ivckfr aMqr dI pVcol krn qoˆ pihlfˆ ieh smJxf ËrUrI hY ik ieh dovyˆ pihlU hn kI? Drm kI hY? Drm dy awKrI arQ hn `Dfrx krnf`| Bfv gRihx krnf| hux pRÈn pYdf huMdf hY ik Dfrx iksnUM krnf hY? Auwqr hY `mirXfdf nUM`| mirXfdf qoˆ murfd `anuÈfÈn`| Bfv inXmbwD hoxf, inXmfˆ nUM aKiqafr krnf jfˆ Dfrx krnf| AunHfˆ inXmfˆ nUM Dfrx krnf jo swc dI surwiKaf aqy pflxf leI bxfey gey hn| jo inXm swc dI ksOtI `qy pUry Auwqrdy hn, Auh hI asl mirXfdf nUM jnm idMdy hn| ijhVy inXm swc nUM hI kuclx dI koiÈÈ krn, AunHfˆ nUM inXm afKxf hI gunfh hY| ies leI aijhy inXm JUT dI Cfieaf huMdy hn aqy JUT df koeI vjUd nhIˆ huMdf|
hux iewk nËr agr ivigafn qy mfrIey qfˆ ivigafn dI iÌlfsÌI ies qrHfˆ hY| ivigafn dI hoˆd Èbd `kI` qoˆ hY| jdoˆ mnuwK aMdr `kI` Èbd pYdf huMdf hY qfˆ Aus aMdr ivigafink ibrqIafˆ gqImfn hox lgdIafˆ hn| jdoˆ `kI` Èbd nfl sbMiDq AusnUM pUrI jfxkfrI iml jfˆdI hY qfˆ iPr mnuwK dy mn aMdr Èbd `ikAuˆ` pRgt huMdf hY| `ikAuˆ` Èbd kfrn dI mMg krdf hY| `ikAuˆ` Èbd nfl sbMiDq jfxkfrI dI pUrqI qoˆ AuprMq mnuwK dy aMdr do Èbd hor AuqpMn huMdy hn| Auh hn `kdoˆ` aqy `ikwQy`| `kdoˆ` df qfluk smyˆ nfl hY jdik `ikwQy` df sbMD sQfn nfl hY| ies qrHfˆ mnuwK dy mn duafly ho rhI ienHfˆ Èbdfˆ dI pirkRmf hI Koj df kfrn bxdI hY| ienHfˆ Èbdfˆ nfl sbMiDq ijMnI vI jfxkfrI mnuwK pRfpq krdf rihMdf hY, EnI hI mfqrf ivwc Auh Koj krn ivwc sÌl jfˆ asÌl huMdf rihMdf hY| agr hfisl kIqI jfxkfrI shI hY qfˆ Koj sÌl huMdI hY, agr Êlq hY qfˆ Koj asÌl rihMdI hY|
ivigafn anusfr isRÈtI dI rcnf sYwlfˆ aqy pRmfxUafˆ qoˆ hY| sYwlfˆ dy myl nfl hI sjIvfˆ df jnm aqy ivkfs huMdf hY| pRmfxU hr idRÈ jfˆ aidRÈ vsqUafˆ ivwc smfey hoey hn| ijvyˆ ik imwtI, lwkV, pfxI, pwQr, agnI, hvf, gYsfˆ afid| ivigafn anusfr hr idRÈ jfˆ aidRÈ vsqU nUM `mfdf` df nfm idwqf igaf hY| awgy pRmfxU vI inAUtRfn, pRotfn aqy ielYktRfn dy smUh nfl bxdf hY| hux agr ivigafn nUM ieh pRÈn kIqf jfvy ik pRmfxU jfˆ inAUtRfn, pRotfn aqy ielYktRfn df jnmdfqf kOx hY qfˆ ivigafn inruqr hY| Drm iesdf Auwqr idMdf hY| Auwqr hY "pRmfqmf"| ivigafinkfˆ ivwcoˆ iËafdfqr ivakqI nfsiqk aqy kuJ ku afsiqk huMdy hn| nfsiqk ivakqI sdf ieho pRÈn krdy hn ik dwso "pRmfqmf" df jnmdfqf kOx hY? Aus eIÈvr nUM iksny bxfieaf? Auwqr ies qrHfˆ hY| koeI vI pdrfQ ijMnHfˆ nUM sfzIafˆ igafn ieMdrIafˆ mihsUs krdIafˆ hn, iewk kfrj huMdf hY| hr pdfrQ iewk `kfrj` hY| Bfv iksy duafrf bxfieaf jfˆ pYdf kIqf igaf hY| jo pdfrQ nUM pYdf krdf jfˆ hoˆd ivwc ilafAuˆdf hY, Auh iesdf `kfrx` huMdf hY| Audfhrx dy qOr `qy bl rhI agnI iewk kfrj hY| ies df kfrx iewk icMgfrI hY| hux icMgfrI vI iewk kfrj hY| ies df kfrx qIlHI hY| qIlHI vI iewk kfrj hY, iesdf kfrx lwkVI aqy brUd hY| ies qrHfˆ lwkV aqy brUd dI hoˆd df vI koeI kfrx hY| pr jdoˆ `kfrx` kfrj ivwc bdldf rhygf, Audoˆ qwk ies `kfrx` df hor kfrx vI pYdf huMdf rhygf ikAuˆik ieh `kfrx` inrMqr kfrj ivwc qbdIl huMdf jf irhf hY| pr jdoˆ `kfrx` kfrj ivwc qbdIl hoxf bMd kr idMdf hY qfˆ Aus vkq `kfrx` df koeI kfrx nhIˆ huMdf ikAuˆik Auh kfrj nfloˆ ivCV jfˆdf hY| spÈt rUp ivwc iewk ivÈfl ruwK dI pYdfieÈ iewk bIj qoˆ hY| pr bIj df koeI bIj nhIˆ huMdf| Bfv kfrj (ruwK) df kfrx (bIj) hY, pr hux kfrx(bIj) df koeI kfrx(bIj) nhIˆ| ies leI sfrI isRÈtI df kfrx isrÌ pRmfqmf hY aqy ies kfrx df koeI kfrx nhIˆ| hux nfsiqk svfl krdf hY ik pRmfqmf idKfeI ikAuˆ nhIˆ idMdf? pRQm qfˆ ieh svfl hI ies qrHfˆ hY ik hvf sfnUM idKfeI ikAUˆ nhIˆ idMdI? ijs qrHfˆ hvf nUM vyiKaf nhIˆ pr mihsUs kIqf jf skdf hY, iesy qrHfˆ pRmfqmf nUM vyiKaf nhIˆ pr mihsUs kIqf jf skdf hY| ijs qrHfˆ hvf nUM mihsUs krn leI igafn ieMdrIafˆ dI loV hY, ies qrHfˆ pRmfqmf dy aihsfs nUM jfxn leI sfDnf dI loV hY| grmI, srdI, svfd, ipafr aqy moh nUM asIˆ vyK nhI skdy| ieh sB iewk aihsfs df nfˆ hn| aihsfs kfrn hI ienHfˆ dI hoˆd bxI hoeI hY| agr pRqwK nUM hI pRmfx smiJaf jfvy qfˆ keI cIËfˆ sfrI iËMdgI hI nhIˆ vyKIafˆ jf skdIafˆ| pr ienHfˆ nUM inÈicq kIqf igaf hY| ijs qrHfˆ hvf, Êm, msqI, KuÈI, AudfsI afid| gurbfxI dwsdI hY ik ijs qrHfˆ Puwl ivwc sugMD, ibÈtf ivwc durgMD huMdI hY, idKdI nhIˆ| ijs qrHfˆ duwD ivwc mwKx huMdf hY, pr idKdf Audoˆ hY jdoˆ AusnUM jmfieaf jfˆ irVikaf jfˆdf hY| iesy qrHfˆ Aus vfihgurU nUM vyiKaf nhIˆ jf skdf, pr mn nUM iDafn aqy ismrn nfl iekfgr krky AusdI hoˆd nUM mihsUs kIqf jf skdf hY| asl ivwc pRmfqmf nUM vyiKaf vI jf skdf hY| pr pUrx rUp ivwc nhIˆ| gurbfxI anusfr mnuwK jdoˆ swc KMz dI avsQf ivwc puwjdf hY qfˆ pRmfqmf pRkfÈ dy rUp ivwc idRÈtmfn huMdf hY| ies avsQf ivwc puwijaf mnuwK ijs pfsy vI dyKdf hY, AusnUM hr qrÌ pRmfqmf df pRkfÈ hI ivKfeI idMdf hY| Ausdf mn sdf leI prm afnMd ho jfˆdf hY|

hux hr iewk nfsiqk ivigafnI nUM pRmfqmf dI hoˆd nfl sihmq hoxf pvygf| AusnUM ivÈvfÈ krnf hI pvygf ik pRmfqmf hY, ikAuˆik pRmfqmf dy pRmfx Ausdy sfhmxy iblkul spÈt hn| agr Auh ajy vI ienHfˆ pRmfxfˆ nUM nkfr ky pRmfqmf dI hoˆd nUM asvIkfr krdf hY qfˆ AusnUM mhfˆ mUVH, mhfˆ mUrK aqy mhfˆ pfgl hI ikhf jf skdf hY|

hux agr ivigafn nUM puwiCaf jfey ik Aus duafrf Koijaf igaf pRmfxU idKfeI ikAuˆ nhIˆ idMdf? qfˆ ivigafn afKdf hY ik ies df afkfr bhuq Cotf hY jo nMgI aK੍K aqy mfiekRoskop nfl vI nhIˆ dyiKaf jf skdf| ies qoˆ ielfvf ivigafn duafrf pRmfxU dy bkfiedf afkfr, Bfr, bxqr, mfp afidk gux inrDfirq kIqy gey hn| hux svfl pYdf huMdf hY ik ijs cIË nUM asIˆ vyK hI nhIˆ skdy Ausdf mfp iks qrHfˆ inÈicq kr skdy hfˆ? Ausdf Bfr iks qrHfˆ qol skdy hfˆ? ivigafn Auwqr dyx  qoˆ asmrwQ hY| pr horfˆ vsIilafˆ ijvyˆ ik rsfiexk ikiraf aqy BOiqk ikiraf duafrf ivigafn ny pRmfxU dy lgBg mfp, bxqr, Bfr, afkfr afid gux inÈicq kIqy gey hn| ienHfˆ guxfˆ dy afDfr qy hI ivigafn dIafˆ bhuq sfrIafˆ Kojfˆ sÌl hoeIafˆ hn jo sfzy sfhmxy pRqwK hn| ies leI Drm pRmfxU dI hoˆd nUM svIkfr krdf hY| pr pRmfxU bfry igafn purfixk gRMQfˆ ivwc vI imilaf hY| ies leI pRmfxU dI Koj dI ÈurUafq vI iriÈafˆ-munIafˆ duafrf hI kIqI geI hY| ieh gwl vWKrI hY ik zYltn, jon Qfmsn afid ivigafnIafˆ ny ies Koj ivwc awgy afpxf Xogdfn pfieaf hY aqy iesnUM nvyˆ isirEˆ afrMB kIqf hY| pr pRmfxU dy pRmfx purfixk gRMQfˆ ivwcoˆ vI pRfpq hoey hn| Drm ny ivigafn nUM sdf iKVy mwQy pRvfn kIqf hY| ies qoˆ ielfvf pRmfxU nUM mihsUs vI nhIˆ kIqf jf skdf| pr iPr vI Drm ny ies qrHfˆ dy nfsiqk ivigafn nUM sdf glvwkVI ivwc ilaf hY|
mnuwKI srIr dy kfrx pMj qwq hn| pr ienHfˆ qwqfˆ nUM bxfAux vflf kOx hY? agr sfrI isRÈtI pRmfxUafˆ qoˆ bxI hY, qfˆ pRmfxU pihlfˆ alwg-alwg sn jfˆ iewkTy? ienHfˆ nUM iks ny joiVaf? iks ny iekwqr kIqf? ivigafn anusfr isRÈtI ivwc pRmfxU iBMn-iBMn guxfˆ vfly hox krky iBMn-iBMn qrHfˆ dy hn| qfˆ dwso pRmfxUafˆ ivwc iBMnqf pYdf krn vflf kOx hY? ivigafn anusfr vWKry-vWKry guxfˆ vfly pRmfxU imlky iewko pRkfr dy guxfˆ vflf pdfrQ bxfAuˆdy hn| qfˆ dwso ies iBMnqf nUM imtfAux vflf kOx hY? ienHfˆ pRmfxUafˆ nUM iewk anoKI qrqIb ivwc rWKx vflI hsqI kOx hY? kOx hY jo kudrq nUM iewko vkq imtf aqy iPr bxf irhf hY? ies kfieafnfq df isrjxhfr kOx hY? smyˆ nUM bxfAux vflf kOx hY? ies dy ipWCy ikhVI mhfn hsqI kMm kr rhI hY? ivigafn iesdf Auwqr nf dyx krky Audfs hY| Drm ies pRÈn df Auwqr idMdf hY| Drm ies sfry kfrj df ishrf pRmfqmf nUM idMdf hY| jo srb-ivafpk hY| kx-kx ivwc ibrfjmfn hY| Ëry-Ëry ivwc rimaf hoieaf hY|
ivigafn ajy qwk iewk Ëry dI Koj vI pUrx rUp ivwc nhIˆ kr sikaf hY| ivigafnI smyˆ aqy swc dy bdlfa anusfr pRmfxU iQAUrI nUM rwd krdy afey hn| pRmfxU leI jo ivcfr zYltn ny pYÈ kIqy, Qfmsn ny AunHfˆ ivcfrfˆ dI awgy qÌqIÈ krky zYltn dI iQAUrI nUM bhuq iËafdf hwd qwk mfq idwqI| Ausny zYltn dI iQAUrI nUM nkfridafˆ ieh afiKaf ik pRmfxU hI DrqI df sB qoˆ Cotf kx nhIˆ hY| ies kx dy awgy iqMn ihwsy hor vI hn| pRotfn, inAUtRfn aqy ielYktRfn| pr ies qoˆ bfad ivigafnI rdrPorz, nIl bohr vI afpxIafˆ alwg iQAUrIafˆ dI pYÈkfrI krdy rhy| hux ajokI sfieMs ieh dfavf krdI hY ik pRmfxU dy kyvl iqMn Aup-Bfg nhIˆ, sgoˆ óõ hor Aup-Bfg hn ijnHfˆ ivwcoˆ pRotfn, inAUtRfn aqy ielYktRfn mnuwK hn|
gurbfxI anusfr mnuwK iksy vI pdrfQ df igafn afpxI soc dI gihrfeI muqfibk hI idMdf hY| mnuwK afpxI buwD nUM ijMnI vI gihrfeI ivwc lY ky jfvygf, buwD Enf hI gihrf igafn pRdfn krdI hY| ies qoˆ ielfvf mnuwK iksy qwQ dI ijMnI vI zUMGfeI ivwc jfvygf, EnI hI mjbUqI nfl Auh Aus qwQ nfl juVdf jfvygf| ivigafnI iewk Ëry dI ijMnI vI gihrfeI qwk puwjdy gey, Eny hI gihry ivcfr Byt krdy gey| ivigafn pdrfQ dI ijMnI zUMGfeI ivwc jf irhf hY, Eny hI bl nfl juVdf vI jf irhf hY| pr Auh ajy qwk pdrfQ (mfdy) dI pUrx Koj krn ivwc asÌl irhf hY aqy rhygf| mnuwK dI soc sImq hY, pr pdrfQ dI gihrfeI asImq hY| mnuwK dI soc afpxI sImf qoˆ bfhr nhIˆ jf skdI| ikAuˆik krqf byaMq hY, ies leI AusdI ikRq vI byaMq hY| ijs qrHfˆ smuMdr nUM kuwjy ivwc bMd nhIˆ kIqf jf skdf, iesy qrHfˆ asImq nUM sImq nhIˆ kIqf jf skdf|
hr mnuwK df asl mMqv pRmfqmf dI Koj krnf hY| mnuwK df mksd pdfrQ nUM nhIˆ pRmyÈvr nUM Kojxf hY| pr jdoˆ mnuwK afpxf mksd hI Buwl jfey qfˆ iPr AusdI qlfÈ krnI vI asMBv ho jfˆdI hY| agr mnuwK pRmfqmf nUM Cwz ky pdfrQ dI Koj srbwq dy Bly leI kry qfˆ ies cMgy krm sdkf mnuwK Éudf dI bÉiÈÈ df pfqr ËrUr bx skdf hY| eIÈvr dI bÉiÈÈ huMidaf hI AusnUM afpxy asl AudyÈ (pRBU dI Koj) df igafn ho jfvygf aqy pRmfqmf dI Koj dy mfrg `qy cwlxf hI Ausdf isrmOr mMqv bx jfvygf| iPr Auh pCqfvy, pr ÉuÈI nfl arË krygf
muwdq sy kuC hsrqoˆ ko Kojqy rhy,
jb ielm huaf
qo mMiËl kuC aOr inklI|



rfijMdr Bogl- mF-bolI pMjfbI df srvx puwqr
-gurnfm kMvr-

nfmvr rMgkrmI, nftkrmI, nftk-lyKk aqy inrdyÈk sRI rfijMdr Bogl dIaF vK-vK ivDfvF qy cfr ikqfbF df lok arpx jfxI-pCfxI nftkrmI qy iPlm adfkfrf sRImqI jsvMq dmn, pMjfbI sfihq akfzmI luiDafxf dy jnrl skwqr pRiswD mfrksI aflock zfL suKdyv isMG isrsf, pMjfbI spqfihk ‘sfzf jug` dy muK sMpfdk sRI BUipMdr sFbr aqy kivqf kyNdr cMzIgVH dI pRDfn sRImqI zfL bI LkyL pMnU pRvfË vloN bIqy idn ajY Bvn cMzIgVH ivKy kIqf igaf.
lok gIq pRkfÈn vloN CfpIaF aqy rfijMdr Bogl dI rMgkrmI bytI amn Bogl vloN sMpfidq kIqIaF ieh ikqfbF hn :
1-myrf kfiv lok,
2-myrf khfxI sMsfr,
3-myry nftk aqy iekFgI, aqy
4-Zwgf (nfvl).
rfijMdr Bogl df sfihqk sPr dI lVI vjoN ienHF cfr pusqkF ƒ iekwTy CpvfAuxf amn Bogl dI pihlkdmI, isrV aqy bfbl-ipafr df lKfiek hY. sfbfÈ ies puwqrI ƒ qy mubfrk aijhy KuÈnsIb bfp ƒ.
ieQy ieh vI iËkr kr idqf jfvy ik sfl-zyV sfl pihlF rfijMdr Bogl ƒ aiq gMBIr hflq ivc bImfrI lY geI sI. swc khIey qy Auhdy snyhIaF-pRymIaF dy idl zry hoey sn pr AuhdI jIvn sfQx amrjIq Bogl, bytI nvjIq, dfmfd hrbMs isMG, bytI amn Bogl, rmn imql (dfmfd) aqy sMdIp Bogl (puwqr) dI lgfqfr syvf aqy imhnq sdkf aqy pfrtI sfQIaF qy lyKk dosqF vloN bxdI-srdI iekmuTqf sdkf Auh mOq ƒ mfq dy ky surjIq ho igaf.
rfijMdr Bogl df jnm 2 akqUbr 1948 ƒ (ajklH) iËlf nvF Èihr dy ipMz soZIaF ivKy ipqf È igafn isMG Bogl aqy mfqf sRImqI pRIqm kOr dy Gr hoieaf. pRfiemrI isiKaf Auhny ipMz aOV dy skUl qoN aqy mYitRk nvF Èihr qoN 1964 ivc kIqI. agly hI sfl ipMz tprIaF dy iek kfmryz rfhIN Auh kimAUinst zrfmf skuaYz dy iencfrj pRisD nftkrmI sfQI hrnfm isMG nrUlf dy sMprk ivc aqy pfrtI sPF ivc af igaf. ies ipCoN Auhdf nftk qy adfkfrI df kdy nf rukdf sPr afrMB ho igaf. Auhny pMjfb aqy guaFZI sUibaF ivc 5 hËfr qoN vD nftk pyÈkfrIaF ivc ihsf ilaf. pRisD nftk sn : Zol df pol, BivwK df afgU, byruËgfrI, kql, KuMZF df PYslf, igrigt, rMgI df ivafh, tutI jQybMdI afid.
1975 ivc Auh pMjfb dy lok sMprk qy sUcnf ivBfg ivc zrfmf ieMspYktr vjoN Èfml ho igaf. aMimRqsr, PrIdkot iËilaF ivc qYnfqI mgroN 1978 ivc Auhƒ gurdfspur Byj idqf igaf aqy pMjfb dy sfry dihÈqgrdI dOr ivc Auh ies nfËk Kyqr ivc srgrm irhf. aqy ieQoN hI 2006 ivc rItfier hoieaf.
iesdy nfl hI pMjfbI lyKkF dI jQybMdI kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf (riË) ivc srgrm rol inBfAuNdf irhf. Auh ies sBf df mIq pRDfn aqy kfrjkfrxI mYNbr huMidaF afgU BUimkf adf krdf irhf. pMjfbI mF-bolI df ipafr AuhdIaF kivqfvF ivc vI Jlkdf hY.
AuhdIaF kivqfvF, gIqF qy gËlF df muK Ëor luty-puty lokF dy kfË ƒ, imhnqkÈF dI eykqf, Drm-inrpKqf, amn aqy smfjvfd dy sMgrfm ƒ aripq hY. Auhdy smUh gfn iksy smyN lokF dy mUMh qy cVHy hoey sn-

-jfg irhf iensfn dosqo jfg irhf iensfn
jfg rhy mËdUr ny sfry jfg irhf ikrsfn

-lfl Pryrf hr QF qy lihrfvygf
muky gm dI rfq hnHyrf jfvygf

-kfimaF dI kOm df qUPfn afvygf
jfbrF dy qKq ƒ jVHoN ihlfvygf

AuhdIaF gËlF dy Èyar aKfx bxn dI qfkq rwKdy hn :
-nvyN smyN dy nvyN musfPr
bxky iek qUPfn tury
Kud jIvo qy jIx vI dyvo
lY ky ieh Purmfn tury

iPrkfpRsqF qy Dfrimk pfKMzIaF df Auh prdf PfÈ krdf hY-
-ijhVy afKx ies dunIaF df ieko isrjxhfrf
Auhdy nF qy AuhI lokI roË krfAuNdy dMgy.

pUMjI dy dOr ivc ikvyN irÈqy nfqy bygfngI ivc ruVH jFdy hn, bMdf bMdf nhIN rihMdf-
- ijs bMdy dy lUM lUM aMdr
rc jFdI ey KudgrËI
nf Auh bMdf jg df rihMdf
nf hI BYx-BrfvF df.

- imhnqkÈ dI rwq pI ky
ijhnF afpxI Èkl sMvfrI
Aus rwq ivcoN dfn Auh krdy
bx jFdy ny cMgy lok .

prcy :- pusqkF bfry prcy nfmvr aflockF qy ivdvfnF ny pVHy :
1-Zwgf (nfvl) Auqy zfL bljIq isG lYkcrfr
2-myrf khfxI sMsfr Auqy zfL gurmyl isMG lYkcrfr
3-myry nftk aqy iekFgI Auqy sRI sMjIvn isMG
jnrl skwqr ieptf
4-myrf kfiv lok Auqy gurnfm kMvr

ies mOky ivcfr pyÈ kridaF zfL suKydv isMG isrsf ny rfijMdr Bogl ƒ pRiqBfvfn pRiqbwD nftkrmI qy lyKk ikhf ijsdIaF ilKqF pUMjIvfd ivc bMdy ƒ Zwgy bxfAux dy isstm ivruD afvfË bulMd krdIaF hn. zfL isrsf ny ikhf ik ijMnf icr pUMjIvfd ijAuNdf hY, iesdI lut-Ksut brkrfr hY, EnI dyr mfrksvfd ƒ koeI apRRsMgk nhIN kih skdf. inrfÈf dI gwl krnI TIk nhIN Aultf ipCly sflF ivc pUMjIvfd dy burj izgy hn.
sfzf jug dy muK sMpfdk aqy mfrksI ivdvfn sfQI BUipMdr sFbr ny rfijMdr Bogl dy hrnfm isMG nrUlf dy skUaYz nfl kMm ƒ Xfd kIqf qy ikhf ‘‘pMjfb ivc zrfmy ƒ ilaFdf, clfieaf aqy vDfieaf iksfn sBf aqy amn lihr ny`` awj vI muK kfrj zrfmy ƒ lokF dI afvfË bxfAuxf hY.
bImfrI ny iksy smyN dy grjvyN adfkfr Bogl ƒ pRCfvF bxf idqf hY iPr vI Auhny joÈ jgfAuNdI afvfË ivc kuJ Èyar afK ky afpxI ijAuNdI klm df sbUq idqf :
-afKr inGI soc hI
TMZy mOsm ƒ grmfvygI
-duÈmx dy nfl KyzI afpF
hr bfËI hI mfr gey
rUh dI bfËI afpxy hwQIN
afpy afpF hfr gey
mfrUQl ivc mr-Kwp gey
qy keI sfgr ivc zuwby
mMËl qy nf phuMcy pMCI
ijhVy Cz ky zfr gey.

amn Bogl ny afpxy ipqf dy Xogdfn qy hwk-bjfnb mfx kridaF pfrtI df DMnvfd kIqf aqy hr hukm qy Pul cVHfAux df vfadf kIqf.
smfgm dI pRDfngI sRImqI jsvMq dmn kr rhy sn jo dhfikaF qoN afpxy pqI dyivMdr dmn nfl ieptf ivc srgrm kMm krdy afey hn. AuhnF BfvyN gurU mfinE gRMQ, imwtI vfËF mfrdI, sfƒ mfx vqnF df, nmsqy lMdn, suKmxI, myl krf dy rwbf qy hor keI iPlmF ivc kMm kIqf hY pr Auh afpxy afpƒ styj dI adfkfrf afK ky hI mfx mihsUs krdy hn.
AuhnF ajY Bvn ivc af ky smfgm dI pRDfngI krn ƒ pyky Gr afAux dI KuÈI afiKaf. 1971 ivc jdoN Auh cMzIgVH afey sn qF ieQoN dy hI pfrtI sfQIaF ny AuhnF ƒ gl nfl lf ky sFiBaf sI. Kfs krky AuhnF sfQI avqfr isMG mlhoqrf qy mdn lfl dIdI ƒ cyqy kIqf. AuhnF pMjfb buk sYNtr ƒ agFhvDU lokF df mwkf ikhf. AuhnF ikhf ieptf nfl kMm krnf vzy BfgF dI gwl huMdI sI. bdiksmqI ik Auh kMm Aus qrHF jfrI nhIN irhf.

AuhnF cfr ikqfbF iekwTIaF Cpx aqy rlIË krn qy rfijMdr Bogl ƒ mubfrkbfd idqI aqy amn Bogl ƒ ipqf dIaF pYVF qy clx leI ÈuB-kfmnf idqI. AuhnF Bogl dI lMmI Aumr dI kfmnf kIqI.
ies mOky sq-svrn XfdgfrI lfiebryrI vloN BYx kuldIp kOr aqy krm isMG vkIl ny afpxy mfqf ipqf dI Xfd ivc rfijMdr Bogl ƒ snmfnq kIqf, sq-svrn XfdgfrI purskfr aqy mImYNto aqy ÈoBf pwqr idqf.
smfgm dy afrMB ivc sRI blijMdr dfrfpurI, rivMdr aYzvokyt aqy mlkIaq isMG nfgrf ny rfijMdr Bogl dy gIq gf ky rMg bMinHaf.
mMc sMcfln sBf dy jnrl skwqr sRI krm isMG vkIl ny bfKUbI kIqf. AuhnF sRI Bogl dIaF PotoaF qy afDfrq numfieÈ vI afXoijq kIqI. DMnvfdI mqf sBf dI pRDfn zf[ bI[ ky[ pMnU pRvfË ny pyÈ kIqf.
rfijMdr Bogl ƒ mubfrkbfd dyx vfilaF ivc zf[ suirMdr igwl, sRImqI sudrÈn vflIaf, mnjIq kOr BfÈf aPsr, prmvIr prm, kÈmIr kOr sMDU, bIbI gurdyv mlhoqrf, r[s[ PrfË, ibRgyzIar pI[ LaYs[ pMnU, ey[aYs[ pfl, mlkIaq bsrf, ajIq isMG mTfVU, nirMdr nfË, kyvl ikÈnpurI, aYs[ iÈMdr, zfL kulbIr kOr, zf[ s[s[ivrdI, zf[ rfibMdr nfQ Èrmf sYnytr, pRkfÈ afritst, nirMdr isMG istf, svrfjbIr, ipRqpflpRIq, ieMË: hrI hrpfl isMG bfT, inhcldIp cImf, mohn lfl rfhIN, jI[aYs[[ isMDrf, gurdrÈn mfvI, rvnIq, ivnIq Èrmf afid Èfml sn.
-0-

‘‘nfvl Zwgf ikrqI vrg dI qRfsdI df glpmeI ibrqFq hY. Bogl nfvl rfhIN srl qy spÈt ÈbdF ivc sihj vfqrflfp rfhIN gMBIr msly AuTfAuNdf, lok pIVf ƒ Aujfgr krdf inmn vrg ƒ sMGrÈ leI pRyrdf hY jo AuusdI ivcfrDfrk pRfpqI hY.`` -zfL bljIq isMG

‘‘afriQk aqy smfijk ivkfs aqy rotI dy msly nfl jUJdf mnuwK Bogl dI khfxI df pfqr hY jo smfj dy bdl dI qlfÈ krdf hY.`` -zfL gurmyl isMG
‘‘rfijMdr Bogl pRiqBfvfn pRiqbwD nftkrmI lyKk hY ijsdIaF ilKqF pUMjIvfd ivc bMdy ƒ Zwgy bxfAux dy isstm ivruD afvfË bulMd krdIaF hn. LLLLL ijMnf icr pUMjIvfd ijAuNdf hY, iesdI lut-Ksut brkrfr hY, EnI dyr mfrksvfd ƒ koeI apRRsMgk nhIN kih skdf. inrfÈf dI gwl krnI TIk nhIN Aultf ipCly sflF ivc pUMjIvfd dy burj izgy hn.`` -zfL suKydv isMG isrsf
sfZy cfr dhfikaF qoN rMgmMc dy pFDI rfijMdr Bgol dI hwQlI nftkF dI ikqfb ivcly pwcI nftkF ivwcoN solF nftk rMgmMc dI ksvtI ‘qy Kry AuWqr cuwky hn. jo afpxy afp ivc iewk nftkkfr dI iek pRfpqI khI jf skdI hn. awDI sdI qoN pMj sfl Gwt lgfqfr 45 sfl rMgmMc nfl Xrfnf inBfAuxf koeI CotI-motI gwl nhIN hY. nftkF dI cytk Bogl horF ƒ ieptf dy suihrd aqy isrVI kfrkuMn hrnfm isMG nrUlf horF lfeI. awj kwl qF klfkfrF ny rMgmMc ƒ vwzy aqy Coty prdy afAux df ËrIaf bixaf hoieaf hY. pr rfijMdr Bogl dI klm ny nf isrÌ nftk blik nfvl, khfxI aqy kivqf dy mfiDam rfhIN smfj dy pIVq, ÈoiÈq, byvs, lfcfr aqy lqfVy jf rhy vrg dI gwl bhuq hI puÉqgI aqy dlyrI nfl kIqI. lokF aqy jokf ivckfr spÈt lIk iKwcI. mihlF aqy JuwgIaF dy ihqF dI inÈfndyhI kIqI.vYsy qF nftk dy mhwqv ƒ kdy vI Gtf nhIN sI dyiKaf igaf. pr awj dy afpf-DfpI dOr, KfAU-hMZfAU dy Xuwg ivc iensfnIaq doKI qfkqF vwloN BfrqI ivrsy, BfÈf aqy siBafcfr ‘qy igxI-imQI sfijÈ nfl ho rhy hmilaF dy dOr ivc nftkF aqy nftkrmIaF df nF kyvl mwhqv sgoN ËuMmyvfrI hor vI vD jFdI hY[[[[
-sMjIvn isMG
‘‘Bogl mF-bolI pMjfbI df srvx puwqr hY ijsdI vihMgI ivc 6 plVy hn-kivqf, khfxI, nftk-iekFgI, nfvl, adfkfrI aqy jQybMdk kfrj. Auhdy gIq kivqfvF luty-puty mnuwK ƒ ienklfbI qbdIlI leI sMGrÈ vfsqy AuBfrdy hn. AuhdI kivqf jUJdy lokF dI kivqf hY.`` gurnfm kMvr



pRyrnfdfiek lyK

ÈkqI df somf-pRyrnf/
gurÈrn isMG kumfr muhflI
098164-22335 094631-89432

gursharan1183@yahoo.in

pRyrnf iek aYsf aMimRq hY jo muridaF ivc vI jfn pf iMddf hY. dunIaF ivc ijhVy vI vwzy vwzy kfrnfmy hoey hn Auh iksy nf iksy dI pRyrnf sdkf hI hoey hn. pwQr Xuwg qoN ientrnYt Xug qk mnwK ny jo vI qrwkI kIqI hY Auh iksy nf iksy dI pRyrnf sdkf hI kIqI hY.

pRyrnf df Bfv hY iksy ƒ AuqÈfh dyxf. Aus ƒ kuJ cMgf krn leI rfjI krnf. aMgRyjI ivc iesƒ ienspier krnf kihMdy hn Bfv iksy ivc ÈkqI Br dyxf. pRyrnf iek kmjor afdmI ƒ qfkq df tIkf lgfAux dI qrF hY. pRyrnf iksI vI iensfn ƒ sPlqf dI tIsI qy phuMcfAux dI ÈkqI rwKdI hY.

ijMdgI koeI suhvxf sPr nhIN. koeI iswDf aqy sfP suQrf sPr nhIN. ijMdgI qF iek muÈklF BrpUr aqy ivMgf tyZf aqy AuliJaf hoieaf sPr hY. ijMdgI df sPr iek phfVI nfly dI qrF hY ijs ivc anyk pRkfr dIaF rukfvtF afAuNdIaF hn. pwQr afAuNdy hn, Zlfxf afAuNdIaF hn. keI vl vilMg afAuNdy hn. iesy qrF ijMdgI cuxOqIaF nfl BrI peI hY. ijvyN Puwl nfl kMzy hn Ausy qrF ijMdgI ivc jy suwK hn qF duwK vI hn. jy sPlqfvF hn qF asPlqfvF vI ijMdgI ivc hI afAuNdIaF hn. amIrI nfl grIbI vI hY. cfnxIaF rfqF nfl kflIaF hnyrIaF rfqF vI hn. anykF quPfn hn, qMgIaF qurÈIaF hn. ienF Zyr sfrIaF musIbqF hox kfrn iensfn hr smyN sMkt ivc iGiraf rihMdf hY. ienF hflqF ivc iensfn hr smyN qnfAu ivc rihNdf hY. ijafdf qnfAu krky iensfn izprYÈn (AudfsI) ivc rihx lwg pYNdf hY ijsdf zfktr pfs vI koeI ielfj nhIN. iensfn gm dy smuMdr ivc zuwb jFdf hY. kuJ cMgf nhIN lgdf. Auh jIvnDfrf nfloN tuwt jFdf hY. KudkÈI krn ƒ mn krdf hY. idl krdf hY ik bMdf ies dunIaF ƒ Cwz ikDry dOV jfvy. pr iwkQy dOV jfey? kihMdy hn jy mr ik vI cYn nf pfieaf qF ikwQy jfvogy? keI lok dunIaF Cwz ik sfDU bx jFdy hn pr qF vI dunIaF nhIN CuwtdI. ikAuNik afpxIaF rotI kwpVy dIaF muZlIaF jrUrqF pUrIaF krn leI ies sfD ƒ iPr dunIaF dy sMprk ivc afAuxf hI pvygf. jd iensfn sB pfisAuN tuwt jFdf hY qF ies smy jrUrq huMdI hY iek swcy hmdrd dI jo Ausƒ gm ivcoN AuBfr swky. zuwbdy ƒ qF iqnky df vI shfrf huMdf hY. gm dy sfgr ivc zuwby iensfn leI jy koeI pRyrnf rUpI rwsI suwty qF Ausƒ PV ik bfhr inklnf cfhIdf hY. ies smy iksy hmdrd dy moh iBwjy bol qpdy ihrdy ƒ TMZk phuMcfANdy hn. iksy sfQI dI idwqI hoeI pRyrnf Aus ivc afqm ivÈvfs pYdf krdI hY. Ausƒ iPr qoN ihmq krky ijMdgI df mukfblf krnf isKfAuNdI hY.

pRyrnf iensfn ƒ gm dIaF hnyrIaF rfqF ivc cfnx munfry df kMm idMdI hY. pRyrnf iensfn dI ijMdgI ƒ shI syD iMddI hY. ijvyN pfxI ivc aQfh ÈkqI hY. jd ieh ÈkqI afeI qy af jfvy qF keI qbfhIaF mcfAuNdI hY. hVH afAuNdy hn, mkfn ruV jFdy hn, DMn qy sMpqI df nuksfn huMdf hY. keI ibmfrIaF PYldIaF hn. iesy pfxI qy jy zYm bxf idwqf jfvy qF ieh pfxI sfzI ijMdgI svfrn ivc shfeI huMdf hY. pIx dy pfxI dI jrUrq pUrI huMdI hY. ieh hI pfxI isMcfeI dy kMm afAuNdf hY. sfzI Kurfk dI smisaf hwl huMdI hY. iesy pfxI dvfrf ibjlI kwZI jFdI hY ijs nfl sfzy GrF ivc rOÈnI huMdI hY aqy kfrKfny cldy hn. dyÈ ivkfs dy rsqy qy pYNdf hY. iesy qrF iensfn aMdr vI aQfh ÈkqI hY. jy iensfn ƒ shI syD imly qF ikhVf kMm hY jo iensfn nhIN kr skdf. iPr iensfn phfVF nfl vI tkrf jFdf hY. iekwlf hI quPfnf df mukfblf krn Xog ho jFdf hY.shI pRyrnf sdkf hI dunIaF qy vwzy vwzy sUrbIr pYdf hoey hn. klfkfrF ny Èfhkfr bxfey. mhfn sfieMsdfn aqy ieMjInIar pYdf hoey ijMnF ny mfnvqf ƒ ivkfs dy rfh qy pfieaf. pRyrnf sdkf hI mhfn sfihqkfr pYdf hoey ijnF ny iensfnIaq ƒ nvIN rOÈnI idwqI aqy mfnvqf dI rUh dI iqRpqI kIqI.

pRyrnf iensfnIaq ƒ idÈfhIn hox qoN bcfAuNdI hY. jd anMdpur dy ikly ƒ mugl sYnf ny Gyiraf hoieaf sI qF BfeI mhF isMG aqy AunF dy kuJ sfQI afpxI jfn bcfAux leI guru goibMd isMG jI ƒ bydfvf ilK ky dy afey qF Aunf dy Gr idaF ny Aunf ƒ muMh nf lfieaf. aKy— ‘‘qusI afpxI jfn ipafrI smJ ik gurU ƒ ipwT idKf afey ho. sfzy pfs hux quhfzy leI koeI jgF nhIN.`` ies smy ieh iswK idÈfhIn ho gey sn. AunF dy awgy ipwCy koeI rsqf nhIN sI. aYsy smy mfeI Bfgo ny AunF ƒ shI syD idwqI. guru jI Kfqr lV mrn leI pRyiraf. mukqsr dI DrqI AuWqy ienF isMGF ny duÈmx dy jo afhuU lfhy Ausƒ ieiqhfs awj vI Xfd krdf hY.

pRyrnf iek nvF ieiqhfs vI isrjdI hY. mhFBfrq dI jMg vyly kurkÈyqr dy mYdfn ivc jd arjun ny afpxy sfhmxy mukfbly qy afpxy bjurgF---BIÈm ipqfmf, guruU dRonfcfrIaF aqy hor irÈqydfrF ƒ dyiKaf qF Auh idl Cwz bYTf.Aus ny soicaf---‘‘ ijnF bjurgF df mYN ieqnf siqkfr krdf hF, mYN AunF qy hiQafr ikvyN cuwk skdf hF?`` arjun ƒ ies zfvFzol siQqI ivcoN Bgvfn ikRÈn jI ny gIqf dy AupdyÈ dvfrf Aubfiraf. AunF disaf ik jo kuJ vI ipRQvI qy vfprdf hY Auh pRmfqmf dy hukm ivc hI vfprdf hY. ies qrF jy Bgvfn ikRÈn arjun ƒ krm krn df AupdyÈ nf idMdy qF arjun kdI hiQafr nf cuwkdf. Drm aqy swcfeI dI ijwq nf huMdI aqy mhFBfrq df ieiqhfs kuJ hor huMdf.

sfƒ ijMdgI dI CotI CotI asPlqf ƒ ijMdgI dI aMqm hfr nhIN mMn lYxf cfhIdf. asPlqf dIaF nIhF qy hI sPlqf dy mihl KVy huMdy hn. ienF gwlF qoN sfƒ pryrnf lYxI cfhIdI hY. pUrI iemfndfrI nfl iPr qoN Xqn krny cfhIdy hn. sPlqf iek idn jrUr sfzy kdm cuMmygI.

keI vfrI iensfn CotI jhI Gtwnf qoN vI pRyrnf lY ik afpxy aMdr afqm ivÈvfÈ jgf lYNdf hY. rfjf brUs jd duÈmx qoN keI vfr hfr ky idl Cwz bYTf sI qF phfVF dIaF guPfvF ivc jf ik luk igaf. AuQy iek mkVI dvfrf afpxy jfl qwk phuMcx dI jdo jihd ny Aus ƒ pRyrnf idwqI. Aus ivc svY Brosf jfigaf. Ausny dubfrf afpxI sYnf iekwTI kIqI aqy duÈmx nfl lohf ilaf aqy ijwq pRfpq kIqI.

mnuwK ƒ jnm qoN hI shI qy AusfrU syD dI loV huMdI hY. jd Cotf bwcf lVKVfAuNdy hoey kdmf nfl cldf cldf izwg pYNdf hY qF mF bwcy dIaF awKF ivc awKF pf ik kihMdI hY—‘‘koeI gl nhIN, bwcy izwg izwg ik hI vwzy huMdy hn.`` ies nfl bwcy ƒ hOslf imldf hY. Ausƒ iPr qoN AuTx dI pRyrnf imldI hY. Auh pihlF nfloN ijafdf mjbUqI nfl pwky kdm rwK ik iPr qoN qurnf ÈurU krdf hY. ies qrF krky iek mF bwcy ƒ ijMdgI ivc afAux vflIaf muÈklF df mukfblf krn dI pRyrnf idMdI hY.

pRyrnf hmyÈF cMgy kMm leI hI hoxI cfhIdI hY. pRyrnf krn vflf bMdf Kud vI iemfndfr hoxf cfhIdf hY. pRyrnf ÈkqI df somf hY.sfƒ ies ÈkqI dy somy df durAupXog nhIN krnf cfhIdf.sfƒ pRyrnf aqy Auksht jF BVkfht ivc Prk smJnf cfhIdf hY. pRyrnf hmyÈF cMgy kMm leI idwqI jFdI hY. dUjy pfsy BVkfieaf jF Auksieaf mMd Bfvnf nfl jFdf hY. ieh iek aYsf brUd hY ijs dI glq vrqoN nfl iBafnk qbfhI mcdI hY. rmfien ivc srUpnKf ny afpxy Brf rfvx ƒ rfm cMdr jI aqy lwCmn dy iKlfP BVkfieaf aqy sIqf jI dI aloikk suMdrqf df ibafn krky Aus ƒ sIqf ƒ afpxI ptrfxI bnfAux leI Auksfieaf. ies Auksfht ( idÈfhIn pRyrnf ) dy iBafnk iswty inkly. rfvx aqy Ausdf sfrf Kfndfn XuwD dI Byt ho igaf. sony dI lMkf sV ik svfh ho geI.

sfƒ POkI PUk CkfAux vfilaF qoN jF JUTI qrIP krn vfilaF qoN sfvDfn rihxf cfhIdf hY. aYsy bMdy dUsry ƒ Aupr cfVH ik QilAuN pOVI iKc lYNdy hn.ijsdI qusI ijsdI ijMdgI suafrnf cfhMdy ho Ausdy guxf dI ÈlfGf kro. Ausdy guxf ƒ AuBfro. AusdIaF suwqIaF ÈkqIaF ƒ jgfvo. iPr dyKxf Auh mnuwK ikvyN pwQr qoN hIrf bxdf hY.

iksy ƒ lgfqfr iNnMddy rihx nfl Aus ivc afqm ivÈvfs dI kmI afAuNdI hY. AusdI sPlqf dy mOky Gtdy hn. Auh svY Brosf guvf bYTdf hY. Aus ivc asurwiKaf dI Bfvnf af jFdI hY. Auh hr smy zr dy sfey hyT ijAuNdf hY ik ikDry mYN koeI glq kMm nf kr bYTF. TIk kMm ƒ vI Auh zrdy zrdy hI krdf hY. sfƒ hr smy dUsry ƒ zFtx dI QF Ausdy guxF dI pihcfx krky Aus ivc ivÈvfs Brnf cfhIdf hY.

sfƒ ijMdgI dy XQfrQ ivc ijAuxf iswKxf cfhIdf hY. sMkt smy GbrfAuxf nhIN cfhIdf. kfmXfb mnuwKF dy jIvn qoN pRyrnf lY ik iPr qoN hMBlf mfrky afpxI ijMdgI svfrnI cfhIdI hY. ies ivc hI sfzI aqy smfj dI ibhqrI hY.


kYmrf cuwp nhIN!
ikwQoN afvy, ikwQy jfvy pfxI?
- jnmyjf isMG jOhl-
vfqfvrx pRymIaF aqy sMcflkF dy ibafn asIN roË suxdy hF ik DrqI hyT pfxI Gwt irhf hY, afid, afid qy sfƒ lgfqfr zrfeI jFdy hn. pr iksy ny kdy ieh dwsx dI Kycl nhIN kIqI ik afKr ieh sfrf mslf kI hY? ikhVf pfxI qy ikAuN Gwt irhf hY qy ieh pfxI afAuNdf ikwQoN hY? jnqf ies bfry pUrI qrHF axjfx hY, iesy leI ieMnF lokF dIaF gwlF ƒ lok axsuxIaF kr dyNdy hn qy afpo afpxf zolH lmkfeI rwKdy hn. mYN ieh sfrf kuJ jfnx dI koiÈÈ kIqI aqy awj quhfzy nfl sFJf kr irhf hF.
DrqI dI bxqr kuJ ies qrHF hY ijvyN zbl rotI dIaF qYhF hox. koeI qih pwQr dI hY, koeI ryqy dI, koeI roiVaF dI, koeI pFzU dI, ieh hËfrF iksm dIaF qYhF hn. phfVF qoN pfxI DrqI ivc irs ik iehnF qYhF rUpI ndIaF ivc afAuNdf hY. ies dI rPqfr kfPI susq huMdI hY. iesy qrHF keI QfeIN ctfn Pt ik DrqI hyT vwzIaF JIlF bxIaF hoeIaF hn. pfxI ikAuNik ctfnF ƒ Korn dy kfibl hY ies leI iehnF dy lUx afpxy ivc rlf lYNdf hY. afm qOr qy awDy mIl ivc 10 lwK Gx mIl (1 mIl lMbf, 1 mIl cOVf qy 1 mIl AuWcf) pfxI huMdf hY. ies ivc 30,000 Gx mIl pfxI qfËf huMdf hY. vYsy keI QfvF qy ieh pfxI sdIaF purfxf vI huMdf hY. DrqI dI grUqf pfxI ƒ hmyÈF Qwly iKwcdI rihMdI hY. iesy leI pfxI df pwDr hyTF jFdf rihMdf hY. ieh pfxI peIaF hoeIaF drfVF jF mOsm dy Auqrfa cVHf nfl jF nvIaF drfVF nfl Qwly jFdf rihMdf hY. iesy leI pfxI dy AuWqly pwqx Qwly huMdy rihMdy hn. ijvyN ijvyN ieh pfxI Qwly jFdf hY, ieh sfP hoeI jFdf hY. iesy leI zUMGy borF df pfxI vwD pIx Xog huMdf hY. bfkI ijwQy bor huMdy hn AuWQy vI AuWqly pwqxF df pfxI lIk hoky pfiep dy bfhroN bfhr Qwly jFdf rihMdf hY. ijMnF qfËf pfxI Qwly hY, dunIaF dy kul qfËf pfxI dy Jrny imlfky AuhnF qoN 30 guxF iËafdf hY. phfVF qy brP dy ipMGlx qy phfVF dy Pwtx, tuwtx jF drfVF vDx Gtx nfl mYdfnF ivc pfxI dy pwDr qy iËafdf asr pYNdf hY. ies sB kfsy df mqlb ieh nhIN ik pfxI vwloN sfƒ koeI Kqrf nhIN. DrqI dy AuWqly pwqxF df pfxI vDfAux dy Auprfly krny cfhIdy hn ijvyN Gwt zUMGy 100 qoN 160 Puwt qwk dy ibnHF motr dy bor krky. ieho pfxI ctfnF, pwQrF, kMkrF, ryqf afid rfhIN sfP hoky zUMGy QF iek nf iek idn jf rlygf. ho skdf hY sfzf awj df idwqf pfxI sfzI afAux vflI pMjvIN, dsvIN pIVHI dy kMm afvy, ies kMm ƒ vwzy pwDr qy krn dI loV hY, afE iPkr nhIN, kMm krIey. doÈ nf deIey, hoÈ krIey.


afPtr iePYkts/
jnmyjf isMG jOhl,
98159 45018


awj qwk mYƒ ieh nhIN pqf lwg sikaf jF ieAuN kih lvo ik mYN pqf krn dI Kfs koiÈÈ vI nhIN kIqI ik BfÈf ivBfg dI ipClI slfhkfr kmytI df mYƒ ikAuN qy iksny mYNbr bxfieaf. ienfm lYxy qy dyxy myry suBfa df koeI ainwKVvF aMg nhIN hY jF sI. Pyr vI 6 sfl dy ienfmF dI vMz ny bVy hI husIn qy isiKafdfiek qËrby idwqy. ienfmF dy cfhvfn qy ienfmF qoN Bwjdy hr iksm dy lokF/lyKkF nfl Kwty imwTy aihsfs sFJy hoey. keIaF ny mYƒ bhuq vwzf imhrbfn bxf idwqf qy myrIaF pRfpqIaF df lMmf icwTf suxf ik mYƒ vI ds idwqf ik mYN koeI ‘cIË` hF. keIaF ny myry XfrF/dosqF/vfkPkfrF dy mn qy boJ pfky myry ‘aihsfnmMd hovFgy` df lybl lgf idwqf. lY dy ky 6 vfrI dy ienfmF ny myrI jfxkfrI ivc bhuq vfDf kIqf. ieh ienfm kOx lY igaf qy kOx rih igaf, ieh iek vwKrf ivÈf hY, qy ies ivc ‘ikAuN` vI Èfiml krnf bxdf hY. KYr smF bIqx nfl suwKI sFdI mYN Pfrg ho igaf. iksy vwzy ielËfm qoN myrf bcfa ho igaf. mYN Pyr afm mnuwK bx igaf. ‘cIË` df lybl rwPU cwkr ho igaf.
iewk idn myry iewk dosq df jlMDroN Pon afieaf. Aus ny iewk suafl puwCx dI iewCf jfihr kIqI. mYN ikhVf koeI mMqrI sI ik myry koloN iksy ƒ aOKf suafl puwCx qy pulIs dI kropI sihxI pvy so afiKaf ‘puwCo`. Ausdf suafl sI,‘‘bfeI ieh ds, sfzy Èihr dy Plfxy Bwdr purÈ df ‘ienfm kmytI` `c ikhnHy ikhnHy ivroD kIqf? mYN Xfd krn dI koiÈÈ krn lwg ipaf qy puwiCaf, ‘kI gwl hoeI`.
‘hoxf kI ivcfrf bVf pRyÈfn hY. kihMdf, ‘mYN iksy ƒ kdy mfVf nhIN ikhf, iksy dy ivruwD nhIN iliKaf, iksy guwt df pwK nhIN pUiraf, Pyr vI myrI slfhkfr kmytI `c eynI ivroDqf ikAuN hoeI? Auh bVf hI pRyÈfn hY. Ausƒ smJ nhIN lg rhI ik iehnF 31 bMidaF `coN Auhdy ikhVy ivroDI hox df ÈONk pfl rhy hn.`` mYƒ jd qwk Xfd af igaf qy Ausƒ ikhf,‘Xfr ivroDqf qF huMdI jy Ausdf nfm iksy pyÈ kIqf hovy?` myrf dosq hYrfn rih igaf. ‘nF hI nhIN pyÈ hoieaf, ‘hF hF Bdr purÈ df qF nfm hI nhIN iksy pyÈ kIqf, ivroDqf ikwQoN hoxI sI?` myrf dosq kuJ rfhq mihsUs kr irhf sI. KYr gwl afeI geI ho geI.
QoVHy idnF bfad hI sMgrUr dy iek grIbVy lyKk df Pon afieaf, ‘ikAuN bfeI TIk aYN?`
‘hF jI, hF jI, iblkul`.
‘mYN qF keI idnF df pRyÈfn hF`.
‘ikAuN kI hoieaf?`
‘mYƒ qF awj suwqy ƒ 10 idn ho gey smJ nhIN lwgdI kI krF.`
mYNƒ lwigaf Èfied ÈUgr, blwz pRYÈr jF hor koeI CotI motI ibmfrI nfl pRyÈfn hovygf jF Pyr Gry lVfeI JgVf jF qkrfr ho igaf hovygf.
‘qUM myrI pRyÈfnI dUr kr`.
mYƒ lwgf ikqy ieh mYƒ zfktr qF nhIN smJ irhf, jF Pyr iksy hspqfl jF zfktr df pqf puwCU. mYN zrdy zrdy ikhf,‘hF jI, dwso, mYN kI kr skdF?`
‘mYƒ ieh dwso ik BfÈf ivBfg dy ‘ienfmI slfhkfr borz` ivc myrI ivroDqf iks iks ny kIqI qy ikAuN hoeI eynI iËafdf ivroDqf?
‘quhfzI ivroDqf?` ‘myrf qF nI iKafl ik quhfzf nfm vI ivcfiraf igaf hovy, jy mYƒ Xfd hY qF.`
‘ieh ikvyN ho skdf? myry Kfs bMdy ny dwisaf ik jdoN Ausny myrf nfm ilaf, keI jixaF ny kwTy ho myrI sKq ivroDqf kIqI.`
‘ieho ijhI qF koeI gwl nhIN hoeI AuWQy, mYN hux qF pwky qOr qy kih skdf ik quhfzf nfm ilst qy nhIN sI.
‘awCf ajIb gwl hY, pr ijs dwisaf, Auh qF bVf dfnf purÈ hY, vwzf lyKk hY, myrf bylI hY. clo jy qusIN kihMdy ho qF ieh myry leI suwKd gwl hY.
‘ieh ikhVf dfnf purÈ hY?` qy Ausny jdoN Aus purÈ df nfm ilaf qF myry kpft Kuwl gey. Pon qy jdoN jlMDroN vI Ausy nfm dI puÈtI ho geI qF mYƒ PotogRfPI qy iPlmsfËI ivc vrqy jFdy sfPtvyar ‘afPtr iePYkts` dI Xfd af geI. ijs ivc Poto iKwcx qoN bfad jF iPlmF bxfAux qoN bfad lYb ivc icwqrF dI soD kIqI jFdI hY. nvyN smyN ƒ purfxf qy rMgF ƒ nIlf, pIlf jF bdilaf jFdf hY ijs nfl prdy qy jdoN iPlm cldI hY qF lok bVy anMd nfl dyKdy hn. mYƒ lwgf BfÈf ivBfg dy ienfmF nfl lwgy ieh ‘afPtr iePYkt` ny myry mnorMjn ivc coKf vfDf kIqf hY. mYN Aus dfny purÈ df DMnvfdI hF.




kI srihMd Pqih
sfihbËfidaF dI
Èhfdq df bdlf sI?/
-jsvMq isMG ‘ajIq`


bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr vloN kIqI geI srihMd Pqih dI qIjI ÈqfbdI mnfAuNidaF, iswKI dIaF mfnqfvF aqy iswK ieiqhfs dIaF sQfpq prMprfvF qoN sB qoN vwD jfxU hox dy dfavydfr, iswK ivdvfnF, pRcfrkF, bulfiraF aqy Dfrmk sMsQfvF dy muwKIaF vloN ijsqrHF bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr dI srihMd Pqih ƒ Coty sfihbËfidaF dI Èhfdq dy bdly dy rUp ivc pyÈ kIqf jFdf cilaf afieaf hY, Ausƒ pVH-sux ky ienHF lokF dy iswKI dIaF mfnqfvF aqy iswK ieiqhfs dIaF prMprfvF bfry sB qoN vwD jfxkfrI hox dy kIqy jFdy dfavy pur hYrfnI hoxI suBfvk sI, ikAuNik jy iswK ieiqhfs dIaF prMprfvF aqy iswKI dIaF mfnqfvF dI gMBIrqf dy nfl GoK kIqI jfey qF ieh smJxf muÈkl nhIN, ik iswKI ivc bdly dI Bfvnf leI koeI QF nhIN hY.
iswKI ivc ‘Èhfdq` ƒ, iek pivqR aqy srv-Auqm kfrj svIkfridaF hoieaF, srvucqf df drjf idqf igaf hoieaf hY. iswK ieiqhfs ivclIaF ÈhfdqF iksy injI suafrQ, injI ihq jF iksy injI pRfpqI dy leI nhIN idqIaF geIaF. ienHF ÈhfdqF df AudyÈ sdf hI ÊrIb-mËlUm aqy sMsfr Br dy DrmF dy pYrokfrF dy Dfrmk ivÈvfs dI afËfdI dI riKaf aqy jbr-Ëulm df nfÈ krnf irhf hY. iswK ieiqhfs guafh hY ik sRI gurU arjn dyv jI, sRI gurU qyg bhfdr jI sihq sfihbËfidaF dIaF ÈfhdqF jbr-Ëulm df ivroD kridaF aqy Dfrmk ivÈvfs dI afËfdI leI idqIaF geIaF ÈhfdqF sn, ijnHF ny afAux vflIaF pIVIaF dy leI aijhy pUrny pfey, ijnHF pur clidaF gurU sfihbF dy iswK grIb-mËlUm dI riKaf leI jbr-Ëulm aqy ainafie df ivroD kridaF lgfqfr jUJdy aqy ÈhIdIaF idMdy cly gey. AunHF dy leI gurU sfihbfn aqy sfihbËfidaF dIaF ÈhfdqF sdf hI pRyrnf qy ÈkqI df sRoq rhIaF, ijnHF dy kfrx ‘Drm hyq sIs idMidaF, bMd-bMd ktfidaF, KoprIaF AuqrvFidaF, crKVIaF qy cVHidaF, afiraF dy nfl cIry jFidaF, gurduafiraF dI syvf-sMBfl dy leI kurbfnIaF kridaF aqy iswKI kysF suafsF nfl inbfhuMidaF ÈhId huMidaF, AunHF dy ierfidaF ivc Ërf ijMnI vI lrËÈ nhIN sI afeI. gurU sfihbfn aqy sfihbËfidaF dIaF ÈhfdqF dI roÈnI ny iswK bIbIaF qk ƒ vI aijhI ÈkqI idqI ik AunHF ny afpxIaF awKF dy sfhmxy afpxy ijgr dy toitaF ƒ nyiËaF pur tMigaF jFidaF aqy tukVy-tukVy huMidaF vyiKaf aqy ibnf iksy Gbrfht, duwK qy kMbxI dy AunHF dy tukiVaF ƒ AunHF ny afpxIaF JolIaF ivc puafieaf, pr afpxy iswKI-isdk qy Ërf ijMnI vI aFc nhIN afAux idwqI.
iswK ieiqhfs guafh hY ik ieqnIaF kurbfnIaF kridaF hoieaF vI kdI iswKF dy idl ivc bdly dI Bfvnf nhIN afeI. jdoN iksy vI duÈmx ny AunHF dy vl imqRqf dI pyÈkÈ aqy sihXog dI mMg kridaF hQ vDfieaf qF AunHF Ausdf hQ iCtikaf nhIN, sgoN ibnf sMkoc Ausƒ mËbUqI dy nfl pkV ilaf. sRI gurU hirgoibMd jI dI, sRI gurU arjn dyv jI dI Èhfdq leI iËmyNdfr jhFgIr aqy gurU goibMd isMG jI dI, sRI gurU qyg bhfdr jI dI ÈhIdI leI iËmyNdfr aOrMgËyb dy puqr bhfdr Èfh dy nfl imqRqf, ies gl dy pRqK pRmfx hn. sRI gurU hirrfie sfihb vloN sRI gurU hirgoibMd sfihb pur bfr-bfr POjF cfVHn vfly ÈfhjhF dy puqr dfrf dI jfn bcfAux dy leI, afpxy dvfKfny ivcoN durlwB duafeIaF iBjvfAuxf vI iesy gl df sbUq hY ik iswKI ivc bdly dI Bfvnf leI koeI QF nhIN hY. iesdf kfrx ieh mMinaf jFdf hY ik ijs Èhfdq df bdlf lY ilaf jFdf hY, Aus Èhfdq dI mhqwqf qy mhfnqf pur gRihx lg jFdf hY aqy Auh nf qF afAux vflIaF pIVIaF dy leI pRyrnf sRoq qy nf hI cfnx munfrf rih jFdI hY. jdik iswK ieiqhfs dI hr Èhfdq nf kyvl pRrynf df sRoq hY, sgoN cfnx-munfry df kMm vI krdI clI af rhI hY.
ies krky ieh mMnxf ik sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr ƒ Coty sfihbËfidaF dI Èhfdq df bdlf lYx dy leI pMjfb Byijaf sI, iek pfsy sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI, ijnHF ny afpxy hQIN afpxy vwzy sfihbËfidaF ƒ jMg dy mYdfn ivc, ÈhId hox leI Byijaf aqy iesdy nfl hI kyvl afpxf smucf pirvfr hI nhIN, sgoN afpxf-afp vI jbr-Ëulm dy ivruD aqy Dfrmk mfnqfvF qy iensfP dI riKaf leI jUJidaF kurbfn kr idqf sI, dI mhfnqf qoN anjfx hoxf aqy Coty sfihbËfidaF dI Aus aduqI Èhfdq ƒ Cuitafx dy qul hovygf, jo rihMdI dunIaf qk iswKF dy leI pRyrnf aqy cfnx-munfry df kMm kridaF rihx dy smrQ hY.
swcfeI ieh hY ik sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr ƒ sfihbËfidaF dI Èhfdq df bdlf lYx dy leI nhIN[ sgoN pMjfb dI DrqI pur idn-b-idn vwD rhy Ëulm ƒ TlH pfx aqy grIb-mËlUm dI riKaf leI jUJx vfsqy Byijaf sI. ieh gl vI smJ lYxI hovygI ik jy bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr df imÈn kyvl Coty sfihbËfidaF dI Èhfdq df bdlf lYx qk hI sImq huMdf qF Auh srihMd Pqih dy nfl pUrf ho igaf huMdf, pRMqU AunHF df imÈn jbr-Ëulm dy ivruD sMGrÈ kridaF rihx dy nfl sbMDq sI, ies krky Auh srihMd Pqih qoN bfad hI nhIN, sgoN bfbf bMdf isMG dI Èhfdq qoN bfad vI lgfqfr jfrI irhf.
pRDfn mMqrI nfl iswKF ƒ iÈkfieq hY : pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG vloN afpxI kYnyzf PyrI dOrfn ijQy nvMbr-øô dy iswK kqlyafm dy leI iek vfr iPr iswK BfeIcfry pfsoN muafPI mMgy jfx, pIVqF ƒ idqy gey shfieqf pYkyj pur muV ivcfr kr, Aus ivc loVINdI soD kIqy jfx aqy doÈIaF ƒ sËf nf iml pfx ivc kuJ kfƒnI KfmIaF hox ƒ svIkfr kr, AunHF ivc soD kIqy jfx dy idqy gey Brosy, df lgBg sfry iswK jgq vloN suafgq kIqf igaf hY, pRMqU AuQy hI AunHF vloN kYnyzf srkfr ƒ idqI geI ies slfh df, ik Auh afpxI DrqI ‘iswK awqvfdIaF aqy vwKvfdIaF` ƒ vrqx dI afËfdI nf dyvy, df afm iswK jgq vloN iqwKf ivroD kIqf igaf hY. kYnyzf-vfsI iswKF dy pRqIinDIaF ny nf kyvl pRDfn mMqrI nfl mulfkfq krky, sgoN sfrvjink ibafn dy ky vI AunHF dy ibafn dy ies ihsy pRqI afpxf ivroD drj krvfieaf hY. ieQoN qk ik BfrqI iswKF dy pRqIinDIaF ny vI pRDfn mMqrI dy ies kQn dy ivruD afpxf ros pRgt krn ivc koeI koqfhI nhIN kIqI.
kYnyzf-vfsI iswKF dy pRqIinDIaF ny qF spÈt rUp ivc ieh dfavf kIqf hY ik kYnyzf ivc nf qF koeI iswK awqvfdI hY aqy nf hI vwKvfdI. AunHF ny iÈkvf kIqf hY ik Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI, qy Auh vI iswK pRDfn mMqrI vloN aijhf khy jfx dy nfl kYnyzf ivc vs irhf hr iswK ÈkI bx jFdf hY, ijs nfl smucy rUp ivc AunHF dI CwvI Krfb huMdI hY.
ieh gl qF mMnI-pRmMnI hY, ik awqvfdIaF df koeI Drm nhIN huMdf, AunHF df kMMm kyvl dihÈq PYlf ky aÌrf-qÌrI pYdf krnf huMdf hY, ijsdf iÈkfr iksy iek iPrky dy lokI hI nhIN huMdy, sgoN hr iPrky dy lokI huMdy hn. ies krky awqvfdIaF dy iksy vrg ƒ iswK kihxf, smucy iswK BfeIcfry ƒ ÈkI bxf ky ivÈv-BfeIcfry qoN alg-Qlg kr dyx df rfh iqafr krnf hY.
pqf nhIN, pRDfn mMqrI ny iknHF lokF dI slfh pur ieh ibafn idqf hY, pr ieqnf ËrUr hY ik ijs iksy ny vI AunHF pfsoN ieh ibafn duaieaf hY[ Auh iswKF df ihqU nhIN ho skdf, ieh vI sMBv hY ik Auh[ AunHF iswK-ivroDI BfjpfeIaF dI soc df DfrnI hovy, jo aijhy iswKF dI kflI sUcI Kqm kIqy jfx dy ivroDI cly af rhy hn, jo PrËI mukfbilaF ivc mfry jfx qoN bcx leI, pMjfboN inkl ivdyÈIN jf Èrn lYx qy mjbUr hoey sn .
ieh gl Xfd rKx vflI hY ik kYnyzf, Auh DrqI hY, ijQoN gdrI bfibaF ny dyÈ dI afËfdI dy sMGrÈ dI arMBqf df kyvl ibÊl hI nhIN sI vjfieaf, sgoN ies sMGrÈ ƒ sPl bxfAux leI kurbfnIaF dI Cihbr vI lf idqI sI. ies krky ieh ikhf jfxf ik kYnyzf dI DrqI pur iswK awqvfdI aqy vwKvfdI srgrm hn, dyÈ dI afËfdI leI sMGrÈ kridaF hs-hs ÈhIdIaF pRfpq krn vfilaF aqy AuQy vs rhy dyÈ df isr AuWcf krn ivc juty iswKF dI dyÈ BgqI pur ÈMkf pRgt krn dy qul hY.
…aqy aMq ivwc : kYnyzf ivc vs rhy iswKF df mMnxf hY ik kYnyzf ivc iswK bhuq hI snmfnq drjf hfsl kr cuky hoey hn, AunHF ƒ kYnyzf dy hr vrg vloN ivÈvfs aqy snmfn pRfpq hY. ies siQqI ivc pRDfn mMqrI, Auh vI iswK pRDfn mMqrI dy kQn nfl smucy rUp ivc iswKF bfry Êlq sMdyÈ clf jFdf hY. AunHF anusfr pMjfb ivcly sMqfp dy hflfq kfrx ivdyÈIN jf Èrx lYx vfly, ijnHF iswKF dI Bfrq srkfr vloN kflI sUcI bxfky AunHF dy Bfrq dfKly qy pfbMdI lfeI geI hoeI hY AunHF ivc aijhy nOjvfn hI vwzI igxqI ivc hn, pMjfb ivc iswKF df iÈkfr krn dy leI, kIqy rhy PrËI mukfbilaF ivc mfry jfx qoN bcx leI hI, pMjfboN Bj, ivdyÈIN jf vsx aqy Èrn lYx dy leI mjbUr hoey sn.




srkfr jI! kwl mF bolI pMjfbI dI guVHqI kOx dAu…?
krm isMG vkIl,
Gr nM: 4093,
mloaf klonI, cMzIgVH.
jybI Pon: 8054980446


     pMjfb, pMjfbI qy pMjfbIaq df zFkf awj sfry sMsfr ivc vwj irhf hY. sfzI ivrfsq anykF quPfnF df tfkrf kr kr ky inKrI qy POlfd rUp Dfr geI. gurUaF, pIrF, PkIrF ies ƒ ruhfinaq dI guVqI idwqI. gurU bfbf nfnk dyv jI ny iensfn ikho ijhf hovy icqivaf. Gro GrIN hI nhIN AuhnF dUr durfzy phfVF dIaF kMgrF ivc vI bYTy smfj dy mhfn buDIjIvIaF ƒ smfj syvf ivc afpxf vzmulf Xogdfn pfAux leI pRyiraf. ies jfgy mfnv dI buDI ivc gurF ny mwnx df vzmulf gux, hspqfl, srfvF qy gurUduafry afid sFJy asQfn Ausfrnf, JUTIaF mnoqF qoN muwK moVnf, prdf krnf dI mnfhI, smF afAux qy dIn eImfn aqy mfnvqf leI afpf qk vfrnf, kurbfnI ƒ koeI kfierqf nf smJ lvy ies leI qlvfr PV mIrI qy pIrI dI pflxf krnf, swBy sFJIvfl krnf df AupdyÈ, afqm rwiKaf leI ÈfÈqr ividaf lYxf, akl qy sUJ df BMzfrf aqy psfrf AumrF dI kYd qoN mukq hY, hYkVbfj hfkm nfl pMjf lfAuxf qy ies klbUq ivc anykF guxF dI Brmfr krn AuprMq srb gux sMpn ies suMdr qsvIr ƒ iek sFcy ivc jVnF ËrUrI sI iesy leI dsm ipqf ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny pMj kkfrF aqy hiQafr bMd krky pMjfbI ƒ Kflsf sjf idwqf. ies Kflsy ny afpf vfr ky mfnvqf dI lfsfnI syvf kIqI. bfbf dIp isMG vrgy anykF ÈhId ËFbfËF ny vI ies ivc Drm, isdk qy awxK leI jUJ mrn imtx dy gux pfey. BfeI GneIaf jI ny syvf Bfvnf df butf hor ivksq qy bulMd kIqf. ÈhId BfeI mnI isMG ny qkrIbn do dhfikaF dy bhuq hI kÈt dy smyN ivc drbfr sfihb dI axQwk syvf dy nfl nfl sMgqF ƒ Èbd gurU dI ivafiKaf kr ky joVIN rwiKaf qy iksy axhoxI dy zr ƒ nyVy nf PVkx idwqf. pMjfbI srb sFJf qy grIb guribaF df rfKf ho inbiVaf. ivdyÈoN afey DfVvIaF dy dMd Kwty krdy pMjfbIaF dy GoVy mulqfn qk mfr krdy rhy qy ihMd dI aËmq (DIaF) vfps DfVvIaF qoN lY ky Gro GrIN phuMcfAuNdy rhy. KYr rfjy mhFrfjy afey qy mhFrfjf rxjIq isMG dy rfj kfl ivc pMjfb, pMjfbI qy pMjfbIaq KUb pRPulq hoeI pr duKFq ik AunHF dy pqn qoN bfad Ausy rPqfr nfl inGfr vI hoieaf. gdrI bfibaF, kUky isMGF, akflIaF, dyÈ BgqF, bwbrF, aËfd ihMd PoË, kFgrs, Kwby pwKIaF ivc hr QF pMjfbIaF ny aËfdI hfsl krn qwk asrdfr Xogdfn pfieaf. iswK dyÈ ivc aMgryË hkUmq iKlfP KUb liVaf, jUJ miraf qy afKr gulfmI df jUlf lfh suitaf. aËfd dyÈ `c Dfk jmfAux leI asrdfr ZMg nfl pMjfbI hmyÈF hI lfmbMd rhy. pMjfb qy pMjfbIaq df JMzf AunHF hmyÈf bulMd rwiKaf pr aPsos pMjfbI ivsdy jf rhy ny.

lyKkF dy lMby sMGrÈ ny pMjfb srkfr ƒ sUby ivc pMjfbI ƒ pUrI qrF lfgU krn df ierfdf bxfAux leI afKr mjbUr kIqf qy pMjfbI nf apxfAux vfly aPsrF nfl sKqI nfl inwptx leI pMjfb srkfr ny pMjfb rfj BfÈf aYkt (soD ibwl) 2008 aqy pMjfbI aqy hor BfÈfvF ibwl 2008 pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivwc pfs kIqy. srkfr dy PYsly dy bfvjUd anykF cor-morIaF rih geIaF ijnHF df ielfj vI srkfr ƒ huxy hI socxf cfhIdf hovygf qF ik Auprfly sPl hox. srkfr isrP kƒn bxf ky hI surKrU nhIN ho skdI ikAuN ik jy kƒn lfgU nf ho sikaf qF hfQI dy dKfAux vfly dMdF vrgf hI bx ky nf rih jfvy. sfry pMjfbIaF, pMjfbI ipafiraF, sfihq sBfvF aqy sfihqkfr ivÈyÈ vDfeI dI hwkdfr ny ikAuN ik AunHF df sMGrÈ kuJ sPl hoieaf. srkfr ny hux mF bolI dI syvf leI sucyq qy cOks rihnumfvF dIaF ijlHf pwDrI kmytIaF bxfAux df dfavf kIqf hY pr ienHF ivc vI pwKpfqI rveIey nfl nfmvr lyKkF dI nfmËdgI nf krky AunHF ƒ ipwCy Dwk idwqf igaf hY.
     mojUdf srkfr ny pMjfbI mF bolI dy nF Auqy bVIaF rotIaF sykIaF ny qy isrP pRcfr dI hI rfËnIqI kIqI hY. kdy ibwl pfs kr idwqf, kdy gvrnr sfihb kol dsKq hox leI Byijaf, kdy dsKq ho gey aqy pMjfbI dPqrF ivc lfgU kr idwqI kih ky pr ijDroN vI sOvo bfdl srkfr jI, jy nyk ierfidaF df srfxHf nf hoieaf qF isr bFhI Auqy hI Twk vwjxf ey. hfl dI GVI qF bfdl Grfxf qy kYptn amirMdr isMG Grfxf swqf dI BuwK pUrI krn leI dhfVdy iPrdy ny. pMjfb, pMjfbI aqy pMjfbIaq dy rfKy qF sMsfr pwDr qy qrwkIaF mfx rhy ny qy knyzf vrgy dyÈ dI gorI srkfr ny vI pMjfbI ƒ pUrI mfnqf dy idwqI hY pr dyKo pMjfb ivc pMjfbI, pMjfbIaF aqy pMjfbIaq df kd bolbflf hovygf. KYr hr iek pMjfbI ies kfrj ivc apxf Xogdfn pfvy qF hI kuJ AusfrU ho skygf. mF bolI pMjfbI ƒ pMjfb ivc vI bxdf mukfm aqy snmfn imlx df rsqf hflI asfn nhIN. so suihrd pMjfbIaF ƒ socxf hY ik Auh afpxy afpxy ielfky ivwc mF bolI dI syvf ikMvy krngy ? asl ivc pMjfbI leI lVn df iekwlf hwk lyKkF df nhIN afm lokF df hY, ijnHF dy jIvn ivc pMjfbI lfsfnI qrwkI qy KuwÈhflI ilaf skdI hY. 
     bhuq vfr sfihqk smfrohF dOrfn ivdvfn imwqrF ƒ afpxy BfÈnF ivwc anykF aMgryËI Èbd boldy suxIdf hY jo BYVf hI nhIN, byloVf qy qrsXog vI lgdf hY. so sfƒ pMjfbI `c nvyN lPËF dI Koj krnI pvygI ijvyN mobfiel ƒ asIN jybI Pon kih skdy hF aqy vfrqflfp dOrfn pMjfbI dI sucyq ho ky vrqoN krnI pvygI. ajoky smy `c ho rhI jbrdsq qrwkI dy dOr ivc vI jy asIN nvINaF KojF qy AupkrnF dy nF pMjfbI ivwc nhIN rwK skFgy qF sfzy igafn dI grIbI hI sfzy mUhry afvygI. so KojI qy buwDIjIvI imwqrF df PrË hY ik nvyN ÈbdF dI smyN smyN Koj krn qy pMjfbI ivc apxfAux dy Auprfly krn. pMjfbI bhuq imwTI qy asr Cwzx vflI bolI hY pr jy afpxy kol Èbd BMzfrf hovy qF hI sfzI bolI vI asrdfr ho skygI, pr ÈbdF df BMzfrf qF asIN afpxy suBfa `c pYdf krnf hY, jo imhnq qy lgn ibnF pYdf nhIN hoxf. jy asIN nojvfn pIVHI ƒ pMjfbI nfl joVnf hY qF AunF ƒ mfiKE imwTI mF bolI pMjfbI dI gUVHqI ËrUrI dyxI pvygI .
     adflqF df kMm pMjfbI ivc hoxf cfhIdf hY pr ies leI vI kƒn ivc qrmImF, hfeI kort rUl qy afzrF `c qrmImF aqy mfnXog hfeI kort dy sKq inrdyÈF dI loV pvygI qF ikqy iËlHf qy qihsIl pwDrI adflqF ivc pMjfbI ivc kMm-kfj ÈurU ho skygf. ies dy nfl nfl ËrUrI hY ik hr pMjfbI suihrdqf nfl mF bolI apxfAux qy pRcfrn vwl vI Kfs iDafn dyvy. aijhf nhIN ik mYN ihMdU mYN ihMdI vrqUMgf… jF pMjfbI qF iswKF dI bolI hY, so ies qrF iksy ƒ pMjfbI dI syvf df Tykf nhIN dyxf! asIN aijhIaF iPrkU vMzIaF qoN bcxf hI nhIN sgoM hornF ƒ vI sucyq krnf hY. awj sOVy aqy rfjsI svfrQF qoN Aupr AuT ky socx dI loV hY. kox hY jo bfbf nfnk aqy hor anykF BgqF dI bfxI qoN lfhf nhIN lYxf locdf ? pr kI aijhf mF bolI qoN bymuK ho ky ho skygf ? kI asIN mF bolI qy mF BfÈf apxfey ibnF sfr skFgy ? ies `c koeI do rfvF nhIN ik zMzy nfl koeI kMm qF sdf leI nhIN krfieaf jf skdf aqy iksy nukqy ƒ vI dUjy dy mn `c vI nhIN vsfieaf jf skdf. so loV mnoN pMjfbI nfl juVn aqy ies ƒ inwq pRqI jIvn ivwc apxfAux dI hY.
     pMjfb dy hr skUl ivwc pMjfbI pVHfeI jfxI cfhIdI hY ijs leI srkfr XqnÈIl vI hY pr hor Xog aiDafpkF dI BrqI vI krnI hovygI qF ik moOjUdf aiDafpkF Auqy byloVf boJ nf pvy. srkfr ny pMjfb rfj BfÈf aYkt (soD ibwl) 2008 rfhIN pMjfbI nf apxfAux vfly leI sjf dI Dfrf qF bxfeI hY, pr ieh nf mfqr hI hY. ingrfn kmytIaF asrdfr nhIN lgdIaF ijnFH `c nf qF BfÈf mfihr lyKkF ƒ qy nf krIbn pMj dhfikaF qoN pMjfbI leI sMGrÈ kr rhI kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf (rij[) ƒ Xog numfieMdgI idwqI hY jo mMdBfgI gl hY. pMjfb srkfr afpxy aiDkfrIaF ƒ pMjfb isvl srivisË (sËf qy apIl) rUlË 1970 rfhIN jF ies `c loVINdIaF qrmImF krky pMjfbI apxfAux leI mjbUr kr skygI jF nhIN ieh qF iek cxoqI hY hI, pr srkfr kyNdrI isvl srivisË rUlË dy aDIn afAuNdy afeI[ ey[ aYs aqy afeI[ pI[ aYs aiDkfrIaF nfl ikvNy inbVygI ? ies bfry srkfr ƒ hor suihrd ho ky socxf pvygf qy POrI PYslf lYxf pvygf. BfÈf ivBfg pMjfb Auqy pMjfbI lfgU krn dI ijmyvfrI Cwzx dI QF jy ies kMm leI lok adflqF vFg iËlHf qy sUby pwDr qy ivÈyÈ adflq df gTn kIqf jfvy qF asrdfr rhygf. ieMj hI sI[ bI[ aYs[ eI[ nfl juVy skUlF `c vI pMjfbI pVHfAuNxI asfn kMm nhIN. kyNdr srkfr dy mulfËmF ijvyN POjIaF qy bYNk mulfËmF dy bwicaF leI kI srkfr kuJ CotF dyvygI ? kI AulMGxf krn vfly skUl dI mfnqf Kqm krky sr skdf hY ? ies nfl nf isrP ividafrQI hI nrfË hoxgy blik ividak adfry vI srkfr leI muÈklF KVIaF krngy. so pMjfb srkfr ƒ kyNdr srkfr nfl rfbqf kfiem krky ies dy AupXogI aqy asrdfr hwl lwBxy pYxgy. pr ieh sfP hY ik srkfr ies df hwl lwBy ibnF pMjfbI leI afpxI vcnbwDqf nhIN inBf skygI. so aPsos pMjfb dy skUlF `c  pMjfbI pVHfAuxI hfly Kfb vrgI gwl hI lgdI hY pr dyKo bfdl sfihb mF bolI leI kI krdy hn ?

srkfr ƒ cfhIdf hY ik pMjfbI lfgU krfAux leI sUbf pwDrI iek BfÈf kimÈn bxfvy ijs df jwj mfnXog hfeI kort df sfbkf jwj hovy qy AunHF dy nfl do hor moqbr BfÈf ivigafnIaF dI syvf leI jfvy jo pMjfbI lfgU krn jF nf lfgU krn nfl sbMDq hr qrF dy msly dI suxvfeI lgfqfrqf nfl krky iqMn mhIny ivc msly df inptfrf krn. doÈI ƒ sËf qy inrdoÈ ƒ jldI iensfP imly. ies BfÈf kimÈn dy hukmF iKlfP apIl hfeI kort ivc BfÈf kichrI ivc hovy, ijMvyN kMpnI kortF hn. ijnHF kysF ƒ pihl dy aDfr qy inptfieaf jfvy. do qoN vwD AulMGxf ƒ lgfqfr AulMGxf mMndy hoey doÈI ƒ sKq sjfvF hox. doÈI pfey jfx qy doÈ sUcI dy ky sMKyp jFc kIqI jfvy jo iek mhIny ivc hr hflq ivc pUrI kIqI jfvy. pihlI qy dUjI vfr doÈI pfey jfx qy kRmvfr iek qy iqMn slfnF qrwkIaF dI rok lfeI jfvy qy Aus qoN bfd doÈI pfey jfx qy sbMDq mulfËm dI syvf smfpqI dy hukm jfrI kIqy jfx.

srkfr jI! afp dy  cMzIgVH vfly pMjfb klf Bvn ivc sfihqkfrF ƒ 2 GMty dI sfihqk bYTk krn leI 552/- rupey dyx leI mËbUr kIqf jf irhf ey qy jy AunHF mfiek vI lYxf hovy qF 552/- hor mMgy jFdy ny qy ieh vI hukm cfiVaf igaf hY ik sikAurtI dy 1000/- rupey jmf krfE qy jo dPqrI kfrvfeI dI KjlKuafrI AuprMq vfps kIqy jfxgy. ies qrHF sfihq sBfvF leI iek smfgm 2104/- rupey ivc pYNdf hY qy ahuidaF Auqy kfbj mhFpurK apxy cihqy sfihqkfrF ƒ ds ds hËfr dy nyVy dIaF PulkfrIaF qy duÈfly vI ByNt krI jFdy ny koeI jbfb dyhI nhIN. so ies qrHF dI syvf ho rhI hY afp dy dvfry ik lyKk vrg qobf qobf kr irhf hY. 25 qoN 20 sfl purfxIaF sfihq sBfvF vI ies QF aj smfgm krn ivc asmrQ hn. kI qusIN ds skdy ho ik Auh kI krn, iks qrF mF bolI dI syvf ivc inrMqr cldy apxy smfroh krn?
      srkfr ƒ cfhIdf hY ik pMjfbI pVHfeI leI imafrI qy Xog pusqkF cuxy qy iswiKaf mfihrF dI sUcI bxfvy qy pfrdrÈI ZMg-qrIky apxf ky vwK vwK jmfqF ƒ pVHfeI jfx vflI pfT smwgrI iqafr kry nf ik BfÈf ivBfg dy snmfnF vFg lokF `c duivDfvF PYlfvy. pMjfb ivc sVkF dy dovyN pfsy lgy borzF Auqy ipMzF, ÈihrF dy nF aqy hor jfxkfrI dyx vfly borz krIbn 60% glq ilKy hoey ny ijnHF ƒ suDfrn leI srkfr ƒ POrI qOr qy hdfieqF jfrI krn dI loV hY ikAuN ik ieh borz pMjfbI ipafiraF ƒ Audfs krdy hn. sUby dy sfry dPqrF dy borz, aPsrF dIaF nF qKqIaF, afm lokF ivc iksy vI kMm leI Bry jfx vfly sfry Pfrm pMjfbI ivc imlxy cfhIdy ny qF ik hr bMdf AuynHF dy mqlb smJdf hoieaf Kud Pfrm Br Jf Brvf sky. pMjfb dI rfjDfnI cMzIgVH ivwc pMjfb klf Bvn hY ijQy sfihqkfr, rMgkrmI, aqy icwqrkfr imwqr apxIaF srgrmIaF rfhIN klf dy Kyqr ivwc afpxf Xogdfn pfAuNdy hn. hr smfroh leI Pfrm Brnf pYNdf hY pr aPsos hfly vI Auh Pfrm aMgryËI ivc hI AuplbD hY. ieMj hI anykF hor dPqrF df vI ieho hfl hY jo POrI suDfiraf jfvy. pMjfb dy dUrdrÈn kyNdr aqy cYnl vI mF bolI pMjfbI dI sfr lYx qy inrol sfihqk, swiBafcfrk, aqy pMjfbI ƒ pRPulq krn vfly smfrohF Auqy ivÈyÈ Ëor dyx, nf ik mfnvqf ivwc aMDivÈvfÈ PYlfAux vfly, afpsI sFJ qy mfnvI kdrF kImqF ƒ Zfa lfAux vfly. bwicaF leI vI ivÈyÈ pRogrfm hox. kyNdrI pMjfbI lyKk sBf (rij[), jo 109 sfihq sBfvF aqy qkrIbn 3000 lyKkF df aMqr-rfÈtrI adfrf hY, dI rihnumfeI `c anykF lyKkF ny sMGrÈ dOrfn JMzf mfrc, rYlIaF, BuwK hVqflF, Drny, goÈtIaF, igrPqfrIaF aqy smyN smyN Xfd pwqr kFgrs jF akflI srkfrF ƒ idwqy hn, ijnHF dI mMg hux mMnI jf rhI hY hflF ik dyKxf ieh vI hY ik ikMnI ku mwnI jFdI hY.srkfr jI! ieh ËrUr XkInI bxfvo ik lyKkF ƒ mjbUrI vws dubfrf nvyN isirAuN sMGrÈ nf krnf pvy qy BfÈF dy aDfr qy bxy pMjfb sUby ivwc pMjfbI dy swcy spUq afpxy hI BrfvF iKlfP nfary bfËI jF muËfhry krn leI hor mjbUr nf hox. lok svfl puwCdy ny srkfr jI! kwl mF bolI pMjfbI dI guVHqI kox dAu…? kI qusI nIlIaF pwgf bMn ky vI pMjfbI ƒ bcfAux qy pRPulq krn df Auprflf suihrdqf nfl nhIN krogy?




jyhf idisaf- qyhf iliKaf
(2)
iewk KLq
pMjfbI gfiekI ‘c
‘burI qrHF’ Cf cuwkI ‘kuafrI bIbI’ dy nF!

mndIp KurmI
ihMmqpurf (lMzn)


BfeI kuVIey[[[!
bVI dyr qoN qyry vwloN gfiekI dy nFa 'qy pfeI jFdI kfvF rOlI nUM suxdf af irhf hF. koeI ivsLf nhIN Cwizaf qUM mF dIey DIey, gfAux vwloN. pihlF qF kMpnIaF vfly pwilEN pYsy dy ky afpdIaF cIjF dI msLhUrI krdy huMdy sI, pr qUM qF skUtrIaF, motr sfeIklF, trYktrF iewQoN qwk ik mobfeIl PonF dI vI muPLqo-muPLqI msLhUrI kr CwzI hY. afpxI gfiekI dy jOhr idKfAux dy nfl-nfl koeI ksr nhIN CwzI kuVIaF nUM 'mfsLUkF' drsfAux 'c vI! sMgIq qF rUh dI Kurfk mMinaf jFdY, pr Qozy vwloN proisaf jf irhf 'sMgIq' qF lokF dy mnF 'c pfry vrgf asr krdf njLr af irhf hY. mYN qF ieh vI suixaY ik qUM iewk aiDafpkf vI hYN. BfeI kuVIey[[[ aiDafpk qF afpxy ividafrQIaF leI afdrsL huMdY[[ qy qUM[[? qUM qF afpxy ividafrQIaF nUM afdrsLk gIq hI aijhy idwqy hn ik,
“mfiraf nf kr imws kfl imwqrf,
vy sfzy Gr ivwc pYNdI af lVfeI[[[.”

jy qyry ividafrQI qyrIaF pfeIaF 'lIhF' ‘qy qur pey qF pwQr ‘qy lkIr hY ik Auh kuJ hor bxn jF nf nbxn, pr ‘afdrsL’ afsLk jLrUr bx jfxgy. qUM qF afpxy gIqF rfhIN afpxIaF ividafrQxF nUM hI mfipaF qoN corI mobfeIl rwKky afpxy 'muMzy imwqrF' nfl luk-luk gwlF krn dIaF nsIhqF dy rhI hYN! qyry gIq qF AuhnF kuVIaF nUM bVI 'afdrsL' iswiKaf dy rhy hn ik jdoN quhfzf pRymI quhfnUM Pon kry, pr quhfzy Gr mihmfn afey hox qF 'sOrI rONg nMbr' kih ky PLon kwt ky bfd 'c afpxy 'ipafry' qoN mfPI vI mMgI jf skdI hY. kuVIaF nUM muMizaF dy brfbr df smfijk ruqbf iml irhY. jy muMzy mobfeIl PLon rwK skdy hn qF kuVIaF vI[[[. pr ieh vI jrUrI nhIN ik sfry muMzy vI 'afisLk-itwzy' hn. qy ieh vI jrUrI nhIN ik sfrIaF kuVIaF ny vI mobfeIl kol rwK ky mfipaF dIaF awKF 'c Gwtf pfAuxf hY.

bysLwk Qozf swiBafcfr dy syvk aKvfAux vflf luMg lfxf kwCF vjfAuNdf iPr irhf hovy ik, "vfh jI vfh, kuVI ny gfxy gOx vfly irkfrz bxfqy." pr ieh koeI pRfpqI nhIN ik gIq hI Auh gfey jfx, jo suxn vfilaF dIaF hI DIaF BYxF 'qy Aupwdr ZMg nfl lfgU hox. ivcfry lok qyry vwloN AuhnF dIaF hI DIaF BYxF nUM loPrF ijhIaF idKfAux vfly gIq suxky hI pqf nhIN ikhVI 'KusLI' 'c JMUmI jf rhy hn. mYnUM afpxy ipMz vfly blOr isAuN gvMqrI dI gwl Xfd af jFdI aY. Auh iqMn jxy Zwz-sfrMgI nfl ipMzF 'c gfAux krn jfieaf krdy sn. iksy bjLurg ny AuhnF nUM puwC ilaf ik "qusIN hr vyly bfhr qury rihMny E, lok QonUM pYsy-pUsy vI idMdy ny ik nhIN?" blOr isAuN df jvfb sI, "lokF nUM gOx lwgy BfvyN gflHF kwZ idAu, Auh qF Pyr vI vfh vfh krdy not vfr hI idMdy ny. asIN vI eyvyN eI krdy aF[[[ imrjLy df gOx suxfAux vyly jdoN hyk lfeIdI aY ik 'qyrI DI qF[[[ qurgI nfl mlMgF dy' qF jIhdy vwl nUM hwQ kr dyeIdY, Auh bfgo bfg ho jFdY. pr lokF nUM qF keI vfr ieh vI pqf nIN lwgdf ik jdoN AuhnF vwl hwQ krky khIdY qF ieh df mqlb qF iehI hoieaf ik qyrI DI mlMgF nfl qurgI." swcIN AuhI hfl aY lokF df, qusIN AuhnF hI lokF dIaF DIaF BYxF dI pq AuDyVn dy rfh qury hoey E, qy AuhI lok quhfzy 'pRsLMsk' bxky AuhnF hI gIqF 'qy qfVIaF mfrdy nhIN Qwkdy. ieh ikwDrlI mkbUlIaq hY ik kI Pysbuwk, kI afrkuwt sB pfsy qYnUM ‘swiBafcfr dy mwQy ‘qy sfZy cfr Puwtf dfg’ afid ivsLysLxF nfl invfijaf ipaY. gfiekI qF asl ‘c Auh huMdI hY, jo sfry BYxF BrfvF ‘c bYT ky vI suxI jf skdI hovy pr ijho ijhy ‘afdrsLk’ gIq qUM ‘AuWcry’ hn, sLfied qUM afpxI CotI BYx jF Brf kol bihky Kud vI nf sux skyN.

   iesnUM CotI buwDI ikhf jfvy jF aMqF dI clfkI ik qUM 'bygmpurf' vsfAux vrgf gIq vI gf Diraf. sB jfxdy ny ik qyrf pirvfrk ipCokV inrMkfrI sMprdfey nfl juiVaf hoieaf hY. kI ieho ijhf vMzIaF pfAU gIq cMd pYisaF Kfqr gfAux lwigaF qUM iewk vfr vI nhIN soicaf ik qUM iewk inrMkfrI twbr nfl sbMiDq hox krky iswKI pRqI sLrDf ivsLvfsL rwKx vfilaF dy mnoN lih jfvyNgI? qUM Borf vI iKafl nhIN kIqf ik lok dubfrf iehI kihxgy ik ies qrHF dy vMzIaF pfAU gIq gvfAux ipwCy vI iksy dI sfijsL hY[[[! mYnUM nhIN lgdf ik qUM ijafdf isafxI vI hYN, jy isafxI huMdI qF ijs bygmpury nUM vsfAux bfry qUM grfrIaF mfr-mfr gfieaf hY, Aus bfry ieh qF pqf kr lYNdI ik bfxI ivwc bygmpurf sLbd dy arQ kI hn? jy hux qwk pqf nhIN lwgf qF hux sux lY[[[[. gurU arjn dyv jI ny sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI ivwc Bgq rivdfs jI dy 40 sLbd drjL kIqy hn. ijhnF df sFJf AupdysL nroey qy ivqkry rihq smfj dI sQfpnf, nfm ismrn rfhIN jfq-aiBmfnI lokF dy hMkfr nUM qoVnf aqy mnuwK qy pRmfqmf ivwc koeI aMqr nf hox bfry dwsxf hI hY. Bgq rvIdfs jI dI bfxI ivwcoN rfg gfAuVI df iewk sLbd hY ‘bygmpurf shr ko nfAu’. ijs ivwc Bgq jI ny aYsI avwsQf df ijLkr kIqf hY, jo pRmfqmf nfl iewk-imwk ho ky hI pRfpq kIqI jf skdI hY. ies afqimk avwsQf ivwc jdoN mnuwK pRBU pRmfqmf dy Byd smJ jfdf hY qF ies dunIaf dy sB iPLkr-PLfky muwk jFdy hn. Bgq rvIdfs jI ny ies avwsQf Bfv 'gLmF qoN rihq' avwsQf nUM 'bygmpurf' df nF idwqf hY aqy ‘shr’ qoN Bfv mnuwKf srIr hY. pr kfkI jIE[[! qusIN qF Bgq rvIdfs jI dy bygmpury nUM
“sux lE myrI gwl Brfvo,
gux gurU rvIdfs dy gfE,
nf hux afsy pfsy jfvo,
vwKrf pMQ clfAuxf ieaF.

sfry kr lE eykf, bygmpurf vsfAuxf ieaF.” vrgI qukbMdI ‘c kYd krky isrP imwtI-gfry jf iewtF qoN bxn vfly bygmpury nfl joV ky hI 'sImq' ijhf kr idwqf. kdy iekwlI bYT ky Bgq rivdfs jI dI bfxI dIaF iehnF pMgqIaF df arQ kwZ ky vyKIN,
iqAu iqAu sYl krih ijAu BfvY..
mhrm mhl n ko atkfvY..
kih rivdfs Klfs cmfrf..
jo hm shrI su mIq hmfrf..

  BfeI bIbf[[[[ bhuq sohxf gfAunI eyN qUM, mfP krnf qYnUM BulyKy nfl hI bIbf kih igaF[[[ ieh lPjL qF suirMdr kOr, gurmIq bfvf, nirMdr bIbf vrgIaF gfiekfvF dy nfvF nfl hI sLoBdf hY, ijhnF nUM lok iewk PLnkfr vjoN hI siqkfr idMdy sn[[[ nf ik qyry vrgI gfAux vflI bIbI nUM hI afpxI supinaF dI rfxI smJ bYTdy hn. srsvqI rwj ky idafl hoeI aY qyry ‘qy. pr Auh vI vylf dUr nhIN jdoN srsvqI afpxf idwqf hoieaf qohPf QwpV mfr ky Kohx lwgI vI iJjkygI nhIN, ikAuNik afm hI ikhf jFdf hY ik ‘jdoN pRmfqmf idMdY qF Cwpr pfV ky idMdY qy jdoN KoNhdY qF QwpV mfr ky KoNhdY.’

gfiekf jIE! iewk kuVI ho ky kuVIaF dI hI smfijk ajLfdI AuWpr ijMnIaF bMidsLF qyry gIqF ny lfeIaF ny, AuhnF bdly mfipaF dIaF bMdsLF df isLkfr hoeIaF kuVIaF qYnUM asIsF nhIN dy rhIaF hoxgIaF. kuVIaF df vI ivcfrIaF df nwcx twpx nUM idl krdf huMdY qy ivafh sLfdIaF hI AuhnF dy ies cfa nUM pUrf krn df sbwb bxdy ny. pr quhfzy ‘afeIzIaf’ mfrkf gIqF ny qF lokF dy idmfgF ‘c hux qwk iehI qUiVaf hY ik ‘ikvyN nwc rhI kuVI nUM iesLfry mfrny’ ‘jy nwcdI dI bFh PVH leI[[[ Pyr kI ho igaf?’ ‘qYnUM igwDy ‘c nwcdI nUM cwk ky lYjF’ ‘myrf qyry nfl nwcx nUM idl krdY’ vgYrf vgYrf[[[ mYnUM nhIN lwgdf ik qUM vI jF Qozf luMg-lfxf iksy ‘hor’ nUM iejfjLq dyvoN ik quhfzI afpxI ‘skI BYx’ nwcdI hovy qy qusIN iksy nUM awK pwt ky dyKdy nUM vI brdfsLq kro[[[[ cwk ky iljfxf qF dUr dI gwl hY!

hux gwl kbwzI dI vI kr lYny aF[[[ bysLwk iKzfrI iksy vI iKwqy dy sLFqI dUq mMny jfdy hn. pr Qozy vwloN ivwZI Byz cfl jfxI ik kOzI iKzfrIaF dy afsLkI imjfjI vfly gIqF ny afm lokF dy mnF ivwc ieh gwl jrUr ibTfeI hovygI ik QoVHy-bhuqy zOly ijhy bxf ky hr iKzfrI hI kuafrIaF-kuVIaF ‘qy awK rwKdf hoAU[[ sLfied quhfzy gIqF ijvyN ik ‘iGE vFgUM lwgy qyrf ipafr sohxIey, nI mYnUM kOzI dy iKzfrI nUM’ suxky ivcfry kOzI iKzfrI vI Gr dIaF KurfkF Cwz ky tIikaF df afsrf lYx lwgy hox qy kuJ ku afsLkI ‘c glqfn ho ky afpxI msLUk dy ipafr nUM hI iGE smJI bYTy hox. pqf nhIN ikAuN iksy kbwzI iKzfrI ny vI aijhy byquky gIqF iKlfP afvfj ikAuN nhIN AuTfeI ik ‘asIN aYsy nhIN hF, sfzy Gr vI DIaF BYxF hn[[[ sfzf jLor dysL pMjfb jF sfzI mF Kyz df mfx vDfAux leI hY! nf ik kuVIaF nUM idKfAux leI!’ pMjfb ‘c qF kuVIaF pihlF hI kuwKF ‘c mfrIaF jf rhIaF hn. AuhnF leI hfa df nfarf mfrnf qF dUr dI gwl[[[ qUM qF AuhnF dy kqlyafm nUM hwlfsLyrI dyx dy rfh qurI peI aYN. Auh puwC ikvyN[[[[[ lY sux, ijhVy mfpy qyry jF qyry hor BYxF BrfvF vwloN gfey jFdy kuVIaF nUM ‘mfsLUkF’ drsfAux vfly gIq suxdy hoxgy, AuhnF mnF ivwc pfk-pivwqr soc vflIaF kuVIaF AuWpr vI sLwk dI sUeI itkidaF dyr nhIN lwgdI hovygI. qYnUM vI Xfd hoxY ik pMjfb ivwc iewk vfr ‘nYnI’ kors krky ivdysL jfx leI kuVIaF ivwc iewk Jwl ijhf Cfieaf hoieaf sI. ijhnIN idnIN pMjfb dy ipMz ipMz ‘coN kuVIaF cMzIgVH dy nYnI koicMg sYNtrF qoN nYnI dI ‘koicMg’ lY rhIaF sn. AuhnIN idnIN hI Qozy lfxy dy iewk gfiek sfbH df gIq afieaf sI ik:
"bYTjf buwlt Auwqy Cfl mfrky,
idloN vihm kwZ ky.
cMzIgVH JIl dI krfdUM qYnUM sYr,
afjIN tYm kwZky."

ijhVy mF ipAu dIaF shuM Kfx jogIaF isafxIaF DIaF vI cMzIgVH pVHdIaF hoxgIaF, Qozy gfiek lfxy dI swiBafcfr dI kIqI 'syvf' suxky iewk vfr qF AuhnF mfipaF dy idmfg vI jrUr suMn hoey hoxgy ik ikqy sfzI 'bIbI' vI iksy buwlt vfly nfl JIl dI sLYr krdI iPrdI, AuhnF dy DOly-Jfty 'c Kyh nf puafAuNdI iPrdI hovy? kflj, skUl qF ivwidaf dy mMdrF vjoN iKafl kIqy jFdy hn. pr QozI kuwJ vwD hI swiBafcfrk soc ny iehnF nUM vI afsLkI dy awzy bxf idwqY. ikhVf mF ipE hovygf jo QozI swiBafcfr dI syvf qoN pRBfivq ho ky afpxIaF DIaF nUM AuWc-ivwidaf leI iksy lfgly ksby jF sLihr ‘c vI Byjx dI ihMmq krygf? ikAuNik qusIN qF lokF dy idmfgF ‘c kMzy hI aijhy bIj idwqy hn ik kuVIaF nUM GroN bfhr kwZx qoN pihlF hr mfpf hjLfr vfr socygf. isafixaF df kQn hY ik jy quhfzy pwly koeI inwgr soc jF gux hY qF AusnUM vMzxf cfhIdf hY, qF jo isafxp df psfrf cfry pfsy ho sky.

ieh gwl mMnxXog hY ik qyry gly ‘c kuJ nf kuJ qF hY. pr asl PLfiedf Pyr sI, jy gly dI imTfs nUM lokF dy duwKF drdF, DIaF BYxF leI hfa df nfarf mfrn, BrUx hwiqaf, dfj dhyj, byrujLgfrI, iBRsLtfcfr afid smyq sYNkVy hI dndnfAuNdIaF iPrdIaF smfijk alfmqF iKlfPL vrqdI. qUM qF mF dIey DIey gfAux dy gux nUM skUlF ‘c afsLkI vfVn leI hI vrq rhI hYN. iewQy vI iewk gwl Xfd af geI[[[ iewk vfr dunIafdfrI qoN aiBwj ijhIaF mF-DI qurIaF jf rhIaF sn. awgoN gl ‘c lmkdI twlI df cIk-ichfVf puafeI iPrdf boqf, jfxI ik AUT af irhf sI. mF qy DI dovF nUM hI nhIN sI pqf ik jfnvr df nF kI hY, qy Auhdy gl ‘c kI hY? DI ny mF nUM puwiCaf, “mF ‘kI’ dy gl ‘c ‘kI’ af?” mF nUM vI jy pMjfb dy lokF vFgUM kuJ surq huMdI, Pyr hI dwsdI[[? Auh ivcfrI iTwT ijhI huMdI bolI, “cwl Gr cwlIey[[kuvylf hoeI jFdY[[[ ‘ieho ijihaF’ dy glF ‘c ‘ieho ijhy’ hI huMdy af.” Auh idn vI dUr nhIN hn, jy qusIN lokF dI DI-BYx ‘iewk’ krn vfly gOx-pfxI df KihVf nf Cwizaf qF lok vI ieh kihky pfsf vwt ilaf krngy ik jF qF bysLrmF ny sLrm dI loeI hI lfh CwzI hY, jF iPr ‘ieho ijihaF’ dy gilaF ‘coN ‘ieho ijhf’ gMdf pfxI hI inwklU. AumId hY ik myrIaF kmakl dIaF hwQ joV ky kIqIaF bynqIaF ‘qy jrUr gOr krogy. ijs idn lokF dy jLKmf ‘qy PYhf Drn vrgf koeI gIq qyry mUMhoN sunx nUM imilaf qF sLfied Aus idn qYnUM ‘afpxI BYx’ vrgI kihx df hOslf kr lvF[[[[[[ koeI lPLjLF dI vfD ‘Gft’ rih geI hovy qF lokF koloN mfPI mMgdf hF.

jyhf idisaf- qyhf iliKaf
(1)
afqm hwiqaf nhIN[[[[[
pRfpqI dy rfh pY vy lokf[[[[


mndIp KurmI ihMmqpurf (lMzn)
mo:- 0044 (0) 75191 12312

khurmi13deep@yahoo.in

ipafry pMjfb qoN afAuNdI hr TMZI qwqI hvf aKbfrF rfhIN mn AuWpr afpxf asr krdI rihMdI hY. rfjnIqIvfnF vwloN kIqI jFdI ieWk dUjy dI kuwq poh qoN lY ky kqlF, luwtF KohF jF iPr QF QF nfary mfrdy lokF dIaF KbrF hI pVHn nUM imldIaF ny. hr roj aKbfr dI pihlI surKI dyKx qoN pihlF buwlHF 'qy iehI ardfs huMdI hY ik "hy mflkf! KYr suwK hovy[[[[ brUd dy Zyr 'qy ibTfey pMjfb 'c[[!" pr hr rojL hI ardfs vI insPl ho jFdI aY jdoN ikwDry kql hoieaf suxINdY, ikwDry iksy nUM agvf krky iPrOqI mMgI suxINdI aY, ikwDry iksfnF dIaF jLmInF 'qy srkfrI dwby dI KLbr suxINdI aY qy ikDry nvjMmI bflVI dy gMdy nfly afid 'coN imly BrUx bfry KLbr suxINdI aY[[! kI ho igaY pMjfb nUM? iks mfrU rog ny mfr ilaY gulfb df Puwl? ikhnF dIaF bdnIqIaF df isLkfr ho rhy ny lok? ikAuN lok sMGrsLF df rfh Cwzky KudkusLIaF dy rfh ho qury ny? ikAuN[[[ ikAuN[[[[ ikAuN?
iehnF svflf dy jvfb mn nUM ajIb ijhI GuMmxGyrI 'c pf idMdy ny. ‘pMjfb dy jMimaF nUM inwq muihMmF’ bfry suixaf sI pr hux qF pMjfb dy jfey sMGrsF df rfh iqafg ky KudkusLIaF dy rfh ho qury ny. cfhy koeI eI[ jI[ aYWs[ vrkr hovy jf eI[tI[tI[ hovy, bI[ aYWz[ aiDafpk hovy jF iPr koeI hor hovy jo awKr igafn hfsl krky nOkrI lYx qwk puwjf hovy[[[ sB nUM ieMnf ku qF igafn hovygf hI ik roey ibnF qF mF vI duwD nhIN ipafAuNdI. kI iksy ny ieh suixaf hY ik ‘mry ibnF mF duwD nhIN ipafAuNdI?’ ieh kihx df mqlb ieh hY ik jy srkfrF qoN kuJ lYxf hY qF sMGrsL hI iewko iewk rfh hY ijsdy jLrIey Kud aqy dUijaF nUM kuJ hfsl ho skdf hY.

Kud nUM awg lgf ky ros pRdrsLn krnf ikwQoN ku dI isafxp hY? pMjfb ivwc hwkF  dI pRfpqI leI jUJ rhy vIro, BYxo ieiqhfs gvfh hY ik hwk sMGrsL kiraF hI pRfpq hoey hn. jy dysL dy afjfdI sMgrfm vyly vI gdrI bfby, krqfr srfBf, Bgq isMG, AUDm isMG afid quhfzy vfly ‘KudkusLI mfrkf PfrmUly’ vrqx lwgdy qF sLfied hI aYzI qkVI lfmbMdI hoxI sI ikAuNik lfmbMdI krn vfilaF ny qF pihlF hI Kud nUM awg lf ky sV mrnf sI. bVf duKI kIqf eI[ jI[ aYWs[ vlMtIar BYx ikrnjIq kOr dI mOq ny[[[ Aus qoN vI vDyry duwK AudoN hoieaf jdoN pVHy ilKy vrg dy PUhV afgU df dUjy idn hI aKbfrI ibafn piVHaf ik ‘ikrnjIq vFg kurbfnI leI hor vI bhuq iqafr hn.’ aijhy ibafn Kfs krky aiDafpk vrg dy mUMhoN inklxy hI drsf idMdf hY ik BivwK dy nyqfvF nUM Auh ikho ijhI nroeI syD dy dyxgy.  KudkusLIaF rfhIN afpxy hwk lYx dy BulyKy ivwc ivcr rhy myry vIr BYxF kI afpxy cyly bflikaF nUM vI iehI iswiKaf dyxgy ik jdoN quhfzI gwl nf suxI jFdI hovy qF cuwko imwtI dy qyl dI boql, ipMzy ‘qy iCVko qy lfE qIlI[[[[? Gwto Gwt ieho ijhf ruJfn iewk pVHy ilKy vrg dy ijhn df ihwsf bxnf dysL dy iswiKafqMqr dIaF jVHF ivwc Gux nhIN qF hor kI ikhf jfvygf? iewk aiDafpk qoN nroey smfj dI sQfpnf dI afs rwKI jFdI hY, pr KudkusLIaF dy zrfvy jF KudkusLIaF kr ky aiDafpk bixaF qoN kI afs rwKI jf skdI hY? afpxI hwkI afvfj suxfAux leI AuWcIaF QfvF dI loV nhIN huMdI sgoN inwgr dlIlF, bulMd hOsilaF aqy afqm ivsLvfs dI loV huMdI hY nf ik pfxI vflIaF tYNkIaF dI. afpxIaF mMgF mnvfAux leI ikMnf Auicq sfDn lwiBaf hY pMjfb dy pVHy ilKy vrg ny[[[[[[ Auh ny pfxI vflIaF tYNkIaF. kdy koeI aiDafpk tYNkI ‘qy cVH jFdY qy kdy dyKf dyKI byrujLgfr lfeInmYn tYNkI ‘qy jf cVHy. vfh beI vfh! sMGrsL nUM hI ikMnf hfsohIxf bxf idwqY sfzy pVHy ilKy sMGrsLsIlF ny[[[ ijhnF ny sMGrsLF nUM hI KudkusLIaF df mulMmHf cfVH idwqY. mfstro! iksy hmfqV df idmfg pRKx leI bfq pfeI jFdI hY ik 100 ByzF iewk phfV ‘qy Gfh cr rhIaF sn, iewk Byz ny phfV qoN Cfl mfr idwqI. dwso ik ipwCy ikMnIaF bfkI bcIaF? pr myry vrgy bUJV kih idMdy hn ik 99vyN. pr asl AuWqr ieh huMdY ik ‘koeI nhIN’. ikAuNik jy ‘Byzcfl’ ‘c af ky sfrIaF ny hI Cfl nf mfrI qF iPr ByzF ikAuN aKvfAux. dosqo! aijhf nf hovy ik lok quhfnUM kihx lwgx ik ‘mfstr vI hux Byzcfl df isLkfr hogy.’ aijhf vI nf hovy ik bycfry lok tUtIaF df pfxI pIxoN vI jfx ikAuNik Auh idn vI dUr nhIN jdoN srkfr Qozy PfrmUly qoN qMg af ky ipMzF ivclIaF pfxI dIaF tYNkIaF vI Zfhux df hukm dy dyvy.

   Eey mF idE mlfeI KfixAu! QonUM kOx smJfvy ik KudkusLIaF rfhIN ijMdgI qoN Cutkfrf pfAux nfloN sMGrsLF rfhIN hwk pRfpq krky sLfn nfl ihwk cOVI krky ijAux ‘c jo mjLf hY, Auh imwtI dy qyl nfl Kud nUM awg lf ky nhIN. AumId hY ik myry sohxy pMjfb df isafxf vrg ies ruJfn nUM sLih dyx nfloN afpxy hwQF nUM nfairaF rfhIN afvfjL bulMd krn dy afhr lfvygf nf ik imwtI dy qyl dI boql jF qIlI PVHn leI[[! aksr hI ikhf jFdY ik jdoN do eyky ‘kwTy ho jfx qF igafrF bx jFdy ny, jy iqMn hox qF iewk sO igafrF[[[ iesy qrHF hI jy iewk krky sMGrsL dy rfh quiraf jfvy qf ies gwl dI gfrMtI mYN idMdf hF ik quhfzy hwk Kohx dI koeI vI ihMmq nhIN krygf. pr jy iehI ‘eyky’ KudkusLIaF kridaF aMkVy vDfAux lwg gey qF Auh idn vI dUr nhIN jdoN pMjfb ijAuNdy mnuwKF nfloN KudkusLIaF krn vfly ‘sLhIdF’ krky ijLafdf jfixaf jfvygf. hux PYslf qusIN krnf hY ik duijaF nUM lfmbMd krky hwk pRfpqI dy rfh vwl qurnf hY jF iPr ‘sLhId’ bxky do iqMn iewtF dI mtI dI vlgx ‘c kYd ho ky rihxf hY. pMjfb dy lok quhfzy koloL sfkfrfqmk huMgfry dI afs rwKxgy. imwqro! awj vylf KudkusLIaF krn df nhIN sgoN ieh afvfj bulMd krn df hY ik
“afE AuWcf krIey hokf,
afqm hwiqaf nhIN[[[[
pRfpqI dy rfh pY vy lokf.”



‘‘Ëflmo, ieh kql ikAuN kIqf jy, ieh qF myrf bfl-sKfeI sI.``
sVk
`qy izwgy drKq df punr kql
kulbIr isMG kFg


aMnHyrIaF Juwlx qF vwzy vwzy mInfr qy ikilHaF dy ikMgry Zih jFdy ny, inmfxf ijhf drKq kI cIË hY! eys drKq, jo awj sVk qy cOÌfl izwg ipaf hY, mYN bcpn qoN jfxdf hF. myry ipqf mYƒ subHf svyry hI bfr bfr afvfËF dy ky AuTf ilaf krdy sn. imwTI nINd ƒ iqafgxf huMdf qF muÈkl hI sI pr GroN bfhr QoVf dUr jf ky hI hry-Bry Kyq ÈurU ho jFdy sn qy AUÈf dI sugMD smIr (bfid-sbf) qn-mn ƒ iKVf dyNdI. ieh drKq vI AudoN myry vFg hfly bcpn ivc hI sI, sfvy kcUc iehdy pwqy qy koml tihxIaF bhuq ipafrIaF lgdIaF sn. myry ipqf kihMdy sn : ‘‘ieh bhuq vwzf, CFdfr qy ÈkqIÈflI drKq bxygf.`` ies drKq dI Aumr bhuq lMmI huMdI hY. AudoN kudrq sfzy bhuq nyVy huMdI sI, PuwlF BrIaF ikafrIaF koloN lMGidaF mYN kdI Puwl qoVn df Xqn krdf qF sfzf qIjf sfQI (Cotf cfcf) rok dyNdf, ‘‘Puwl nhIN qoVIdy, bVf pfp lgdf ey.`` mYN iksy BfvI pfp qoN zr ky ipCFh hwt jFdf. munHyry ivwc vwzy vwzy drKq kdI kdI idE lgdy pr ijvyN ijvyN pUrb dI lflI AudY huMdI qF iehI drKq imwqr ipafry lgx lgdy.
    AunHF idnF ivwc asIN bwcy drKqF nfl Kyizaf krdy sF, awj vFg glI glI ikRkt dI itk itk nhIN sI huMdI. drbfr sfihb dI pRkrmf ivwc Kwby pfsy iek bhuq vwzf bohV huMdf sI, ijs dy Qwly kfxf pFDf munImI pVHn vfilaF dy bwicaF ƒ lMzy qy aONty pONty dy phfVy rtfieaf krdf sI. jdoN Auh afpxy ividafrQIaF ƒ Ëflmfnf ZMg nfl kuwtdf qF drKq ivwc rihMdy Coty Coty pMCI kurlfht pf dyNdy. Aus bfbf bohV dIaF ÈfKfvF lihrfx lgdIaF— keI vfr pFDf afp hI, iksy zr vjoN kih dyNdf : ‘‘jfE Gro GrI, CuwtI kro, kwl Xfd krky afAuxf!`` pFDy dI kYd qoN mukq ho ky Auh bfl-ividafrQI vI drKq dy muwZ qoN lY ky aKIrlIaF vwzIaF tfhxF qwk cVH ky GMtf, awDf GMtf AunHF nfl Kyz ky hI GrIN prqdy.
    ieh bfbf bohV sfzy leI iewk surwiKaq sQfn sI. sfƒ pMj-cfr dosqF ƒ srovr ivwc lMbIaF qfrIaF qy tuwBIaF mfrn dI afdq sI. AuWcf lMmf syvfdfr mihMdr isMG (rwb) sfƒ PVn leI kOzI Pyrf pfeI rwKdf. asIN do do GMty pfxI ivwc qrn qy KVo jfx df aiBafs kr lYNdy sF. rwb (mihMdr isMG jo muslmfn qoN iswK bixaf sI) awk ky Ërf ku afrfm krn lwgdf jF lMgr dy prÈfidaF dI mihk Aus ƒ Gyr lYNdI qF asIN dOV ky Aus bfby (bohV) dI buwkl ivwc jf vVdy. AuWQy asIN kmIËF qy kCihry tMgy huMdy sn. bs ieMny hI sfzy vsqr huMdy sn. CyqI-CyqI pihn ky pRkrmf ivwcoN GrF vl jFdIaF glIaF rfhIN afpo afpxy afhlixaF ivwc jf vVdy. jdoN rwb muVdf qF koeI qfrU Aus dy kfbU nf afAuNdf.
    ies bfby bohV dy kql vyly vI mYN bhuq duKI hoieaf sF. pRkrmf ƒ ivÈfl qy suMdr bxfAuxf sI. jdoN Auh bohV vwiZaf igaf qF swc jfxo mYƒ ieMj jfpy ijvyN myry hwz pYr kwty jf rhy hox. Èfied iehI aihsfs ipRM: qyjf isMG ƒ Kflsf kflj dI grfAUNz ivwcoN kwty jf rhy drKq dy vwZx vyly hoieaf hovygf ijwQy Auh afpxy dosq nfl bYT ky GMitaF bwDI ivhlIaF gwlF krdf qy sYr kiraf krdf sI.
   awj ies cOPfl izwgy drKq nfl vI EhI durgq ho rhI sI. izwg pYx dy bfvjUd AuhdIaF jVHF ajy qk Aus nfl juVIaF idsdIaF sn. vx-ivBfg dy kfmy vwzy vwzy afiraF nfl CqIrIaF-Xog ihwsy kwt rhy sn. jdoN drKq kwitaf jFdf hY qF ies dI qfËf bUr ivwcoN vI bVI ipafrI KuÈbU sfry mfhOl ƒ ieqrf dyNdI hY— drKq mrdf hoieaf vI mihk vMzdf hY. jdoN kuhfVI nfl vwzy vwzy tfhx vwZy jf rhy sn qF AunHF ivwcoN sMGxf rs vg irhf sI. 50 sflF dy drKq dy aMgF ivwcoN lhU vg irhf sI. motIaF motIaF lwkVF qF ivBfg dy krmcfrI kwt ky lY gey, hux bfkI rihMdy drKq AuWqy lotU tolf afpxI afpxI mrËI qy loV muqfbk Aus dy hwzF ƒ qurMz irhf sI. myrf jI krdf sI ik kUk ky khF, ‘‘Ëflmo, ieh kql ikAuN kIqf jy, ieh qF myrf bfl-sKfeI sI.`` kOx suxdf hY sfzI kUk? BfeI vIr isMG ny vI ‘‘ikwkr`` nfmI kivqf ivwc ikwkr df mfnvIkrx krdy hoey aMq ivwc iliKaf sI, ‘‘myry leI, hfie kuhfVf dunIaf!``



lfhnq Byjo ieho ijhF `qy/

afr[jI[ anMd


Cy ku sfl dI gwl ey, mYƒ cMgI qrHF Xfd nhIN, PrvrI df mhInf sI ik nvMbr df, bs ieMnf ku iDafn ey
peI hlkI hlkI TMZ sI. iek idn mYN qVksfr sYr krn jfx leI bUhf KoilHafqy agy iek kqUrf ipaf sI. Auhƒ
byiDafny ies leI cuwk ilaf, peI ikqy pYrF `c hI nf imwiDaf jfvy. vyiKaf qF Auhny hflI awKF vI nhIN sn KolHIaF .
ieAuN ligaf ijvyN qfËf qfËf hI jMimaf hovy. pr myry Gr awgy ikvyN? soicaf Èfied hrfm df hovy. iPr mn ƒ
smJfieaf, peI eyvyN BYVIaF gwlF nhIN socI dIaF. iehdy Gr vfly ÉOry mihMgfeI qoN Gbrf ky [[[[ aj klH qy bMdy kolo afpxI aOlfd nhIN sFBI jFdI qy iek kuwqy dI aOlfd pflx leI qF [[[ myrf idmfÊ ÉOry ikQy ikQy GuMm
 igaf. iPr soicaf, jy ieh gwl vI sI, AuhnF ƒ mYN hI ikAuN suiJaf? mYN qF aj qk kdy koeI kuwqf nhIN pfilaf!
soicaf, aFZ guaFZ, swjy Kwby dohF GrF `c do do iqMn iqMn kuwqy ny, AuhnF ƒ dy idaFgf, afpy pfl lYxgy. mYƒ qF swcI gwl ey eynf vI pqf nhIN, peI eyny Coty bfl dI Éurfk aj kI hoxI cfhIdI ey, hÌqy bfad kI qy mhIny bfad kI. DuMdlf ijhf iÉafl ies gl df ËrUr sI, peI kuwqf vrHy  `c juafn ho jFdf ey.
lAu jI, mYN sYr Buwl igaf qy Aus kqUry ƒ lY ky muV aMdr af igaf. kmry ivc af ky mYN Auhƒ ËmIn qy Qly lfhux dI koÈÈ krF qy Auh Auqy myrI bFh qy cVHx dI. do cfr vfrF ieMj kIqf, qy aÉIr mYN afpxf ierfdf bdl ilaf.mYƒ lgf ijvyN Aus ƒ myry hwQ `coN kuJ inwG af irhf sI. mYN Aus ƒ hor grm krn leI kuwCV lY ilaf qy Auh myry
ivMhidaF ivMhidaF gUVHI nINdy sON igaf. ivcfrf! ÉOry, Auhdy Gr vfly Auhƒ ikhVy vyly suwt gey sn.
QoVI dyr bfad myrI Gr vflI vI AuT bYTI qy cfh dI ipaflI bxf ilafeI. mYƒ PVfAux lgI qy myry kuwCV kqUrf vyK ky kihx lgI, ‘‘ieh ikQoN cuwk ilafey E?`` mYN ikhf, ‘‘cuwikaf nhIN, sfzy Gr koeI suwt igaf ey.``
‘‘Ébry, kIhdf ey, kIhdf nhIN, eyvyN vfDU df isafpf. suwto iehƒ bfhr.``
mYN ikhf, ‘‘idn cVH lvy, Bfgvfny, iPr vyKxy aF.`` Auh buV buV krdI clI geI qy mYN Kwby hQ nfl cfh pIx lg ipaf. swjy qy rFJf suwqf ipaf sI.
awDy GMty qIkx myry bwcy vI jfg pey. dovyN guwzIaF. ies vyly iek ds qy dUjI swq ku sfl dI sI. dovyN knvYNt skUl ivwc pVHdIaF sn. mYƒ ajIb qrHF bYiTaf vyK ky pihly bVIaF hYrfn hoeIaF, iPr kqUry ƒ kuwCV vyK ky vzI ny ikhf, ‘‘vwt ieË ids?`` (ieh kI hY?) CotI afiKaf , ‘‘ hAu svIt!`` (ikMnf ipafrf hY!) qy iPr dovyN iekwTIaF bol peIaF, ‘‘ikQoN ilaFdf, zYzI?`` mYN ikhf, ‘‘quhfzy leI ilafieaF.`` ieh gwl suxidaF sfr hI myrI Gr vflI aMdroN cONky `coN bol peI, ‘‘Ébry ikQoN [[[[`` mYN vI Auhƒ gwl pUrI nhIN krn idqI qy Pt ikhf, ‘‘ikQoN nhIN[[[ ieh qy mYN bwicaF leI ilafieaF .`` Gr vflI qF TwpI geI ; pr kuVIaF sO suaflF dI buCfV kr idqI. iek ikhf, ‘‘ikhVI bRIz df ey, zYzI?``
dUjI ikhf, ‘‘kuwqf ey, kuwqI, zYzI?``
zYzI horIN cwkrF `c pY gey. hux kihx qF kI kihx? nf qF zYzI ƒ AuhdI bRIz (nsl) df pqf qy nf Auhdy jYNzr (ilMg) df. hws ky ikhf, ‘‘idn cVH lvy, bytf, sB gwlF df pqf kr lvFgy.” drasl, Auh nr ey jF mdIn, mYN vyKx dI koÈÈ pihlF hI kr cuikaf sF, pr kuJ smJ nhIN sI afeI. bwicaF agy mYN afpxI km-aklI qy jhflq dsxI nhIN sF cfhuMdf. gwl afeIN bfeIN kr CzI. bwicaF ivcfiraF vI koeI gwl nf gOlI. hOly hOly Auhdy nMgy ipMzy qy hwQ Pyrn lg pey qy Auh hor suMgVx lg ipaf. bwcy afpdf skUl vI Buwl gey.
‘‘hux iehƒ Czo qy nhfAu Dovo. qusF skUl vI jfxf ey.`` aMdroN Gr vflI dI zFt afeI. mYN bwcIaF ƒ AuTf idqf qy Auhƒ Ausy qrHF sOx idqf. Auh pwTf zyZ GMtf hor suwqf. bwcy skUl jFidaF suwqy ƒ hI tf-tf kr gey. myrf vI Èyv krn qy nhOx Dox df vylf ho igaf sI. Auhƒ Cwz ky dÌqr clf igaf. pr nOkr ƒ kih igaf Auhdy duwD dD df iÉafl rKy.

Èfm ƒ Gr afieaf qy bwcy Auhdy nfl Kyz rhy sI. mYƒ vyKidaF iek ny ikhf, ‘‘zYzI, asIN ivKf ilaf ey, ieh kuwqf ey, asIN iehdf nF bobI rwK idqf ey.`` dUeI nwT ky iek lwzU cuwk ilafeI. myry mUMh `c pf ky ikhf, ‘‘asF pfkt mnI (jyb Érc) `coN ÉrId ky vMzy sI.`` sfzI Gr vflI bVf rOlf pfieaf, peI kuwqf rKxf eI ey qF cwj df rKo, pr bwcIaF agy koeI bihs nf clI [[[[ qy bobI sfzI ÌYmlI df mYNbr bx igaf.
sfƒ nf AuhdI Ëfq df pqf lgf qy nf hI Auhdy agy ipCy df. pr dosqF XfrF, irÈqydfrF ijs vI afAuxf, pqf nhIN ikAuN ieh ËrUr puwCxf, ‘‘ikhVI bRIz df ey?`` iek do vfrF qy cuwp ho rhy, iPr asIN kihxf ÈurU kr idqf, ‘‘muÊlIaf nsl `coN ey.``
vrHf bIq igaf qy bobI iek dm kwd kwZ afieaf. do Ìuwt qy Cy ieMc. nsl df vI pqf lg igaf—alsyÈIan, pr doglf. asIN vyiKaf aFZ guaFZ dy kuwqy sB eyvyN eI sn, nf iksy dI koeI Ëfq ey, nf Éfndfn (svfey iek kuwqI dy jIhdy bfry iËkr agy cl ky krFgf) iehnF sfiraF `coN sfzf bobI sB qoN sohxf. gwiTaf hoieaf ijsm, cusq, lMm slMmf qy inDVk. ijs vyly vI isr cuwk ky afpxy dovyN kMn KVy krdf, ieAuN lgdf, ijvyN kih irhf hovy, ‘‘ikAuN beI, koeI hY?`` mYN kihMdf jI, AuhdI sfrI brfdrI Auhdy qy rÈk kry qy Auhƒ afpxy Gr afAux dI dfavq dyvy, bwcIaF qy mYN ijs vyly vyKxf, bobI sfzy vl ieMj qwkxf ijvyN puwC irhf hovy, ‘‘jI jfvF ik nf?`` asIN smJdy sF, beI, iehdy leI ieh sosfietI TIk nhIN, ikAuNik bobI dI Ëfq iehnF sfiraF nfloN ikqy iËafdf AucI ey. pr asIN ikAuNik do sfl ‘‘Ëfq pfq qoVk mMzl`` dy mYNbr rhy sI qy iensfn dI bxfeI hoeI AUc nIc ƒ burf smJdy sI qy nfly afpxI ies kmËorI ƒ vI jfxidaF hoieaF, peI asIN Auhdy leI iksy hor sfQI df vI qy bMdobsq nhIN sI kIqf hoieaf (aFZIaF guaFZIaF sB dy Gr joVy qoN Gt ikqy vI nhIN sI) iek idn Auhƒ ieÈfrf kr idqf, peI, Auh byÈk AuhnF nfl Kyzy mly.
Auh idn sfzy leI bVf BYVf idn sfbq hoieaf. hux Auhdf afAux-jfx sB dy GrF `c ho igaf. (jy qusIN kdI koeI kuwqf riKAu, ieh ÊlqI iblkul nf kiraf jy).
sfzy sjy guaFZI bnIey ny, bVy hI ÈrIÌ. sbjLIKor, dfl Bfq Kfx vfly [[[[ pr iPr vI bobI df ipafr AuhnF nfl kuJ iËafdf eI ho igaf. Auh sfzy Gr df mfs mwCI Cwz ky sfrf sfrf idn AuDr hI rihx lg ipaf, qy AuhnF dI dfl rotI nfl sMquÈt ho igaf. kihMdy ny, kuwqf bVf vÌfdfr jfnvr huMdf hY. pr kljug df asr inry iensfn qy hI nhIN, jfnvrF qy vI hoieaf hY. mYN kihnF, jI, Auhny sfzy vloN QoVy eI idnF ivwc ies qrHF awKF Pyr leIaF ijvyN sfƒ Auh jfxdf eI nf hovy. iek do mhIny vfh vfh iKcoqfx rhI. bwicaF Auhƒ vfjF mfrnIaF, mYN vI Auhƒ afpxy Gr vl DUhx dI koÈÈ krnI, pr sB ÌËUl. ijs vyly Auhdf mUz hovy, af jfvy, nhIN qF suxI axsuxI sB brfbr kr Czy. aÉIr iek idn afieaf, myry bwcy iKwJx qy rox, mYN AuhnF ƒ smJfieaf, beI dÌf kro ies kuwqy ƒ. nhIN afAuNdf qF isr suafh pfAu Auhdy.
qusIN hYrfn hovogy, iek idn mYN afpxy guaFZIaF ƒ AulFBf idqf, pr AuhnF myry mUMh qy mfrI qy ikhf, ‘‘bfdÈfho afpxf Gr sFBo, asIN QohVf sddy aF Auhƒ.`` gwl TIk sI. qy asIN hOlI hOlI Auhdy nfl dy Gr ies qrHF vD jfx dy sdmy ƒ sih gey. sfzy Gr `c Auhny nf sfƒ afAux vyly puwiCaf sI qy nf jfx vyly.
asl `c (mYN quhfƒ pihlF vI ds cuikaf hF) guaFZIaF dy Gr do kuwqy hn. aj qoN nhIN, swqf awTF sflF qoN. iek df nF sI jOhn qy dUjy df myrI. bobI dy AuDr cly jfx dy koeI mhInf ku bfad, ieh gwl Auz geI ik myrI ny jOhn koloN qlfk lY ilaf hY qy hux bobI nfl rihx lg peI hY. lokIN ieh vI kihx, peI jOhn bVI smJ vflf qy iksy ÈrIP Éfndfn df kuwqf hY. qy Aus afpxI iewËq qoN zridaF bfhr iksy iksm df rOlf qy kI pfAuxf sI, aMdr afpxI Gr vflI nfl vI koeI pRotYst nhIN kIqf. qy hux Auh iqMny iek hI twbr vFg iekwTy rihx lg pey hn. myrI ƒ iek nvF Ksm lwB ipaf. afpxy qoN swq awT sfl juafn qy bobI ƒ iek sfQx lwB peI afpxy qoN swq awT sfl vzI, vDyry qjrbfkfr. asIN Auhƒ Buwl gey, qy Auh sfƒ. hux sfzy Gr `c cwkr pY igaf koeI kuwqf ilafAu, BfvyN ikiqAuN ilafAu. bobI dI aOlfd asIN lYxf nhIN sI cfhuMdy. asF Gr dy Kwby pfsy ingfh mfrI ikAuNik AuhnF dy Gr vI do iqMn kuwqy sn. iek ikwtI, pwkf dysI, myrf mqlb ey, Éfls afrIaf nsl. ieMj nhIN peI cMgyËI ; purqgyËI, muÊlIaf, qYmUr ilMgI, aÌgfnI qy Kbry hor kIhdf kIhdf ÉUn imilaf hovy. dUjI Auhdy Gr vflI, rItf, Éfls myrI, spynIal. qIjf eyvyN bgYr iksy nf qy ÈKsIaq dy QoVf icr jIivaF qy mr igaf. Kbry CVf sI ies krky. puwiCaf qy pqf lgf ik hF, AuhnF dy Gr ÉuÈI hox vflI hY. asIN POrn AuhnF koloN vihdf lY ilaf, peI, jdoN vI ikwtI dy aOlfd hovy, Auh sfƒ Auhdf ipwlf ËrUr dy dyxgy. lAu jI, mhIny `c hI rItf dI god hrI ho geI qy guaFZIaF afpxf vihdf pUrf kr idqf. asIN iPr iek kuwqy vfly ho gey.
aYqkI bwcIaF Auhdf nF pwmU riKaf. qy vfDf ieh hoieaf, peI sfƒ Auhdy Éfndfn, Auhdy agy ipCy, Auhdy jnm idn kI blik aYn vkq df vI pqf lg igaf. (asF AuhdI jnm kuMzlI vI bxvfeI) jd vI sfƒ koeI puwCdf, asIN bVy ÈOk qy ÌÉr nfl Auhdf sfjrf - nsb dsdy qy kihMdy, ‘‘ieh aYNglo ieMzIan ey.``

sfl ku bIiqaf qy pwmU afpxf kwd kiZaf, pr afpxy mF ipAu ijMnf vI nf inkilaf. ikwtI df kwd muÈkl nfl pOxy do Ìut sI qy rItf ivcfrI Puwt vI nhIN sI. pwmU zyVH qoN agy nf viDaf.
hux sfzy iqMnF GrF ivwc Cy kuwqy ho gey.
iqMn swjy pfsy — bobI qy myrI (rMn Ksm) qy jOhn ( myrI df pihlf ÉfvMd)
Kwby pfsy—ikwtI qy rItf (rMn Ésm)
qy sfzy Gr—pwmU (spuwqr ikwtI rItf qy iÌlhfl CVf)
ikwtI dy kwd bfry mYN quhfƒ ds cukf hF. ikwtI Cotf ËrUr sI, pr sI bVf Ëflm qy ÉUnKfr. pqf nhIN ikAuN bobI qy ikwtI `c duÈmxI pY geI qy dovyN iek dUjy dI jfn dy vYrI ho gey. mYN eyvyN JUT ipaF bolF—awKIN qy kuJ vyiKaf nhIN. aFZ-guaFZ dI Éusr-Pusr qoN pqf lgf. bobI ikwtI dI Gr vflI rItf qy vI awK rKx lg ipaf. qy ikwtI ieh mdfÉlq brdfÈq krn leI iblkul iqafr nhIN sI. Auhny bobI ƒ KulHm-KulHf kih idqf, ‘‘puwqr, mYƒ axjfx nf smJIN. aj qoN bfad jy mYN qYƒ rItf vl burI jF cMgI iksy vI nIaq nfl qwkidaF vyK ilaf, ÉUn pI jfvFgf qyrf.`` iksy hd qk gwl TIk vI sI qy asIN kdy ieh suÌny ivwc vI nhIN sI soicaf, peI bobI eynf kMjr inklygf. afpxy mF ipAu df huMdf, kdI nf ies qrHF krdf. Ébry, kIhdI aOlfd sI?
sc ieh gwl mYN quhfƒ dsxI Buwl igaf. ies dOrfn `c bobI qy pwmU afps `c bVy gUhVy Xfr bx gey. sfƒ pwmU df ieh Xfrfnf iblkul cMgf nhIN sI lgdf, ikAuNik asIN smJdy sF peI, bobI dy cfl cln df asr Auhdy qy vI peygf. do cfr vfr boly, bky, pr pwmU qy sfzI nsIhq df koeI asr nhIN hoieaf. asIN  ikAuNik iek kuwqf pihloN guaf cuky sF, pwmU ƒ bVI kVI ingrfnI `c riKaf qy Auhƒ Buwl ky vI kdy AuhnF dy Gr nf jfx idqf. pr hux bobI ieDr afAux lg ipaf. qy vylf afieaf, Auh sfrf sfrf idn sfzy hI Gr rihx lg ipaf. guaFZIaF dy bwcy bobI ƒ vfjF mfrn. Auh Auhƒ afpxy Gr vl DUMhdy. pr Auh koeI gwl hI nf gfAuldf. afKr AuhnF ivcfiraF iek idn sfƒ AulFBf idqf qy asIN vI AuhnF ƒ AuhI juafb idqf ijhVf AuhnF sfƒ idqf sI, ‘‘pfqÈfho afpxf Gr sFBo, asIN QoVHf sddy aF Auhƒ?`` mYN kihnF, jI, afpdf bdlf lfh ilaf. Auh mËf afieaf, peI quhfƒ kI dsF?
hux socx vflI gwl ieh sI— peI, pwmU df bobI df dosq bx jfxf ikwtI ƒ KulHf cYlMj sI. ikwtI ijs vyly vI bobI ƒ iekwilaF vyKdf, hmlf kr dyNdf qy pwmU bobI dI afvfË suxidaF hI Cfl mfr ky AuhdI mdd ƒ jf phuMcdf. qy iek ÉOPnfk XuD ÈurU ho jFdf. kdy ikwtI lhU luhfn ho jFdf qy kdy bobI. pr pwmU BONk BONk ky isrP ÌOjI bYNz df eI kMm krdf. AuhnF df ÉUn krf dyNdf qy afp hmyÈf sbUqf hI inkl afAuNdf. pqf nhIN Èfied ies kr ky, peI Auhdf kwd Cotf sI qy pqf nhIN ikwtI ipAu puwqr dy nfËuk irÈqy df iDafn rKdf sI. pr iehnF iqMnF dI lVfeI hoxI, ËrUr hoxI qy roË hoxI. iehnF df mYdfin jMg sfzf Gr bx igaf. iek idn aYqvfr df idn sI. mYN dupihr vyly ipCy bfÊ `c bYTf aÉbfr pVH irhf sF qy kI vyKdF, peI bobI rItf vl hs hs ky ieÈfry kr irhf ey! qy rItf vI AuhnF df juafb dy rhI hY. mYN qF jI kMn vlHyt ky, ieh soc ky peI iehnF ƒ iksy iksm dI aOK qy aOkV nf mihsUs hovy, cuwp kr ky aMdr af igaf. pr Aus idn mYƒ ieh smJ af geI, peI bobI ny pwmU nfl XfrI ikAuN lfeI sI. lAu jI mYN qF afpxy Gr dI bdnfmI ho jfx dy zr qoN ieh gwl iksy hor nfl nf kIqI, pr lok TIk aFhdy ny ieÈk qy muÈk kdy luky nhIN rihMdy. mYN afhnF, jI, sfry mhly `c pqf lg igaf

bobI rItf dy romFs dIaF gwlF nÈr ho geIaF. bobI rItf dy ieÈk `c afpxy Gr dI rotI qy Cwz eI cukf sI, sfzy Gr vI jIkx Auhƒ rItf qoN koeI qswlIbÉÈ juafb iml jFdf, Auh mUMh mIt lYNdf. qy ikMny idn BuwiKaf eI afpxI mfÈUk dy ihjr ivwc afhF Brdf rihMdf . ies gwl df bhuqf rOlf nf vI pYNdf jy rItf Ërf smJ qoN kMm lYNdI.
hoieaf ieAuN ik ikwtI, bobI qy pwmU dI lVfeI ijs vyly hoxI, jOhn qy myrI sjy Gr `coN qy rItf Kby Gr `coN afrfm nfl bih ky hIro, ivln qy sfeIz hIro dI lVfeI vyKxI. rItf ny Ébry ies kr ky peI jy myrI bobI ƒ sFB skdI ey qF Blf Auh ikAuN nhIN sFB skdI. myrI ies kr ky peI bobI dI ikqy lwq bFh tuty qy Auhƒ pqf lgy, peI bfhrilaF nfl ieÈk kI Bfa pYNdf ey qy jF ieh dovyN Ébry ies kr ky peI asIN ËnfnIaF vF, kfhƒ aYvyN mrdF dI gwl `c dKl dyeIey. qy jF Ébry ies kr ky peI bobI mry qy jOhn afpxI myrI sFBy, Ébry, iks iks dI kI kI soc sI; sB dI soc TIk vI hoxI ey, pr km aË km rItf ƒ KulHm KulHf ies qrHF nhIN sI krnf cfhIdf.
virHaF dy vrHy bIqdy gey. bobI rItf df ieÈk nf Cizaf qy iktI afpxf vYr nf kiZaf. iek idn svyry AuTy qy rOlf ipaf hoieaf sI. rItf hY nhIN. sB df Èk bobI Auqy, qy bobI bYTf sfzy Gr `c hux sO mUMh qy sO gwlF. koeI afKy rItf Èrm aflI sI, roË dy JgiVaF qoN qMg af ky Aus afqm hwiqaf kr leI hY, qy iksy hor nfl nT geI hY, koeI afKy nhIN jI, ieh qF ikwtI ny ies zr qoN, peI Auh bobI nfl nf nT jfey, Auhƒ aMdro aMdrI igwcI Guwt ky mfr suwØitaf ey. koeI afKy bobI qy pwmU dohF bdmfÈF rl ky Auhƒ ikqy nTf idqf hY. qusIN vyK lYxf pMjf sqF idnF ivwc iehnF vI nT jfxf ey. lokF dIaF gwlF do cfr idn kr sux afÉr Éqm ho geIaF. pr ies JgVy `c pwmU dy cfl cln qy vI dfÊ lg igaf. rItf scI mucI mr geI jF iksy hor nfl nT geI iek Byd hI rih igaf. qy ikwtI iek gloN rMzf ho igaf . asF do cfr vfr guaFZIaF koloN gwl ivwc vl-Pyr pf ky aslI gwl kZx dI koÈÈ vI kIqI, pr Auh bVy huiÈafr qy cflfk sn, tflmtol kr gey. qy sfzy hwQ-ply rqf ijMnI vI sUh nf idqI. asF vI soicaf, clo Czo, aYvyN murdy puwtx df kI Ìfiedf, pr afdmI dI iÌqrq ey nf, sB kuJ jfxidaF hoieaF vI pqf ËrUr lYxf cfhuMdf ey, asl gwl kI ey.
iek idn ijs vyly guaFZI ikqy bfhr gey hoey sI asIN ikwtI ƒ ipafr kr ky qy cMgf coKf Kuaf ky, gwl puwCx dI koÈÈ kIqI. Auhny KulHm-KulHf qF kuJ nf ikhf, pr ijs qrHF Auh bobI qy pwmU vl vyK irhf sI, sfÌ lgdf sI peI Auhdf Èk qF iehnF dohF qy hI sI. ho skdf ey iehnF dohF luwicaF vfkeI Auhƒ kZf idqf hovy jF scIN Auhƒ kuJ Kuvf idqf hovy. jy ieh swc hY qy pwmU Xfr ipCy afpxI mF mfr sutI.
rItf muk geI, Ìsfd dI jVH muk geI. lVfeI JgVf, ÌOjI bYNz sB TMZf pY igaf. ikwtI Audfs, cuwp cfp ÈrIÌ ÈihrI bx igaf. bobI qy pwmU jy Auhƒ llkfrx vI qy Aus awKF dUjy pfsy kr ky lMG jfxf. jy vfkeI rItf dy kfql ieh dovyN sn qF Auhdf ieh rvweIaf iblkul jfieË sI.
Cy mhIny hor lMG gey. bobI qy pwmU qy myry Gr eI rih rhy sI. iek idn mYN kI vyKxf, myrI vI sfzy Gr afeI hoeI ey. AuhdI cfl-Zfl qy Èkl qoN ieMj lgf ijvyN Auh grBvqI ey. pMjF sqF idnF `c Auhdy bwcy hoey qy sB df muhFdrf pwmU qy. kuJ idn qF guaFZIaF ieh gwl dbfeI rKI, pr bfad ivwc jxf-Kxf vI kihx lg ipaf, peI myrI bobI ƒ vI Cwz geI ey qy hux pwmU ny Auhdy qy cfdr pf leI ey. bobI qF sfzy Gr afieaf eI hoieaf sI, myrI vI ieDry af geI.

hux swjy Gr jOhn iekwlf. Kwby ikwtI iekwlf. qy sfzy Gr bobI, pwmU qy AuhnF dI sFJI mÈUkf myrI, bobI qy pwmU ivwc kdy koeI lVfeI nhIN hoeI. ieMj lgdf sI ijvyN myrI AuhnF dohF ƒ smJf ilaf sI, peI vyKo rItf nT geI ey jF Pfhy lg geI ey qy jy hux qusIN dovyN lVy, mYN vI jF ikqy nT jfvFgI jF mr jfvFgI. kuJ vI sI iehnF iqMnF `c koeI nf koeI smJOqf ËrUr ho igaf lgdf sI.

kuJ idn hor bIqy qy mYN vyiKaf ikwtI qy jOhn bfhr sVk qy iekTy bYTy hoey hn. dovyN Audfs, dohF dIaF awKF `c awQrU. Ébry qy jOhn ikwtI ƒ Auhdy rMzy ho jfx df aÌsos kr irhf sI qy Ébry dovyN iek dUjy ƒ afpxI afpxI bIqI suxf rhy sI. ieAuN lgdf sI ijvyN kih rhy hox lfhnq Byjo ieho ijhy Gr afilaF qy.



2[
28 sqµbr, jnmidn 'qy ivÈyÈ


ÈhId Bgq isµG df inÈfnf
smfijk ivvsQf ƒ bdlxf sI

aYs aYl ivrdI aYzvokyt,
isvl korts PgvfVf, pµjfb.
Pon: 01824-265887, 98145 17499


     aËfdI GulftIey srdfr ikÈn isµG, ajIq isµG aqy svrn isµG iqµnoN Brf 28 sqµbr, 1907 ƒ jylH ivwcoN irhfa ho ky afey qF Ausy idn ÈhId Bgq isµG df jnm hoieaf. Aus dy cfcf aËIq isµG ƒ 1907 eI[ ivwc aµgryË sfmrfjIaF ny jlfvqn kr idwqf aqy dUjy cfcf svrn isµG ƒ jylH ivwc hI BYVf vrqfE krky 1910 ivc ÈhId kr idwqf igaf sI. aËfdI sµgrfm ivc Aus dy ipqf ƒ vI vfr vfr jylH jfxf ipaf. aijhy ienklfbI GrylU vfqfvrx ny Bgq isµG ƒ bcpn ivwc hI ieµnklfbI bxf idwqf.
     PrvrI 1922 ivwc gorKpur lfgy cOrf cOrI kFz ivwc mfry gey 23 ispfhIaF bdly 226 BfrqIaF ‘qy mukwdmf clf ky 172 ƒ PFsI dI sËf suxfeI geI. bfd ivwc iehnF ivwcoN 19 ƒ PFsI idwqI geI, 14 ƒ kflypfxI dI Aumr kYd, 19 ƒ 8 sfl kYd, 57 ƒ pµj sfl kYd aqy 20 ƒ iqµn sfl kYd dI sËf idwqI geI. iesy qrF pµjfb ivwc ikÈn isµG gVgwj aqy pµj horF ƒ PFsI lwgI.
     iehnF hYlfqF 'c Bgq isµG pVHfeI ivwcoN Cwz ky 1924 'c kfnpur cly igaf. iewQy Aus ny sicµdrnfQ sfinafl, suryÈ cµdr BwtfcfrIaf, mnmQnfQ gupq, scINdrnfQ bKÈI afid nfl iml ky 1925 ivwc ‘ihµdusqfn irpbilkn aYsosIeyÈn' (aYc[ afr[ ey) bxfeI. iPr ies ivwc rfmpRsfd ibsiml, rfijµdr lfihVI, asPfkuwlf, roÈn isµG, cµdr ÈyKr afËfd vI srgrm hoey. Bgq isµG ny ‘nOjvfn Bfrq sBf bxfeI', qy Auh Aus df jnrl skwqr bixaf.
     1925 ivwc iehnF ienklfbIaF ‘qy ‘kfkorI sfËÈ kys' clfieaf igaf. ies ivwc rfmpRsfd ibsiml, roÈn isµG aqy aÈPfkuwlf ƒ 19 dsµbr 1927 ƒ PFsI idwqI geI. rfijµdr lfihVI ƒ do idn pihlF 17 dsµbr ƒ hI PFsI dy idwqI geI. scINdrnfQ sfinafl ƒ kflypfxI dI sËf hoeI. mnmQnfQ gupq ƒ 14 sfl, XogyÈ ctrjI, mukµdI lfl, rfmikRÈn aqy rfj kumfr isµG ƒ ds-ds sfl, ivÈv Èrn dubils qy suryÈ BwtfcfrIaf ƒ swq-swq sfl, Buipµdr sfinafl, rfmdulfry iq®vydI, pRym ikRÈn Kµnf ƒ pµj-pµj sfl kYd hoeI.
     Auprokq hYlfqF dy mwdy nËr Bgq isµG aqy nOjvfn ienklfbIaF dy iewk gruwp ny 9 aqy 10 sqµbr, 1928 ƒ PIroËÈfh kotlf mYdfn ivwc iekwTy ho ky iewk nvIN pfrtI ‘ihµdusqfn soÈilst rIpbilkn aYsosIeyÈn (afrmI)' bxfeI aqy Bgq isµG ies df afgU bixaf.
     kfkInfzf ivKy 1928 ivc kFgrs sµmyln hoieaf ijs ivc muhµmd alI ny afpxy pRDfngI BfÈx ivc dilqF ƒ ijnHF ƒ Aus smyN aCUq ikhf jFdf sI, ihµdU aqy muslmfn sµsQfvF ivc vµz dyx df suJfa idwqf. eysy dOrfn Bgq isµG df iek lyK ‘aCUq df svfl' ‘ikrqI' jUn, 1928 dy aµk ivc ‘ivdrohI' dy nFm hyT Cipaf ijs ivc Bgq isµG ny ilwiKaf :-
‘‘sfzy dyÈ dI jo hflq hY, Aus nfloN mfVI hflq iksy hor dyÈ dI nhIN hovygI. iewQy ajIb qoN ajIb svfl pYdf huµdy hn. iek bhuq vwzf svfl aCUq df hY. 30 kRoV abfdI vfly dyÈ dy Cy kroV afdmI aCUq  khfAuNdy hn, AunHF ƒ Coh lYx nfl Drm iBRÈt ho jFdy hn.  AunHF dy mµdrF ivc jfx nfl pwQr dy dyvqy ruws jFdy hn. AuhnF dy KUh qoN pfxI Br lYx nfl KUh iBwitaf nhIN jFdf hY? ieh svfl vIhvIN sdI ivc suxidaF hI Èrm afAuNdI hY.
     isµD dy iek muslmfn swjx sRI nUr muhµmd, mYNbr kONsl ny ies msly bfry 1926 ivc KUb ikhf sI  ik jdoN qusIN iek mnuwK ƒ pIx vflf pfxI dyx qoN vI ienkfr krdy ho jF jdoN qusIN AunHF ƒ skUlF ivc pVHn qwk nhIN idµdy qF quhfzf kI hwk bxdf hY ik afpxy leI hor hwkF dI mµg kro? jdoN qusINN iek iensfn dy sfDfrn aiDkfr vI Aus ƒ nhIN dy skdy qF qusINN hor rfjnIqk aiDkfr mµgx dy hwkdfr ikvyN bx gey? ieh shI aqy swcI gwl hY. [[[Ërf soco, iek kuwqf quhfzI god ivc bYT skdf hY, rsoeI aµdr Guµm-iPr skdf hY, pr iek afdmI ƒ jy Coh lAu qF Drm iBwitaf jFdf hY! sfzf ieh ivhfr aikRqGxqf dI hwd hY. sfzy leI jo GtIaf qoN GtIaf kµm krky sfzy suwKF ivc vfDf krdy hn, AunHF ƒ asIN durkfrdy hF. jfnvrF dI pUjf kr skdy hF, pr iensfn ƒ kol vI nhIN ibTf skdy hF! ies leI AunHF dy afpxy pRqIinD ikAuN nf hox? Auh vwKry aiDkfrF dI mµg ikAuN nf krn? asIN spÈt kihµdy hF ik aCUq khfAux vfly dilq Brfvo AuwTo! afpxf ieiqhfs dyKo! gurU goibµd isµG jI dI POj ivc aslI qfkq quhfzI hI sI. iÈvf jI isrP quhfzI qfkq Auwqy hI sB kuJ kr sikaf. quhfzIaF kurbfnIaF suinhrI awKrF ivwc ilKIaF hoeIaF hn. qusIN jo syvf krky, kOm dy swuK ivc vfDf krky, i˵dgI ƒ suKflf bxf ky BfrI aihsfn kr rhy ho, Aus sB kuJ ƒ ieh lok nhIN smJdy. ieµqkfly-arfËI aYkt dy muqfibk qusIN pYsy hox dy bfvjUd vI ËmIn nhIN ÉrId skdy?
dilqoN! AuwTo, afpxI qfkq ƒ pCfxo. sµgTq ho ky afpxy pYrF Auwqy KVy ho ky sfry smfj ƒ llkfro. qusIN dUjy lokF dI Kurfk nf bxo. qusIN aslI mËdUr ho. mËdUro sµgiTq ho jfE. quhfzf koeI nuksfn nhIN hovygf, isrP gulfmI dIaF ˵jIrF hI kwtxgIaF. AuTo qy mOËUdf inËfm dy ivrwuD bgfvq KVI kr idE. iewkf-dwukf suDfrF nfl kuJ nhIN bxnf. smfjk ienklfb pYdf kr idE aqy rfjnIiqk qy afriQk ienklfb leI kmrkwsy kro. qusIN hI qF dyÈ df afDfr ho, aslI qfkq qusI ho. AuwTo! suwqy hoey Èyro, ivdrohIE, ivdroh kr idE! dyKo, iPr kOx quhfzy hwk quhfƒ nf dyx dI juarq krdf hY.
     1929 eI[ ivwc do dmnkfrI ibl pfs hoey. pihlf pbilk syPtI ibl aqy dUjf tryz izsipAUt ibwl. ies aDIn kimAuinst nyqfvF aqy juJfrU sµGrÈ ivwc Brosf krn vfly hor nyqfvF ƒ igRÌqfr kr ilaf igaf. iehnF iblF aqy igRÌqfrIaF dy ivroD ivwc 8 apRYl 1929 eI[ ƒ Bgq isµG qy btkyÈvr dwq ny pµjfb ivDfn sBf ivwc bµb suwitaf.
     6 jUn, 1929 ƒ Bgq isµG aqy dwq ny afpxy ibafn ivwc ikhf, ‘‘ienklfb qoN sfzf Bfv aijhI smfjk ivvsQf dI sQfpnf hY, ijs ƒ smfjk brbfdI df koeI zr nf rhy aqy ijs ivwc pRolyqfrI vrg dI srvAuwcqf pRvfinq hovy aqy smuwcI mnuwKqf ƒ sfmrfjI jµgF dIaF duwK-qklIPF aqy pµUjIvfd dy jUly qoN injfq dvfey.''
     ‘‘mËdUrF qy AuqpfdkF ƒ AuhnF dy buinafdI hwkF qoN vFiJaF rwiKaf jFdf hY. AuhnF dI imhnq dy Pl lotU hVwp jFdy hn. iewk pfsy iksfnF dy bfl bwcy BuwKy mrdy hn. kwpVf mËdUrF dy bwicaF dy qn nSgy hn, jd ik Auh sfrI dunIaF ƒ afpxI hwQIN kwpVf bxf ky idµdy hn. rfj, lohfr qy qrKfx, jo Èfndfr mhwl Ausfrdy hn, afp gµdIaF kfl-koTVIaF qy bsqIaF ivwc jIvn bqIq kr ky mr jFdy hn. smfj dy ÈoÈk srmfeydfr qy lotU, afpxI mOj msqI leI lwKF mËdUr iksfnF ƒ AujfV idµdy hn. ies leI iewk ienklfbI qbdIlI dI loV hY aqy ijhVy vI lok ies qbdIlI ƒ cfhuµdy hn AuhnF ƒ smfj dI soÈilst buinafdF 'qy muV AusfrI krn leI afpxf Xogdfn pfAuxf cfhIdf hY.''
     jylH qoN iewk sunyhf Gldy hoey akqUbr 1930 ƒ Bgq isµG ny ikhf, ‘‘ienklfb qoN sfzf Bfv mjUdf smfijk ivvsQf ƒ jVoN AuKfVnf hY. ies dI pUrqI leI rfjswqf 'qy kbËf krnf ËrUrI hY. BfrqI pRolyqfrI jmfq dI hflq, ajy, bhuq hI nfËk hY. Aus sfhmxy dUhrf Kqrf hY. iewk pfsy qF bdyÈI pµUjIvfd dy hmly df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf hY aqy dUjy pfsy BfrqI pµUjIvfd dy DoKy-BrpUr vfr sihxy pY rhy hn. BfrqI srmfeydfrI ivdyÈIaF nfl hOlI-hOlI sFJ vDf rhI hY. ies leI mËdUr iksfnF ƒ nf isrP ivdyÈI jUly hyToN afpxy afp ƒ afËfd krvfAuxf pYxf hY, sgoN jgIrdfrF qy srmfeydfrF dy jUly hyToN vI inklxf pYxf hY.
     Bgq isµG, rfjgurU qy suKdyv ƒ ÌFsI lfAux df hukm hoieaf. jd Bgq isµG ƒ AusdI afKrI KfihÈ puwCI geI qF Aus ny byby (sPfeI mËdUr) dy hwQ dI bxI hoeI rotI Kfx dI iewCf Ëfihr kIqI. iesy sPfeI mËdUr ƒ (jo BµgI jfq df sI) Bgq isµG byby ikhf krdf sI. jd Auh sPfeI mËdUr Bgq isµG leI rotI lY ky afieaf qF Auh ro irhf sI. Bgq isµG ny Aus ƒ puwiCaf ik qUµ ro ikAuN irhf ey? qF Aus ny roNdy hoey ikhf, ‘srdfrf'! mYƒ awj qoN bfad jylH ivwc koeI ‘byby' nhIN khygf. ies 'qy Bgq isµG ny Aus ƒ glvwkVI ivwc lY ilaf aqy Aus dy hwQ ivc hwQ pf ky ikhf ik ijs idn ieh dovy hwQ iewk ho jfxgy qF dyÈ dI qkdIr bdl jfvygI.
     Bgq isµG, rfjgurU qy suKdyv ƒ 24 mfrc ƒ ÌFsI lfAux df hukm hoieaf sI pRµqU iek sfijÈ qihq AuhnF ƒ iek idn pihlF hI 23 mfrc, 1931 ƒ ÌFsI lf idwqf igaf.

 

1[
smfj bdlxf cfhuµdy sn
ÈhId Bgq isµG aqyy
AuhnF dy purKy

aYs aYl ivrdI aYzvokyt,
isvl korts PgvfVf, pµjfb.
Pon: 01824-265887, 98145 17499


     Bfrq dI aËfdI df iËkr huµidaF hI ÈhId Bgq isµG df gµBIr icµqq ichrf sfhmxy af jFdf hY. aijhf ies krky hY ikAuNik AuhnF ny jo ikhf-Auh kIqf. ÈhId Bgq isµG, AuhnF dy bfbf srdfr arjn isµG, ipqf srdfr ikÈn isµG aqy cfcy ajIq isµG, svrn isµG ajoky smyN dy isrkwZ ienklfbI sn. hONslf, ihµmq qy bhfdrI ivwc AuhnF df koeI mukfblf nhIN sI. AuhnF idnF ivwc aËfdI dI gwl krnf, gl AusqiraF dI mflf pfAuxf sI. dyÈ dI aËfdI Kfqr AuhnF vwzIaF-vwzIaF aONkVF aqy musfbqF df hws hws sfhmxf kIqf.
     aËIq isµG ƒ 1907 eI[ ivwc aµgryË sfmrfjIaF ny jlfvqn kIqf. dUjf cfcf svrn isµG jylH ivwc hI qsIihaf kfrn 1910 ivc ÈhId ho igaf. ikÈn isµG vfr vfr jylH jFdy rhy. gwl ik Bgq isµG df smuwcf pirvfr ijwQy dyÈ dy aËfdI aqy rfj bdlx leI jIvn Br sµGrÈq irhf AuQy Auh mjUdf smfijk ivvsQf ƒ jVoN AuKfVn leI vI smyN smyN XqnÈIl irhf hY.
     smfj ivwc jfq-pfq aqy CUaf-Cfq df axmnuwKI vrqfrf sdIaF qoN pRcwilq sI. AuhnIN idnIN keI vfr sokf pY jFdf sI. ies leI brsfqI pfxI ƒ sFBx leI qlfb puwty jFdy sn. ipµz dy sfry lok putfeI ivwc ihwsf lYNdy sn. dilq qflfb dI imwtI puwtdy pr Kfx pIx vyly AuhnF ƒ alwg ibTf ky Byd Bfv kIqf jFdf sI. ÈhId Bgq isµG dy dfdf arjn isµG ny ies gYr mnuwKI vrqfry ivruwD afvfË AuTfAux leI iek vfr rotI phuµcfAux dI ijµmyvfrI afpxy isr lY leI. bfbf jI ny ipµzo iqµn dilq kfmy JgVU sPfeI vflf, cyqf qy CwjU juwqIaF bxfAux vfly sfQ ley aqy lwsI JgVU dy isr cukf idwqI, rotIaF df tokrf cyqy dy isr 'qy aqy dfl dI bfltI CwjU ƒ dy idwqI. qlfb dy QoVHI dUr phuµc Aus dilqF ƒ JfVIaF 'c Cupf idwqf aqy awgy Kfxf do vfr ivwc afp lY gey.
     sB ny rotI, dfl KfDI qy lwsI pIqI. sB ny jd rotI Kf leI, qF bfbf jI ny puwiCaf ik Kfxf svfd sI? sB ny Kfxy dI bhuq qfrIP kIqI qF bfbf jI ny dwisaf, ‘‘ies Kfxy ƒ JgVU BµgI, cyqf aqy CwjU dilq myry nfl afpxy isrF 'qy cuwk ky ilafey hn. dwso, BfeI jy suafd Krfb nhIN hoieaf qF iPr iehnF nfl iBwt-Coh ikAuN krdy ho?'' bfbf jI dI  ies soc df ÈhId Bgq isµG qy bIbI amr kOr 'qy bhuq gihrF asr ipaf ikAuNik muwZly sflF 'c Auh bfbf jI kol hI ply sn.
     iewk vfr ijlHf lfhOr dy ipµz KfsrIaF ivwc bIbI amr kOr iekwlI Gr ivwc sI. ipµz bµgf qoN bhuq sfry pRfhuxy af gey. bIbI jI dI Aumr CotI sI, pRhuixaF dI rotI-pfxI leI As ny kµmIaF dIaF kuVIaF jo As dIaF shylIaF sn nfmHI qy jwsI ƒ bulf ilaf aqy AuhnF qoN Kfxf bxf ky Kuaf ƒ Kuaf idwqf. jd Kfxf KuafAux leI sB ny bIbI amr kOr ƒ ÈfbfÈ idwqI qF Aus Boly Bfa dws idwqf ik ieh Kfxf mYN afpxIaf shylIaF nfmHI qy jwsI jo kµmIaF dIaF kuVIaF hn dI mdd nfl bxfieaf hY. ieh suxidaF hI pRfhuixaf ny qUPfn KVHf kr idwqf. iPr AuhnF ipµz jf ky bhuq rOlf pfieaf aqy ÈhId Bgq isµG dy GridaF dy GVy KUh qoN cukvfAux dI mslf KVf kr idwqf.
1919 eI[ dy aYkt rfhIN kuwJ BfrqI iPrikaF ƒ shUlqF idwqIaf geIaf. vot df aiDkfr isrP AuhnF ƒ hI idwqf igaf jo dsvIN pfs sn jF ijhnF pfs 10 eykV ËmIn jF ds hËfr dI jfiedfd sI. grIb dilq ÈoiÈq mjdUr muËfhiraF dIaF iewCfvF 'qy pfxI Pyr idwqf igaf. iswty vjoN smfj ivc asµqoÈ PYl igaf. siQqI ƒ kfbU ivwc rwKx leI srkfr ny rolt aYkt pfs kr idwqf. rolt aYkt dy iKlfP PrvrI 1922 ivwc AuwTy cOrf cOrI kFz ivwc mfry gey 23 ispfhIaF bdly 226 BfrqIaF ‘qy mukwdmf clf ky 172 ƒ PFsI dI sËf suxfeI geI. bfd ivwc iehnF ivwcoN 19 ƒ PFsI idwqI geI, 14 ƒ kflypfxI dI Aumr kYd, 19 ƒ 8-8 sfl kYd, 57 ƒ 5-5 sfl kYd aqy 20 ƒ 3-3 sfl kYd dI sËf idwqI geI.
     iehnF hYlfqF 'c 1924 ivwc Bgq isµG bI[ ey[ dI pVHfeI ivwcoN Cwz ky kfnpur cly igaf. iewQy 1925 ivwc sicµdrnfQ sfinafl, suryÈ cµdr BwtfcfrIaf, mnmQnfQ gupq, scINdrnfQ bKÈI afid ny iml ky ‘ihµdusqfn irpbilkn aYsosIeyÈn', qy 1926 ivwc Bgq isµG ny ‘nOjvfn Bfrq sBf' bxfeI.
     1928 ivc kfkInfzf ivKy kFgrs sµmyln hoieaf. sµmyln ivc muhµmd alI ny afpxy pRDfngI BfÈx ivc dilqF ijnHF ƒ Aus smyN aCUq ikhf jFdf sI, ihµdU aqy muslmfn iPrikaf ivc vµz lYx df suJfa idwqf. eysy dOrfn Bgq isµG ny iek lyK ‘aCUq df svfl' ‘ikrqI' aKbfr dy jUn, 1928 dy aµk ivc ‘ivdrohI' dy nFm hyT ilwiKaf. ijs ivwc AuhnF ikhf :-
‘‘sfzy dyÈ dI jo hflq hY, Aus nfloN mfVI hflq iksy hor dyÈ dI nhIN hovygI. iewQy iek bhuq vwzf svfl aCUq df hY. ies 30 kroV abfdI vfly dyÈ ivc Cy kroV afdmI aCUq khfAuNdy hn, AunHF ƒ Coh lYx nfl Drm iBRÈt ho jFdf hY. AunHF dy mµidrF ivc jfx nfl dyvqy iBwty jFdy hn. AuhnF dy sFJy KUh qoN pfxI Br lYx KUh iBwitaf jFdf hY? ijnHF ƒ suxidaF hI Èrm afAuNdI hY. jdik sfƒ iÈkfieq hY ik dUjy dyÈF ivc sfzy nfl cµgf slUk nhIN kIqf jFdf. gorfÈfhI ivc sfƒ goiraF dy brfbr nhIN smiJaf jFdf, pµRqU sfƒ ieh Èkfieq krn df hwk hI kI hY?
     Ërf soc! iek kuwqf quhfzI god ivc bYT skdf hY, rsoeI aµdr Guµm-iPr skdf hY, pr iek afdmI ƒ jy qusI Coh lAu qF Drm iBwitaf jFdf hY! AuhnF afpxy lyK ivwc ihµdU, iswK aqy muslmfn kOmF vlHoN afpxI-afpxI kOm dI igxqI vDfAux leI aCUqF pRqI pRgtfeI geI JUTI hmdrdI df prdfPfÈ kridaF ikhf ik jy dilq Drm bdlI krky muslmfn, iswK, iesfeI bx jfx qF AuhnF ƒ hwk iml skdy hn pr jd Auh afpxy alwg aiDkfrF dI mµg krdy hn qF ieh sB vwK vwK huµdy hoey vI AuhnF dy ivruwD iekwTy ho jFdy hn. ies leI jF qF PrkU rfjnIqI df tµtf hI Kqm hovy jF iPr aCUqF dy alwg aiDkfr vI AunHF ƒ idwqy jfx. AunHF dy afpxy pRqIinD ikAuN nf hox? Auh vwKry aiDkfrF dI mµg ikAuN nf krn?
     Bgq isµG aCUqF ƒ smfj ivwc bf-iewËq aqy brfbrqf dy isDFq dy aDfr 'qy iewk i˵myvfr iDr vjoN sµgiTq dyKxf cfhuµdy sn. Auh ilKdy hn ik hY ikwzI vwzI ieh cflbfËI ik Gr dI ieh hflq hovy, iPr bfhr asIN brfbrI dy nFa Auwqy JgVf krdy iPrdy hF? sfzy ies ivvhfr ivc, aikRqGxqf dI hwd hY. sfzy leI jo GtIaf qoN GtIaf kµm krky sfzy suwKF ivc vfDf krdy hn, AunHF ƒ asIN durkfrdy hF. jfnvrF dI pUjf krdy hF, pr iensfn ƒ kol vI nhIN bYTx idµdy hF! jd ik sB iensfn ieko ijhy hn.
     Bgq isµG awgy ilKdy hn; jdoN ipµzF ivc ‘ikrqI' df pRcfr ÈurU hoieaf qF AudoN iËmIdfrF ƒ srkfrI afdmI ieh smJf ky BVkfAuNdy rhy ik ieh dilqF ƒ isr cVHf ky quhfzf kµm bµd krvfAuxgy. bs! Auh eysy gwloN sfzy Ault ho gey. AunHF ƒ ieh Xfd rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik AunHF dI hflq AudoN qwk nhIN suDr skygI, jdo qwk Auh ienHF ÊrIbF ƒ kmIx aqy nIc kih ky afpxy pYrF Qwly dbfeI rwKxf cfhuµxgy. Auh sPfeI nhIN rwKdy, ikAuNik Auh ÊrIb hn. ies leI ÊrIbI df ielfË kro. gµdgI cuwkx afdmI aCUq nhIN ho jFdf ikAuik mfvF bwicaF dI gµdgI sfP krn nfl aCUq nhIN ho jFdIaF?
     asIN spwÈt kihµdy hF ik aKOqI aCUq khfAux vfly Brfvo, AuwTo! afpxf ieiqhfs dyKo! gurU goibµd isµG jI dI POj ivc aslI qfkq quhfzI hI sI. iÈvf jI isrP quhfzI qfkq Auwqy hI sB kuJ kr sikaf. quhfzIaF kurbfnIaF suinhrI awKrF ivwc ilKIaF hoeIaF hn. qusIN jo syvf krky, iehnF dyy swuK ivc vfDf krdy ho Aus ƒ ieh lok nhIN smJdy. ieµqkfly-arfËI aYkt, 1901 dy muqfibk qusIN pYsy dy ky vI ËmIn nhIN ÉrId skdy.
dilqo AuwTo! afpxI qfkq pCfxo. sµgTq ho jfE. asl ivc quhfzy afpxy XqnF ibnF quhfƒ kuJ vI nhIN iml skygf. aËfdI dI Kfqr, aËfdI cfhux vfilaF ƒ Xqn krnf cfhIdf hY. mnwuK df ieh suBfa bx igaf hY ik Auh afpxy leI qF hwk mµgxf cfhuµdf hY, pr ijnHF Auwqy Auhdf afpxf dbdbf hovy, AunHF ƒ pYrF hyTF hI rwKxf cfhuµdf hY. ies leI lfqoN ky BUq bfqoN sy nhIN mfnqy. sµgTq ho ky afpxy pYrF Auwqy KVy ho ky sfry smfj ƒ llkfro. dyKo, iPr kOx quhfzy hwk quhfƒ nf dyx dI juarq krdf hY. qusIN dUjy lokF dI Kurfk nf bxo. dUijaF dy mUµh vwl nf qwkdy rho.
dilq Brfvo! qusIN hI aslI mËdUr ho. mËdUro sµgiTq ho jfE. quhfzf koeI nuksfn nhIN hovygf, isrP quhfzIaf gulfmI dIaF ˵jIrF hI tuwtxgIaF. AuTo aqy mOËUdf inËfm dy ivrwuD bgfvq KVI kr idE. iewkf-dwukf suDfrF nfl kuJ nhIN bxnf. smfjk ienklfb pYdf kr idE aqy rfjnIiqk qy afriQk ienklfb leI kmrkwsy kro. qusIN hI qF dyÈ df afDfr ho, aslI qfkq qusI ho. AuwTo! suwqy hoey Èyro, AuTo! ivdrohIE, ivdroh kr idE!'' ÈhId Bgq isµG ny akqUbr 1930 'c jylH coN sunyhf Gldy hoey afpxy sfQIaf ƒ ikhf, ‘‘ienklfb qoN sfzf Bfv mjUdf smfijk ivvsQf ƒ jVoN AuKfVnf hY.
     jd Bgq isµG ƒ ÌFsI mOky AusdI afKrI KfihÈ puwCI geI qF Aus ny byby dy hwQ dI bxI hoeI rotI Kfx dI iewCf Ëfihr kIqI. jylH aiDkfrIaf ikhf ieh sµBv nhI, qF Bgq isµG ny ikhf ikAuN sµBv nhI, AuhnF sPfeI syvk vlH ieÈfrf kridaf ikhf, ‘‘Auh KVI af byby.''
     Bgq isµG sPfeI syvk ƒ byby ikhf krdf sI. jd Auh sPfeI mËdUr Bgq isµG leI rotI lY ky afieaf qF Auh ro irhf sI. Bgq isµG ny Aus ƒ puwiCaf ik qUµ ro ikAuN irhf ey? qF Aus ny roNdy hoey ikhf, ‘‘Bgq isµG! mYƒ awj qoN bfad jylH ivwc koeI ‘byby' nhIN khygf.''
    Bgq isµG ny Aus ƒ glvwkVI ivwc lY ilaf aqy Aus dy hwQ ivc hwQ pf llkfridaf ikhf, ‘‘ijs idn ieh do hwQ iewk ho jfxgy qF Aus idn dyÈ dI qkdIr bdl jfvygI.'' ÈhId Bgq isµG aqy AuhnF dy puriKaf ny mnuwKqf dI brfbrI aqy luwt rihq smfj dI isrjnf leI kurbfnIaF kIqIaF.



pMdrF qoN cwvI sfl dI Aumr df swc
zf[isLafm suMdr dIpqI

PYsLn pRsqI, afsLkI, hor byZMgIaF hrkqF leI qF insLicq qOr qy mIzIaf hI ijMymvfr Tihrfieaf jFdf hY, ikAuNik nf aijhf pfT mfpy pVfAuNdy hn qy aiDafpk vI ies nUM islybs qoN bfhr kihMdy hn. pr ies df ivsLlysLx kro. jykr mF ipAu Kud bwcy nUM nf smJx. aiDafpk vI Aus dIaF sMBfvnfvF nUM nf qlfsLx jF qrfsLx qF iPr Aus ny afpxI mrjI nfl afpxI kfblIaq afpxI bOiDk smrwQf anusfr pCfx bnfAuxI hI hY. iPr Auh afpxy vflF dy stfeIl nfl pCfx bxfAuNdf hY, byZMgIaF hrkqF krky jfixaf jFdf hY. motrbfeIk nUM spIz nfl clf ky Aus Auzfn ivcoN KusLI hfsl krdf hY. kuVIaF ivwc ies leI Aus df nF msLhUr hY ik Auh AnHF nUM Gr qwk Cwzx jFdf hY. ieh Aus dI eIgo df pRgtfvf hY, ieh BfvyN nfkfrfqmk hY qy gYr AusfrU hY. ieh iewk mnoivigafnk qwQ hY ik iksy vI ivakqI df afpxI eIgo nUM sMqusLt kIqy ibnf nhIN srdf. mIzIaf qF AunHF nUM eIgo dy pRgtfvy dy ZMg isKfAuNdf hY.
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            nOjvfnF nfl anyk ivisLaF qy gwl hoeI hY. ieh iewk cMgf sfrQk Auprflf hY. nOjvfnF ivwc vwD irhf nsLf, AunHF ivwc vwD irhf sYks pRqI ruJfn qy iPr Aus nfl juVIaF eyzjL vrgIaF ibmfrIaF nUM lY ky mYnUM kuwJ kfrj krn df mOkf imilaf hY. ieh insLicq hI icMqf dy ivsLy hn, ikAuN jo iksy dysL aqy smfj df srmfieaf nOjvfn agr ies idsLf ivwc jFdf hY qF jrUr hI ieh sfnUM iJMjoVdf hY. ies pirpyK qoN 'crcf' ivwc sLfiml aqy crcf dOrfn afey kuwJ svflF dy mwdy njLr kuwJ hor gwlF joVnf cfhuMdf hF.
            'crcf' ivwc kuwJ nOjvfnF kol, nOjvfnF bfry svfl lY ky rUbrU hoieaf igaf hY, ieh insLicq hI AunHF ny afpxy aqy afpxy vrgy hor hm-Aumr sfQIaF bfry vDIaf Kulfsf kIqf hY. ivcfr vtFdry dOrfn keI vDIaf nukqy AuWBry hn ienHF nukiqaF nUM kuwJ ies pirpyK qoN dyKx dI vI loV hY.
            iPr mYN afpxI gwl, ies vrqfry qoN sLLurU krnf cfhuMdf hF jo ik icMqf df ivsLf hY ik asIN iksy vI siQqI nUM jfnx dI koisLsL ijvyN iewk lVI ivwcoN, kuwJ ihwsy nUM, iewk pihlU nUM awz kr ky, ivckfroN PV ky kr rhy hF. nOjvfnF dIaF smwisafvF ivwc nsLy, nMgyjL (sYks afid) PYsLn, afphudrfpx afid AuBfrI jf rhy hF. drasl jdoN asIN ienHF nUM smwisafvF kihMdy hF qy iPr iewk iewk smwisaf leI vwKry mMc bxf ky AunHF nUM inptfAux lwg jFdy hF. qF asIN Aus smwisaf/ siQqI nfl iensfP nhIN kr rhy huMdy. drasl asIN jdoN smwisafvF dy pRgtfvy nUM, smwisaf smJ ky ivcfrFgy qy hwl krn dI koisLsL krFgy qF insLicq hI AunHF dy shI kfrnF dI insLfndyhI nhIN kr skFgy. nsLy krnf smwisaf df pRgtfvf hY, jdoN asIN nsLy nUM smwisaf smJdy hF qF sfzf insLfnf nsLeI bxdf hY qy nsLf CVfAu kyNdr dI loV mihsUs huMdI hY, ijwQy Aus df ielfj hovy. dUsry pfsy jykr asIN nsLy nUM smwisaf df pRgtfvf smJdy hoey, smwisaf nUM smfj ivwc lwBFgy qy ieh dyKFgy ik Auh ikhVIaF pRsiQqIaF hn jdoN koeI nsLy krn vwl Jukdf hY qF asIN AunHF siQqIaF nUM suDfrn sMvfrn vwl kdm puwtFgy qF jo lok nsLy krn hI nf.
            nOjvfnF dIaF smwisafvF nUM smJx dy pirpyK qoN, jrf ies gwl nUM ivcfro ik kI ieh smwisafvF jvfnI dI avsQf nUM AuzIkdIaF rihMdIaF hn ik kdoN bwcf jvfn hovy qy asIN hmlf krIey?
            ies df iewk pihlU ieh vI hY ik jdoN asIN kuwJ ivsLysL alfmqF nUM nOjvfnI nfl joV ky dyKdy hF qF sfzy mn ivwc nOjvfn dI qsvIr, Aus dI pirBfsLf kI huMdI hY? mYzIkl ivigafn cOdF sfl qwk bwicaF nUM bwcf-vfrz ivwc rwKdf hY, sMivDfnk Aumr afTfrF sfl hY. ivafh dy kfnUMn muqfbk muMzf iewkI sfl df qy kuVI aTfrF sflF dI pRoV huMdI hY qy hux ivsLv ishq sMsQf ny iksLor avsQf dI Aumr ds sfl qoN AuWnI sfl mMnI hY mqlb jvfnI dI Aumr AuWnI sfl qoN bfad.
            nOjvfn dI pirBfsLf jF Aumr jo vI hovy, mnuwKI jIvn kfl ivwc qF inrMqrqf hY. nOjvfn iksLor avsQf dI Aumr qoN lMG ky afAuNdy hn qy iksLor avsQf df joV bcpn nfl hY. bcpn ivwc skUlI aqy pirvfrk bcpn hY. bwcy dI zor mF nfl juVdI hY, Aus ny nO mhIny mF dI kuwK ivwc rihxf huMdf hY aOrq ny mF bnx qoN pihlF iqafrI krnI huMdI hY. hr pirvfr cfhuMdf hY ik aOrq mF iewk ishqmMd bwcy nUM pYdf kry, pr jdoN lVkI Kud vwD Puwl rhI huMdI hY, Auh Aus df afpxf axgOilLaf smF huMdf hY. drasl ies nUM ies qrF socx dI loV hy ik koeI sKLs bwcf hovy qy svyry iksLor ho jfvy jF iksLor avsQf ivwcoN lMGdf hoieaf koeI, iksy ivsLysL qrIK nUM nOjvfn khfAux lwg pvy. ieh iewk inrMqrqf vflI ikiraf hY qy iesy pirpyK ivwc hI sfnUM smwisafvF nUM dyKxf smJxf cfhIdf hY.
            scfeI qF ieh hY ik afpF iksy vI XQfrQ nUM inrMqrqf ivwc buinafd qoN jfxy ibnF smuwcf pRBfv ley bgYr smwisaf df hwl jutfAux ivwc lwgy hoey hF, jdoN ik aijhf nhIN huMdf.
            nOjvfnF dIaF AuBfrIaF jf rhIaF smwisafvF dy rU b rU ho ky gwl krdy hF ik ienF vrqfiraF df aDfr kI hY?
*           nisLaF vwl ruJfn ipwCy kI nOjvfn ksUrvfr hn?
*           gMBIr mfniskqf Ausrn/ Ausfrn ivwc nOjvfnF dI kI BUimkf hY? AunHF nUM ieh Purnf ikwQoN afAuNdf hY?
*           asIN kihMdy hF, XUQ aYnrjLI brbfd ho rhI hY jF Auh afpxI qfkq nUM gYr jrUrI jF khIey asmfijk kfrjF ivwc(gYr-smfijk nhIN) ijvyN PYsLn, nvyN nvyN mobfielF, bfeIkF, idKfvy  ivwc, vflF kpiVaF dy stfeIl ivwc, byZMgIaF hrkqF jF kuVIaF Aupr itwpxIaF ivwc lgf ky brbfd kr rhy hn, drasl ieh iks mfniskqf df pRgtfvf hY? ies mfniskqf dy AuBrn ipwCy kI koeI jvfnI df koeI ivsLysL hfrmon kMm krdf hY?
*           kdy ies suBfa jF ivvhfr df ivsLlysLx kIqf hY ik nOjvfn awj kwl siqkfr nhIN krdy, AunHF ivwc sihxsLIlqf ikAuN nhIN? Auh vwD KrcIly ikAuN ny jF kMm pRqI ruwKf rveIaf jF BFjvfdI ikAuN hn? kI ieh afdqF nOjvfnI df ivvhfrk pwK hn? kI ieh jvfnI dI ivkfs pRikRaf df sihj ihwsf hn?
            ies gwl nUM iPr qoN duhrfAux dI loV hY ik jdoN qwk asIN smwisaf nUM shI pirpyK ivwc nhIN smJFgy, asIN shI hwl nhIN kwZ skFgy. shI kfrn hI shI ielfj nUM syiDq krdf hY.
            iksLorF-nOjvfnF sbMDI aiDafpkF nfl gwlbfq kridaF, keI keI gwlF qo ielfvf iewk gwl AuWBrI ik jo nOjvfn kdy goizaF nUM hwQ lgfAuNdy sI, AuhI hwQ awj glL nUM pYNdy hn.
            mF ipAu vI aksr isLkfieq krdy hn ik pRfiemrI skUl qwk bwcf bVf afigafkfrI sI, hF jI, hF jI krdf sI, hux pqf nhIN kI huMdf jf irhf hY, awgoN boldf hY, kihxf nhIN mMndf, awgoN svfl krdf hY hr gwl ivwc mIn-myK, ieh ikAuN hY? ieh kMm ikAuN krF? pqf nhIN kI ho igaf. sfnUM qF ies dI sMgq mfVI lgdI hY jF pqf nHIN skUl df mfhOl hI Krfb hY, sfrf idn tI vI dyKI jFdf hY jF AuWQoN iswKdf hY.
            iewk hor pihlU qoN nOjvfnF dIaF smwisafvF nUM ivsLlyisLq krky dyKdy hF. nisLaF dI gwl vfr vfr hoeI hY nisLaF bfry jdoN aMkVy afAuNdy hn qF ieh gwl AuBfrI jFdI hY ik nsLy sB qoN vD 15 qoN 24 sfl dI Aumr ivwc kIqy jFdy hn. sYks aqy Aus nfl juVI bImfrI eyzjL ny vI jo aMkVy pysL kIqy hn, AunHF ivwc vI ieh qwQ AuWBr ky afieaf hY ik eyzjL dy kuwJL mrIjF ivwcoN (krIb 60 qwk kys) qkrIbn awDy kys 15 qoN 24 sfl dy hn. iesy qrF sVk hfdisaF dy isLkfr jdoN aYmrjYNsI jF trfmF XUintF ivwc afAuNdy hn jF puils stysLnF ivwc ienHF dI irporitMg huMdI hY qF vI 15 qoN 24 sfly nOjvfnF dI igxqI sB qoN vwD huMdI hY .
            15 qoN 24 sfl dI Aumr ivwc kI Kfs hY? jy kuwJ Kfs hY qF Aus Kfs nUM qvwjo iks ny dyxI huMdI hY?
            15 sfl dI Aumr hY, keI qrF dIaF aihm qbdIlIaF dI Aumr. bwcf kwd ivwc vwzf huMdf hY. muMzy dI avfjL ivwc Prk afAuNdf hY. Aus dy muwCF dfVI afAux lgdy hn. aqy ivsLysL qOr qy ieh Aumr hY sYks aMgF aqy AunHF aMgF dI kfrj pRxflI ivwc ikRafqmk qbdIlI. sfnUM ieh smJxf cfhIdf hY ik sYks aMg isrP ivkisq hI nhIN huMdy srgrm vI huMdy hn. lVkI dIaF CfqIaF AuBrdIaF hn qy Aus nUM mFhvfrI sLurU huMdI hY.
            bwicaF dI bOiDk smrQf ivwc qbdIlI afAuNdI hY qy AuNnHF ivwc aflocnfqmk gux pYdf huMdf hY. Auh bwcf jo bcpn ivwc ijigafsU huMdf hY ieh kI, Auh kI hY qy hux Auh puwCdf hY, ieh ikAuN hY, ies df kfrn kI hY? ieh kMm krF qF ikAuN krF ? kI ieh qbdIlI koeI nvIN qbdIlI hY. nOjvfnI dI Aumr qF pihlF vI afAuNdI rhI hY, pr nOjvfn awj hI gYrËuMmyvfr, Pukrf, afsLk, PYsLnpRsq,msqI krn vflf, BFjvfdIcyqnf qoN aDUrf, idRVqf qoN swKxf, smrpx qoN kMnI kqrfAux vflf ikAuN hoieaf hY?
            jo ivkfs (srIrk, sYks df, mfnisk jF bOiDk) 15 sfl dI Aumr qy awj vfpr irhf hY, AuhI pihlF vfprdf sI. afpF sdIaF ipwCy nf vI jfeIey, qy isrP cfr-pMj dhfky  hI ipwCFh muV ky dyK leIey, qF vI ieh qbdIlI bhuq vwzI jfpdI hY, ijvyN bhuq kuwJ nvF ho igaf hY. srIr aqy buwDI df ivkfs pVfa AuhI hI hY. Aus ivwc qbdIlI bfhrlI vwD hY , kudrqI eynI nhIN hY.
            kuwJ gwlF ËrUr aijhIaF vfprIaF hn aqy kuwJ pihlUaF ny iËafdf rPqfr PVI hY, pr Aus qbdIlI aqy rPqfr nUM mF ipAu aqy aiDafpkF ny nf smiJaf hY, nf PiVaf hY aqy nf hI ies idsLf ivwc koeI kdm puwitaf hY.
            iewk pihlU qF ieh hY ik ipCly smyN ivwc pirvfrk bxqr ivwc qbdIlI afeI hY. sMXukq pirvfrF qoN eykfkI pirvfr hoey hn. pyNzU qoN sLihrI QF df qbfdlf hoieaf hY. jdoN bwcf bcpn qoN jvfnI qwk phuMcdf srIrk, sYks nfl sMbMDq qy hor bdlfa ivwcoN lMGdf sI qy Aus dy mn ivwc AulJx qy bycYnI pYdf huMdI sI, AudoN Auh sMXukq pirvfr ivwc cfcy, qfey, mfsI BUaf dy hm Aumr jF iewk do sfl vwzy sfQIaF nfl AuWTdf bYTdf AunHF nUM sulJf lYNdf sI. ies qoN ielfvf pyNzU mfhOl ivwc bwcf KyqI KyqI dy kMm ivwc hwQ vMzfAuNdf, sLihrF ivwc ipqf df ivAupfr sFBdf hoieaf CyqI hI ivafihaf jFdf, ijs nfl Aus dIaF keI hor AulJxF hwl ho jFdIaF.
            dUsrf pihlU hY ik ajoky mfhOl ivwc, sUcnf qMqr ny, Kfs kr tI vI aqy hor mIzIey ijvyN ieMtrnYWt ny bwcy dy idmfg ivwc keI qrF dy svfl pYdf kIqy hn. ieh svfl Aus dI hoNd aqy ivakiqqv nfl Aus dI pVHfeI aqy BivwKI kMm nfl Aus dI qrwkI aqy sYWt hox nfl aOrq mrd sMbMDF sbMDI qy hor smfijk srokfrF pRqI huMdy hn. mIzIaf jfxkfrI df sfgr ho igaf qy Aus ivwcoN svflF dI Brmfr huMdI hY. mIzIaf svfl qF anykF KVy krdf hY, pr jvfb afpxI mrjI nfl, afpxI iPqrq dy muqfbk, bjLfr dy mwdy njLr idMdf hY. jvfbF dy mfmly ivwc Auh inrpwK nhIN hY, nf hI qrksLIl hY. drasl jvfb mF ipAu nUM dyxy bxdy hn jF aiDafpkF nUM. jy AunHF kolL jvfb nhIN hn qF AunHF nUM jvfb lwBxy cfhIdy hn. pihlI ËuMmyvfrI mF ipAu dI bxdI hY. asIN vfr vfr mfhOl dI gwl krdy hF, pr kI asIN Kud kdy mfhOl dy muqfbk, mfhOl nUM smJ ky, ivsLlysLq krky, ienHF nvIaF siQqIaF muqfbk afpxy afp nUM iqafr kIqf hY?
            afpF 15 qoN 24 sfl dI ivsLysL Aumr dy pVfa df iËkr kIqf hY, ijs vrg dI ivsLysLqf df pihlf pihlU hY srIrk aqy sYks aMgF df ivkfs. isrP CfqIaF aqy ilMg vwDx dI gwl nhIN hY srIr ivwc sYks dI ikRaf nUM srgrmI dyx leI hfrmonjL aqy qMqU pRxflI vI ikRafsLIl huMdI hY. srIrk qbdIlIaF dy nfl mn dI qbdIlI vI huMdI hY. pUry jIv jgq dy sYks suBfa nUM jfxIey qF imlx dy mOsm ivwc, eIstrs pIrIaz dOrfn, jfnvrF ivwc nr aqy mfdf nUM suMGx sLkqI imlfAuNdI hY. Auh KusLbU iKwc pfAuNdI hY. mnuwKF ivwc vI sYks srgrmI dOrfn, jo ik jfvnrF muqfbk, mOsmI nhIN hY, Auh iewk vfrI ivksq hox mgroN lgfqfr rihMdI hY, muMzy aqy kuVI ivwc iewk iKwc pYdf huMdI hY. mnuwKF kol qF jfnvrF dy mukfbly, pMjy ieMdrIaF hI ies idsLf ivwc kfrjsLIl huyMdIaF hn. iewk dUsry nUM dyKx nfl (awKF), avfjL sunx nfl(kMn), jykr Cuh jfvy qF srIr ivwc krMt dOV pYNdf hY, suMGx dI siQqI sgoN mnuwKF ivwc bfkIaF ieMdrIaF dy mukfbly kmjor hY. pr Aus dI vI BUimkf hY. iewk dUsry dy psIny ivwc vI iKwc dI KusLbU huMdI hY. jykr cwK (cuMmx afid) ilaf jfvy(svfd dI ieMdrI) qF ieh qF imlx dI ieMqhf hY. mnuwK kol qF CyvIN ieMdrI vI hY. Auh socF aqy klpnf ivwc hI krjsLIl ho jFdf hY. ies sfrI siQqI dy mwdynjLr sfzf smfijk ZFcf sgoN muMzy aqy kuVIaF nUM dUr krn dy Auprfly krdf hY. skUl vwKry, KyzF vKrIaF, pirvfr glI ivwc dosq mMzlIaF qy shylIaF df vrg gruwp. pr ieh iKwc kudrqI hY. sfnUM ies iKwc qihq eynf prysLfn/bycYn hox dI bjfey, ies mnosiQqI nUM smJ ky, ies bycYnI qwk muMzy df ivafh kr idwqf jFdf sI. hux pVHfeI qy kfrn qy iPr sYWt hox dy leI ieh Aumr 25 sfl qoN vI AuWpr phuMc jFdI hY. ieh swq awT sfl df smF, hfrmonjL df dbfa aqy mfipaF dy igafn dI sImf qy mIzIaf vwloN Aus dI afpxI mnmrjI nfl vrqoN ny iewk nvF moV idwqf hY. asIN Kud socIey, kI asIN AunHF dI Aumr dy ienHF swq awT sflF df koeI sfrQk ieMqjfm kIqf hY?
            AunHF nUM iPr jdoN mOkf imldf hY, Auh XUnIvristI vrgy KuwlH dy mfhOl ivwc ivcrdy hn qF AunHF df dibaf hoieaf lfvf, Puwut ky bfhr inkldf hY. Aus nUM ajokI siQqI ivwc afpF jo mrjI nf dyeIey.
            kI sYks pRikRaf jF sYks sbMDI srIrk qbdIlI aqy suBfa nUM lY ky asIN bwicaF nfl rU b rU hoey hF? asIN socdy hF ieh koeI ivsLf hI nhIN. asIN socdy hF sfzy nfl iksy ny gwl kIqI sI? afpy iswK jfxgy! asIN afpxy smyN ivwc aqy hux dI avsQf ivwc hoeI qbdIlI nUM vI GoK ky dyKIey. sMXukq pirvfrF, ivafh dI Aumr dI gwl afpF kIqI hY, pr mIzIaf vI qF ies qrIky nfl, gYrËuMmyvfrI vflI BUimkf nhIN sI inBfAuNdf. mIzIaf dI gYrËuMmyvfrI dI BUimkf df kfrn, sfzf avyslfpx, sfzf smwisaf nUM gMBIrqf nfl nf lYxf, afpxy PLrj nUM TIk ZMg nfl nf AulIkxf hY. mIzIaf ny ies KflIpx dI avsQf nUM dyKky hI ieh pRogrfm AulIikaf hY.
            asIN aksr gwl krdy hF ik mF bytI nfl sYks bfry gwlbfq krdI hY. ies gwl df ivsLlysLx krky dyKo, mF bytI ivwc kI gwlbfq huMdI hY? bwcI nUM mhFvfrI sLurU huMdI hY. ieh hflq koeI lukvIN qF hY nhIN. ies df ijkr mF bytI ivwc hoxf hI hY. ieWQy vI bhuqI vfrI mF bwcI nUM pihlF/agfAuN sucyq nhIN krdI. ies dI pihlI sUcnf kuVI hI mF nUM idMdI hY. ies dy vI keI vfr Kqrnfk iswty inkldy hn jdoN kuVI nUM KUn pYx lgdf hY qy Auh Gbrf jFdI hY. mF nUM nf dws sky Kud aOhV pOhV krdI hY, zrdI hY. jykr mF DI nUM dwsdI vI hY qF kihMdI hY, ieh KLUn pYx dI pRikRaf, hr mhIny hovygI, iqMn cfr idn rhygI. qy vwD qoN vwD kuwJ sfP sPfeI dI gwl bws !! pr ieh kfPI nhIN hY. koeI mF bwcI nUM ies dI pUrI pRikRaf nhIN smJfAuNdI ik byty, ies df mUl kfrn hY ik aMzydfnI ivwcoN aMzf inkldf hY, bwcydfnI Aus aMzy nUM sMBflx leI iqafr hoeI huMdI hY qy jdoN aMzf, bwcydfnI ivwc rukx dy kfbl nhIN huMdf qF aMzf aqy bwcydfnI dI qih, mfhvfr dy rUp ivwc bfhr af jFdy hn. ies sfrI gwl bfq df iswtf kI hY? iswtf ieh hY ik hux Aus nUM dwisaf jfvy ik qUM mF bxn dy Xog ho geI hYN. ies df awgy hor Kulfsf kIqf jfvy qy dwisaf jfvy ik hux qUM pVHn jFdI hYN, kwlH nUM hor pVHfeI leI bfhr rhyNgI, nOkrI leI bfhr jfvyNgI. qyrf sMprk muMizaF nfl hovygf. iksy vkq, Bfvuk plF ivwc jy koeI hfdsf vfprn lwgy qF qUM sucyq rihxf hY. bwcI nUM 'nf kihxf' isKfAuxf cfhIdf hY. ieh nf kihx dI klf iswKxI bhuq jrUrI hY. pr koeI isKfAuNdf hY? nhIN. srIrk rcnf aqy pRikRaf bfry, AunHF nUM jfxkfrI ikwQoN imlygI? dUsry pfsy muMzy nfl qF koeI gwl nhIN krdf. pirvfr nUM pqf huMdf hY ik bwcy df supndosL rfhIN vIrjL Kfirj huMdf hY. Aus dy kwpiVaF dy insLfn qoN pqf cwl jFdf hY, pr kdy ipAu ny muMzy nfl Aus dI ies siQqI nUM smiJaf qy spsLt kIqf hY? nhIN. 'nf kihx' dI klf isrP kuVIaF qwk hI nhIN, muMizaF nUM vI isKfAuxI cfhIdI hY. ieh isrP sYks qwk hI gwl nhIN, Auh cfhy nisLaF dy qjLrby dI hY jF PYsLn vwl iKwc hY? dUsrf pihlU hY ik dsvIN dI ivigafn dI ikqfb ivwc sYks aqy pRjxn sbMDI iewk pfT hY, pr aiDafpk Aus pfT nUM pVHfAuNdy hI nhIN. iPr asIN kihMdy jF ik iksLor kuafrIaF ivwc grBpfq vwD irhf hY jF ies Aumr ivwc eyzjL dy mrIjF dI igxqI sB qoN vwD hY.
            qusIN soco ik ies qbdIlI bfry jfxkfrI aqy Aus nUM pYdf ho rhIaF smwisafvF bfry cyqnqf AunHF kol ikwQoN imlygI? ies Aumr dI iewk ivsLysLqf hY ik bwcy ivwc ijigafsf qoN awgy ivsLlysLxI buwDI df ivkfs huMdf hY. pihlF Auh jfxkfrI hfsl kr irhf huMdf hY, jF mF ipAu aiDafpk Aus dy igafn ivwc vfDf kr rhy huMdy hn. iksLor avsQf dI sLurUafq `qy Aus dI buwDI ivwc qrksLIlqf ivkisq huMdI hY. hux Auh jfxkfrI nUM hU b hU gRihx nhIN krdf, sgoN ivsLlysLx krdf hY, GoKdf hY, ikMqU prMqU krdf hY. ies qbdIlI df igafn nf hox krky, mF ipAu socdy hn, kl qwk bwcf sfAU sI, cuwpcfp gwl mMn lYNdf sI, hux svfl krdf hY. svflF dy jvfb nUM vMgfrdf hY. qusIN ieiqhfsk pirpyK qoN GoK ky dyK lvo. iesy Aumr qy hI smfijk rIqI irvfjF, rfjnIqk kfrgujfrI nUM vMgfiraf jFdf irhf hY. jdoN Auh ienHF df ivsLlysLx krdf hY qy siQqI dI hU-b-hU kbUl nhIN krdf. mF ipAu smJdy hn, Auh hux ivgV igaf hY, irhf hY. Auh smJdy hn, ies dI sMgq mfVI hY, skUl df mfhOl TIk nhIN jF mIzIaf hI aijhf kr irhf hY. drasl jdoN bwcf ivcfr vtFdrf krdf hY, sfnUM Aus dy ies ivkfs df svfgq krnf cfhIdf hY. ijvyN asIN bwcy dy srIrk ivkfs bfry cyqMn hF. asIN icMqq huMdy hF jykr bwcf shI smyN dMd nhIN kwZdf jF Auh qurnf lyt sLurU krdf hY jF Aus df Bfr neIN vwDdf. sfnUM sgoN icMqq hoxf cfhIdf hY ik bwcf cOdF pMdrF sflF df ho igaf hY qy koeI bihs nhIN krdf. bwcy dI ivsLlysLxI buwDI qy sfnUM KusL hoxf cfhIdf hY, pr huMdf ies dy Ault hY ik asIN Aus nUM iJVkdy hF, cuwp rihx leI kihMdy hF qy svflF nUM PflqU PqUr kih ky inrAuqsfihq krdy  hF. Auh mF ipAu qoN aqy aiDafpkF qoN kMnI kqrfAux lwg pYNdf hY. sfnUM ies cuwp df ieh mqlb vI nhIN kwZxf cfhIdf ik bwcf  sLFq ho igaf hY qy hux Auh aijhy PflqU svfl jF bgYr mqlb dI bihs nhIN krygf. ies qrF nhIN huMdf. Auh afpxI ijigafsf, afpxy svflF nUM afpxy hmAumr afVIaF ivwc ivcfrdf hY. afpxI mn dIaF AulJxF nUM sulJfAux leI Auh aÉbfrF mYgËInF dy gYr-ivigafnk lyKF df shfrf lYNdf hY jF Aus Auqsukqf nUM mIzIaf afpxy ZMg nfl nijwTdf hY. kudrq df inXm hY ik KflIpx kdy nhIN rihMdf. svfl ieh hY ik Aus KflIpx dI siQqI nUM Brn leI kOx pihl krdf hY? kOx Aus mOky df Pfiedf lYNdf hY? insLicq hI mF ipAu aqy aiDafpk afpxI asmrQqf jfihr krngy qF mIzIaf qF iPr ies dI qlfsL ivwc bYTf hI hY. Aus dI ijigafsf aqy ivsLlysLx hI Aus nUM sYks dy qjLrby, nsLy dy qjLrby ivwc lY jFdy hn. ies Aumr dI ieh iewk ivsLysLqf hY ik Auh qËrby krnf cfhuMdy hn, qy nvF krn ivwc afnMd pRfpq krdy hn. svfl qF ieh hY ik ies pRivrqI nUM smJ ky, AunHF dI ies mnmrjI nUM skfrqmk idsLf idwqI jfvy.
            mF-ipAu, aiDafpk aqy mIzIaf dI gwl vfr vfr af rhI hY. mF ipAu dI ËuMmyvfrI pihlI hI hY. ieh gwl ies leI kihxI bxdI hY ik bwcy df pihl sMprk mF ipAu hI hn. iewk mnoivigafnk qwQ hY ik bwcf pYdf hox mgroN mF ipAu dy inrMqr sMprk ivwc rihMdy hoey, bolxf ÈurU krdf hY qF Auh afpxy afly duafly ivwc peIaF sfrIaF cIËF bfry jfxkfrI hfsl krnf cfhuMdf hY. ieh kI hY? Auh kI hY? Auh  ijigafsU huMdf hY. ies sfry afly duafly dI jfxkfrI Aus nUM ipqf qoN imldI hY. Aus nUM jfpdf hY, Aus dy ipqf kol qF hr cIj dI jfxkfrI hY/igafn hY. Aus dy bfl mn ivwc ipqf dI qsvIr AuWkr jFdI hY. Aus nUM ipqf iewk afdrsL ivakqI lgdf hY. jdoN bwcf skUl jFdf hY qF Aus dy svflF dy vwzy Gyry/dfiery ivwc, ipqf dI bjfey aiDafpk Aus nUM iewk iËafdf byhqr jfxkfr lwgdf hY. Aus df afdrsL qbdIl ho ky aiDafpk bx jFdf hY. ies qrF Auh ieiqhfsk pwK qoN pursLF bfry pVHdf hY qF Aus df afdrsL guru goibMd isMG sLhId Bgq isMG, mhfqmf gFDI bx skdy hn. Auh mIzIaf dy sMprk ivwc afAuNdf hY. sUcnf aqy jfxkfrI qMqr ny Aus dy igafn df Gyrf ivsLfl kIqf hY. aiDafpk vI Aus nUM ingUxf lgdf hY. tI vI dy mfiDam rfhIN Aus dy afdrsL bdldy hn. Auh rfjnyqf, Dfrimk afgU, stfr, iKzfrI afid koeI vI ho skdy hn. cOdF-pMdrF sflF dI Aumr qy phuMcidaF Auh jdoN ivsLlysLxI gux nfl juVdf/ivkisq huMdf hY qF Aus dy afdrsLF ivwc As nUM hor keI pihlU pqf cldy hn qy iPr Auh tuwtdy hn. Auh ies afdrsL tuwtx dI pRqIikRaf ivwc Kud vI tuwtdf hY. mYzIkl kflj dy ividafrQIaF df srvyKx kridaF, iewk svfl ivwc AunHF qoN AunHF dy afdrsL bfry puwiCaf qF qkrIbn 15 PIsdI ividafrQIaF df jvfb 'koeI nhIN' sI. ieh vrqfrf Kqrnfk hY. iewk bwcf, ijs nUM mF ipAu ny pfilLaf, +1 aqy +2 do sflF dOrfn zyZ do lwK rupey Krc ky koicMg idvfeI, aiDafpkF ny gur isKfey. koeI vI Aus df afdrsL nhIN. aijhf ikAuN?
            iewk vfrI iPr, mF ipAu dI BUimkf vwl sMboiDq ho ky gwl krn dI hY, mF ipAu kihMdy hn ik asIN sfrI vfh ienHF bwicaF krky lf rhy hF. ipMz Cwz ky sLihr afey hF qF jo ieh cMgy skUlF ivwc pVH skx. bfeIk lY ky idMdy hF ik skUl, itAUsLnF pVHn ivwc smF brbfd nf hovy qy Qwkx nf, vwD qoN vwD pVH skx. asIN dohyN jIa nOkrI krdy hF qF jo ienHF nUM koeI qklIP nf hovy. ienHF nUM mYnyjmYNt koty ivwcoN, hor hIly vsIly krky cMgy kors ivwc dfKlf idvfAuxf cfhuMdy hF. afp cfhy qMg heIey, ienHF nUM hr shUlq muheIaf krvf rhy hF. ienHF nUM kuwJ smJ hI nhIN pYNdI
            kI bwicaF dI ies qrF dI prvirsL jfieË hY? bwcy nUM inrMqr mukfblybfjLI dIaF dlIlF dyxIaF,Aus dy iewk do PIsdI Gwt nMbr afAux `qy iJVkxf, kuwtxf, byiewËq krnf, Aus AuWpr mnmrjI dy kors Qopxf afid drusq hY? bwicaF nUM bfeIk, mobfiel, mihMgIaF pYNtF, tI sLrtF, gfWglj sB kuwJ AunHF dI mnmrjI nfl lY ky dyxf, iewk vfrI vI ikMqU prMqU nf krnf, iksy dlIl nfl kMm nf lYxf kI vfijb hY?
afpF bwcy nfl, buinafd qoN hI ho rhy, kuwJ ku prvirsL dy pihlU dyKdy hF:
            bwcy nUM Cy mhIny dI Aumr qy vI krYWc ivwc qy iPr iqMn sfl df huMidaF hI skUl aqy zy kyqr ivwc Cwzxf.
            bwcy nUM mF dy duwD qoN vFiJaF rwKxf.
            afpxf kMm krn vyly jF afpxI iksy gwloN qMg huMdy hoey, bwcy nUM tI vI qy kfrtUnF ivwc irJfAuxf
            hr gwl qy ieh kihxf qUM ieMJ nf kr, qUM ieh kr, qYnUM ieh Auh lY idaFgy Bfv hr kMm iksy cIj dI lflc vws krvfAuxf
            mF ipAu df iksy pihlU qy iewk mq nf hoxf. iewk ny mnf krnf qy dUsry ny [[[[[lYxf.
            asIN drasl bwcy nUM 'bwcf' smJdy hF inafxf bysmJ. pr bwcf afpxI Aumr muqfbk kdy bysmJ nhIN. huMdf. asIN pihlF Aus nUM ieh sunyhf idMdy  hF ik qyrI hr gwl mMnI jf skdI hY qy iPr Auh vwzf ho ky ijwd krdf hY qF BYVf lwgdf hY. hr KfihsL pUrI krn krvfAux vflf, awj jdoN Kud KrIdx dy kfbl huMdf hY qF KrcIlf lgdf hY. pihlF afpxy kMm dI Kfqr, bwcy nUM tI vI awgy ibTfAuxf qy iPr afdq pY jfx qy tI vI dyKI jfx qy guwsy hoxf.
            mfpy aiDafpkF kol jFdy hn, kihMdy hn qusIN bwwicaF nUM anusLfsn nhIN isKfieaf. bwcy ivgVn df kfrn qusIN ho. aiDafpk kihMdy hn, bwcf Cy GMty skUl rihMdf hY, bfkI aTfrF GMty quhfzy kol. tI vI dyKx dI afdq bfry aiDafpk kihMdy hn, asIN skUl ivwc kdy koeI sIrIal, iPlm, iksy sLoa bfry crcf nhIN krdy. iPr gwl mIzIaf qy af jFdI hY. ieh hY 'dosL lgfAux dI Kyz. . sfry iewk dUsry qy dosL lgf rhy hn.
            PYsLn pRsqI, afsLkI, hor byZMgIaF hrkqF leI qF insLicq qOr qy mIzIaf hI ijMymvfr Tihrfieaf jFdf hY, ikAuNik nf aijhf pfT mfpy pVfAuNdy hn qy aiDafpk vI ies nUM islybs qoN bfhr kihMdy hn. pr ies df ivsLlysLx kro. jykr mF ipAu Kud bwcy nUM nf smJx. aiDafpk vI Aus dIaF sMBfvnfvF nUM nf qlfsLx jF qrfsLx qF iPr Aus ny afpxI mrjI nfl afpxI kfblIaq afpxI bOiDk smrwQf anusfr pCfx bnfAuxI hI hY. iPr Auh afpxy vflF dy stfeIl nfl pCfx bxfAuNdf hY, byZMgIaF hrkqF krky jfixaf jFdf hY. motrbfeIk nUM spIz nfl clf ky Aus Auzfn ivcoN KusLI hfsl krdf hY. kuVIaF ivwc ies leI Aus df nF msLhUr hY ik Auh AnHF nUM Gr qwk Cwzx jFdf hY. ieh Aus dI eIgo df pRgtfvf hY , ieh BfvyN nfkfrfqmk hY qy gYr AusfrU hY. ieh iewk mnoivigafnk qwQ hY ik iksy vI ivakqI df afpxI eIgo nUM sMqusLt kIqy ibnf nhIN srdf. mIzIaf qF AunHF nUM eIgo dy pRgtfvy dy ZMg isKfAuNdf hY.
            ies sfrI siQqI dy snmuwK mF ipAu iqafr nhIN, aiDafpk vI smrWQ nhIN mIzIaf ies dOrfn eynf BfrU ho igaf hY ik mukfblf krnf musLikl jfpdf hY aqy iPr sB nUM iewko hI hwl idKfeI idMdf hY ik asIN nOjvfnF nUM hI AunHF dI ies siQqI df ËuMmyvfr TihrfeI jf rhy hF.
            asIN socIey GoKIey, ivsLlysLx krIey ik asIN afpxy bwcy nUM, iksLorF aqy nOjvfnF nUM dy kI rhy hF? ieh gwl qF afpF sfry jfxdy hF ik jo kuwJ asIN isKfvFgy, Ausy df rUp hI hfsl krFgy. bwcy nUM Aus dy afpxy AuWpr Cwz ky, Aus nUM axgOilaf krky Aus Aupr byBrosgI jqf ky Aus qoN kI hfsl krnf cfhuMdy hF? smfj nuM Auh bdly ivwc kI moVygf?
            ies sfry vrqfry df iswtf inrfsLf hY. inrfsLf vI sfnUM njLr af rhI hY. inrfsLf df iewk hwl nsLy hn. hux nsLy dy pihlU nUM ivckfroN PV ky, iekwlI, vwKrI smwisaf kih ky, smJFgy qy pRcfrFgy qF qfkq gvfAu Xqn kr rhy hovFgy. ikuAuNik siQqI aijhI nhIN hY. jdoN qwk siQqI nUM smuwcqf ivwc nhIN smJFgy, siQqI ivwc sfvFpx sMBv nhIN.
            hr Aumr dI iewk afpxI loV huMdI hY. nOjvfnF nUM ipafr dI, puwC dI, pCfx aqy pRvfngI dI loV hY. jykr sfrQk ruJyvyN pYdf hox, AunHF dI aYnrjI nUM skfrqmk rfh imly qF AUh nhIN Btkxgy. ies df shI prpyK ieh hY ik ieh kfrj asIN AulIkxy hn. mF ipAu, aiDafpk ËuMmyvfr nfgirkF ny ieh kMm sMBflxf hY. iPr mIzIaf vI AuhI bolI bolx lwg pYNdf hY.

            pihlF afpxI skfrfqmk BUimkf pCfxIey, Aus leI kMm krIey, iPr nOjvfnF nUM svflF dy Gyry ivwc KVf krIey.
           
           
           
            Bfrq dy aslI vsnIk/
suiKMdr


BfrqI mUl dy lokF dI mfniskqf ivwc AUc-nIc aqy Ëfq-pfq dy kItfxUM idmfÊI kYNsr dI bImfrI dy kItfxUMaF vFg
kurbl kurbl krdy hn. BfrqI mUl dy lokF dI mfniskqf ivwc ies Kqrnfk bImfrI dy kItfxUM ikvyN PYly? iesdf iewk lMbf
aqy idl-kMbfAU ieiqhfs hY. ieh ieiqhfs BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs ijMnf hI purfxf hY. BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs ivwc
vfpry ies mhF-duKFq dy kfrnF ƒ smJy ibnHF asIN ajoky simaF ivwc kroVF lokF vwloN hMZfey jf rhy sMqfp ƒ mihsUs nhIN
kr skdy.
kYnyzIan pMjfbI lyKk qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl ny 2009 ivwc pRkfiÈq kIqI afpxI pusqk ‘hiqafrf dyv` ivwc BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs nfl juVI ies gMBIr smwisaf bfry Koj BrpUr jfxkfrI pyÈ kIqI hY. BfrqI mUl dy lokF dIaFanykF smfijk, siBafcfrk, rfjnIiqk aqy Dfrimk smwisafvF BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs nfl juVI ies mUl smwisaf ƒ
smJx qoN ibnHF hwl nhIN kIqIaF jf skdIaF.
Bfrq vrgI siQqI DrqI dy anykF hor ihwisaF ivwc vI vfprI; pr ijs qrHF dy XojnfbwD aqy gYr-mfnvI ZMg nfl hmlfvr afrIan mUl dy lokF ny Bfrq dy mUl vsnIk drfvV lokF ƒ gulfmI dIaF jMjIrF ivwc bMinHaf Aus qrHF dI imsfl hor ikqy vI nhIN lwBdI. Bfrq ivwc ieh mhF-duKFq eIsf qoN lwgBg 3,000 sfl pihlF vfpiraf. qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxy inbMD ‘BfrqI Drq qy Drm` ivwc ies mhF-duKFq df iËkr kuJ ies qrHF krdf hY:
afrIaf ny eIsf qoN lwgBg 3,000 sfl pihlF Bfrq qy hmlf kIqf, AuhnF df mukfblf Bfrq dy afdIvfsIaF ny zwt ky kIqf. ijhnF ƒ irgvyd ivwc kIkt, aj, isRMm, Xm, rfKÈ ikhf igaf hY...ies
hmly ivwc pRoPYsr stfr tUilMg dI rfey ivwc Bfrq dy pRiswD isMDU swiBaqf dy ivÈfl ngr moihMjodVo, chMdVo, hVwpf afid ƒ nÈt kIqf igaf. iehnF dy bfËfrF, ngrF, glIaF ‘c jMm ky lVfeI hoeI. ies
lVfeI ivwc irgvyd anusfr 26066 afidvfsI mOq dy Gft Auqfry gey.
afrIaf lokF ny Bfrq dy afidvfsI lokF ƒ XuwD ivwc hrfAux qoN bfhd AunHF AuWqy ÊYr-mfnvI ivDfn Tos idwqf. ijs kfrn afidvfsI n isrP smfijk, siBafcfrk, rfjnIiqk jF Dfrimk pwKoN hI inqfxy bx gey; blik, afrIan lokF ny afidvfsIaF ƒ mfnisk qOr AuWqy gulfm bnfAux leI aijhy kTor afdyÈ jfrI kr idwqy ik Auh nf qF koeI sfihqk jF Dfrimk gRMQ pVH skdy sn aqy n hI sux skdy sn. jykr koeI afidvfsI ies kfƒn dI AulMGxf krdf PiVaf jFdf qF Ausdy
kMnF ivwc iswkf Zfl ky pf idwqf jFdf. aijhy kTor ivDfn ƒ mƒ ismrqIaF vI ikhf jFdf hY. BfrqI siBafqf ivwc afey ies
ÊYr-mfnvI smyN ƒ ‘vYidk kfl` df smF ikhf jFdf hY. ies ÊYr-mfnvI vrqfry bfry qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxy inbMD
‘BfrqI Drq qy Drm` ivwc ies qrHF ilKdf hY:
bRfhmxF ny afpxy pYr pwky krn leI sfihqk rcnfvF ijvyN ik mhFBfrq, mƒ ismrqIaF, gIqf, purfxF ƒ Dfrimkqf df sgoN pivwqrqf df drjf idwqf. AunHF ivwc drj hukmF, afdyÈF-bMidÈF aqy rIqI irvfjF dI AulMGxf krn vfilaF vfsqy mOq dI sËf mukwrr kr idwqI...aÈOk dy poqry ibidrhd df kql krky morIaf rfj df aMq kIqf aqy 185 eIsvI pUrv qy ÊYr-mfnvI ivDfn sQfpq kIqf. ijs dOrfn mƒ ismrqI vrgf aqI GtIaf qy ÊYr-mfnvI ivDfn iliKaf igaf. ijsdf mnorQ sI ik BfrqI mUl invfsIaF
ƒ ieqnf qoV idwqf idwqf jfvy ik Auh muV iekwTy nf ho skx. Auh rotI qy bytI dI sFJ bfry socxf vI bMd kr dyx. kuJ ikwqy AuWqm, kuJ mwDm, kuJ GtIaf krfr dy ky lokF ƒ AuWqm, mwDm qy nIc ivwc vMz ky hyT AuWqy KVHf kr idwqf igaf. qy afpsI CUq Cfq df ivDfn lfgU krky dUrI bxI rihx leI pwkf Auprflf kIqf. ies qoN vI vwD jo kbIly afrIan nfl iËafdf lVy aqy aDIngI kbUl nhIN kIqI ijvyN nfg, BIl, Bol, cMzfl, spyry, kwCU Kfxy, iÈgÜIgr, CwjGfVy, bOrIey, igwdV kuwt afidk vFg hËfrF jfqF dy lokF ƒ smfj ivwcoN Cyk idwqf. AunHF leI smfj aMdr afAux dI QF bMd kr idwqI. bhuiqaF ƒ qF jrfiem pyÈf krfr idwqf igaf. jo hOlI hOlI gulfm bx gey qy afrIaf dI mrËI qy inrBr ho ky jIvn kwtx lwgy Auh
dfs aKvfey. ijhnF aDIngI dI QF jMglIN rihxf mnËUr kIqf, Auh dfisAu aKvfey gey.

BfrqI siBaqf 7,500 bIsI purfxI smJI jFdI hY. pr afrIan lokF vwloN Bfrq dy afdIvfsI lokF dy vwzy kyNdr mihMjodVo, hVwpf, tYkslf afid qbfh kr idwqy jfx kfrn aqy BfrqI siBaqf df ieiqhfs afrIan lokF vwloN hI mUl rUp ivwc ilKy aqy pRcfry jfx kfrn afrIan lokF dI mfniskqf bfry vI jfxkfrI imldI hY.
ies qrHF BfrqI siBaqf df ieiqhfs, mUl rUp ivwc ies iKwqy AuWqy ËbrdsqI kfbË hoey afrIan lokF aqy DrqI dy ies ihwsy AuWqy rih rhy afidvfsI lokF drimafn hËfrF sflF qoN cwly af rhy inrMqr XuwD dI hI khfxI hY. mƒ ismrqIaF vwloN lok mnF ivwc pfeIaF vrx vMz dIaF lIkfrF dI qyËfbI Cfp eynI gUVHI hY ik hËfrF sfl bIq jfx bfhd vI ieh imtfeIaF nhIN jf skdIaF. lok ienHF lkIrF ƒ iewk sdIvI hkIkq dy rUp ivwc svIkfr krI bYTy jfpdy hn.
BfrqI smfj ivwc Gr kr bYTy ies ÊYr-mfnvI vrqfry ƒ zMky dI cot AuWqy cuxOqI dyx df ishrf iswK Drm dy bfnI gurU goibMd isMG ƒ jFdf hY. gurU goibMd isMG ny iewk nvyN smfj dI isrjxf kIqI. ijsdf nfm ‘Kflsf` rwiKaf igaf. ieh nvF smfj vrxvMz rihq sI. ijs kfrn ieh smfj mƒvfd leI iswDI cuxOqI sI. BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs ivwc vfprI ies kRFqIkfrI Gtnf ƒ qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxy inbMD ‘BfrqI Drq qy Drm` ivwc kuJ ies qrHF ibafn krdf hY:

...Kflsf suxygf, bolygf qy pVHygf... Kflsf pUry hiQafrF nfl lYs ho ky rhygf. ikAuNik bRfhmxvfd ÈUdrF ƒ hiQafr rwKx dI mnfhI krdf sI. Kflsf srb loh dy brqnF ‘c Kfey pIeygf. ikAuNik ÈUdrF ƒ isrP imwtI dy tuwty hoey BFizaF ‘c Kfx df hukm sI. Kflsf isr AuWqy dsqfr, klgI aqy bsqr pihnygf.
ikAuNik ÈUdrF ƒ isr AuWqy KMB lf ky aqy muridaF dy KwPx qy Pty purfxy kwpVy pfAux df hukm sI. Kflsf hmyÈf Piqh df nfarf lfeygf. ikAuNik bRfhmxvfd ivcfrDfrf ny ÈUdrF ƒ hr Kyqr ivwc hfr idwqI sI. Kflsf GoVy dI svfrI krygf ikAuNik ÈUdrF ƒ AuWcI QF bYTx qy grm srIaF nfl dfgx df hukm sI.
Kflsf iek hI bfty ivwcoN aMimRq pfn krygf. ikAuNik ÈUdrF qy AuWc jfqF ivwc iBwt df irvfË sI. Kflsf iBwt nhIN krygf aqy iewk pMgq ‘c bYT ky lMgr Ckygf. ikAuNik bRfhmx ivcfrDfrf ny smfj ivwcoN rotI dI sFJ Kqm kr idwqI qy iewk dUsrI Ëfq qoN aMn Kfx dI nÌrq PYlfeI hoeI sI. Kflsf afpxy nF nfl isMG lgf ky Èyr bxygf ikAuNik ÈUdrF dI kdr kF, kuwqy, ibwly dy brfbr imwQI geI sI. Auh ainaF dy brfbr cUM qwk vI nhIN kr skdy qy AuhnF dy nF Bwdy iksm dy rwKx df hukm sI. Kflsf sfry smfj dy lokF ƒ mF, BYx, BfeI df siqkfr dyvygf ikAuNik ÈUdrF ƒ isvfey afpxI Ëfq dy irÈqy bxfAux dI afigaf nhIN sI. iswK Drm dy bfnI gurU goibMd isMG ny BfvyN ik iswK Drm dI nINh rwKx vyly BfrqI siBaqf dy sMdrB ivwc bhuq vwzI
kRFqIkfrI gwl kIqI sI, iewk aijhy smfj dI isrjxf dI nINh rwKI sI ijs bfry AunHF simaF ivwc socxf vI muÈikl sI. iewk
aijhy smfj dI isrjxf ijs ivwc koeI AuWcf-nINvF nhIN hovygf, ijs smfj ivwc koeI Ëfq-pfq nhIN hovygI. ijs smfj ivwc koeI iBwt nhIN hovygI. ijs smfj ivwc koeI vrn-vMz nhIN hovygI. pr smyN dy bIqx nfl ‘iswK Drm` jF ‘Kflsf` vI mƒvfd dy pRBfv hyT afAux lwgf. mƒvfd vwloN ijhVIaF kurIqIaF smfj ivwc pRclq kIqIaF geIaF sn, mƒvfd vwloN smfj ivwc ijhVI ÊYr-mfnvI vMz pYdf kIqI hoeI sI - ijs ƒ cuxOqI dyx leI gurU goibMd isMG ny afpxy smyN dI sB qoN vwD kRFqIkfrI ivcfrDfrf BfrqI siBaqf ƒ idwqI sI. Aus ivcfrDfrf ƒ mMnx vfly lokF, iswKF vwloN, awj Aus ivcfrDfrf dy muwZly asUlF
ƒ hI Bulf idwqf igaf. qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl ies ieiqhfsk qwQ ƒ afpxy inbMD ‘ieiqhfsk lyKf joKf` ivwc kuJ ies qrHF
pyÈ krdf hY:
1[
Auh kurbfnIaF dyx vflf isMG jfq pfq dy afDfr qy nIc bxf idwqf qy jfq aiBmfnI isMG ƒ iehnF qoN iBwt qy boa afAux lwg peI. ieh iewk scfeI lMby smyN dI Koj qoN bfad ilKx df AuWdm kIqf hY, Auh iswK
pRMprf dy Ault cwl irhf hY. Èfied ieh Aus ƒ hËm nf hovy. aMgRyËF ƒ zogiraF rfj QflI ‘c pRos ky idwqf qy afp rfj dI lflsf nfl lwKF hI isMGF dy kfqlF dI lfeIn ‘c jf lwgy.
2[
buwD isMG df puwqr cMdf isMG qy nOd isMG df puwqr cVHq isMG, cVHq isMG df puwqr mhF isMG mhfrfjy rxjIq isMG df bfp sI. jo iswK rfj df mhfrfjf aKvfieaf. qyrF sO GoVsvfr dI imsl bIr isMG rMgryty
dI kmFz hyT sI. rfijaF ‘c gurU pMQ dI syvf dI QF jfqI hMkfr dy kfrn ies bIr isMG dI imsl ƒ s[ cVHq isMG aqy bfbf aflf isMG idloN nhIN sI BfAuNdy. akfl qKq qoN hukmnfmf Byj ky bIr isMG sxy inhMg isMG Bfv imsl dy ispfhI aMimRqsr bulf ky rfm rOxI Tihrfey gey. Pyr pMj pMj dy jQy BIV dy bhfny inr ÈÈqr krky Byjy gey. Auh gurU drÈn leI igaF ƒ pRkrmF ivwc JtkfeI jFdy sn. Aus vkq vI Auh srovr df pfxI lhU qy imwJ nfl surK hoieaf hoieaf sI qy ies rMGrytf imsl df Bog pY igaf. iksy qrHF kfrvfeI lIk ho geI qy bcdy isMG gVHI ‘coN ijDr mUMh hoieaf Bwj qury AuhnF ‘coN iËafdf jf ky jMmU dy eyrIey ‘c vwsy. hrI isMG nlUaf AuhnF dI sMqfn ‘coN sI. jo sUrbIr nlUaf dy nF nfl pRiswD hoieaf. ‘iswK Drm` ivwc bRfhmxvfd dy asr hyT Ëfq-pfq dy AuBfr dI iewk hor vwzI imsfl afpxy inbMD ‘hAU nIc krhu bynqI. sfcu nf Cwzo BfeI` ivwc qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl kuJ ies qrHF ibafn krdf hY:
iswK rfj dI ZihMdI klf qy aMgryË rfj ‘c bRfhmxvfd bhuq pRPuwlq hoieaf. Ëfq pfq isKrF qy afeI qy iswKF ‘coN vI iswK hox dy bfvËUd jfqIvfd juVdf irhf. rfmgVHIaf isMG, jwt isMG, mËHbI isMG, rvIdfsIaf isMG afidk. AuqlI jfqI dy isMG afpxy afp ƒ awbl drjf isMG smJdy hn qy bfkI sfrI kOm, som hn.
pr iswK kFRqIkfrI iËafdf krky ÈUdrF qy nINvIN jfq vMÈF ivcoN afey sn[[[1935-36 ivwc zfktr aMbydkr lwg Bwg Cy swq kroV aCUqF dy prmfixk nyqf sn. afp ny ieh iewCf pRgt kIqI ik dyÈ dy sfry
aCUq iswK bx jfx qF ieh Ëfq pfq dI hËfrF virHaF dI gulfmI qoN mukq ho skdy hn. pr akflI afgU qy isrkwZ lIzr hrnfm isMG zwlf aYm.ey., aYWl.aYWl.bI., jwj hfeIkort ny afiKaf ik Cy kroV aCUqF ƒ iswK bxf ky drbfr sfihb cUiVHaF ƒ dy CwzIey.
Ëfq-pfq dy kItfxUM BfrqI mfniskqf df ies qrHF aMg bx cuwky hn ik ieh ienHF lokF df zI.aYn.ey. df hI ihwsf bx gey jfpdy hn. ies iKwqy dy lok cfhy koeI vI Drm aKiqafr kr lYx, AunHF dI mfniskqf ivwc mƒvfd dy pYdf kIqy hoey Ëfq-pfq dy kIVy kurbl, kurbl krdy hI rihMdy hn. Auh cfhy iswK, muslmfn, eIsfeI, jYnI, boDI jF iksy hor Drm dy pYrokfr hI ikAuN n bx jfx AunHF dI mfniskqf ivwc Ëfq-pfq df ËihrI nfg ivs Goldf hI rihMdf hY. qlivMdr isMG
swBrvfl ies qwQ ƒ afpxy inbMD ‘ieiqhfsk lyKf joKf` ivwc kuJ ies qrHF pyÈ krdf hY:
mhfqmf buwD ny vI pwcI sO sfl pihlF ies bRfhmxvfd qoN lwgBwg Bfrq df AuWqrI ihwsf mukq hI krvf idwqf sI. qy lok iËafdfqr boDI Drm dy anuXfeI ho gey sn. 712 eIsvI ivwc muhMmd ibn kfsm df isMD dI DrqI qy afAuxf qy ieslfm df pRcfr. iehI kfrn hY ik ies iKwqy dy lokF ivwc pRvfrk nF rldy hn.
Drm qy ikwqy bdl gey pr bRfhmxvfd nhIN bdl sikaf. pfiksqfn cODrI aslm mfn hY qF srhwd dy ies pfr virafm isMG mfn hY. ikwqy qy jfqI ieh goqr vwK vwK jfqF dIaF kMDF aMdr luko ky rwKy hn. kI afpF ƒ lwgdf hY ik asIN gurU sfihbF dy hukm/isDFq jF clfey pMQ ƒ mMn rhy hF?
BfrqI smfj dy vDyry smfijk jF siBafcfrk sMkt Ëfq-pfq dI vMz dI hI dyx hn. BfvyN ik nvIN pOd aijhI smfijk pRxflI ƒ cuxOqI dyx dI koiÈÈ kr rhI hY, pr Ëfq-pfq pRxflI dI pkV eynI pIzI hY ik ies mfnisk gulfmI dI jkV ivwcoN afËfd hox leI BfrqI mUl dy lokF ƒ ajy sYNkVy sfl hor lwg jfxgy. vwzI icMqf df kfrn ieh hY ik jdoN ik BfrqI mUl dy lokF ƒ Bfrq qoN bfhr af ky aijhI mfnisk gulfmI ‘coN bfhr inkl jfxf cfhIdf sI; pr dyKx ivwc af irhf hY ik
kYnyzf, amrIkf, ieMglYNz aqy hornF ivksq pwCmI mulkF ivwc af ky vwsx vfly BfrqI mUl dy lok pihlF nfloN vI vwD Ëfqpfq
dI vMz ivwc XkIn kr rhy hn.
anykF hor cricq BfrqI rfjsI nyqfvF vFg mhfqmf gFDI vI Ëfq-pfq df ihmfieqI sI. Ausdf qF XkIn sI ik Ëfq-pfq AuWqy afDfrq vMz ibnHF qF smfj siQr rih hI nhIN skdf. qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxy inbMD ‘gFDI jI` ivwc ieh qwQ kuJ ies qrHF pyÈ krdf hY:
1[
mYN aijhy sfry lokF df ivroDI hF jo Ëfqpfq nÈt krnf cfhuMdy hn. myrI mq hY ik ihMdU smfj qF hI siQr rih skdf hY ikAuNik ieh Ëfq pfq qy afDfirq hY.
2[
ÈUdr ivwidaf iswK ky Aus duafrf afpxI roËI rotI kmf skdf. roËI Ausƒ isrP afpxy vrx dy pyÈy krky hI kmfAuxI cfhIdI hY.
ies qrHF vwKo vwK pihlUaF qoN gwl krdf hoieaf qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxI pusqk ‘hiqafrf dyv` ivwc ieh gwl AuBfrdf hY ik Bfrq AuWqy bfhroN af ky kfbË hoey afrIaf lokF ny Bfrq dy mUlvfsI drfvV lokF ƒ pUrI qrHF afpxy kfbU ivwc rwKx leI ‘mƒvfd` nfm df iewk aijhf ÈkqIÈflI aqy ÊYr-mfnvI iÈkMjf kwisaf ijs dI mfr hyT smfj, siBafcfr, rfjnIqI, Drm aqy afriQkqf bVI afsfnI nfl af gey. ijnHF lokF ny mƒvfd dy iÈkMjy ivwc jkVy jfxf kbUl n kIqf AunHF ƒ ‘aCUq` kih ky smfijk qfxy-bfxy qoN bfhr kr idwqf igaf. drfvV lokF ivwcoN ijhVy lokF ny afrIan lokF dy aijhy iÈkMjy
ivwc jkiVaf jfxf svIkfr kr ilaf, AunHF ƒ smfj ivwc mfn-snmfn idwqf igaf; pr ies iÈkMjy ivwc jkVy jfx qoN ivdroh
krn vfly lokF ƒ ‘aCUq` kih ky AunHF qoN hr qrHF dy mfnvI aiDkfrF ƒ Koh ilaf igaf. BfrqI smfj ivwc vfpry aijhy mhF-duKFq kfrn hËfrF sflF qoN duwK Bog rhy lwKF/kroVF BfrqI mUl dy lokF ƒ ies hkIkq bfry koeI igafn hI nhIN ik AunHF dI ieh qrsXog hflq ikvyN aqy ikAuN hoeI aqy ies julm leI ikhVIaF ÈkqIaF jF iDrF iËMmyvfr hn. ies ÊYr-mfnvI isstm ƒ lokF dI mfniskqf df ihwsf bnfAux leI afrIan lokF ny sfihq / siBafcfr/Drm dy gRMQF dI rcnf krvfeI aqy ienHF rcnfvF ƒ pivwqr krfr dy ky Bfrq dy mUlvfsI lokF dI phuMc qoN dUr kr idwqf. afrIan lokF ny mƒvfd rfhIN ieh pfbMDI vI lgf idwqI ik afidvfsI BfrqIaF ƒ Auh pusqkF pVx dI vI mnfhI hY; blik Auh ienHF pusqkF ivwc kI iliKaf
hY sux vI nhIN skdy.
qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl dI pusqk ‘hiqafrf dyv` ijwQy ik keI pihlUaF qoN pfTk dy mn ivwc idlcspI jgfAuNdI hY; AuWQy hI ies pusqk ivwc pyÈ kIqIaF geIaF kuJ gwlF byloVIaF vI jfpdIaF hn. Audfhrx vjoN ‘gFDI jI` nfm dy inbMD ivwc pyÈ kIqIaF geIaF hyT ilKIaF gwlF pusqk ivwc CyVy gey ivÈy qoN EprIaF jfpdIaF hn:
1[
gFDI jI mflÈ krfAuNdy smyN iblkul nMgy ho jFdy sn aqy aksr nOjuafn lVkIaF hI AunHF dI mfilÈ krdIaF sn. gFDI jI ieÈnfn krdy jdoN pUrn nMgy huMdy, purÈ qy iesqrIaF dohF dI shfieqf ilaf krdy sn. gFDI jI dI iewCf huMdI sI ik Auh srIrk aqy aiDafqmk qOr ‘qy iblkul nMgy ho jfx.
2[
Auh iesqrIaF ƒ afpxy nfl sOx aqy Aus dI cfdr ivwc Ausdy nfl lytx leI kihMdy sn. Auh ieh jfxn df Xqn krdy sn ik Ausdy nfl sOx vflI iesqrI jF lVkI aMdr kfmukqf dI Bfvnf qF pYdf nhIN hoeI.
gFDI jI dy nMgy srIr qy mflÈ krn vfilaF ivwc zfktr suÈIlf nfier qy mƒbyn vI sI. mƒ gFDI jI dy nfl sONdI sI. zf. suÈIlf nfier, bfad ivwc jdoN lokF ny lVkIaF ijvyN kumfrI mƒ nfl kumfrI afBf qy myry nfl (pRo[aYs[sI[bos) srIrk Coh sbMDI qrHF qrHF dy suafl puCxy ÈurU kIqy qF bRhmcfrI pRXog ivcfr dI isrjxf hoeI.
3[
kumfrI mƒ-iewk idn awDI rfq ƒ gFDI jI ny mYƒ jgf ilaf qy gwlF krn lwgy. qd qoN mYN AunHF dy nfl sOx lwgI. myrI Aumr Aus vyly 14 virHaF dI sI qy AunHF nfl hmibsqrI mYN nvfKlI dy dOr qoN ÈurU kIqI.
4[
srojnI nfiezU -gFDI jI ny ijvyN keIaF hornF dI iqRpqI kIqI ievyN hI nfiezU ƒ vI komlqf pRdfn kIqI aqy AusdI kfm pUrqI kIqI. kuJ hor aOrqF sn rfj kumfrI aMimRq kOr, slocnf, pRBf dyvI afid.
5[
gFDI pihlF cuwpcfp lVkIaF ƒ nMgIaF krky afpxy nfl sulfAuNdy rhy. pRMqU jdoN ÈYqfnIaq dy dOr smyN AunHF dy inwjI skwqr inrml kumfr bos ny AunHF dI ÈYqfnIaq df BFzf BMinaf aqy ies kukrm dI inMidaf kIqI aqy ros vjoN inwjI skwqr dI pdvI Cwz idwqI qF ies bdclxI ƒ bRhmcfrI pRXog df nF idwqf igaf.
iesy qrHF ies pusqk ivwc Kfilsqfn pwKI gwlF krnIaF vI byqukIaF lwgdIaF hn. Drm dy nfm AuWqy bxy pfiksqfn dI Audfhrx sfzy sfhmxy hY. ikvyN muslmfn iewk dUjy dy ÉUn dy ipafsy hoey hoey hn. ikvyN muslmfn hI muslmfnF dIaF msIqF ƒ bMbF nfl Auzf rhy hn. ajoky simaF dI muwK rfjnIqI ieh hY ik qusIN afm lokF dy duwK-suwK nfl KVHy ho jF ik mYgf kMpnIaF dy vwzy munfiPaF dy nfl? aijhIaF hflqF ivwc Drm lokF leI inwjI mslf bxky rih jFdf hY. Drm ƒ qF
4[
rfjnIqk pfrtIaF lokF ivwc vMz pfAux leI hI vrq rhIaF hn qF ik afm lok iewk vwzI ÈkqI bxky mYgf kMpnIaF dI vwzy munfÌy kmfAux dI rfjnIqI ƒ cuxOqI n dy skx. afm lokF ƒ Ëfq-pfq dy nfm AuWqy vI ies krky vMizaf jFdf hY ik Auh rfj-ÈkqI pRfpq ÈkqIaF leI cuxOqI n bx skx. ajoky simaF dI rfjnIqI dI ieh mMg hoxI cfhIdI hY ik smfj ivwc n koeI Ëfq-pfq, n koeI AUc-nIc df Byd hovy. hr ivakqI ƒ sB qoN pihlF iewk mnuwK smiJaf jfvy.
qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxI pusqk ‘hiqafrf dyv` ivwc afm lokF df iDafn ies gwl vwl iKwcxf cfhuMdf hY ik AunHF ƒ ies gwl dI smJ dyxI bhuq ËrUrI hY ik BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs ivwc smfj dy kuJ ihwsy ƒ hr qrHF dy mnuwKI aiDkfrF qoN iks qrHF vFiJaF kr idwqf igaf aqy afm lokF dI cyqnf ivwc iks qrHF ieh gwl ibTf idwqI geI ik AunHF dy aiDafqmk rihnumf kOx hn? iËMdgI ivwc agvfeI lYx leI Auh iknHF lokF dI iËMdgI qoN pRyrnf lY skdy hn?
qlivMdr isMG swBrvfl afpxI pusqk ‘hiqafrf dyv` ivwc ies qwQ vwl vI sfzf iDafn duaFdf hY ik afrIan lokF vwloN kIqI geI vrxvMz df sB qoN pihlF vwzI pwDr AuWqy ivroD krn vflf mhFirÈI bflmIkI sI. afrIan lokF vwloN mMdrF ivwc sjfey gey BgvfnF dI vI mhFirÈI bflmIkI ny sKq aflocnf kIqI. afrIan lokF ny rfm cMdr ƒ Bgvfn bxf ky mMdrF ivwc sjf idwqf sI. ikAuNik Ausny rfvx AuWqy ijwq pRfpq kIqI sI. afrIan lokF dy ieiqhfskfrF anusfr rfvx
‘bdI` dI pRqIinDqf krdf sI aqy rfm cMdr ‘cMigafeI` dI. rfvx BfrqI mUl dy afdIvfsIaF ivwcoN sI. ijnHF ƒ afrIan lok nÌrq nfl ‘rfkÈ` kihMdy sn. ies qrHF iewk qrHF nfl mMidrF ivwc ‘rfm cMdr` dI mUrqI sjf ky afrIan lok afm lokF dI mfniskqf ivwc mnoivigafnk qOr AuWqy ieh gwl vsfAuxI cfhuMdy sn ik iËMdgI dy hr pihlU ivwc agvfeI lYx leI Auh ‘rfmcMdr` vwl vyK skdy hn; jdoN ik ‘rfvx` jo ik mUlvfsI BfrqIaF ivwcoN sI - afrIan lokF muqfbk iËMdgI nfl sbMiDq hr pihlU qoN ‘bdI` dI pRqIinDqf krdf sI.
pusqk df nfm ‘hiqafrf dyv` vI pfTk dy mn ivwc bhu-idÈfvI crcf CyVx dI smrwQf rwKdf hY. inrsMdyh, lyKk df ieÈfrf ‘ieMdr dyvqy` vwl hY. jo ik mUlvfsI BfrqI sI, pr afpxy rfjnIqk, smfijk aqy afriQk AudyÈF dI pUrqI Kfqr afrIan lokF nfl jf rilaf. Ausny ‘Gr df ByqI lMkf Zfey` dI khfvq ƒ swc kridaF afpxy hI lokF ƒ afrIan lokF dy gulfm bnfAux leI mUlvfsI BfrqIaF AuWqy hr qrHF dy Ëulm Zfhy aqy hËfrF mUlvfsI BfrqIaF df kql krn sdkf Ausdy vI afpxy hwQ vI ÉUn nfl rMgy hoey sn. aijhy ‘hiqafry dyv` BfrqI siBaqf dy ieiqhfs ivwc bfr bfr afAuNdy rhy hn -
jo ik mihË afpxy inwjI AudyÈF Kfqr afpxI smuwcI kmAUintI dI qbfhI leI ijMmyvfr bxdy rhy hn.
pusqk ‘hiqafrf dyv` dI pRkfÈnf kYnyzIan pMjfbI sfihq ivwc iewk iËkrXog vfDf hY. ikAuNik ieh pusqk BfrqI mUl dy lwKF kYnyzIan lokF dIaF ieiqhfsk/siBafcfrk/rfjnIqk/mnoivigafnk smwisafvF dy mUl kfrnF bfry sfzI jfxkfrI ivwc vfDf krdI hY.
(mfltn, agsq 2, 2010)



BirÈtfcfr ivruwD muihMm vwzy aiDkfrIaF qoN ÈurU:
dlyrI df kMm/

Aujfgr isMG
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hux qwk BirÈtfcfr ivruwD muihMm isrP Coty aiDkfrIaF jF krmcfrIaF iKlfP hI ÈurU kIqI jFdI sI. aKbfrF ivwc ÉbrF pVHn ƒ imldIaF sn ik ptvfrI, kfƒngo, rijstrI klrk jF hor Coty-moty krmcfrI irÈvq lYNdy rMgy hwQIN PVy gey pRMqU hux qswlI dI gwl hY ik pMjfb ivwc hux ieh muihMm vwzy aiDkfrIaF arQfq dyÈ dI sB qoNN suprIm igxI jFdI srivs afeI[ey[aYs[ aiDkfrIaF ivruwD ÈurU kIqI geI hY. iewkf-duwkf pI[sI[aYs[ qy hor aiDkfrIaF ƒ vI BirÈtfcfr dy kysF ivwc pkiVaf igaf hY. afeI[ey[aYs[ aPsrF ƒ srkfr dy hr mihkmy dy amlI qOr qy muKI igixaf jFdf hY. ieh aPsr iksy vI aPsr dy iKlfP kys drj krn jF clfAux dI iejfjq hI nhIN idMdy sn, ikAuNik iksy srkfrI aiDkfrI jF krmcfrI dy iKlfP BirÈtfcfr df kys clfAux leI srkfr dI iejfjq rUlF muqfibk jrUrI huMdI hY. ies qo[ pihlF qy bhuqy kysF ivwc hux vI jykr koeI mMqrI iksy afeI[ey[aYs[ aiDkfrI iKlfP kfrvfeI krn dy hukm idMdf qF muwK skwqr pRvfngI dyx qoN afnfkfnI krdf aqy lIzrF ƒ guMmrfh krdf ik ieh pRvfngI dyx nfl afeI[ey[aYs[ kyzr ivwc bycYnI pYdf hovygI qy Auh rfj dy ivkfs dy rfh ivwc roVy atkfAuxgy ikAuNik Auh Kud ies srivs ivcNoN huMdf hY. vYsy qF rfjnIqk lokF qy aiDkfrIaF dI imlI Bugq krky iksy afeI[ey[aYs[ qy koeI kys rijstr hI nhINN huMdf. afeI[ey[aYs[ kyzr isafsqdfnF qy iesy krky BfrU (hfvI) huMdy hn. muwK skwqr vwloN kIqI ajyhI afnf kfnI df mYNN mOky df gvfh hF ikAuNik mY[ vI iek muwK mMqrI nfl Ausdy skwqryq ivwc kMm kIqf hY. iek vfrI iek nvyN bxfey gey iËlHy dy izptI kimÈnr ny klrkF dI BrqI ivwc irÈvq lY leI, ies dIaF aKbfrF ivwc KbrF af geIaF aqy muZlI pVqfl ivwc izptI kimÈnr doÈI pfieaf igaf, jdoN muwK mMqrI ny Aus izptI kimÈnr ƒ cfrËÈIt krn leI muwK skwqr ƒ hukm idwqy qF muwK skwqr ny Aus qy afpxy dsqKq nhIN kIqy sgoN Aus izptI kimÈnr ƒ muafPI mMgvfAux leI muwK mMqrI kol lY afieaf. Auh izptI kimÈnr kyNNdr dy iek pRBfvÈflI kFgrsI mMqrI df chyqf sI.
pMjfb ivwc BfvyN pihlF vI iewkf- duwkf afeI[ey[aYs[ aiDkfrIaF dy iKlfP kys drË hoey hn, Auh isrP afeIvfÈ krn vfly hI sI pRMqU ipwCy jhy pMjfb kYzr dy iek afeI[ey[aYs[ aPsr ÈRI vI[ky[jMjUaf jo ik zfierYktr snaq ivBfg lwgf hoieaf sI ƒ do lwK rupey dI irÈvq lYNidaF rMgy hwQIN Ausdy dÌqr ivcoN PVky pMjfb dI akflI-Bfjpf srkfr ny bhuq hI dlyrI Biraf kMm kIqf hY aqy afeI[ey[aYs[ aPsrF leI iek iksm nfl sMdyÈ vI idwqf hY ik kfƒn qoN koeI vI aiDkfrI Aupr nhIN BfvyN Auh ikMnF hI sInIar qy asr rsUK vflf hovy. ho skdf hY ik ies aiDkfrI ƒ aiDkfrIaF dI afpsI lfg zft kfrn hI Psfieaf hovy. hovy BfvyN kuwJ vI ÈurUafq qF kIqI hY. iewQy mYN ieh vI dwsxf cfhuMdF hF iek akflI mMqrI ƒ Ausdy afpxy mihkmy dy afeI[ey[aYs[ aiDkfrI zfierYktr ƒ sr kihMidaF mYN Kud suixaf sI ajyhy mMqrI afeI[ey[aYs[ aPsrF qoN kI kMm lYxgy. ieh BirÈtfcfr ivruwD ÈurUafq pMjfb dy iek DVlydfr sfbq hoey muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny AudoN dy pMjfb lok syvf kimÈn dy cyarmYn ÈRI rvI iswDU ƒ BirÈtfcfr dy kys ivwc pkV ky kIqI sI. BfvyN ÈRI rvI iswDU dI post sMivDfnk sI. aiDkfrIaF aqy isafsI lokF dy dbfa ƒ TukrfAuNidaF kYptn amirMdr isMG ny dlyrIvflf kMm kIqf BfvyN ÈRI rvI iswDU kFgrs srkfr vwloN inXukq kIqf igaf sI. iewQy ieh vI dwsxf jrUrI hY ik Èfied kYptn amirMdr isMG ny AuhnF dy afpxy afly-duafly kMm kr rhy ivvfdgRsq aiq BirÈt ivakqIaF ƒ sMdyÈ dyx leI vI ieMj kIqf hovy ikAuNik kuwJ ivakqIaF ny kYptn amirMdr isMG ƒ bdnfm krn ivwc koeI ksr bfkI nhIN sI CwzI. bfad ivwc ieh islislf cflU irhf qy kYptn sfihb ny anykF BirÈt isafsqdfnF qy aiDkfrIaF qy kys rijstr kIqy. iehnF ivwc bfdl pirvfr aqy AuhnF dy sfQI mMqrI vI Èfml hn. ies muihMm df ievjfnf kYptn amirMdr isMG aqy Aus dy chyiqaF ƒ vI BugqxF ipaf, BfvyNN ies ƒ bdlKorI vI ikhf jf skdf hY. pRMqU afm lokF ƒ ies muihMm df lfB jrUr hovygf, BfvyN irÈvq pUrI qrHF qF Kqm nhIN ho skdI pRMqU aiDkfrIaF qy isafsI nyqfvF ivwc zr qF jrUr pYdf ho igaf hY. iewQy ieh dwsxf vI jrUrI hY ik pihlF aiDkfrI qy isafsqdfn BirÈt lokF dy iKlfP mnjUrI nhIN idMdy sn pRMqU hux suprIm kort ny iek PYsly rfhINN BirÈtfcfr df kys clfAux dI mnjUrI dI Èrq vI Kqm kr idwqI. ies PYsly nfl vI isafsqdfnF qy BirÈt aiDkfrIaF leI muÈkl KVHI ho geI, hux Auh bc nhIN skxgy qy mnmrjI nhIN kr skxgy. ipwCy jhy kuwJ trFsport aiDkfrI vI igRPqfr hoey. kort ny iek mhwqvpUrn PYsly rfhIN s[ prkfÈ isMG bfdl dy iksy smNyNN rhy ipRMsIpl skwqr s[ ibkrmjIq isMG ƒ BirÈtfcfr dy kys ivwc sjf suxfeI aqy jurmfnf kIqf hY. suprIm kort ny qF iek hor mhwqpUrn PYsly ivwc BirÈtfcfr dy kysF ivwc PVy gey aiDkfrIaF qy krmcfrIaF ƒ AunIN dyr nOkrI qoN brKfsq krn dy hukm idwqy hn, ijMnI dyr qwk kort AuhnF dy hwk ivwc PYslf nhIN krdI pRMqU srkfr ajy qwk vI ies PYsly ƒ lfgU krn qoN pfsf moV rhI hY qy stfP dI Gft ƒ bhfnf bxf rhI hY. ieMj lwgdf hY ik aPsrÈfhI afpxy PrË nhIN inBf rhI iesy krky kortF ƒ aijhy kdm cuwkxy pY rhy hn. ÈRI rvI iswDU vwloNN BrqI kIqy gey aiDkfrIaF ƒ nOkrI qoN htfAuxf qy AuhnF qy kys rijstr krny vI cMgf kdm sI pRMqU kfƒnI nukiqaF df shfrf lY ky vrqmfn srkfr ny dubfrf AuhnF ƒ nOkrI ivwc lY ilaf hY, ieh vI sfzy BirÈt isstm df ijAuNNdf-jfgdf sbUq hY.hux iPr QoVI hrkq hoeI hY iPr iehnF aiDkfrIaF dy iKlfP isrP kys rijstr kIqy hn nOkrI coN kwiZaf nhIN igaf. asl ivwc BirÈt isafsqdfnF aqy aiDkfrIaF dI imlI Bugq aijhIaF muihMmF dy sfrQk nqIjy nhIN inklx idMdI. ipwCy jhy pMjfb ivDfn sBf ivwc vI spIkr sfihb ny aijhy kys vfps lYx df PYslf kIqf sI ijsdf kYptn amirMdr isMG ny ivroD kIqf sI. aKbfrF ivwc iËlHF trFsport aiDkfrIaF vwloN srkfr ƒ lgfey gey kroVF rupey dy cUny dIaF KbrF afeIaF sn pRMqU srkfr vwloN ajy qwk koeI kfrvfeI nhIN kIqI geI. keI aijhIaF vI AudfhrxF hn ik BirÈtfcfr dy kysF ƒ nMgf krn vfly iemfndfr aiDkfrIaF qy krmcfrIaF qy hI Aultf kys bxf idwqy gey. Bir’Ètfcfr qy BirÈtfcfrIaF ƒ nMgf krn ivwc afr[tI[afeI[ aYkt mhwqvpUrn rol adf kr irhf hY. iewQy mYN ieh vI dwsxf cfhuMdf hF ik BirÈt aiDkfrI ikhVy-ikhVy hwQkMzy vrq ky isafqsdfnF qoN afpxy kMm kwZvf ky rPU cwkr ho jFdy hn qy iPr kihMdy hn ik isafsI lok AuhnF koloN glq kMm krvfAuxf cfhuMdy hn. mYN eyQy iewk mOkf pRsq sInIar afeI[ey[aYs[ aPsr bfry dwsxf cfhuMdf hF ijs bfry mYƒ iek bhuq hI sInIar isafsI lIzr jo NKud BirÈt ZMgF rfhIN aiDkfrIaF dI imlI Bugq nfl amIr bixaf hY, ny dwisaf ik pMjfb dy do afeI[ey[aYs[ aiDkfrI ieho ijhy ZMgF rfhIN arbF qy KrbFpqI bxy hn, ijhnF ijMnf pMjfb df koeI isafsI lIzr amIr nhIN hY. AuhnF ivcoN iewk irtfier ho ky KyzF dI isafsq ivwc clf igaf, dUjf ajy vI srivs ivc hY. iehnF dohF aiDkfrIaF ny muwK mMqrIaF dI njdIkI df lfB AuTfieaf aqy afnMd mfixaf hY. ijhVf aiDkfrI ajy srivs ivwc hY, Auh iek vfrI iksy GplybfjI dy kys ivwc Ps igaf qF Ausny aijhI iqgVmbfjI lgfeI ik 1997-2002 ivwc jdoN s[ prkfÈ isMG bfdl muwK mMqrI sn qF ikhf jFdf hY ik Auh ÈRImqI suirMdr kOr bfdl rfhIN muwK mMqrI skwqryq ivwc muwK mMqrI df aYzIÈnl ipRMsIpl skwqr lwg igaf qy QoVHy smyN ivwc hI Auh muwK mMqrI df chyqf aiDkfrI bx igaf. Aus qoN ibnF muwK mMqrI dy dÌqr ivwc pwqf vI nhIN ihldf sI. Ausny muwK mMqrI rfhIN afpxf Gply df kys TIk krvf ilaf. mYN Ausƒ bhuq cMgI qrHF jfxdf sI ikAuNik Auh myry ielfky dy iek sInIar afeI[ey[aYs[ aPsr df nËdIkI irÈqydfr sI. mYN lok sMprk ivBfg ivwc iËlHf aiDkfrI hox krky PIz bYk dyx leI iek akflI lIzr rfhINN pitaflf ivKy s[ surjIq isMG rwKVf dy Pfrm hfAUs qy s[ prkfÈ isMG bfdl ƒ imilaf. Aus smyN AuhnF nfl ÈRImqI suirMdr kOr bfdl aqy s[ suKbIr isMG bfdl vI sn. mYNN Aus aiDkfrI dy ÈwkI ikrdfr bfry spwÈt qOr qy dwisaf. s[ bfdl ijvyN afm qOr qy jdoN iksy ƒ trkfAuxf huMdf kihMdy hn kfkf jI mYNN kI kr skdf hF. mYN ikhf qusIN muwK mMqrI ho sB kuwJ kr skdy ho quhfzy Gr ƒ sMnH lwg cuwkI hY. ies mOky s[ drÈn isMG DflIvfl, s[ surjIq isMG rwKVf aqy sN crnjIq isMG DflIvfl vI mOjUd sn. hoieaf iblkul hI myry kihx muqfibk. oawg lgfeI, zwbU kMD Aupro vflI aKfx muqfbk Auh aiDkfrI afpxf kys TIk krvfky kYptn amirMdr isMG dy ivvfdgRsq ivakqIaF rfhIN moqI mihl jf viVHaf ijs irkfrz dy aDfr qy ny bfdl pirvfr qy Aus dy mMqrIaF dy iKlfP kys rijstr kIqy qy pfj AuafVy. muwK mMqrI skwqryq dy kfnPIzYNÈl pwqrF dIaF kfpIaF vI moqI mihl phuMcf idwqIaF. vfry-vfry jfxIey kYptn amirMdr isMG dI sUJ-bUJ aqy isafsq dy ijhnF ies aiDkfrI qoN sUcnf qF lY leI pRMqU afpxy nyVy nhIN Zukx idwqf. jdoN kYptn sfihb dy njdIkI vfd ivvfdgRsq ivakqIaF ny ies aiDkfrI leI pRfeIm positMg df Ëor pfieaf qF kYptn sfihb ny ikhf ik jy ieh aiDkfrI sN bfdl df ivÈvfs pfqr nhIN irhf ijs ny ies ƒ aYnI qfkq idwqI qy BirÈtfcfr dy kys qoN Cutkfrf idvfieaf qF ieh myrf ivÈvfÈpfqr ikvyN rih skdf hY. myrf iewQy dwsx df Bfv ieh hY ik BirÈt isafsqdfnF qy aiDkfrIaF dI imlI Bugq df afm jnqf ƒ nuksfn phuMcdf hY, iehnF df ieh myl tuwtxf cfhIdf hY.
BirÈtfcfr dy kysF ivwc sInIar aiDkfrIaF dy iKlfP kfrvfeI krn leI ajy qF iCkU ivcoN iek pUxI vI nhIN kwqI. mfxXog hfeI kort vwloN cMzIgVH dy afly-duafly afeI[ey[aYs[ aqy pI[sI[aYs[ aiDkfrIaF vwloN KrIdIaF geIaF nfmI qy bynfmI jfiedfdF bfry pVqfl krn dy idwqy gey hukmF dy mwdynËr iek iemfndfr afeI[pI[aYs[ aiDkfrI ÈRI cMdr syKr ny hfeI kort ƒ afpxI muZlI irport ivwc dwisaf hY ik 145 afeI[ey[aYs[ aqy 180 pI[sI[aYs[ aPsrF ivcoN 14 afeI[ey[aYs aqy 34 pI[sI[aYs[ kol AuhnF dy afmdn dy sfDnF qoN vwD jfiedfd muhflI, jIrkpur, nvF gfE, kFsl aqy kroVF ipMzF ivwc KrIdI geI hY. iehnF ivwc jfxy-pCfxy qy iemfndfr khfAux vfly aPsrF dy nfm vI Èfml hn. ieh isrP iehnF pMj ipMz bfry hI hY jykr smuwcy pMjfb ivwc iehnF aPsrF dI pVqfl krvfeI jfvy qF koeI hiraf bUtf rihE dI qrHF hI ieh aPsr lwBxgy. ikhf jf irhf hY ik pRsonl ivBfg irkfrz dyx ivwc vI sihXog nhIN dy irhf. ÈRI cMdr syLKr ny ikhf hY ik ieh pVqfl ieMny sflF qoN ltk rhI hY. ies sbMD ivwc m’hflI dy iek iemfndfr izptI kimÈnr ƒ vI bdl idwqf igaf sI ikAuNik Auh shI rfhF qy pVqfl kr irhf sI. ikMnf cMgf hovy jykr BirÈtfcfr ƒ Auprly pwDr qoN Kqm krn dI koiÈÈ kIqI jfvy. pMjfbI dI khfvq hY mwJ dy mrn nfl jUMaF qF afpy hI mr jfxgIaF.



ÈqfbdIaF iswK isafsq dI ByNt/
Aujfgr isMG

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iswK ÈrDflUaF aqy ÈRomxI gurdvfrf pRbMDk kmytI vwloN ÈqfbdIaF mnfAux df ÈurU kIqf igaf Audm iswK ivrsy ƒ jfnx qy iswK Drm dI ivcfrDfrf qy pihrf dyx df ÈuB krm hY. pRMqU ieh ÈqfbdIaF isrP kuwJ idnF jF mhIinaF qwk hI sImq ho ky rih geIaF hn. ÈqfbdIaF mnfAux dy pRogrfm qF AulIky jFdy hn pRMqU iehnF qy shI arQF ivwc aml nhIN kIqf jFdf, isrP smfgm, ngr kIrqn, cyqnf, Piqhmfrc aqy sMgqF dy ivÈyÈ iekwT Auh vI iek pfrtI vwloN isafsq dIaF lUMbV cflF dI ByNt cVH jFdy hn. vwK-vwK cyqnf qy Piqh mfrc isafsI pfrtIaF jF dlF dy afpo-afpxy ÈkqI pRdrÈn hI huMdy hn. ieh isafsI lok ies gwl qoN axjfx hn ik smfnaMqr lkIrF kdy nhIN imldIaF BfvyN Auh pUrI DrqI gfh lYx. isafsI lok Dfrmk smfgmF ivwc afpxIaF isafsI rotIaF sykdy hn.pihlI gwl qF ieh hY ik iehnF smfgmF ivwc isafsq ƒ afAux hI nhIN dyxf cfhIdf pRMqU jykr isafsq iek mjbUrI bx geI hY qF iPr sfrIaF isafsI pfrtIaF ƒ iehnF smfgmF dI rUp ryKf bnfAux leI Èfml krnf cfhIdf hY. iehnF ÈqfbdI smfgmF ivwc isafsI qkrIrF nhIN hoxIaF cfhIdIaF. ÈqfbdIaF dy smfgm inrpwK Dfrmk buDIjIvIaF qy ivdvfnF dy ivcfrF qy iswK Drm dI iPlfsPI aqy prMprf qy inrDfrq hI afXojq kIqy jfx. ieh smfgm isrP vkqI hox sgo sQfeI hox. aijhy smfgm dy sfrQk qy dUrgfmI iswty inklxgy. koeI nf koeI Tos nqIjy pRqK idsxy cfhIdy hn qF hI iehnF ÈqfbdIaF mnfAux df mMqv pUrf ho skdf hY. iehnF smfgmF qy vwK-vwK iksm dy lMgr ijhnF ivwc PiqhgVH sfihb aqy ÈRI hËUr sfihb ivKy iek bfby ny 300 iksm dy svfidÈt afDuink qrHF dy Bojn prosy ijhnF ivwc nUzlË gol gwpy, cft, rs mlfeI aqy pIjf afid Èfml hn. ieh iswK Drm dI lMgr pRQf dI iPlfsPI df ikhVf rUp hY ? lMgr dI prMprf ƒ kfiem rwKxf sfzf sfiraF df PrË hY ikAuNik iswK gurUaF vwloN ÈurU kIqI geI ieh prMprf prjfqMqr ivwc brfbrI dy mOky dyxf qy jfqpfq ƒ dUr krn df mhwqvpUrn pihlU hY. asl ivwc vrqmfn lokqMqr dy moZI sfzy gurU sfihbfn hI sn ijhnF ny ibnF BydBfv pMgq qy sMgq qy kilafxkfrI rfj df supnf ilaf aqy srbwq dy Bly dI gwl kIqI. pRMqU lMgr ivwc vwK-vwK qrHF dy Bojn pros ky PËUl KrcI ƒ awj dy afrQk mMdvfVy ivwc bVfvf dyxf iswK Drm dI iPlfsPI dy Ault hY. jykr iehnF pkvfnF qy Krc krn vflf pYsf grIbF ƒ rotI dyx aqy nOjvfnF ƒ niÈaF qoN mukq krn qy iswK Drm dI iPlfsPI qy pihrf dyx leI vriqaf jfvy qF BivwK ivwc sfrQk nqIjy inkl skdy hn. lMgr ƒ lMgr hI rwiKaf jfvy afDuink KfixaF df rUp dyx dI koiÈÈ nf kIqI jfvy. aijhy lMgr lgfky afpxI amIrI df pRgtfvf krnf afpxI hAUmYN ƒ pwcy pfAuxf hY.
ÈqfbdIaF mnfAux dI lVI ÈRI gurU nfnk dyv jI dy 500 sflf prkfÈ Auqsv dy mOky qy 1969 ivwc ÈurU kIqI geI sI. ies qoN bfad lgfqfr ieh islislf cwldf irhf. iswK Drm nfl sMgqF ƒ joVn leI, iswK Drm qo munkr ho rhI lokfeI ƒ iswDy rsqy pfAux leI, ieh Auprfly kfPI sfrQk vI hoey. awj dy qyjI dy afDuink Xuwg ivwc jdoN iensfn pdfrQvfdI ho irhf hY qF aijhIaF ÈqfbdIaF dI mhwqqf hor vwD vI jFdI hY pRMqU bVy aPsos nfl ilKxf pY irhf hY ik ieh ÈqfbdIaF aYsN[jI[pI[sI[ aqy akflI dl df Auh DVf ijhVf srkfr qy aYs[jI[pI[sI[ qy kfbj hY, dI inwjI mlkIaq ho ky rih geIaF hn ikAuNik akflI dl aqy aYs[jI[pI[sI[ dy dUjy DiVaF ƒ qF ieh nyVy hI Zukx nhIN idMdy. kFgrsI iswKF ƒ qF akflI dl qy aYs[jI[pI[sI[ iswK mMnx ƒ hI iqafr nhIN. hflF ik bhuqy kFgrsI lIzr akflI dl ivcoN hI afey hoey huMdy hn. iesy krky iehnF ÈqfbdIaF dy smfgmF ivwc lVfeI JgVy, gutbMdI aqy iKcoqfx pRqwK rUp ivwc sfmhxy af rhI hY. asl ivwc sfzy ivrsy ƒ sMn lwg cuwkI hY. aMdrUnI qy bYrUnI qfkqF iswKF ƒ kmËor krn qy lwgIaF hoeIaF hn. asIN iswK gUVI nINd suwqy pey hF asIN afpxy ivrsy qoN hI munkr hoey bYTy hF asIN afpxy kfrobfrF ivwc aYny AulJ gey hF ik sfƒ afpxy inwj qoNN bfhr inklx dI ihMmq hI nhIN huMdI. sfzy lIzr nOjvfnF leI mfrg drÈk hI nhIN bx sky. Dfrmk qy isafsI lIzr nOjvfnF leI mfzl hI nhIN bx sky. ieh lIzr, BuwkI, aPIm, crs, gFjf qy Èrfb dy niÈaF dI qwskrI dy kysF ivwc puils vwloN PVy gey hn. ieh nOjvfnF dI kI agvfeI krngy ? iesy krky lIzrF dy afpxy puwqr aqy DIaF iswKI qo munkr ho gey hn. iehnF akflI qy aYs[jI[pI[sI[ dy mYNbrF dy bwcy piqq ho rhy hn. kysfDfrI nhIN hn, pwgF dI QF ptky bMn rhy hn. topIaF pfeI iPrdy hn. ieQoN qwk kI aYs[jI[pI[sI[ dy sInIar lIzrF dy bwcy Èrfb dy Tykydfr qy TyikaF dy kirMdy hn. aYs[jI[pI[sI[ dIaF ipClIaF coxF ivwc BuwkI qy Èrfb votrF ivwc akflI dl dy AumIdvfrF ny vMzIaF. iek iemfndfr guriswK AumIdvfr ies krky cox hfr igaf ikAuNik Ausny Èrfb qy BuwkI vMzx qo ienkfr kr idwqf. lIzrF dI hAUmY krky hI kwQU nMgl aMimRqsr ivKy 25 akqUbr 2006 ƒ ÈRI hirmMdr sfihb dy pihly hYz gRMQI bfbf buwZf jI dI 500 sflf jnm ÈqfbdI vyly cwly zFg soty aqy dsqfrF dI hoeI bykdrI ny iswK ÈrDflUaF dy ihrdy vlUMDr suwty. iesy qrHF ÈRI akfl qÉq sfihb dI 400 sflf sQfpnf dy smfgm 2 julfeI 2006 mOky qF hwd hI ho geI jdoN ÈRI hirmMdr sfihb dI hdUd aMdr mnfey jf rhy smfgm ivwc ÈRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn smyq keI akflI lIzrF dIaF dsqfrF ijhnF ƒ iswKI dI Èfn qy pRqIk ikhf jFdf hY, izwg peIaF. ijhVI dsqfr gurU dI bKiÈÈ sI, AusdI aYnI bykdrI, pihlI vfr vyKx ƒ imlI. aijhIaF ÉbrF hr roË aKbfrF ivwc pVHn ƒ imldIaF hn. qfkq dy nÈy ivwc lIzr mnmfnIaF kr rhy hn. ieh lIzr iehnF ÈqfbdIaF ƒ Kflsy df ivrsf nhIN sgoN afpxI inwjI mlkIaq qfkq dy nÈy ivwc smJ bYTdy hn jdoN ik AuhnF ƒ pqf hY ik ieh qfkq asQfeI hY. hYrfnI dI gwl hY ik lokF dIaF BfvnfvF nfl Kyzx leI ivafhF vflIaF GoVIaF ƒ ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG dy GoVy dy vMÈ ivcoN kih ky iehnF ÈqfbdIaF ivwc Èfml kIqf jFdf hY. Boly-Bfly lokF ƒ guMmrfh krky AuhnF dIaF Dfrmk BfvnfvF nfl Kyizaf jFdf hY. iehnF ÈqfbdIaF dy keI vfrI lfB vI huMdy hn. sRI hËUr sfihb ivKy gurqf gwdI dI ÈqfbdI dy mOky qy zf[ mnmohn isMG ny ÈRI hËUr sfihb dy ivkfs leI 1100 kroV rupey idwqy ijhnF nfl AuQy dI kfieaf hI klp ho geI pRMqU bVy aPsos dI gwl hY ik ÈRI afnMdpur sfihb ivKy Kflsf pMQ dI isrjxF dy 300 sflf sQfpnf idvs vI isafsq dI ByNt cVH igaf. awTvF ajUbf bnfAux dI afV ivwc akflI nyqfvF dy kfto-klyÈ ny afm ÈrDflUaF ƒ inrfÈ hI kIqf. do pRmuwK akflI lIzrF s[ prkfÈ isMG bfdl aqy jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf dy ivakiqqv klyÈ ivwc s[ prkfÈ isMG bfdl jQydfr gurcrn isMG tOhVf ƒ iTwbI lf gey. lokF dy mnF ivwc vfjpfeI srkfr vwloN idwqI jfx vflI 100 kroV rupey dI rfÈI ƒ kOx Krc kry, lIzrF dI lVfeI df muwK kfrn mMinaf jFdf sI. ÈRI afnMdpur sfihb dIaF phfVIaF ijhnF ƒ ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG jI dI crn CUh pRfpq sI, ivrfsqI ruqbf hfsl sI. sfzy isafsI qy Dfrmk nyqfvF ny iehnF phfVIaF ƒ pDrf kr idwqf. awj gurUaF dI vrosfeI ÈRI afnMdpur sfihb dI DrqI qy jfE qF ies dI nuhfr gOrvmeI ieiqhfs nfl myl nhIN KFdI. sMgmrmr jVy Dfrmk asQfnFy ikilaF ƒ vyK ky mihsUs huMdf hY ik sfzI amulI ivrsfq kfrsyvf dI ByNt cVH geI. jy ies ivrfsq ƒ ijAuN df iqAuN rwiKaf jFdf qF ÈRI gurU goibMd isMG dI XuwD klf aqy ngr dI iklybMdI dy ÈfKÈfq drÈn ho jfieaf krny sn. hux ies dy dIdfr isrP ieiqhfs dy pMinaF qy hI hoieaf krngy. ivrfsq nfl hoey iKlvfV krky ÈrDflUaF dIaF ingfhF AuhnF nINhF ƒ vyKx leI sdf qrsdIaF rihxgIaF, ijwQy Coty sfihbjfdy ÈhId hoey sn. nINhF ivwc icxy jfx qo bfad kOm dIaF nIhF mjbUq hoeIaF sn. qusIN soco jy iksy iemfrq dIaF nIhF hI nf lwBx qF Auh iemfrq hvf mihl vFg JUldI arQfq iQVkdI hI nËr afAuNdI hY. ipqf purKI ivrfsq arQfq kwcIaF gVHIaF ƒ pwikaF krnf (sMgmrmr nfl nhIN) aglIaF pIVHIaF df kMm huMdf hY pRMqU aglIaF pIVHIaF ƒ bjurg Dfrmk muKI syD nhIN dy sky qF Auh iehnF gVHIaF ƒ pwikaF ikvyN krngy.
aKIr ivwNc mYN Coty sfihbjfidaF ƒ ÈhId krn vfly jflmF qoN bdlf lYx leI srhMd dI iewt nfl iewt KVkfAux vfly sUrmy bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr dI huxy ijhy mnfeI geI ÈqfbdI df ijkr krnf cfhFgf. jdoN vI kdy pMjfb dI DrqI qy duÈmx ny julm kIqf qF ies DrqI dy jfieaF ny hwQ ivwc ÈmÈIr PVI qF hkUmq dIaF jVF ihl geIaF. aPsos ies gwl df hY ik asIN aijhIaF bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr vrigaF dIaF lfsflI kurbfnIaF df muwl nhIN pfieaf, ijs dy Auh hwkdfr sn. bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr ƒ smrpq qRYa ÈqfbdI vI bfkI ÈqfbdIaF dI qrHF kuJ Tos hfsl kIqy ibnF inkl geI. ÈUrbIrF dy KUn nfl rMgI geI DrqI cpVicVI dI inÈfdyhI hox ƒ jy iqMn sdIaF lMG jfx qF ies qoN vwD Èrm dI gwNl iswKF leI kI ho skdI hY jdo iswKF dy vfrs khfAux vfly akflI dl dy vfrs s[ prkfÈ isMG bfdl cfr vfr, s[ surjIq isMG brnflf aqy jsits gurnfm isMG vrgy muwK mMqrI rhy hox. Auh isrP qfkq dy nÈy df afnMd inwjI pUrqIaF leI krdy rhy qy hux vI kr rhy hn. iswK Drm dI pihlI rfjDfnI lohgVH dy KMzrfq vI sfzI glPq dI dfsqfn ibafnx leI kfPI hn. ieh pUrI iswK kOm ƒ imhxf hY ik puxC (kÈmIr) dy ipMz rfjOrI ivwc 27 akqUbr 1670 ƒ pYdf hoey ies ÈUrvIr bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr dy aslI jnm sQfn bfry vI ajy qwk BMblBUsf hI hY. jy iswKF dIaF ieh ivrfsqI iemfrqF arQfq ivrsf nf sFBIaF geIaF qF mlbf AuhnF dy vfrsF dI mfniskqf ivcoN lwiBaf jf skdf hY. hux qwk mnfeIaF geIaF ÈqfbdIaF bfry ieiqhfs cuwp hY pr 21vIN sdI dIaF brUhF qy phuMcidaF ajyhy bKyVy ÈurU h’ey, ijs nfl NjÈnF df mjf ikrkrf huMdf irhf hY. jykr iswK kOm ny afpxy amIr ivrsy ƒ sFBx leI koeI sfrQk pR’ogrfm nf AulIky qy vwKo-vwKry ivdvfn afpxy-afpxy hAumY dI pUrqI leI vwKrIaF-vwKrIaF zPlIaF vjfAuNdy rhy qF ÈRomxI kmytI qy akflI dl dI srkfr dI hwQTokf bxky rih jfvygI qy iswKF dI pRqIinwD jmfq khfAux jogI vI nhINN rhygI.buwDIjIvI afpxf PrË pCfxky Ausƒ inBfAux srkfrF qoN koeI afs nf rwKx.
iehnF ÈqfbdIaF df isafsq dI ByNt cVHn df muwK kfrn sfrIaF isafsI pfrtIaF ƒ aYs[jI[pI[sI[ qy akflI srkfr vwloN ivÈvfÈ ivwc nf lYxf hY. akflI dl ivwc vI kYptn kMvljIq isMG qoN bfad koeI suliJaf hoieaf aqy piVHaf-iliKaf lIzr nf hoxf vI hY. pRo: ikrpfl isMG vrgy pVHy-ilKy aYm[ey[ aMgryjI pRDfn dy kIqy kMmF ƒ bdilaf jf irhf hY. ivroDI pfrtI dI srkfr vI pihlI srkfr vwloN ÈqfbdIaF dy ÈurU kIqy pRogrfmF ƒ cflU nhIN rwKdy ikAuNik aYs[jI[pI[sI[ qy akflI dl bfdl df kbËf hY jykr akflI isafxp qoN kMm lYx qF zf[ mnmohn isMG vwloN ÈRI hËUr sfihb dI qrHF bfkI qÉqF dy ivkfs aqy awTvyN ajUby ƒ mukMml krn ivwc mhwqvpUrn rol adf kr skdf hY.